Dommere 11

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1 Gileaditen Jefta var en dygtig Kriger. Han var Søn af en Skøge. Gilead avlede Jefta.

2 Men Gileads Hustru fødte ham Sønner, og da de voksede op, jog de Jefta bort med de Ord: "Du skal ikke have Arv og Lod i vor Faders Hus, thi du er en fremmed Kvindes Søn!"

3 Jefta flygtede da for sine Brødre og bosatte sig i Landet Tob, hvor nogle dårlige Folk samlede sig om ham og deltog i hans Strejftog.

4 Efter nogen Tids Forløb angreb Ammoniterne Israel.

5 Og da Ammoniterne angreb Israel, drog Gileads Ældste hen for at hente Jefta hjem fra Landet Tob.

6 De sagde til Jefta: "Kom og vær vor Fører, at vi kan tage Kampen op med Ammoniterne!"

7 Jefta svarede Gileads Ældste: "Har I ikke hadet mig og jaget mig bort fra min Faders Hus? Hvorfor kommer I da til mig, nu I er i Nød?"

8 Men Gileads Ældste sagde til Jefta: "Derfor kommer vi jo nu tilbage til dig! Vil du drage med os og kæmpe med Ammoniterne, skal du være Høvding over os, over alle Gileads Indbyggere!"

9 Jefta svarede Gileads Ældste: "Dersom I fører mig tilbage, for at jeg skal kæmpe med Ammoniterne, og HE EN giver dem i min Magt, så vil jeg være eders Høvding!"

10 Da sagde Gileads Ældste til Jefta: "HE EN hører Overenskomsten mellem os; visselig vil vi gøre, som du siger!"

11 Da drog Jefta med Gileads Ældste; og Folket gjorde ham til deres Høvding og Fører. Og alle sine Ord udtalte Jefta for HE ENs Åsyn i Mizpa.

12 Derpå sendte Jefta Sendebud til Ammoniternes Konge og lod sige: "Hvad er der dig og mig imellem, siden du er draget imod mig for at angribe mit Land?"

13 Ammoniternes Konge svarede Jeftas Sendebud: "Jo, Israel tog mit Land, da de drog op fra Ægypten, lige fra Arnon til Jabbok og Jordan; giv det derfor tilbage med det gode!"

14 Men Jefta sendte atter Sendebud til Ammoniternes Konge

15 og lod sige: "Således siger Jefta: Israel har ikke taget Moabs eller Ammoniternes Land!

16 Men da de drog op fra Ægypten, vandrede Israel igennem Ørkenen til det røde Hav og kom derpå til Kadesj.

17 Da sendte Israel Sendebud til Edomiternes Konge og lod sige: Lad mig drage igennem dit Land! Men Edomiternes Konge ænsede det ikke. Ligeledes sendte de Bud til Moabiternes Konge, men han var heller ikke villig dertil. Israel blev da boende i Kadesj.

18 Derpå drog de igennem Ørkenen og gik uden om Edomiternes og Moabiternes, Land, og da de nåede Egnen østen for Moab, slog de Lejr hinsides Arnon; men de betrådte ikke Moabs Enemærker, thi Arnon er Moabs Grænse.

19 Israel sendte derpå Sendebud til Kongen af Hesjbon, Amoriterkongen Sihon, og lod sige: Lad os drage igennem dit Land for at nå hen, hvor vi skal!

20 Men Sihon nægtede Israelitterne Tilladelse til at drage gennem hans Land; og Sihon samlede hele sin Hær, og de slog Lejr i Jaza og angreb Israel.

21 Da gav HE EN, Israels Gud, Sihon og hele hans Hær i Israels Hånd, så at de slog dem. Og Israel underlagde sig hele det Land, Amoriterne boede i;

22 de underlagde sig hele Amoriternes Område fra Arnon til Jabbok og fra Ørkenen til Jordan.

23 Således drev HE EN, Israels Gud, Amoriterne bort foran sit Folk Israel; og nu vil du underlægge dig deres Land!

24 Ikke sandt, når din Gud Kemosj driver nogen bort, så tager du hans Land? Og hver Gang HE EN vor Gud driver nogen bort foran os, tager vi hans Land.

25 Er du vel bedre end Zippors Søn, Kong Balak af Moab? Stredes han med Israel, eller indlod han sig i Kamp med dem,

26 da Israelitterne bosatte sig i Hesjbon med Småbyer, i Aroer med Småbyer og i alle Byerne langs Arnon nu har de boet der i 300 År? Hvorfor tilrev I eder dem ikke dengang?

27 Det er ikke mig, der har forbrudt mig mod dig, men dig, der handler ilde mod mig ved at angribe mig. HE EN, Dommeren, vil i Dag dømme Israelitterne og Ammoniterne imellem!"

28 Men Ammoniternes Konge ænsede ikke Jeftas Ord, som hans Sendebud overbragte.

29 Da kom HE ENs Ånd over Jefta; og han drog igennem Gilead og Manasse; derpå drog han til Mizpe i Gilead, og fra Mizpe i Gilead drog han mod Ammoniterne.

30 Og Jefta aflagde HE EN et Løfte og sagde: "Dersom du giver Ammoniterne i min Hånd,

31 så skal den, som først kommer mig i Møde fra min Husdør når jeg vender uskadt, tilbage fra Ammoniterne, tilfalde HE EN, og jeg vil ofre ham som Brændoffer!"

