Joshua 5

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1 Men da alle Amoriterkongerne vesten for Jordan og alle Kana'anæerkongerne ved Havet hørte, at HE EN havde ladet Jordans Vand tørre bort foran Israeliterne, indtil de var gået over, blev de slaget af ædsel og tabte Modet over for Israeliterne.

2 På den Tid sagde HE EN til Josua: "Lav dig Stenknive og omskær på ny Israeliterne!"

3 Da lavede Josua sig Stenknive og omskar Israeliterne ved Forhudshøjen.

4 Og dette var Grunden til, at Josua omskar dem: Alt Mandkøn af Folket, som drog ud af Ægypten, alle våbenføre Mænd, var døde undervejs i Ørkenen, efter at de var draget ud af Ægypten.

5 Hele Folket, som drog ud, havde nok været omskåret, men af det Folk, som var født i Ørkenen under Vandringen, efter at de var draget ud af Ægypten, var ingen blevet omskåret;

6 thi i fyrretyve År havde Israeliterne vandret i Ørkenen, indtil hele Folket, de våbenføre Mænd, som var draget ud af Ægypten, var døde, fordi de ikke havde adlydt HE ENs øst, hvorfor HE EN havde svoret, at han ikke vilde lade dem se det Land, HE EN havde tilsvoret deres Fædre at ville give os, et Land, der flyder med Mælk og Honning.

7 Men deres Børn, som han havde ladet træde i deres Sted, dem omskar Josua; thi de var uomskårne, eftersom de ikke var blevet omskåret under Vandringen.

8 Da så hele Folket var blevet omskåret, holdt de sig i o, hvor de var i Lejren, indtil de kom sig.

9 Men HE EN sagde til Josua: "I Dag har jeg bortvæltet Ægypternes Forsmædelse fra eder." Og han kaldte dette Sted Gilgal, som det hedder den Dag I Dag.

10 Medens Israeliterne lå i Lejr i Gilgal, fejrede de Påsken om Aftenen den fjortende Dag i Måneden på Jerikos Sletter;

11 og Dagen efter Påsken spiste de af Landets Afgrøde, usyrede Brød og ristet Korn;

12 selv samme Dag hørte Mannaen op, da de nu spiste af Landets Afgrøde; Israeliterne fik ikke Manna mer, men spiste det År af Høsten i Kana'ans Land.

13 Og det skete, medens Josua opholdt sig ved Jeriko, at han så op og fik Øje på en Mand, som stod foran ham med draget Sværd i Hånden. Josua gik da hen til ham og sagde: "Er du en af vore eller en af vore Fjender?"

14 Han svarede: "Ingen af Delene, jeg er Fyrsten over HE ENs Hær; lige nu er jeg kommet!" Da faldt Josua til Jorden på sit Ansigt og tilbad og sagde til ham: "Hvad har min Herre at sige sin Tjener?"

15 Og Fyrsten over HE ENs Hær svarede Josua: "Drag dine Sko af Fødderne, thi det Sted, du står på, er helligt!" Det gjorde Josua.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 5: The Circumcision and the Passover

In this chapter, the Israelites are now in the land of Canaan, and local Amorite and Canaanite kings lose heart to oppose them because of God’s miracle at the river Jordan.

God tells Joshua to circumcise all the men who were born since they left Egypt, because none were circumcised in the wilderness, and their fathers who were have now all died. So Joshua obeys, requiring circumcision of all the men of Israel.

As a result, God says to Joshua : “I have this day rolled away the stain of Egypt from you.” The place was therefore called Gilgal, which means “rolling”. The Children of Israel camped there till they were healed. They then ate the Passover using the food of the land for the very first time, and the daily manna, which had been provided by God every day in the wilderness, stopped.

