Suci 9

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1 Abimelek, sin Jerubaalov, otiđe u Šekem k braći svoje matere i reče njima i svemu rodu kuće svoje majke:

2 "Upitajte sve šekemske građane: što vam je bolje - da nad vama vlada sedamdeset ljudi, svi sinovi Jerubaalovi, ili jedan čovjek? Sjetite se da sam ja od vašeg mesa i vaših kostiju!"

3 To braća njegove matere prenesoše ostalim šekemskim građanima i njihovo se srce prikloni Abimeleku jer govorahu: "Naš je brat!"

4 I dadoše mu sedamdeset šekela srebra iz hrama Baal-Beritova; time Abimelek unajmi klatež i pustolove koji pođoše za njim.

5 Onda dođe u kuću svoga oca u Ofri i pobi svoju braću, sinove Jerubaalove, sedamdeset ljudi, na jednom kamenu. Izmakao mu je samo Jotam, najmlađi sin Jerubaalov jer se bijaše sakrio.

6 Tada se skupiše svi šekemski građani i sav Bet-Milo te postaviše Abimeleka za kralja kod hrasta koji stoji u Šekemu.

7 Kada su to dojavili Jotamu, ode on, stade na vrh gore Gerizima i povika im na sav glas: "Čujte me, uglednici šekemski, tako vas čuo Bog!

8 Jednom se zaputila stabla da pomažu kralja koji će vladati nad njima. Pa rekoše maslini: 'Budi nam kraljem!'

9 Odgovori im maslina: 'Zar da se svog ulja odreknem što je na čast bozima i ljudima da bih vladala nad drugim drvećem?'

10 Tad rekoše stabla smokvi: 'Dođi, budi nam kraljem!'

11 Odgovori im smokva: 'Zar da se odreknem slatkoće i krasnoga ploda svog da bih vladala nad drugim drvećem?'

12 Tad rekoše stabla lozi: 'Dođi, budi nam kraljem!'

13 Odgovori im loza: 'Zar da se odreknem vina što veseli bogove i ljude da bih vladala nad drugim drvećem?'

14 Sva stabla rekoše tad glogu: 'Dođi, budi nam kraljem!'

15 A glog odgovori stablima: 'Ako me doista hoćete pomazat' za kralja, u sjenu se moju sklonite. Ako nećete, iz gloga će oganj planuti i sažeći cedrove libanonske!'

16 Sada, jeste li vjerno i čestito učinili kad ste izabrali Abimeleka za kralja? Jeste li se dobro ponijeli prema Jerubaalu i njegovoj kući? Jeste li mu uzvratili za djela što ih za vas učini?

17 Moj se otac za vas borio izloživši svoj život te vas izbavio iz ruku Midjanaca,

18 a vi danas ustaste protiv kuće moga oca, pobiste njegove sinove, sedamdeset ljudi na istom kamenu, i nad građanima Šekema učiniste kraljem Abimeleka, sina njegove robinje, zato što je vaš brat!

19 Ako ste vjerno i pošteno danas radili prema Jerubaalu i prema njegovoj kući, radujte se s Abimelekom, a on neka se raduje s vama!

20 Ako niste, neka oganj iziđe iz Abimeleka i sažeže građane Šekema i Bet-Mila i neka iziđe oganj iz građana Šekema i Bet-Mila i sažeže Abimeleka!"

21 Onda Jotam pobježe, skloni se i dođe u Beer, i ondje ostade, jer se bojao svoga brata Abimeleka.

22 Abimelek je vladao nad Izraelom tri godine.

23 Tada Bog posla duh razdora među Abimeleka i šekemske građane i šekemski se građani pobuniše protiv Abimeleka.

24 Bijaše to zato da bi se osvetio zločin počinjen nad sedamdeset Jerubaalovih sinova i da bi njihova krv pala na njihova brata Abimeleka, koji ih ubi, i na građane Šekema, koji mu pomogoše da ubije braću.

25 Hoteći mu napakostiti, šekemski su građani postavili zasjede po vrhovima planina i pljačkali svakoga tko bi prošao mimo njih onim putem. Javiše to Abimeleku.

26 Gaal, sin Ebedov, dođe sa svojom braćom i nastani se u Šekemu; a šekemski se građani pouzdaše u njega.

27 Otišavši u polje, trgali su u svojim vinogradima grožđe i gazili ga, a onda udarili u veselje; ušli su u hram svoga boga, jeli su, pili i proklinjali Abimeleka.

28 A Gaal, Ebedov sin, povika: "Tko je Abimelek da mu služimo? Zar ne bi trebalo da Jerubaalov sin i Zebul, njegov namjesnik, služe ljude Hamora, Šekemova oca? Zašto da mi njemu služimo?

