Jozue 15

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1 Tento pak byl los pokolení synů Juda po čeledech jejich, při pomezí Edomském a poušti Tsin ku poledni, k straně polední.

2 I byla jejich meze polední kraj moře slaného od zátoky, kteráž se chýlí ku poledni.

3 Odkudž jda na poledne k vrchu Akrabim, přechází Tsin, a táhne se od poledne k Kádesbarne, i přichází až do Ezron, a odtud točí se k Addar, a obchází Karkaha.

4 Odtud jde do Asmona, a vychází ku potoku Egyptskému, a přichází meze ta až k západu. To budete míti pomezí na poledne.

5 Meze pak na východ jest moře slané, až k kraji Jordánu, a meze strany půlnoční jest od zátoky moře a od kraje Jordánu.

6 Odkudž jde meze ta do Betogla, a táhne se od půlnoci do Betaraba; a odtud přichází k kameni Bohana syna Rubenova.

7 A vstupuje ta meze do Dabir od údolí Achor, a na půlnoci chýlí se k Galgala, kteréž jest naproti vcházení do Adomim, jenž jest údolí tomu ku poledni, a přechází k vodám Ensemes, a skonává se u studnice Rogel.

8 Odtud jde ta meze přes údolí synů Hinnom k straně Jebus od poledne, jenž jest Jeruzalém, odkudž vstupuje táž meze k vrchu hory, kteráž jest naproti údolí Hinnom na západ, a kteráž jest na konci údolí Refaim na půlnoci.

9 Obchází pak ta meze od vrchu té hory k studnici vody Neftoa, a vychází k městům hory Efron; a odtud jde ta meze do Bála, jenž jest Kariatjeharim.

10 Potom točí se ta meze od Bála na západ k hoře Seir, a odtud jde k straně hory Jeharimských od půlnoci, jenž jest Cheslon, a sstupuje do Betsemes, a přichází do Tamna.

11 A vychází ta meze v stranu Akaron na půlnoci, a točí se vůkol k Sechronu, a přechází až k hoře Bála, a odtud táhne se do Jebnael, i dochází ta meze k moři.

12 Potom západní pomezí jest při moři velikém a mezech jeho. To jest pomezí synů Juda vůkol, po čeledech jejich.

13 Kálefovi pak, synu Jefone, dal díl u prostřed synů Juda, podlé řeči Hospodinovy k Jozue, město Arbe, otce Enakova, jenž jest Hebron.

14 I vyhnal odtud Kálef tři syny Enakovy: Sesai a Achimana a Tolmai, rodinu Enakovu.

15 A odtud vstoupil k obyvatelům Dabir, kteréž prvé sloulo Kariatsefer.

16 I řekl Kálef: Kdo by dobyl Kariatsefer a vzal je, dám jemu Axu dceru svou za manželku.

17 Dobyl ho pak Otoniel syn Cenezův, příbuzný Kálefův, i dal jemu Axu dceru svou za manželku.

18 I stalo se, že když přišla k němu, ponukla ho, aby prosil otce jejího za pole; protož ssedla s osla. I řekl jí Kálef: Což tě?

19 A ona odpověděla: Dej mi dar, poněvadž jsi mi dal zemi suchou, dejž mi také studnice vod. I dal jí studnice horní a studnice dolní.

