Soudců 2

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1 Vstoupil pak anděl Hospodinův z Galgala do Bochim a řekl: Vyvedl jsem vás z Egypta a uvedl jsem vás do země, kterouž jsem s přísahou zaslíbil otcům vašim, a řekl jsem: Nezruším smlouvy své s vámi na věky.

2 Vy také nečiňte smlouvy s obyvateli země této, oltáře jejich rozkopejte; ale neposlechli jste hlasu mého. Co jste to učinili?

3 Pročež také jsem řekl: Nevyhladím jich před tváří vaší, ale budou vám jako trní, a bohové jejich budou vám osídlem.

4 I stalo se, když mluvil anděl Hospodinův slova tato všechněm synům Izraelským, že pozdvihl hlasu svého lid a plakal.

5 I nazvali jméno místa toho Bochim, a obětovali tu Hospodinu.

6 Rozpustil pak byl Jozue lid, a rozešli se synové Izraelští, jeden každý do dědictví svého, aby vládli zemí.

7 I sloužil lid Hospodinu po všecky dny Jozue, a po všecky dny starších, kteříž dlouho živi byli po Jozue, jenž viděli všecky skutky veliké Hospodinovy, kteréž učinil Izraelovi.

8 Ale když umřel Jozue syn Nun, služebník Hospodinův, jsa ve stu a desíti letech,

9 A pochovali ho v krajině dědictví jeho, v Tamnatheres, na hoře Efraim, k straně půlnoční hory Gás;

10 Také když všecken věk ten připojen jest k otcům svým, a povstal jiný věk po nich, kteříž neznali Hospodina, ani skutků, kteréž učinil Izraelovi:

11 Tedy činili synové Izraelští to, což jest zlého před očima Hospodinovýma, a sloužili modlám,

12 Opustivše Hospodina Boha otců svých, kterýž je vyvedl z země Egyptské, a odešli za bohy cizími, bohy těch národů, kteříž byli vůkol nich, a klaněli se jim; pročež popudili Hospodina.

13 Nebo opustivše Hospodina, sloužili Bálovi i Astarotům.

14 I rozpálila se prchlivost Hospodinova na Izraele, a vydal je v ruku loupežníků, kteříž je zloupili; vydal je, pravím, v ruku nepřátel jejich vůkol, tak že nemohli více ostáti před nepřátely svými.

15 Kamžkoli vycházeli, ruka Hospodinova byla proti nim ke zlému, jakož byl mluvil Hospodin, a jakož byl zapřisáhl jim Hospodin; i ssouženi byli náramně.

16 Vzbuzoval pak Hospodin soudce, kteříž vysvobozovali je z rukou zhoubců jejich.

17 Ale ani soudců svých neposlouchali, nebo smilnili, odcházejíce za bohy cizími, a klaněli se jim. Odcházeli rychle s cesty, po kteréž chodili otcové jejich, tak že poslouchati majíce přikázaní Hospodinových, nečinili toho.

18 A když vzbuzoval jim Hospodin soudce, býval Hospodin s každým soudcím, a vysvobozoval je z ruky nepřátel jejich po všecky dny soudce; (nebo želel Hospodin naříkání jejich, k němuž je přivodili ti, kteříž je ssužovali a utiskali).

19 Po smrti pak soudce navracejíce se zase, pohoršovali cest svých více nežli otcové jejich, odcházejíce za bohy cizími, a sloužíce i klanějíce se jim; nic neulevili z skutků jejich zlých a cesty jejich převrácené.

20 Protož rozpálila se prchlivost Hospodinova proti Izraelovi, a řekl: Proto že přestoupil národ tento smlouvu mou, kterouž jsem učinil s otci jejich, a neposlouchali hlasu mého:

21 Já také více nevyhladím žádného od tváři jejich z národů, kterýchž zanechal Jozue, když umřel,

22 Abych skrze ně zkušoval Izraele, budou-li ostříhati cesty přikázaní Hospodinových, chodíce v nich, jakož ostříhali otcové jejich, čili nic.

23 I zanechal Hospodin národů těch, a nevyhnal jich rychle, aniž dal jich v ruku Jozue.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 2      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 2: Israel’s disobedience and Joshua’s death.

This chapter opens with a reprimand from the Angel of the Lord. The Israelites had been commanded not to make any treaties with the people of Canaan, and to tear down their altars. The Angel warned that Israel had broken their covenant to the Lord, so the Lord would not drive out the other inhabitants of the land; they would be thorns in Israel’s side, and their gods would be a snare. Israel wept, and sacrificed to the Lord.

After the Israelites had gone to their assigned territories, it mentions Joshua’s death and burial (yet Joshua had died at the end of the book of Joshua!). All Israel had followed the Lord during Joshua’s time, and understood what the Lord had done for Israel. But the older generation died away, and a new generation arose who did not know the Lord, nor what He had done for Israel.

The chapter then spells out the terrible plight in which the people of Israel had entangled themselves. They had begun to worship Baal and Ashtaroth, the gods of the Canaanites, and they turned away from the Lord who had done so much for them. So, the Lord allowed their enemies to attack them, and Israel could not stand against them. This theme of straying from the Lord, and in turn being punished, will return through the next few chapters.

In the midst of this, the text says that the Lord raised up judges who delivered Israel. However, when each judge died, the people reverted to worshipping other gods. This seems to anticipate the events ahead in Judges.

*****

This chapter really marks the first of many transgressions committed by the Israelites in the book of Judges. The first three verses of this chapter feature the Angel of the Lord, who appears many times throughout the Word, and for many reasons: sometimes to bless, but in this case, to admonish the children of Israel for their disobedience. The Angel of the Lord stands firm and resolute, and represents truths from the Lord revealed in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 96[6]).

The spiritual meaning of ‘weeping’ can mean various things, depending on the context. Here, the people wept because of the Angel’s warning, in momentary recognition of their wrongdoing. This is not real repentance (a ‘change of heart’), but fear along with a sense of our own self-love, which may lead us into more disobedience (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 153).

The death of the older generation and rise of a new one represents a change of state in us. The older generation - Joshua and the elders - served as a connection between the people and the Lord, since they had seen the Lord’s blessings on Israel in their own time. However, when we lose that connection, both our love of obedience and understanding of why we must obey the Lord fall away.

Our changes of state usually happen quickly; we suddenly get angry, feel fear, become selfish. When we turn to the Lord for help during these times, we quickly enter a state of humility in which the Lord can reach us (see Swedenborg’s Doctrine of Life 21).

After Joshua’s death, the children of Israel began to worship other gods, and the Lord punished them. In our lives, this would be like turning back on our devotion to the Lord to instead focus on worldly things, and do just as we please. There is no punishment from the Lord, only the consequences of our actions. We become weak, easy prey for doubts and anxieties, completely at the mercy of the hells (see Arcana Caelestia 7373).

Although the Lord raised judges to lead the people, the Israelites would would return to their old ways once the judge had passed away. This gives us a valuable spiritual truth that even in our sorry state of self-interest, we are still, at times, able to see the mess we are in. We may feel alarmed for a while, but this subsides and we grow complacent once again. The Lord raises up judges so that we can hold ourselves accountable.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 921, 1925, 3255, 4539, 8286, 8301


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 391

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Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


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