Then, Joshua has an encounter with an angel:

When Joshua lifted his eyes he saw a man opposite him with a drawn sword in his hand. Joshua asked him, “Are you for us or for our adversaries?” The man answered, “No, but as Commander of the army of the Lord I have now come.” Joshua fell and worshipped and asked what he should do? The man said, “Take your sandal off your foot, for the place where you stand is holy”. And Joshua did so.

Note that this chapter is the very first one when the Israelites are in Canaan, and straightaway two important Jewish rituals are carried out – circumcision and the Passover. Circumcision is the cutting off of the foreskin. It means to become purified from loving oneself and the world, and the outer things of life, and to be righteous before God inwardly. (See Arcana Caelestia 2102.)

This meaning helps us see why elsewhere in the Bible it often talks about “circumcising your heart”. The circumcision in Canaan was to mark the new generation, which spiritually for us means that our regeneration always involves new states. (True Christian Religion 601)

The Passover was originally a meal to mark leaving slavery in Egypt, so it is very appropriate for celebrating entering the promised land. The spiritual meaning of the Passover is rich and complex, but, put simply, it is about the presence of the Lord with us, especially when we attribute life’s good events and blessings to the presence of God. “The Lord has done this for me… The Lord has done that for us.” (Arcana Caelestia 7902) The reason that it is a meal is that we share meals together, often in families, and spiritually everything in us comes together to be joyful and thankful.

The first camp of the Israelites in Canaan was at Gilgal, a place close to Jericho, the name of which means “rolling”. We’ve looked at its connection with circumcision but more generally, to ‘roll’ is to move forward, move on, keep going. This is a powerful early-in-the-story description of our regeneration, with its trials and blessings, both of which aim to keep us moving forward to be evermore in the life the Lord wants us to have. (Arcana Caelestia 8911)

With all this early first feeling of having finally got to Canaan, the land which God had always promised to give them, it is so very appropriate that Joshua is met by a militant angel of the Lord, the Commander of the army of the Lord. (Arcana Caelestia 7277). Note carefully that when Joshua asks if he is for us or for our enemies, the Commander says “No.” Spiritually this is very significant because the Lord uses everything – good and evil – peace and temptation – to lead us towards heaven.

The Commander declares that Joshua is to remove his sandal from off his foot because where he stands, this is holy ground. Spiritually, “holy ground” is the whole sweep of life, and our sense that all of it is the Lord’s gift to us. (See Arcana Caelestia 566, 1585)

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1664, 1748, 1784, 2039, 2799, 6846, 8294, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 619

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

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Významy biblických slov

jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

havet
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

vand
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

tid
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

sagde
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

døde
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

omskåret
Circumcision (Gen. 17:10) signifies purity.

svoret
'To sware' is a binding.

se
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

Land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

fædre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

os
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

mælk
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

honning
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

børn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

uomskårne
'The uncircumcised,' as in Ezekiel 31:18, signifies people lacking the good of charity.

i dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

hedder
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

påsken
'The Passover,' in Exodus 12, 27, signifies the presence of the Lord and His liberation from damnation of the people of the spiritual church. 'The...

fjortende
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

sletter
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

spiste
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

usyrede
For something to be “unleavened” means that it's been made without yeast. Since yeast is what makes bread rise and take on its airy texture,...

manna
'Manna' signifies the good of celestial love conjoined to wisdom. 'Manna' signifies the good of truth. 'Manna' signifies celestial and spiritual good. Hidden manna,' as...

øje
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

mand
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

stod
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

sværd
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

hær
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

faldt
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

jorden
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

ansigt
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

herre
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

sige
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

tjener
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

sko
In the Word, 'the sole of the foot' and 'the heel' signifies the ultimate natural. 'The shoe' is what clothes the sole of the foot...

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 At Gilgal
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Compare: Moses and Joshua
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Joshua Kneels Before the Commander of the Lord’s Army
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Joshua Meets the Commander of the Lord’s Army
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Loose Thy Shoe
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lord Is the Hero of War
Color picture of the Commander of the Lord's army appearing to Joshua.
Picture | All Ages


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