Joshua 21

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1 Derpå trådte Overhovederne for Leviternes Fædrenehuse frem for Præsten Eleazar og Josua, Nuns Søn, og Overhovederne for de israelitiske Stammers Fædrenehuse

2 og talte således til dem i Silo i Kana'ans Land: "HE EN bød ved Moses, at der skulde gives os nogle Byer at bo i med tilhørende Græsmarker til vort Kvæg."

3 Da afgav Israeliterne i Følge HE ENs Bud af deres Arvelod følgende Byer med Græsmarker til Leviterne.

4 Loddet faldt først for Kehatiternes Slægter, således at Præsten Arons Sønner blandt Leviterne ved Lodkastningen fik tretten Byer af Judas, Simeoniternes og Benjamins Stammer,

5 mens de andre Hehatiter ved Lodkastningen efter deres Slægter fik ti Byer af Efraims og Dans Stammer og Manasses halve Stamme.

6 Gersoniterne fik ved Lodkastningen efter deres Slægter tretten Byer af Issakars, Asers og Naftalis Stammer og Manasses halve Stamme i Basan.

7 Merariterne fik efter deres Slægter tolv Byer af ubens, Gads og Zebulons Stammer.

8 Og Israeliterne afgav ved Lodkastning følgende Byer med Græsmarker til Leviterne, således som HE EN havde påbudt ved Moses.

9 Af Judæernes og Simeoniternes Stammer afgav de følgende ved Navn, nævnte Byer.

10 Arons Sønner, der hørte til Kehatiternes Slægter blandt Levis Sønner - thi for dem faldt Loddet først - fik følgende:

11 Man gav dem Anaks Stamfader Arbas By, det er Hebron, i Judas Bjerge, med omliggende Græsmarker;

12 men Byens Mark og Landsbyer gav man Kaleb, Jefunnes Søn, i Eje.

13 Præsten Arons Sønner gav man Hebron, en af Tilflugtsbyerne for Manddrabere, med omliggende Græsmarker, Libna med omliggende Græsmarker,

14 Jattir med omliggende Græsmarker, Esjtemoa med omliggende Græsmarker,

15 Holon med omliggende Græsmarker, Debir med omliggende Græsmarker,

16 Asjan med omliggende Græsmarker, Jutta med omliggende Græsmarker og Bet-Sjemesj med omliggende Græsmarker; tilsammen ni Byer af de to Stammer;

17 og af Benjamins Stamme Gibeon med omliggende Græsmarker, Geba med omliggende Græsmarker,

18 Anatot med omliggende Græsmarker og Alemet med omliggende Græsmarker; tilsammen fire Byer.

19 Præsternes, Arons Sønners, Byer udgjorde i alt tretten Byer med omliggende Græsmarker.

20 Kehatiternes Slægter af Leviterne, de øvrige Kehatiter, fik de Byer af Efraims Stamme, som tildeltes dem ved Lodkastning.

21 Man gav dem Sikem, en af Tilflugtsbyerne for Manddrabere, med omliggende Græsmarker i Efraims Bjerge, Gezer med omliggende Græsmarker,

22 Kibzajim med omliggende Græsmarker og Bet-Horon med omliggende Græsmarker; tilsammen fire Byer;

23 og af Dans Stamme Elteke med omliggende Græsmarker, Gibbeton med omliggende Græsmarker,

24 Ajjalon med omliggende Græsmarker og Gat- immon med omliggende Græsmarker; tilsammen fire Byer;

25 og af Manasses halve Stamme Tånak med omliggende Græsmarker og Jibleam med omliggende Græsmarker; tilsammen to Byer;

26 i alt ti Byer med omliggende Græsmarker tilfaldt de øvrige Kehatiters Slægter.

27 Blandt Leviternes Slægter fik fremdeles Gersoniterne af Manasses halve Stamme Golan i Basan, en af Tilflugtsbyerne for Manddrabere, med omliggende Græsmarker og Asjtarot med omliggende Græsmarker; tilsammen to Byer;

28 og af Issakars Stamme Kisjjon med omliggende Græsmarker, Daberat med omliggende Græsmarker,

29 Jarmut med omliggende Græsmarker og En-Gannim med omliggende Græsmarker; tilsammen fire Byer;

30 og af Asers Stamme Misj'al med omliggende Græsmarker, Abdon med omliggende Græsmarker,

31 Helkat med omliggende Græsmarker og ehob med omliggende Græsmarker; tilsammen fire Byer;

32 og af Naftalis Stamme Bedesj i Galilæa, en af Tilflugtsbyerne for Manddrabere, med omliggende Græsmarker, Hammot-Dor med omliggende Græsmarker og Hartan med omliggende Græsmarker; tilsammen tre Byer;

33 Gersoniternes Byer efter deres Slægter udgjorde i alt tretten med omliggende Græsmarker.

34 De øvrige Leviter, Merariternes Slægter, fik af Zebulons Stamme Jokneam med omliggende Græsmarker, Karta med omliggende Græsmarker,

35 immona med omliggende Græsmarker og Nahalal med omliggende Græsmarker; tilsammen fire Byer;

36 og hinsides Jordan over for Jeriko af ubens Stamme Bezer i Ørkenen på Højsletten, en af Tilflugtsbyerne for Manddrabere, med omliggende Græsmarker, Jaza med omliggende Græsmarker.

