Ámos 4

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1 Slyšte slovo toto, ó krávy Bázanské, kteréž jste na horách Samařských, kteréž nátisk činíte chudým, a potíráte nuzné, kteréž říkáte pánům jejich: Přineste, ať pijeme.

2 Přisáhl Panovník Hospodin skrze svatost svou, že aj, dnové jdou na vás, v nichž vezme vás na háky, a potomky vaše na udice rybářské.

3 I vyjdete mezerami, každá tak, jakž stojí, a budete rozhazovati, což na palácích, dí Hospodin.

4 Jdětež do Bethel, a buďtež poběhlci Galgala, rozmnožujte převrácenost, a přinášejte každého jitra oběti své, třetího roku desátky své.

5 A pálíce obět chvály z kvašených věcí, provolejte i oběti dobrovolné, a rozhlaste, poněvadž se vám tak líbí, ó synové Izraelští, dí Panovník Hospodin.

6 A ačkoli já dal jsem vám čistotu zubů po všech městech vašich, totiž nedostatek chleba na všech místech vašich, a však jste se ke mně neobrátili, dí Hospodin.

7 Já také zadržel jsem vám déšť, když ještě tři měsícové byli do žně, a dštil jsem na jedno město, a na druhé město jsem nedštil; jeden díl deštěm svlažen byl, a ten díl, na kterýž nepršelo, uschl.

8 A toulali se dvě i tři města k jednomu městu, aby se napili vody, aniž se napiti mohli, a však jste se neobrátili ke mně, dí Hospodin.

9 Bil jsem vás suchem a rzí; hojnost, kterouž přinášely zahrady vaše a vinice vaše, i fíkoví vaše, i olivoví vaše, pojedly housenky, a však jste se neobrátili ke mně, dí Hospodin.

10 Poslal jsem na vás mor tak jako na Egypt, zbil jsem mečem mládence vaše, v zajetí jsem vydal koně vaše, a učinil jsem, že vstupoval smrad vojsk vašich i v chřípě vaše, a však jste se neobrátili ke mně, dí Hospodin.

11 Podvrátil jsem vás, jako podvrátil Bůh Sodomu a Gomoru, tak že jste byli jako hlavně vychvácená z ohně, vždy však neobrátili jste se ke mně, dí Hospodin.

12 A protož takť učiním, ó Izraeli, a poněvadž takť učiniti míním, připraviž se vstříc Bohu svému, ó Izraeli.

13 Nebo aj, on jest sformovatel hor a stvořitel větrů, a oznamuje člověku, jaké by bylo jeho myšlení; činí z záře jitřní tmu, a šlapá po vysokostech země. Hospodin Bůh zástupů jest jméno jeho.

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

By Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 talk about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things. Fish are lower things, so it follows that fishhooks (verse 2) would mean being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 talk about things of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only in outermost things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (Secrets of Heaven 6380), so it follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when the rest are false, in consequence of which truths will have no power. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown in how blight attacked the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges - profanation meaning the mixing of good and evil together (Secrets of Heaven 1001:2).

This extends to all things of the church, the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768:3).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13. Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 204


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Tajemství nebe 382, 1069, 1453, 2165, 2220, 2799, 2842, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 336, 439, 474, 496, 502, 862

O Pánu 49


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 403, 405, 513, 532, 556, 560, 608, ...

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Word/Phrase Explanations

slovo
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Hospodin
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

Bethel
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

galgala
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

desátky
'Tithes' or 'ten' denotes fullness, and 'a tenth part,' sufficiency.

déšť
'Rain,' in a positive sense, denotes blessing, but in the opposite sense, damnation Rain,' as in Genesis 2:5-6, Exodus 34:25-27, and Hosea 6:3, signifies the...

tři
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

město
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

jeden
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

dvě
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

vody
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

vinice
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

poslal
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

mor
'Pestilence' denotes the vastation of good and truth.

Egypt
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

koně
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

Bůh
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Země
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

zástupů
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

jméno
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...


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