20 To jest dědictví pokolení synů Juda po čeledech jejich.

21 Tato pak jsou města v končinách pokolení synů Juda, podlé pomezí Edom na poledne: Kabsael, Eder a Jagur;

22 A Cina, a Dimona, a Adada;

23 A Kedes, a Azor, a Jetnan;

24 Zif a Telem, a Balot;

25 Též Azor, Chadat a Kariot, Ezron, jenž jest Azor;

26 Amam a Sama, a Molada;

27 A Azar Gadda, a Esmon, a Betfelet;

28 Též Azarsual, a Bersabé, a Baziothia;

29 Bála a Im, a Esem;

30 A Eltolad, a Chesil, a Horma;

31 A Sicelech, a Medemena, a Sensenna;

32 A Lebaot, a Selim, též Ain a Remmon; všech měst dvadceti a devět i vsi jejich.

33 Na rovinách pak: Estaol a Zaraha, a Asna;

34 A Zanoe, a Engannim, Tafua a Enaim;

35 Jarmut, Adulam, Socho a Azeka;

36 A Saraim, Aditaim, a Gedera, a Gederotaim, měst čtrnácte i vsi jejich;

37 Senan a Adassa, a Magdalgad;

38 Delean a Masfa, a Jektehel;

39 Lachis, Baskat a Eglon;

40 Chebon, Lemam a Cetlis;

41 Gederot, Betdagon, a Naama, i Maceda, měst šestnáct a vsi jejich;

42 Lebna, Eter a Asan;

43 Jefta, Asna a Nesib;

44 Ceila, Achzib a Maresa, měst devět i vsi jejich;

45 Akaron a městečka, i vsi jeho;

46 Od Akaron až k moři všecka města, kteráž se chýlí k Azotu, i vsi jejich;

47 Azot, městečka jeho i vsi jeho; Gáza, městečka jeho i vsi jeho až ku potoku Egyptskému, i moře veliké s pomezím svým.

48 A na horách: Samir, Jeter a Socho;

49 Danna a město Sanna, jenž jest Dabir;

50 Anab, Estemo a Anim;

51 Gosen, Holon a Gilo, měst jedenácte i vsi jejich;

52 Arab, Duma a Esan;

53 Janum, Bettafua a Afeka;

54 Též Atmata a Kariatarbe, jenž jest Hebron, a Sior, měst devět a vsi jejich.

55 Maon, Karmel a Zif, a Juta;

56 Jezreel a Jukadam, a Zanoe;

57 Kain, Gabaa a Tamna, měst deset i vsi jejich;

58 Alul, Betsur a Gedor;

59 Maret, Betanot a Eltekon, měst šest i vsi jejich;

60 Kariatbaal, kteréž jest Kariatjeharim, a Rebba, města dvě i vsi jejich;

61 Na poušti: Betaraba, Middin a Sechacha;

62 A Nibsam, a město solné, a Engadi, měst šest i vsi jejich.

63 Jebuzejských pak obyvatelů Jeruzaléma nemohli synové Juda vypléniti, protož bydlil Jebuzejský s syny Judskými v Jeruzalémě až do tohoto dne.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 15      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 15: Judah’s territory and more about Caleb.

This chapter describes the territory given to the tribe of Judah, and lists many of its cities and borders. Judah received a major portion of the land of Canaan; its eastern border was the Salt Sea (the Dead Sea), and the western border was the Great Sea (the Mediterranean).

Although Judah was the fourth son of Jacob, he played a more significant role in many of the Old Testament stories than his older brothers did. So, it is not surprising that the tribe of Judah received extensive territory in the south of Canaan, which in later time became the nation of Judah, along with the tribe of Benjamin’s small territory. The name ‘Judah’ also eventually led to the name ‘Jewish’, coming from the Roman province of Judaea. The name ‘Judah’ also means “praise”, specifically praise of God (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 456).

Praise itself is a commendation of a person’s good qualities. To give praise is part of our love for our neighbour; to receive praise underscores our sense of our own value. To praise the Lord is to give thanks to Him, and to affirm the difference that the Lord makes in our life. Ultimately, praise is part of our faith in the Lord to lead us through this life and for eternity.

This uplifting, positive spiritual meaning of Judah does not mean that Judah (the man in the Old Testament) was without faults. He had his flaws, as everyone does, but at times Judah changed the course of events for a better outcome. It was Judah who persuaded his brothers to sell Joseph rather than kill him, and he also offered himself as a hostage for the sake of his brothers (Arcana Caelestia 4815[2]).

