1 Samuel 2

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1 Da bad Hanna og sagde: Mit Hjerte jubler over HE EN, mit Horn er løftet ved min Gud, min Mund vidt opladt mod mine Fjender, jeg glæder mig over din Frelse.

2 Der er ingen Hellig som HE EN, nej, der er ingen uden dig, der er ingen Klippe som vor Gud

3 Vær varsomme med eders store Ord, Frækhed undslippe ej eders Mund! Thi en vidende Gud er HE EN, og Gerninger vejes af ham.

4 Heltes Bue er brudt, men segnende omgjorder sig med Kraft;

5 mætte lader sig leje for Brød, men sultnes Slid hører op; den ufrugtbare føder syv, men den med de mange vansmægter.

6 HE EN døder, gør levende, fører ned i Dødsriget og fører op;

7 HE EN gør fattig, gør rig, han nedbøjer

8 han rejser ringe af Støvet, af Skarnet løfter han fattige for at bænke og give dem Ærespladsen. Thi HE ENs er Jordens Søjler, Jorderig bygged han på dem

9 Han vogter sine frommes Skridt, men gudløse omkommer i Mørket; thi ingen vinder Sejr ved egen kraft.

10 HE EN - hans Fjender forfærdes, den Højeste tordner i Himmelen, HE EN dømmer den vide Jord! Han skænker sin Konge Kraft, løfter sin Salvedes Horn!

11 Så drog hun til ama, men Drengen gjorde Tjeneste for HE EN under Præsten Elis Tilsyn.

12 Men Elis Sønner var Niddinger; de ænsede hverken HE EN

13 eller Præstens et over for Folket. Hver Gang en Mand bragte et Slagtoffer, kom Præstens Tjener, medens Kødet kogte, med en tregrenet Gaffel i Hånden

14 og stak den ned i Karret, Krukken, Kedelen eller Gryden, og alt, hvad Gaffelen fik med op, tog Præsten for sin Del. Således bar de sig ad over for alle de Israelitter, som kom til Silo for at ofre der.

15 Eller også kom Præstens Tjener, før de bragte Fedtet som øgoffer, og sagde til Manden, som ofrede: "Giv Præsten Kød til at stege; han tager ikke mod kogt Kød af dig, kun råt!"

16 Sagde Manden nu til ham: "Først må Fedtet bringes som øgoffer, bagefter kan du tage så meget, du lyster!" svarede han: "Nej, giv mig det nu, ellers tager jeg det med Magt!"

17 Og de unge Mænds Synd var såre stor for HE ENs Åsyn, idet de viste ingeagt for HE ENs Offergaver.

18 Imidlertid gjorde Samuel Tjeneste for HE ENs Åsyn; og Drengen var iført en linned Efod.

19 Hans Moder lavede hvert År en lille Kappe til ham og bragte ham den, når hun drog op med sin Mand for at ofre det årlige Offer.

20 Og Eli velsignede Elkana og hans Hustru og sagde: "HE EN give dig Afkom af denne Kvinde til Gengæld for ham, hun overlod HE EN!" Så gik de hjem igen.

21 Og HE EN så til Hanna, og hun blev frugtsommelig og fødte tre Sønner og to Døtre. Men Drengen Samuel voksede op hos HE EN.

22 Eli var meget gammel, og da han hørte, hvorledes hans Sønner behandlede hele Israel, og at de lå hos Kvinderne, som gjorde Tjeneste ved Indgangen til Åbenbaringsteltet,

23 sagde han til dem: "Hvorfor gør I sådanne Ting, som jeg hører alt Folket tale om?

24 Bær eder dog ikke således ad, mine Sønner! Thi det er ikke noget godt ygte, jeg hører gå fra Mund til Mund i HE ENs Folk.

25 Når en Mand synder mod en anden, dømmer Gud dem imellem; men synder en Mand mod HE EN, hvem kan da optræde som Dommer til Gunst for ham?" Men de brød sig ikke om deres Faders Advarsel, thi HE EN vilde deres Død.

26 Men Drengen Samuel voksede til og gik stadig frem i Yndest både hos HE EN og Mennesker.

27 Da kom en Guds Mand til Eli og sagde: Så siger HE EN: "Se, jeg åbenbarede mig for dit Fædrenehus, dengang de var Trælle for Faraos Hus i Ægypten,

28 og jeg udvalgte det af alle Israels Stammer til at gøre Præstetjeneste for mig, til at træde op på mit Alter for at tænde Offerild og til at bære Efod for mit Åsyn; og jeg tildelte dit Fædrenehus alle Israeliternes Ildofre.

29 Hvor kan du da se ondt til mit Slagtoffer og Afgrødeoffer, som jeg har påbudt, og ære dine Sønner fremfor mig, idet l gør eder tilgode med det bedste at alle mit Folk Israels Offergaver!

30 Derfor lyder det fra HE EN, Israels Gud: Vel har jeg sagt, at dit Hus og dit Fædrenehus for stedse skulde færdes for mit Åsyn; men nu, lyder det fra HE EN, være det langt fra mig! Nej, dem, som ærer mig, vil jeg ære, og de, som ringeagter mig, skal beskæmmes.

31 Se, den Tid skal komme, da jeg, afhugger din og dit Fædrenehus's Arm, så ingen i dit Hus skal blive gammel;

32 og du skal se ondt til alt det gode, HE EN gør mod Israel, og ingen Sinde skal nogen i din Slægt blive gammel.