29 O, kad bih imao ovaj narod u svojoj ruci, protjerao bih Abimeleka i rekao mu: 'Pojačaj svoju vojsku i iziđi u boj!'"

30 A kad Zebul, gradski načelnik, doznade što je govorio Gaal, sin Ebedov, razgnjevi se.

31 Posla glasnike Abimeleku u Arumu i poruči mu: "Evo, Gaal, sin Ebedov, došao u Šekem sa svojom braćom i bune građane protiv tebe.

32 Zato ustani noću, ti i narod što je s tobom, i stani u zasjedu u polju.

33 A ujutro, kad ograne sunce, digni se i udari na grad. Kada Gaal i njegovi ljudi iziđu preda te, ti učini s njima što ti prilike posavjetuju."

34 Abimelek usta noću sa svim svojim ljudima i stade u zasjedu oko Šekema u četiri čete.

35 Kada je Gaal, sin Ebedov, izišao pred gradska vrata i zaustavio se, Abimelek i njegovi ljudi ustaše iz zasjede.

36 Gaal ugleda ljude i reče Zebulu: "Eno silaze ljudi s gorskih vrhova." "Od sjena gorskih vrhova", odgovori mu Zebul, "čine ti se ljudi."

37 Opet progovori Gaal: "Eno silaze ljudi s visa zvana Zemljin pupak, a četa jedna dolazi putem od Čarobnjačkog hrasta."

38 Tad mu reče Zebul: "Gdje ti je sada jezik? Pa ti si govorio: 'Tko je Abimelek da mu služimo?' Nisu li ondje ljudi koje si prezirao? Iziđi sada i pobij se s Abimelekom."

39 I Gaal iziđe na čelu šekemskih građana i pobi se s Abimelekom.

40 Abimelek potjera Gaala i on pobježe pred njim; i mnogi njegovi ljudi padoše mrtvi prije nego što su i došli do vrata.

41 Abimelek se tada vrati u Arumu, a Zebul potjera Gaala i njegovu braću i nije im više dao da ostanu u Šekemu.

42 Sutradan je narod izišao u polje i javiše to Abimeleku.

43 On uze svoju vojsku, podijeli je u tri čete i stade u zasjedu u polju. Kad bi vidio gdje ljudi izlaze iz grada, nasrnuo bi na njih i pobio ih.

44 Dok je Abimelek sa svojom četom udarao kod gradskih vrata, druge se dvije čete baciše na one koji bijahu u polju i tako ih pobiše.

45 Čitav je dan Abimelek opsjedao grad. Zauzevši ga, poubija sve stanovništvo, razori grad i posu sol po njemu.

46 Kad su to čuli gospodari Migdal Šekema, uđoše svi u tvrdi prostor hrama El-Berita.

47 Kada je Abimelek doznao da su se svi građani Migdal Šekema ondje sakupili,

48 popne se na Salmonsku goru sa svom vojskom svojom. Uzevši u ruke sjekiru, odsječe granu od drveta, podiže je i metnu sebi na rame. A ljudima zapovjedi: "Što vidjeste da sam ja učinio, učinite brzo i vi."

49 I svi ljudi odsjekoše sebi po granu, a onda krenuše za Abimelekom, nabacaše granje na utvrdu i zapališe ga nad onima koji su se ondje nalazili. Tako izgiboše svi žitelji Migdal Šekema, oko tisuću ljudi i žena.

50 Potom Abimelek krenu na Tebes, opsjede ga i osvoji.

51 Bijaše ondje usred grada kula kamo su se sklonili svi ljudi i žene i svi uglednici gradski. Zatvorivši za sobom vrata, popeše se kuli na krov.

52 Abimelek dođe do kule i napade je. Dok je prilazio vratima kule da je zapali,

53 neka žena baci mu žrvanj na glavu i razbi mu lubanju.

54 On brzo pozva svoga momka koji mu je nosio oružje i reče mu: "Trgni mač i ubij me da se ne govori o meni: 'Žena ga je ubila.'" Njegov ga momak probode te on umrije.

55 Kad su Izraelci vidjeli da je Abimelek mrtav, svi se vratiše svojim kućama.

56 Tako je Bog svalio na Abimeleka zlo koje je on učinio svome ocu pobivši sedamdesetero svoje braće.

57 I sve zlo Šekemaca Bog svali na njihove glave i tako ih stiže kletva Jotama, sina Jerubaalova.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 9      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 9: Abimelech’s conspiracy, the parable of the trees, Abimelech’s downfall.