Chapter 15 lists very many locations in Judah’s territory. Here are just a few of the places listed, along with their meaning and spiritual significance:

Judah = “praise”
Spiritually = our worship of God

Which includes these, and many more aspects…

Zin = “flat, level ground”
Spiritually = life under God’s guidance

Kadesh Barnea = “holy wanderings”
Spiritually = becoming purified

Beth Hoglah = “house of the partridge”
Spiritually = bringing to birth

En Rogel = “water spring of the foot”
Spiritually = life in everyday activities

Jerusalem = “dwelling place of peace; wholeness”
Spiritually = our highest spiritual state

Nephtoah = “to be open”
Spiritually = to be part of all life

Timnah = “allotted portion”
Spiritually = what the Lord has created me for

Mount Hebron, which was in the territory of Judah, was given to Caleb as an inheritance because of his faithfulness to God. We read in this chapter that he conquers the giants living there, and drives them away from Mount Hebron. Caleb makes a promise that whoever takes the nearby city of Kirjath-sepher will have his daughter, Achsah, for a wife. Caleb’s brother’s son, Othniel, captures the city and marries Achsah. Caleb blesses Achsah and gives her springs of water upon her request, and he also gives Othniel a field.

The spiritual meaning of this touching story is that our spiritual life is intended to come together to be like a family (Arcana Caelestia 3020), just as Caleb, Achsah and Othniel are all close members of a family. Spiritual life is about bringing together our beliefs, our loves and affections, our intentions, and our actions. These different aspects of spiritual life become like one family where everyone – or everything – is interwoven together.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3708, 3858

Apocalypse Explained 431

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1585, 1616, 2723, 2909, 3862, 4599, 4816, ...

True Christian Religion 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 13:18, 21:31, 24:64, 35:23

Numeri 13:22, 21:3, 32:12, 34:3, 6, 12

Deuteronomium 2:23

Jozue 10:10, 31, 11:21, 22, 14:13, 15, 15:8, 9, 10, 11, 35, 45, 48, 57, 60, 63, 17:16, 18:5, 15, 28, 19:1, 5, 18, 26, 38, 41, 43, 20:7, 21:11, 14, 15, 16

Soudců 1:8, 10, 12, 18, 20, 13:2, 14:1, 18:12, 19:10

1. Samuelova 4:1, 5:8, 10, 6:9, 12, 21, 7:14, 15:4, 12, 17:1, 25, 52, 22:1, 23:1, 14, 24, 24:1, 25:23, 43, 27:6, 30:27, 28, 30, 31

2. Samuelova 2:1, 5:6, 18, 22, 6:2, 15:12, 17:17, 23:20, 26, 35

1 Královská 4:10, 5:4, 8:65

2. Královská 1:2, 14:11, 18:8, 22:1, 23:10

1. Paralipomenon 2:42, 43, 45, 49, 50, 53, 4:13, 17, 18, 21, 28, 13:6, 27:15, 28

2. Paralipomenon 11:7, 8, 9, 10, 20:2, 26:6, 10, 28:3, 18

Nehejháš 11:25, 30

Jób 2:11

Píseň písní 1:14

Izajáš 17:5, 27:12

Jeremiáše 7:31, 19:2

Ezechiel 48:7

Micheáš 1:14, 15

Zacharjáš 14:10

Významy biblických slov

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

moře
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Jordánu
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

strany
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

syna
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

údolí
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

galgala
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

Jeruzalém
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

hory
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

vody
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

Efron
Ephron (Gen. 23:8, 17) signifies those with whom the good and truth of faith, which are the constituents of the church, might be received.

seir
'Seir,' as in Genesis 33:14, signifies the conjunction of spiritual and celestial things in the natural level, that is, the truth of faith with the...

Jozue
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

tři
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

řekl
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

syn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

pole
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

dědictví
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

města
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

devět
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

Naama
Naamah, the sister of Tubal-Cain,' as in Genesis 4:22, signifies a new church of the doctrine of natural good, and truth from that church.

gosen
‘The land of Goshen,’ as in Genesis 46:28, signifies the innermost parts of the natural mind.

Karmel
Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

Kain
'Cain' signifies the doctrine of faith separated from love. See Arcana Coelestia 338 and the sections that follow it.

deset
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

šest
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

dvě
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

město
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

synové
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

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