Joshua 17

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1 Og Loddet faldt for Manasses Stamme: thi han var Josefs førstefødte. Makir, Manasses førstefødte, Gileads Fader - han var nemlig Kriger - fik Gilead og Basan.

2 Og de øvrige Manassiter fik Land efter deres Slægter, Abiezers, Heleks, Asriels, Sjekems, Hefers og Sjemidas Sønner; det er Josef's Søn Manasses mandlige Efterkommere efter deres Slægter.

3 Men Zelofhad, en Søn af Hefer, en Søn af Gilead, en Søn af Makir, en Søn af Manasse, havde ingen Sønner, kun Døtre; og hans Døtre hed Mala, Noa, Hogla, Milka og Tirza.

4 De trådte frem for Præsten Eleazar og Josua, Nuns Søn, og Øversterne og sagde: "HE EN bød Moses give os Arvelod iblandt vore Brødre!" Da gav han dem efter HE ENs Bud en Arvelod iblandt deres Faders Brødre.

5 Således faldt ti Parter på Manasse foruden Landet Gilead og Basan hinsides Jordan.

6 Thi Manasses døtre fik Arvelod blandt hans Sønner. Men Landet Gilead tilfaldt Manasses øvrige Efterkommere.

7 Og Manasses Grænse går fra Aser til Mikmetat, som ligger østen for Sikem; derpå går Grænsen mod Syd til Befolkningen i En-Tappua.

8 Manasse fik Landskabet Tappua; men Byen Tappua ved Manasses Grænse tilfaldt Efraimiterne.

9 Derpå strækker Grænsen sig ned til Kanabækken, sønden om Bækken; Byerne der tilfaldt Efraim, midt iblandt Manasses Byer; Manasses Landområde ligger norden for Bækken. Grænsen ender derpå ved Havet.

10 Sydsiden tilhører Efraim og Nordsiden Manasse. Havet danner Grænse; mod Nord støder de op til Aser, mod Øst til Issakar.

11 I Issakar og Aser tilfaldt følgende Byer Manasse: Bet-Sjean med Småbyer, Jibleam med Småbyer, Befolkningen i Dor med Småbyer, Befolkningen i En-Dor med Småbyer, Befolkningen i Ta'anak med Småbyer og Befolkningen i Megiddo med Småbyer, de tre Højdedrag.

12 Men Manassiterne kunde ikke drive disse Byers Indbyggere bort, det lykkedes Kana'anæerne at holde sig i disse Egne.

13 Da Israeliterne blev de stærkeste, gjorde de Kana'anæerne til Hoveriarbejdere, men drev dem ikke bort.

14 Da talte Josefs Sønner til Josua og sagde: "Hvorfor har du kun givet mig een Lod og een Part til Arvelod, skønt jeg er et talrigt Folk, eftersom HE EN hidtil har velsignet mig?"

15 Josua svarede dem: "Når du er et talrigt Folk, så drag op i Skovlandet og ryd dig Jord der i Perizziternes og efaiternes Land, siden Efraims Bjergland er dig for trangt!"

16 "Da sagde Josefs Sønner: "Bjerglandet er os ikke nok, og alle Kana'anærerne, som bor på Slettelandet, både de i Bet-Sjean med Småbyer og de på Jizre'elsletten, har jernbeslagne Vogne!"

17 Da sagde Josua til Josefs Slægt, til Efraim og Manasse: "Du er et talrigt Folk og har stor Kraft; du skal ikke komme til at nøjes med een Lod,

18 men et Bjergland skal tilfalde dig, thi det er skovbevokset. og når du rydder det, skal det tilfalde dig med Udløberne derfra; thi du skal drive Kana'anæerne bort, selv om de har jernbeslagne Vogne; du er nemlig stærkere end de."

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 17: The tribe of Manasseh receives the western half of its territory.

The previous chapter (Joshua 16) dealt with the territory given to Ephraim, Manasseh’s younger brother; this one covers the western half of Manasseh (the other half tribe of Manasseh was bound to live across the Jordan).

Interestingly, this chapter mentions many people by name, instead of only describing locations as we’ve seen before. Verses 1 and 2 list all seven of Manasseh’s sons and their families. Then verse 3 mentions Zelophehad, the great-grandson of Manasseh, who had had five daughters, but no sons. When Zelophehad died on the journey through the wilderness, his daughters came to Joshua to claim the inheritance Moses had promised them (see Numbers 27). So, both the sons and daughters of Manasseh’s family received land.

After the area given to Manasseh was outlined, the people of Ephraim and Manasseh came to Joshua and complained that they deserved more land, because of their important standing among the tribes of Israel (verse 14). They claimed that they had been specially blessed, and should receive much more.

Joshua told them that if they were such a great people, they should go to the forest country and seize land from the Perrizites and the giants living there. The people were not pleased, and told Joshua that the Canaanites who still roamed there were strong, and had chariots of iron. Even so, Joshua told them again to cut down the wood and use it, because they would eventually be able to drive out the Canaanites.

The spiritual meaning of this story is all about the relationship between good and truth. Again, there are many names to indicate the geography of the area of “West Manasseh”, and the meaning of these names very often links in with the spiritual meaning of the tribe. Beyond that, the specific area in Canaan given to a tribe is spiritually important. Ephraim and Manasseh are right in the middle of the land because they stand for truth and good, for truth leading to good, for good coming from truth.

The story about Zelophehad’s five daughters also relates to the place of truth and good. This is because sons stand for truths, often for truths which fight for us during our temptations, while daughters stand for the good in our spiritual life which bears ‘children’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8993 [3,4]).

Verses 5 and 6 describe this union of good and truth very beautifully: “Ten portions were given to Manasseh because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons; and the rest of Manasseh’s sons had the land of Gilead.” It is worth noting here that the spiritual meaning of the number ‘ten’ has to do with wholeness, and also ‘remains,’ or memories, which the Lord imparts to us when we are very young (Arcana Caelestia 4638).

When the people of Ephraim and Manasseh complained to Joshua, it is much like us wanting our spiritual life to be easy. We want it to be something given to us, and not something which we will need to work on and even fight for in ourselves.

Finally, the meaning of using wooden chariots to fight the Canaanites means to fight from our love of what is good. This is because wood corresponds to good, since it is alive and has grown. ‘Iron’ here stands for the harshness of truth without any good, which appears invincible, but in reality is weaker than the power of goodness and love (Arcana Caelestia 426[3]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1574, 3708, 3858, 3862, 9338


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 431, 440

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1 Krønikebog 7:18, 29

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Esajas 41:14, 15

Ezekiel 47:13, 48:4

Významy biblických slov

Manasses
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

stamme
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

førstefødte
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

Makir
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

sønner
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

søn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

døtre
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

os
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

brødre
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

bud
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

faldt
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

ti
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

jordan
The river Jordan separates the land of Canaan from the lands to the east. This separation represents the division of the human mind into an internal...

grænse
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Sikem
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

ned
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

byer
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

midt
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

havet
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

nord
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

mod nord
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

Issakar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

Megiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

indbyggere
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

til
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

talte
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

sagde
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

givet
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

en
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

velsignet
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

Land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

jord
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

Efraims
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

Nok
'Sufficiency' relates to the reception of good, because good is the spiritual nourishment of the soul, as natural food is the nourishment of the body.

bor
'Inhabit' refers to good.

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