37 Kedemot med omliggende Græsmarker og Mefa'at med omliggende Græsmarker; tilsammen fire Byer;

38 og af Gads Stamme amot i Gilead, en af Tilflugtsbyerne for Manddrabere, med omliggende Græsmarker, Mahanajim med omliggende Græsmarker,

39 Hesjbon med omliggende Græsmarker og Ja'zer med omliggende Græsmarker; tilsammen fire Byer;

40 Byerne, der ved Lodkastningen tilfaldt de øvrige Levitslægter, Merariterne efter deres Slægter, udgjorde i alt tolv.

41 Levitbyerne inden for Israeliternes Ejendom udgjorde i alt otte og fyrretyve med omliggende Græsmarker.

42 Disse Byer skulde hver for sig have de omliggende Græsmarker med; det gjaldt for alle disse Byer.

43 Således gav HE EN Israel hele det Land, han havde tilsvoret deres Fædre at ville give dem, og de tog det i Besiddelse og bosatte sig der.

44 Og HE EN gav dem o rundt om, ganske som han havde tilsvoret deres Fædre, og ingen iblandt deres Fjender kunde holde Stand over for dem; alle deres Fjender gav HE EN i deres Hånd.

45 Ikke eet af alle de gode Ord, HE EN havde talet til Israels Hus, faldt til Jorden; alle sammen gik de i Opfyldelse.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 21      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 21: The cities of the Levite priests and the end of the settlement.

In this chapter, the last remaining part of the settlement was completed: the provision for the Levites, the priests of Israel. This tribe had been appointed priests because only they had answered the call, “Who is on the side of the Lord?” when the Israelites had been worshipping the golden calf in the wilderness (see Exodus 32:26).

Much of the chapter is spent listing the cities given to the three sons of Aaron, who was appointed high priest. Each extended family of Aaron’s sons was given about sixteen cities. It seems very significant that a lot of these cities were the same ones given to the other tribes, and were also the cities of refuge.

Levi’s name means ‘joined’, which is very suitable for the Levite priests, who received cities in every tribal territory. This meant that the presence of priests was everywhere (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 342).

Spiritually speaking, this distribution is a wonderful illustration that our spirit lives throughout our whole body. Every part of us is alive! Every single thing in our body, from one blood cell to our heart and lungs, is maintained by our spirit, which itself is maintained by the influx of the Lord’s life. The function of everything in our body is in a perfect correspondence with the kingdom of heaven.

So, spiritually, the Levites stand for the presence of the Lord everywhere, in everything. This underlines the point that everything in the natural world - even the cities and territories described in this chapter of Joshua - reflect something about God and heaven (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Revealed 194). But there is another important meaning for the distribution of the priestly Levites in cities all through the tribal territories: we must keep on acknowledging that everything is a blessing from the Lord, that everything we do is for God, and that the Lord alone does what is truly good (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 91).

After the distribution of cities to the Levites, Israel was fully established in the land of Canaan. The rest of this chapter is a consolidating statement which is worth including in full:

v43. “So the Lord gave to Israel all the land of which He had sworn to give to their fathers, and they took possession of it and dwelt in it.
v44. The Lord gave them rest all around, according to all that he had sworn to their fathers. And not a man of all their enemies stood against them; the Lord delivered all their enemies into their hand.
v45. Not a word failed of any good thing which the Lord had spoken to the house of Israel. All came to pass.”

These are words of fulfillment, culmination, assurance and blessing. Everything here traces back to the Lord. The Lord made a covenant with the children of Israel, granted them victory over their enemies, and gave them the Land of Canaan; the Lord had spoken in complete truth. “All came to pass.”

This final statement is a promise of our own capacity for regeneration and spiritual progress. We are able to overcome our natural desires and selfish states; we have been established in our life with the ability to understand and do what is good. In devoting ourselves to the Lord, we find strength to see that He will never fail us, and will change us for the better. ‘All came to pass’ is our affirmation that our life is always under God’s care and providence (Arcana Caelestia 977).


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 444

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1441, 1616, 2909

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