Jozue 20

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1 I mluvil Hospodin k Jozue, řka:

2 Mluv k synům Izraelským, a rci jim:Oddejte z těch měst vašich města útočišťná, o nichž jsem mluvil vám skrze Mojžíše,

3 Aby tam utekl vražedlník, kterýž by zabil člověka nechtě a z nevědomí. I budou vám útočiště před přítelem zabitého.

4 A když by utekl do jednoho z těch měst, stane u vrat v bráně města, a oznámí starším města toho při svou; i přijmou ho do města k sobě, a dají mu místo, i bydliti bude u nich.

5 Když by jej pak honil přítel toho zabitého, nevydají vražedlníka v ruce jeho; nebo nechtě udeřil bližního svého, neměv ho prvé v nenávisti.

6 A bydliti bude v městě tom, dokudž nestane před shromážděním k soudu, až do smrti kněze velikého, kterýž by byl toho času; nebo tehdáž navrátí se vražedlník, a přijde do města svého a do domu svého, do města, odkudž utekl.

7 I oddělili Kádes v Galilei na hoře Neftalím, a Sichem na hoře Efraim, a město Arbe, (jenž jest Hebron,) na hoře Juda.

8 Před Jordánem pak proti Jerichu k východu oddělili Bozor, kteréž leží na poušti v rovině pokolení Rubenova, a Rámot v Galád z pokolení Gádova, a Golan v Bázan z pokolení Manassesova.

9 Ta města byla útočišťná všechněm synům Izraelským, i příchozímu, kterýž pohostinu jest mezi nimi, aby utekl tam, kdo by koli zabil někoho nechtě, a nesešel od ruky přítele toho zabitého prvé, než by stál před shromážděním.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 20      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 20: The six cities of refuge.

Once all twelve tribes of Israel had received their inheritance, the Lord commanded Joshua and the Israelites to designate six cities of refuge, which were spread throughout the land on both sides of the Jordan. These cities would serve as safe havens, so that anyone who accidentally killed another person could flee to safety there. At the gate of the city, the refugee would declare his case to the city elders, and they would shelter him there until the high priest died. Then, the refugee could go back to his own city.

The six cities of refuge were evenly spaced throughout the land. In the north, Kedesh; in the center, Shechem; in the south, Kirjath Arba. Across the Jordan: Bezer, in Reuben; Ramoth, in Gad; and Golan in Manasseh. The three cities in Canaan are all said to be ‘on the mountains’, while the three cities across the Jordan are said to be ‘in the wilderness’ or ‘on the plain’.

There is a humanitarian purpose in granting safety when someone is accused of murder, a crime punishable by death. The spiritual meaning of this provision partly lies in the difference between justice and mercy. Justice has to do with the penalty of the law, while mercy recognizes that there could be more to the picture than just the intention to harm.

The Word acknowledges the place of both justice and mercy. Truth condemns, but love forgives. Ultimately, it is not we who know the real intentions of human hearts. This is something known only to the Lord, who will treat us justly, but also feel tender mercy and compassion towards us “for our low estate” (see Psalm 136:23 and Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 6180).

In his work, True Christian Religion, Swedenborg writes: “We acquire justice the more we practice it. We practice justice the more our interaction with our neighbour is motivated by a love for justice and truth. Justice dwells in the goodness itself or the useful functions themselves that we do. The Lord says that every tree is recognized by its fruit. Surely we get to know other people well through paying attention not only to what they do but also to what outcome they want, what they are intending and why. All angels pay attention to these things, as do all wise people in our world” (see True Christian Religion 96[2]).

Innocence is the wish not to harm, and it is one of the cornerstones of heaven. We can easily begin to feel guilt when we cause harm to someone without intending to. They suffer and we suffer also. Reconciliation is needed for everyone in that kind of situation. Spiritually, these cities of refuge mean giving others and ourselves the time and space to let go of harmful feelings – which hell often plays on – and after finding refuge, allowing the Lord to bring us healing (Arcana Caelestia 9011).

There are six cities of refuge because the number ‘six’ represents all the labors of regeneration and spiritual temptation. ‘Seven’ follows after ‘six’ and refers to the Sabbath, the day of the Lord’s rest, when He has brought us through hardships into a new peace (Arcana Caelestia 8975).

The fact that the six cities of refuge were spread on both sides of the Jordan also holds a valuable spiritual meaning. Being in Canaan means that we are consciously living with a sense of the Lord’s guidance in our thinking and actions. This gives us a higher level of understanding, rather like seeing life from up on the mountain. Being across the Jordan means that we are more acutely experiencing the uncertainties of life, although we still try to do what is good because of our faith and trust in the Lord. No matter what situation we face, we need our personal cities of refuge where we meet the ‘elders’ of the city – the leading truths in the Word – who bring us in, and offer us sanctuary with the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8578).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1441, 1616, 2909

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Exodus 21:13

Numeri 35:6, 9, 11

Deuteronomium 4:43, 19:1

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Soudců 9:1

1 Královská 12:1

2. Královská 8:28

Významy biblických slov

mluvil
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

hospodin
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

Jozue
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

města
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

útočiště
'A place of refuge' denotes the state when a person is guiltless of evil.

bráně
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

místo
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

ruce
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

udeřil
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

nenávisti
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

před
Ve většině případů je význam slova „dříve“ docela přímočarý, a to jak jako způsob stanovení relativního času, tak ve smyslu použití „v něčí přítomnosti“. Při...

přijde
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

domu
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Neftalím
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

sichem
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

Efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Jordánem
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

stál
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

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 Map of the Cities of Refuge
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Cities of Refuge
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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