Jonáš 4

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1 I mrzelo to Jonáše velmi, a rozpálen byl hněv jeho.

2 Pročež modlil se Hospodinu a řekl: Prosím, Hospodine, zdaliž jsem toho neřekl, když jsem ještě byl v zemi své? Protož jsem pospíšil uteci do Tarsu; nebo jsem věděl, že jsi ty Bůh milostivý a lítostivý, dlouhočekající a hojný v milosrdenství, a kterýž lituješ zlého.

3 Nyní tedy, ó Hospodine, vezmi, prosím, duši mou ode mne; nebo lépe jest mi umříti nežli živu býti.

4 I řekl Hospodin: Jest-liž to dobře, že tak horlíš?

5 Nebo vyšel byl Jonáš z města, a seděl na východ proti městu, a udělav sobě tu boudu, seděl pod ní v stínu, ažby viděl, co se bude díti s tím městem.

6 Přistrojil pak byl Hospodin Bůh břečtan, kterýž vyrostl nad Jonáše, aby zastěňoval hlavu jeho, a chránil ho před horkem. I radoval se Jonáš z toho břečtanu radostí velikou.

7 V tom nazejtří v svitání nastrojil Bůh červa, kterýž ranil ten břečtan, tak že uschl.

8 I stalo se, že když vzešlo slunce, nastrojil Bůh vítr východní žhoucí, a bilo slunce na hlavu Jonášovu, tak že umdléval, a žádal sobě, aby umřel, řka: Lépeť mi jest umříti nežli živu býti.

9 I řekl Bůh Jonášovi: Jest-liž to dobře, že se tak hněváš pro ten břečtan? Kterýžto řekl: An dobře jest, že se hněvám až na smrt.

10 Jemuž řekl Hospodin: Ty lituješ toho břečtanu, o němž jsi nepracoval, aniž jsi ho k zrostu přivedl, kterýž za jednu noc zrostl, a jedné noci zahynul,

11 A já abych nelitoval Ninive města tak velikého, v němž jest více nežli sto a dvadceti tisíc lidí, kteříž neznají rozdílu mezi pravicí svou a levicí svou, a dobytka mnoho?

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Exploring the Meaning of Jonah 4      

By Joe David and Steve David

In this fourth chapter of the Book of Jonah, (Jonah 4), the prophet Jonah has a strange reaction to his success. He's angry, and sulky. He thinks he knows better than God does. What is this story about?

Rev. George McCurdy, in his exegesis of this chapter, offers a summary in his Study Guide for the Book of Jonah, which is available for free as a .pdf, for your use. Below, we've excerpted part of his summary, and edited it for use in this context.

The people of the Jewish church in Jonah's time didn't want to reconsider their belief in their "most-favored-nation status." They challenged the Lord. They couldn't understand why He wanted to save their enemies in Nineveh.

Despite the hard lessons in chapters 1 and 2, and his success as described in chapter 3, Jonah still thought he knew better than the Lord. He thought that God was being too soft and loving -- too forgiving -- and that He needed to come around to Jonah’s tougher view.

Jonah got so angry and vengeful that he preferred to die rather than approve of the Lord’s way to save the Ninevites. His self-love wanted shade -- protection for its concepts. The Lord needed to bring such thinking to an end; the worm brought about death to the gourd from within. The Lord then sent a vehement east wind, that represents a blowing away of the stagnant thinking of the church.

The Lord's heavenly sun shone upon Jonah, but he felt faint. Here, Jonah's insistence on his own troubling view of things made him uncomfortable with the Lord’s view. The Divine guidance offered him a way to learn to enjoy the success of his neighbors as his own, but he wouldn't take it.

For us, then -- what? This story is telling us that we can't just keep the truths of the Word for ourselves; we have to go to Nineveh and share them. And then, if people start to hear them, and use them to turn their lives around, we can't allow ourselves to get resentful that the Lord accepts their repentance and forgives them. It's a very human reaction; think of the disciples vying to be first in the Lord's command structure (Luke 9:46), or the brother of the prodigal son (Luke 15:28-29), or the workers in the vineyard who had worked all day for a denarius (Matthew 20:10-12). But... it's not a good reaction. The Lord doesn't admire it in Jonah, and doesn't admire it when it crops up in our minds, either.

Rev. Martin Pennington recommends several explanatory passages from Swedenborg's theological writings:

"Shade or shadow means the perception of good and truth lies in obscurity." (Arcana Coelestia 2367)

"A vine is spiritual good (the spiritual church)". (Arcana Coelestia 217)

"A worm represents falsity gnawing away and tormenting one." (Arcana Coelestia 8481)

"'And the sun grew hot' in the contrary sense means self-love and love of the world." (Arcana Coelestia 8487)

And... here's a link to an interesting (audio) sermon on this chapter, by Rev. Todd Beiswenger.


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 214

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Tajemství nebe 10441

O Písmu svatém 51

Pravé křesťanství 226

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 401, 419

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Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.

Article | Ages 15 - 17

Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Gourd
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jonah and the Gourd (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Gourd (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Gourd (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah Goes to Nineveh
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Prophet Jonah
This article shows how the Lord tried to teach Jonah to be merciful and kind when Jonah disobeyed the Lord because of his hatred toward the Assyrians. 
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14