Genesis 12

Study

           

1 HE EN sagde til Abram: "Drag ud fra dit Land, fra din Slægt og din Faders Hus til det Land, jeg vil vise dig;

2 så vil jeg gøre dig til et stort Folk, og jeg vil velsigne dig og gøre dit Navn stort. og vær en Velsignelse!

3 Jeg vil velsigne dem, der velsigner dig, og forbande dem, der forbander dig; i dig skal alle Jordens Slægter velsignes!"

4 Og Abram gik,som HE EN sagde til ham, og Lot gik med ham. Abram var fem og halvfjerdsindstyve År, da han drog fra Karan;

5 og Abram tog sin Hustru Saraj og sin Brodersøn Lot og al den Ejendom, de havde samlet sig, og de Folk, de havde vundet sig i Karan, og de gav sig på Vej til Kana'ans Land og nåede derhen.

6 Derpå drog Abram gennem Landet til Sikems hellige Sted, til Sandsigerens Træ. Det var dengang Kana'anæerne boede i Landet.

7 Men HE EN åbenbarede sig for Abram og sagde til ham: "Dit Afkom giver jeg dette Land!" Da byggede han der et Alter for HE EN. som havde åbenbaret sig for ham.

8 Derpå brød han op derfra og drog til Bjergene østen for Betel, og han slog Lejr med Betel mod Vest og Aj mod Øst; og han byggede HE EN et Alter der og påkaldte HE ENs Navn.

9 Derpå drog Abram fra Plads til Plads og nåede Sydlandet.

10 Der opstod Hungersnød i Landet; og da Hungersnøden i Landet blev trykkende, drog Abram ned til Ægypten for at bo der som fremmed.

11 Da han nu nærmede sig Ægypten, sagde han til sin Hustru Saraj: Jeg ved jo, at du er en smuk Kvinde;

12 når nu Ægypterne ser dig, og de mener, at du er min Hustru, slår de mig ihjel og lader dig leve;

13 sig derfor, at du er min Søster, for at det må gå mig godt, og jeg ikke skal miste Livet for din Skyld!"

14 Da han så drog ind i Ægypten, så Ægypterne, at hun var en såre smuk Kvinde;

15 og Faraos Stormænd, der så hende, priste hende for Farao, og så blev Kvinden ført til Faraos Hus.

16 Men Abram behandlede han godt for hendes Skyld, og han fik Småkvæg, Hornkvæg og Æsler, Trælle og Trælkvinder, Aseninder og Kameler.

17 Men HE EN ramte Farao og hans Hus med svære Plager for Abrams Hustru Sarajs Skyld.

18 Da lod Farao Abram kalde og sagde: "Hvad har du gjort imod mig! Hvorfor lod du mig ikke vide, at hun er din Hustru?

19 Hvorfor sagde du, at hun var din Søster, så at jeg tog hende til Hustru? Se, her har du nu din Hustru, tag hende og gå bort!"

20 Og Farao bød sine Mænd følge ham og hans Hustru og al deres Ejendom på Vej;


Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 12      

Napsal(a) Joe David

The Inner Meaning of Genesis 12

In the previous chapter, Genesis 11, we met Abram for the first time, as his genealogy was traced down through the generations from Noah. Abram represents the beginning of a new spiritual state of humankind - a new church that would record preserve important external truths. Those external truths contained internal ones - true ideas about God the way people should live.

These external truths were encoded in stories, first preserved in oral traditions then in written scriptures in the time of Moses. In the current , Abram, goes, as commanded by God, the land of Canaan. In doing this, he effectively starts the Hebrew church (from Eber, Abraham's forebear).

All the geographic places in the land of Canaan its environs had been given spiritual significations by the people of the Most Ancient Church. In the new Word that would be written there, these places would be mentioned by name would signify spiritual ideas.

When Abraham is driven by famine in the land seek refuge in Egypt, it symbolizes a state of initial instruction for this new church. That early instruction is of an external type. Egypt, in the Word, represents scientific knowledge - the natural sciences - which teach the natural level in people.

There are two levels of "story" nested in the symbolism of the literal text. One is the spiritual story of humankind. Another, higher one, is the story of the inner spiritual process that would take place in the life of Jesus Christ. Both stories are traced out in Swedenborg's exegesis of the Word.

Here's an excerpt from his capstone work, True Christian Religion:

The Word has two senses hidden in its literal sense; these are called the spiritual the celestial senses. In the spiritual sense the contents of the Word refer chiefly the church in the celestial sense chiefly the Lord. Again in the spiritual sense its contents refer Divine truth in the celestial sense Divine good. (True Christian Religion 248)

A detailed description of the inner meaning of this chapter begins in Arcana Coelestia 1401. Here are some key excerpts:

AC 1401. True historical things begin here, all of which are representative, and each word significative. The things related in this chapter concerning Abram represent the Lord‘s state from earliest childhood up to youth. As the Lord was born in the same way as other men, He also advanced from an obscure state to one more lucid. "Haran" is the first state, which was obscure; " Shechem" is the second; "the oakgrove Moreh" is the third; "the mountain which had Bethel toward the sea and Ai on the east," is the fourth; and the "journey thence toward the south into Egypt," is the fifth.

AC 1402. The things told of Abram’s sojourn in Egypt represent and signify the Lord‘s first instruction. "Abram" is the Lord; " Sarai," as a wife, is truth to be adjoined to the celestial " Sarai," as a sister, is intellectual truth; "Egypt" is memory-knowledge (scientia). The progress from memory-knowledges (a scientificis) even to celestial truths is described; this was according to Divine order, that the Lord’s Human Essence might be conjoined with His Divine Essence, and at the same time become Jehovah.

    Studovat vnitřní smysl

The Project Gutenberg Association at Carnegie Mellon University


Přeložit: