Soudců 8

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1 Muži pak Efraim řekli jemu: Co jsi nám to učinil, že jsi nepovolal nás, když jsi táhl k boji proti Madianským? A tuze se na něj domlouvali.

2 Jimž odpověděl: Zdaž jsem co takového provedl, jako vy? Zdaliž není lepší paběrování Efraimovo, než vinobraní Abiezerovo?

3 V ruce vaše dal Bůh knížata Madianská Goréba a Zéba, a co jsem já mohl takového učiniti, jako vy? I spokojil se duch jejich k němu, když mluvil ta slova.

4 Když pak přišel Gedeon k Jordánu, přešel jej, a tři sta mužů, kteříž byli s ním, ustalí, honíce nepřátely.

5 Protož řekl mužům Sochot: Dejte, prosím, po pecníku chleba lidu, kterýž za mnou jde, nebo ustali, a já honím Zebaha a Salmuna, krále ty Madianské.

6 I řekl jemu jeden z knížat Sochot: Což již moc Zebahova a Salmunova jest v ruce tvé, abychom dali vojsku tvému chleba?

7 Jimž řekl Gedeon: Z té příčiny, když dá Hospodin Zebaha a Salmuna v ruku mou, tehdy zmrskám těla vaše trním a bodláčím z pouště té.

8 I táhl odtud do Fanuel, a podobně mluvil k nim, ale obyvatelé Fanuel odpověděli jemu tolikéž, jako muži Sochot.

9 I řekl obyvatelům Fanuel: Když se navrátím v pokoji, zbořím věži tuto.

10 Zebah pak a Salmun byli v Karkara spolu s vojsky svými, takměř patnácte tisíců, všickni, což jich bylo pozůstalo ze všeho vojska národů východních, zbitých pak bylo sto a dvadceti tisíc mužů bojovníků.

11 I táhna Gedeon cestou bydlících v staních od východní strany Nobe a Jegbaa, udeřil na to vojsko, kteréžto vojsko sobě počínalo bezpečně.

12 Když pak utíkali Zebah a Salmun, honil je, a jal oba dva ty krále Madianské, Zebaha a Salmuna, a všecko vojsko jejich předěsil.

13 I navracel se Gedeon syn Joasův z bitvy před východem slunce.

14 I jav mládence z obyvatelů Sochotských, vyptával se ho; kterýž sepsal mu knížata Sochot a starší jeho, sedmdesáte sedm mužů.

15 Přišed pak k obyvatelům Sochot, řekl: Aj, Zebah a Salmun, pro něž jste mi utrhali, řkouce: Zdali moc Zebaha a Salmuna jest v ruce tvé, abychom dali ustalým mužům tvým chleba?

16 Protož vzav starší města a trní s bodláčím z pouště té, dal na nich příklad jiným mužům Sochot.

17 I věži Fanuel rozbořil, a pobil muže města.

18 Potom řekl Zebahovi a Salmunovi: Jací to byli muži, kteréž jste pobili na hoře Tábor? Odpověděli oni: Takoví jako ty, jeden každý na pohledění byl jako syn královský.

19 I dí: Bratří moji, synové matky mé byli. Živť jest Hospodin, byste byli živili je, nepobil bych vás.

20 Tedy řekl k Jeter prvorozenému svému: Vstaň, pobí je. Ale mládenček nevytáhl meče svého, proto že se bál, nebo byl ještě mládenček.

21 I řekl Zebah a Salmun: Vstaň ty a oboř se na nás, nebo jaký jest muž, taková i síla jeho. Vstav tedy Gedeon, zabil Zebaha a Salmuna, a vzal halže, kteréž byly na hrdlech velbloudů jejich.

22 Potom řekli muži Izraelští Gedeonovi: Panuj nad námi i ty i syn tvůj, také syn syna tvého, nebo vysvobodil jsi nás z ruky Madianských.

23 I odpověděl jim Gedeon: Nebuduť já panovati nad vámi, aniž panovati bude nad vámi syn můj, Hospodin panovati bude nad vámi.

24 Řekl jim také Gedeon: Žádost tuto vzložím toliko na vás, abyste mi dali jeden každý náušnici z loupeží svých; (nebo náušnice zlaté měli, proto že Izmaelitští byli.)

25 I odpověděli: Rádi dáme. A prostřevše roucho, metali na ně každý náušnici z loupeží svých.

26 Byla pak váha náušnic zlatých, kteréž vyžádal, tisíc a sedm set lotů zlata, kromě halží a zlatých jableček, i roucha šarlatového, kteréž na sobě měli králové Madianští, a kromě halží, kteréž byly na hrdlech velbloudů jejich.

27 I udělal z toho Gedeon efod, a složil jej v městě svém Ofra. I smilnil tam všecken Izrael, chodě za ním, a byl Gedeonovi i domu jeho osídlem.

28 Madianští pak sníženi jsou před syny Izraelskými, aniž potom pozdvihli hlavy své; a tak byla v pokoji země za čtyřidceti let ve dnech Gedeonových.

29 A odšed Jerobál syn Joasův, přebýval v domě svém.

30 Měl pak Gedeon sedmdesáte synů, kteříž pošli z bedr jeho; nebo měl žen mnoho.

31 Ženina také jeho, kterouž měl v Sichem, i ta porodila jemu syna, a dala mu jméno Abimelech.

32 A když umřel Gedeon syn Joasův v starosti dobré, pochován jest v hrobě Joasa otce svého v Ofra Abiezeritského.

33 Stalo se pak po smrti Gedeonově, že se odvrátili synové Izraelští a smilnili, jdouce za modlami, a vzali sobě Bále Berit za boha.

34 A nerozpomenuli se synové Izraelští na Hospodina Boha svého, kterýž je vytrhl z ruky všech nepřátel jejich vůkol.

35 A neučinili milosrdenství s domem Jerobále Gedeona, jako on všecko dobré činil Izraelovi.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 8      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 8: Gideon subdues the Midianites.

In this chapter, Gideon continued to dismantle Midian’s oppression over Israel, facing opposition from some of his fellow Israelites in the process. First, the men of Ephraim complained that he did not call them to war. Gideon replied by praising them for their vineyards, and for capturing the two Midianite princes. So, Ephraim’s indignation subsided.

Then Gideon went to the city of Succoth, and asked for bread to feed his army. But the men of Succoth refused, instead taunting him because he had not yet captured the kings of Midian. Gideon told them them he would punish them with thorns and briars, after he had killed the two kings. The people of Penuel were equally dismissive when Gideon asked them for help, and he swore to tear down their tower.

In due course, Gideon captured the two Midianite kings, Zebah and Zalmunna. Gideon told his oldest son to kill them, but he was young, and too afraid to do it. So Gideon killed the two kings, and punished the people of Succoth and Penuel.

When he returned from battle, the people of Israel asked Gideon to rule over them. However, he refused, saying that the Lord would rule Israel. He then collected gold from people’s earrings, used it to make an ephod (a priest’s garment), and set it up in his own city, Ophrah. The people began to worship it, and it became a snare for Gideon.

And Israel had peace for forty years under Gideon. Gideon had seventy sons, and died at an old age. As soon as he passed away, the Israelites forgot all the goodness that the Lord had shown them, and turned to worship other gods.

*****

The message of Gideon’s exchange with the Ephraimites is that sincerity and openness are the most powerful response to confrontation. Gideon, led by his trust in the Lord, could see the reason for Ephraim’s outburst, so he dealt with it by praising their strengths. This encounter shows how our faith in the Lord gives us a broader perspective, granting us the ability to respond rather than react (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8159[3]).

When Gideon lashes out at the people of Succoth and Penuel, it may appear that he is acting purely from anger, and a wish to retaliate. In reality, he is filled with zeal to drive out the Midianites and free Israel. It is unthinkable to him that his own people would refuse to give his soldiers food. In our own lives, we can at times be astounded by our own resistance to serving the Lord’s purpose. We are constantly torn between two forces: heaven and hell (Arcana Caelestia 3839[3]).

The killing of the two Midianite kings reflects the need for justice in spiritual matters. If we fail to heed the truths we know and believe, we will suffer the consequences of fear and guilt. These are not inflicted by the Lord, but follow on from our own choices (Arcana Caelestia 2447). Gideon’s son’s inability to kill the kings means that behind spiritual justice, there must be an understanding of the essential value of all life (Arcana Caelestia 5826[2]).

Gideon’s ephod is a symbol showing how easily we can deviate from obeying the Lord. The text does not tell us the reason for Gideon’s actions, but perhaps he felt it was better for the people to worship something superficially related to worshiping the Lord, rather than following a foreign god. Seeing a priest’s garment reminds us that a priest serves the Lord. But we can so easily focus on the majesty of the ephod itself, and think no more about the priest’s duty nor about the Lord. We sometimes drift further from the Lord without even realizing it (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 327).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3021, 3242, 3246, 3263, 8301

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 Gideon, the Lord Shall Reign Over You
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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