Dommere 10

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1 Efter Abimelek fremstod som Israels Befrier Tola, en Søn af Dodos Søn Pua, en Mand af Issakar, som boede i Sjamir i Efraims Bjerge.

2 Han var Dommer i Israel i tre og tyve År. Da han døde, blev han jordet i Sjamir.

3 Efter ham fremstod Gileaditen Jair; han var Dommer i Israel i to og tyve År.

4 Han havde tredive Sønner, som red på tredive Æsler, og de havde tredive Byer, som endnu den Dag i Dag kaldes Jairs Teltbyer; de ligger i Gilead.

5 Da Jair døde, blev han jordet i Kamon.

6 Men Israelitterne blev ved at gøre, hvad der var ondt i HE ENs Øjne, idet de dyrkede Ba'alerne og Astarterne og Aramæernes, Zidons, Moabs, Ammoniternes og Filisternes Guder og faldt fra HE EN og undlod at dyrke ham.

7 Da blussede HE ENs Vrede op mod Israel, og han gav dem til Pris for Filisterne og Ammoniterne,

8 som kuede og mishandlede Israelitterne i det År; i atten År kuede de alle Israelitterne hinsides Jordan i Amoritemes Land i Gilead.

9 Og Ammoniterne satte over Jordan for også at angribe Juda, Benjamin og Efraims Slægt, så at Israelitterne kom i stor Nød.

10 Da råbte Israelitterne til HE EN og sagde: "Vi har syndet imod dig, thi vi har forladt HE EN vor Gud og dyrket Ba'alerne!"

11 Men HE EN svarede Israelitterne: "Har ikke Ægypterne, Amoriterne, Ammoniterne, Filisterne,

12 Zidonierne, Amalekiterne og Midjaniterne mishandlet eder? Og da I råbte til mig, frelste jeg eder af deres Hånd.

13 Men I forlod mig og dyrkede andre Guder! Derfor vil jeg ikke mere frelse eder!

14 Gå nu hen og råb til de Guder, I udvalgte eder, og lad dem frelse eder i eders Nød:"

15 Da sagde Israelitterne til HE EN: "Vi har syndet! Gør med os, hvad dig tykkes godt, men frels os blot nu!"

16 Og de skilte sig af med de fremmede Guder og dyrkede HE EN; da kunde han ikke længer holde ud at se Israels Nød.

17 Ammoniterne stævnedes sammen, og de slog Lejr i Gilead; også Israelitterne samlede sig, og de slog Lejr i Mizpa.

18 Da sagde Folket, Gileads Høvdinger, til hverandre: "Hvis der findes en Mand, som vil tage Kampen op med Ammoniterne, skal han være Høvding over alle Gileads Indbyggere!"

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 10      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 10: Tola, Jair; Israel oppressed again.

This chapter opens by mentioning the judges Tola and Jair, who judged for twenty-three years and twenty-two years, respectively. The text gives us very little information about them, except that Jair had thirty sons, who rode on thirty donkeys and had thirty cities in the land of Gilead.

After Jair died, the people soon disobeyed the Lord, and worshipped the gods of Syria, Sidon, Moab, Philistia, and Ammon. This provoked the Lord’s anger, so He caused the Philistines and Ammonites to oppress Israel. The Ammonites first attacked the two-and-a-half tribes living on the eastern side of the Jordan, then crossed the river to attack Judah, Benjamin and Ephraim.

The people cried out to the Lord, saying that they had forsaken Him, but He told them to go to the other gods they had chosen. However, the people asked again for forgiveness, stopped worshipping foreign gods, and turned back to the Lord, so His anger toward them subsided.

*****

This chapter describes another episode in Israel’s cycle of disobedience and punishment, in which the people repeatedly turn away from the Lord when there is no leader. No matter how often we affirm our faith in the Lord, we, too, will default to our natural desires and false thinking. As we come to recognize and accept this fact of life, we can find comfort in the Lord. He understands this completely, and does not blame or punish us.

The first judge mentioned is Tola. His name means “a worm-like grub”, suggesting the idea of metamorphosis and regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 106[2]). Tola’s father was Puah (meaning “shining”), his grandfather was Dodo (meaning “amorous, loving”), and their city was Shamir (which means “keeping the commandment”). These names bring to mind the spiritual qualities of truth, love and life in the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 977).

The next judge is Jair, whose name means ”he whom God enlightens”. The number thirty (used in reference to his thirty sons and their thirty towns) means fullness or readiness. This readiness refers to our spiritual ‘remains’, or states of innocence and charity that the Lord imparts to us during childhood. These remains are essential during regeneration (Arcana Caelestia 1050).

The Philistines, soon to be a major enemy of Israel, stand for the belief in “faith alone” salvation. This way of thinking instills the idea that we will be saved if we “believe in the Lord”, regardless of our actions. “Faith alone” doctrine is present in many religious practices (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Life 4).

The people of Ammon stand for profaning what is true, by turning the truths of the Word into false ideas. We profane the truth when we claim to know what the Word teaches, but live in a way that is contrary to the Lord’s commandments (Arcana Caelestia 6348[3]).

This chapter, like many others in the book of Judges, shows Israel’s decline into chaos and evil. The two judges, Tola and Jair, provide a picture of spiritual integrity, in contrast with Israel’s oppression by the very evils they have turned to. In our regeneration, with its highs and lows, we must avoid the temptation of shallow faith by acting according to our values.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2781, 8301, 9212


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 811, 817

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Esajas 26:16, 46:7, 57:13

Jeremias 2:13, 19, 20, 28, 31:20

Ezekiel 20:39

Micah 7:18

Luke 15:17

Významy biblických slov

efter
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

Abimelek
Abimelech, his companion Ahusath, and Phicol, the chief captain of his army (Genesis 26:26), represent the doctrinals of faith as grounded in the literal sense...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

søn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

mand
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Issakar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

Efraims
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

bjerge
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

dommer
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

tyve
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

døde
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

to
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

tredive
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

sønner
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

æsler
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

byer
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

i dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

øjne
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Ba'alerne
Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

guder
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

vrede
Anger is an emotion so common to people that it requires no definition. However a couple of points of interest can be raised. 1) The...

jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

Land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

råbte
As with most common verbs, the spiritual meaning of “crying” or “crying out” (meaning a shout or wail, not weeping) is highly dependent on context....

sagde
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Gud
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

hånd
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

frelse
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

råb
As with most common verbs, the spiritual meaning of “crying” or “crying out” (meaning a shout or wail, not weeping) is highly dependent on context....

os
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

godt
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

slog
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

Mizpa
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...

indbyggere
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.


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