32 Så drog Jefta i Kamp mod Ammoniterne, og HE EN gav dem i hans Hånd,

33 så at han tilføjede dem et stort Nederlag fra Aroer til Egnen ved Minnit, tyve Byer, og til Abel Keramim. Således bukkede Ammoniterne under for Israelitterne.

34 Men da Jefta kom til sit Hjem i Mizpa, se, da kom hans Datter ham i Møde med Håndpauker og Dans. Hun var hans eneste Barn foruden hende havde han hverken Søn eller Datter.

35 Da han fik Øje på hende, sønderrev han sine Klæder og råbte: "Ak, min Datter, du har bøjet mig dybt, og det er dig, der styrter mig i Ulykke! Thi jeg har åbnet min Mund for HE EN og kan ikke tage mit Ord tilbage!"

36 Da svarede hun ham: "Fader, har du åbnet din Mund for HE EN, så gør med mig, som dit Ord lød, nu da HE EN har skaffet dig Hævn over dine Fjender, Ammoniterne!"

37 Men hun sagde til sin Fader: "En Ting må du unde mig: Giv mig to Måneders Frist, så jeg kan gå omkring i Bjergene for at begræde min Jomfrustand sammen med mine Veninder!"

38 Han sagde: "Gå!" og lod hende drage bort i to Måneder; og hun gik bort med sine Veninder for at begræde sin Jomfrustand i Bjergene.

39 Da de to Måneder var omme, vendte hun tilbage til sin Fader, og han fuldbyrdede det Løfte, han havde aflagt, på hende; og hun havde ikke kendt Mand. Og det blev Skik i Israel,

40 at Israels Døtre hvert År går hen for at klage over Gileaditen Jeftas Datter fire Dage om Året.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 11      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 11: Jephthah’s victory.

This chapter and most of the next are about the judge Jephthah. He was Gilead’s son by a prostitute, so Gilead’s other sons despised him, and drove him out from his homeland. He fled to the land of Tob, where he lived amongst reckless men. When the Ammonites made war against Israel, the elders of Gilead went to the land of Tob to ask if Jephthah would lead their army. At first, Jephthah challenged them, and asked why they would come to him for help after expelling him from their county. However, the elders swore by the Lord that they would accept him as their leader, so he agreed to go with them.

Then Jephthah sent messengers to the king of Ammon, to ask why his people were attacking Gilead. The king said that Israel had taken away their land, but Jephthah recounted to them the history of Israel’s time in the wilderness, specifically pointing out that they not made war with the nations of Canaan. The only exception was the Amorite king Sihon’s attack on Israel, in which the Israelites defended themselves and defeated the Amorites. So, Jephthah explained that Israel had not taken land from the Ammonites. But the people of Ammon did not listen, and prepared for war.

While preparing his army against the people of Ammon, Jephthah made a vow to the Lord: if He would grant Gilead victory, Jephthah would make a burnt offering of the first thing which came out from his house upon his return home. Battle ensued, and the army of Jephthah utterly defeated Ammon.

When Jephthah returned home, his daughter – his only child – came out of the house to greet him with music and dancing. He tore his clothes in despair, and told her about his vow to the Lord. His daughter told him to keep his word, and asked to be left alone for two months to lament her virginity. Then, when the time came, Jephthah carried out his vow to the Lord.

*****

Jephthah’s dealings with both the Ammonites and his own family show that serving the Lord leads us to seek peace, not conflict or war. His account of the Israelites’ struggles showed that his people had only defended themselves against other nations, but had not fanned the flames of war. We are to do the work of making peace in our lives, while upholding and defending what is true (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The people of Ammon stand for knowing what is true, but then corrupting that truth to live a life based in falsities. For example, if we know the Lord regenerates us, and then tell ourselves that we no longer hold any responsibility for our eternal state, we have falsified the truth. This view completely distorts the truth: the Lord regenerates us as we work to live righteously (see Swedenborg’s work, Sacred Scripture 18[3]).

The spiritual meaning of a ‘daughter’ is an affection for spiritual truths and the life they offer. Affection is the offspring of feeling delight in truths; as we develop these affections, we learn to recognize that they come from the Lord, for he is the source of all good things (Arcana Caelestia 3336[2]).

Jephthah’s daughter was his deepest love, his greatest affection. She was a virgin, representing the spiritual qualities of purity and innocence. Her request for two months of solitude can be understood as our need to reflect during any giving to the Lord, to be sure that our intentions are pure, without any selfish expectations (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 121).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2576, 4270


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 811

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Významy biblických slov

søn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

skøge
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

avlede
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

sønner
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

flygtede
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

brødre
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

ældste
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

sagde
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

hadet
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

kommer
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

tilbage
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

os
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

indbyggere
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

giver
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

siger
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

ord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Mizpa
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...

konge
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

sige
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

hav
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

slog
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

grænse
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Hesjbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Gud
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

hånd
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

i dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

dømme
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

Manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

løfte
In Genesis 28:20, 'he vowed a vow' denotes, in the internal sense, willing that the Lord will provide. In the highest sense, where the Lord...

møde
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

tyve
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

byer
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

datter
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

dans
Dances (Exod. 15:20) relate to the affection of spiritual good, or the good of truth, and signify its pleasantness and joy.

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

klæder
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

åbnet
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

mund
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

fjender
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

to
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

måneder
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

kendt
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

mand
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

døtre
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

fire
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

dage
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

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 Jephthah
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jephthah's Daughter
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Story of Jephthah Review Activity
Fill in the blanks to complete the story of Jephthah, Judges 11. Cloze activity.
Activity | All Ages


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