33 Kun en eneste af din Slægt vil jeg undlade at bortrydde fra mit Alter for at lade hans Øjne hentæres og hans Sjæl vansmægte: men alle de andre i din Slægt skal for Menneskers Sværd.

34 Og det Tegn, du får derpå, skal være det, der overgår dine to Sønner Hofni og Pinehas: På een Dag skal de begge .

35 Men jeg vil udvælge mig en trofast Præst; han skal handle efter mit Hjerte og mit Sind, og ham vil jeg bygge et varigt Hus, så han altid skal færdes for min Salvedes Åsyn.

36 Da skal enhver, som er tilbage af din Slægt, komme og kaste sig til Jorden for ham for at få en Skilling eller en Skive Brød, og han skal sige: Und mig dog Plads ved et af dine Præsteskaber, for at jeg kan have en Bid Brød at spise!"

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Exploring the Meaning of 1 Samuel 2      

Chapter 2 of the Book of Samuel begins with Hannah’s prayerful song of praise to God. It's a big contrast to the sadness and desperation of her prayer in the previous chapter when she begged for a child. In many ways this is a model for the song that Mary sang, in Luke 1:46-55 after hearing from the angel Gabriel that she was to be the mother of the Lord.

In this chapter, the High Priest, Eli, had grown so old that he had turned his priestly duties over to his sons Hophni and Phinehas. However, these sons were corrupt and had separated themselves from God. They took the best part of the meat offerings for themselves, even before the meat had been properly sacrificed, and took advantage of the woman who worked at the gate of the sanctuary.

That corrupt state is contrasted with the wholesome ministry of the young boy Samuel, who wore a simple tunic (called an ephod) given to him each year by his mother as he grew.

Reports of his sons’ wrongdoings reached Eli, and he pleaded with them to stop, but they did not change their ways and he did nothing to punish them. Then, a messenger from God came with a message of doom for not only the two sons, but for the whole family.

As Anita Dole describes the situation, in her "Bible Study Notes":

"This is a picture of a state in which worship is degraded by being used for self-interest and self-exaltation, and when the high priest in us - that inner dictate which relates us to the Lord - does not take steps to correct the evil, although it sees it. It has become dim of sight and is no longer able to receive directly the voice of the Lord. In 1 Samuel 2:17, quoted above, there is the suggestion of the harm which such a state does to others as well as
to ourselves. Many people are turned against the church by the self-seeking and hypocrisy they see in some of its members. Our duty to keep our worship sincere and to live according to the teachings of the church is not for our own salvation alone. The Lord's service requires of us constant watchfulness and ever-renewed devotion." - Anita Dole, Bible Study Notes, "The Birth of Samuel", © 2001 by The Swedenborg Foundation.

This is a chapter focused on contrasts. On one side are Hannah and Samuel who are faithful to the Lord. We see Hannah praising Him for the wonderful gifts that He provides, especially the gift of her son. This story helps us realize that all children are a gift from God. We should never view them as being our possessions. Instead, they are always God’s children whom we have been blessed to be able to nurture for a time and help grow.

On the other side are the sons of Eli, who profaned what was holy as a mark of self-love and disdain for God.

At the heart of this is a message about true worship. This true worship is a product of heart-felt adoration of God, together with genuine humility (see Arcana Coelestia 1153).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 66, 1756, 2584, 2832, 2930, 3008, 7601, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 10, 20, 323, 535, 551, 598, 671


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 253, 257, 304, 316, 357, 386, 401, ...

An Invitation to the New Church 35

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

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2 Samuel 6:14, 22:32

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Ordsprogene 2:8, 3:4, 12:8, 13:1, 22:2

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Esajas 40:29, 44:8, 47:5, 54:1

Jeremias 2:8, 15:9, 51:56

Ezekiel 17:24, 44:15, 16, 46:20

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Matthew 26:13

Luke 1:46, 69, 2:52

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Významy biblických slov

sagde
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

hjerte
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

horn
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

mund
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

fjender
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

frelse
'Salvation, to the Lord our God,' as in Revelation 19:1, signifies an acknowledgment and confession that salvation is from the Lord.

klippe
'A rock' signifies the Lord regarding the divine truth of the Word.

Gud
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

kraft
Forces denote the power of truth.

brød
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

syv
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

mange
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

ned
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

Dødsriget
'Hell,' as mentioned in Jonah 2:3, signifies the earth below.

tordner
When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...

jord
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

konge
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

sønner
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

præstens
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

mand
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

israelitter
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

kød
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

kogt
'To seethe' signifies destroying truths and goods by falsities.

unge
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

synd
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

kvinde
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

til
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

to
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

døtre
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

gammel
Swedenborg tells us that space and time in the physical world correspond to states of life in the spiritual world. So when the Bible talks...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

godt
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

død
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Guds
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

siger
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

se
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Faraos
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

stammer
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

alter
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

ære
'Honor' signifies the good of love. 'To honor,' as mentioned in Isaiah 24:15, signifies worship and adoration. 'To honor thy father and thy mother,' as...

ærer
'Honor' signifies the good of love. 'To honor,' as mentioned in Isaiah 24:15, signifies worship and adoration. 'To honor thy father and thy mother,' as...

komme
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

arm
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

øjne
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

sjæl
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

begge
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

bygge
wrought (also entwined or entwisted) is predicated of the natural scientific principle, and in Isaiah 45:13, of divine natural truth.

en
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

sige
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

spise
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

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