This chapter follows the story of Gideon’s many sons; he had seventy sons by his many wives, and also one other son, Abimelech, by a concubine. After Gideon’s death, Abimelech went to the men of Shechem, where his mother’s family lived, and asked them if they would rather be ruled by seventy sons, or by him. The men of Shechem agreed it would be better to have one king, so they gave him seventy pieces of silver from the temple of Baal. Using the silver, Abimelech hired men to come with him, and they killed the seventy sons of Gideon except the youngest, Jotham, who hid. Then they anointed Abimelech king.

When Jotham heard the news, he stood on the top of Mount Gerizim and taunted the men of Shechem with a parable. In his parable, the trees were searching for a king to lead them; they ask the olive, then the fig, then the vine to rule over them. Each refuses, because they do not want to give up their special purpose. Finally, the bramble agrees to lead them, but gives them the choice of either sheltering in its non-existent shade or being consumed by its own fire.

Jotham explained the parable, warning that Abimelech and the men of Shechem would more than likely tear each other down in the end. Then he fled to Beer to escape his brother’s vengeance.

After Abimelech had ruled Israel for three years, the Lord sent an evil spirit to spark ill-will between Abimelech and the men of Shechem. This evil spirit was meant to avenge the killing of Gideon’s seventy sons.

The rest of this chapter describes the city’s descent into chaos, illustrating the various manifestations of evil and falsity through many examples. Robbers were sent to ambush travellers in the mountains, the people of Shechem drunkenly cursed Abimelech in the temple of their god, and the tower of Shechem was burned, killing a thousand hiding in it. Finally, Abimelech lay siege to Thebez, and the people took shelter on the top of a tower there. When he tried to burn that tower, a woman hurled down a millstone to break Abimelech’s skull. In his final moments, Abimelech commanded his armourbearer to kill him with his sword, so that people would not say he was killed by a woman. All of these incidents depict the absolute corruption under Abimelech’s rule.

*****

The key to understanding this story is that Gideon’s son, Abimelech, is the son of a concubine, not a lawful wife. Spiritually speaking, a concubine stands for a love that has become distorted. A genuine love for someone is a love for sake of that other person, while a distorted love means loving someone for what we can get from them (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 271[2], on the love of dominating for the sake of self-love).

The references to Gideon’s seventy sons stand for the enormity of Abimelech’s wrongdoing. The number ‘seven’ stands for something fully worked through, and seventy even more so.

Jotham’s parable presents three levels of pure love: the love of the Lord (the olive with its fragrant oil), the love of truth (the vine with its rich wine), and the love of use (the fig with its abundant seeds). The bramble, with its painful grip, stands for a love of evil and falsity (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 273).

The evil spirit sent by the Lord seems to show that God was punishing his own people, but that is only how things appear (Arcana Caelestia 1838). When we look deeper, we will realize that we are punished by our own evil actions, for evil breeds more evil and there is no rest for the wicked (see Isaiah 48:22). In regeneration, the process of breaking down the power of evil and false states in ourselves is called “vastation”. Once we have done the grueling work to minimize these influences over us, we can fully appreciate the joys of spiritual life (Arcana Caelestia 2694[2]).

Spiritually, an ambush depicts the way hell attacks our minds: without warning. Drunkenness and cursing a former ally stands for the abandonment of all values and integrity. The tower represents the pride which rises up in self-love and love of dominance, and beyond that, Abimelech’s aversion to being killed by a woman stands for the rejection of all that is good and true. Her millstone grinds corn to make it edible, in the same way that we must process truths to put them to use (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 1182).

This powerful chapter shows the descent of evil into greater evils, until they become so consuming they have no vestige of good left, and no recognition of truth remaining. The final two verses state: “Thus God repaid the wickedness of Abimelech, which he had done to his father by killing his seventy brothers. And all the evil of the men of Shechem God returned on their own heads, and on them came the curse of Jotham the son of Gideon.”

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 157, 1666, 2455, 4430, 9207, 9277, 9905, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 638

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Významy biblických slov

Abimelek
Abimelech, his companion Ahusath, and Phicol, the chief captain of his army (Genesis 26:26), represent the doctrinals of faith as grounded in the literal sense...

sin
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Šekem
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

majke
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

sinovi
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

jedan
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

čovjek
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

braća
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

srce
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

brat
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

najmlađi
In general, birth order in the Bible reflects the progression of spiritual states, but the specifics of those states depends greatly on context: who the...

glas
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

čuo
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

bog
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

stabla
'Trees,' in general, signify the perceptions when discussing the celestial self, but when related to the spiritual church, they signify knowledges. A person in the...

maslina
'An olive,' as in Isaiah 17:6, signifies celestial remains. 'An olive' signifies love and charity, because 'the olive tree' signifies the celestial church, and so...

čast
'Honor' signifies the good of love. 'To honor,' as mentioned in Isaiah 24:15, signifies worship and adoration. 'To honor thy father and thy mother,' as...

smokva
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

dobro
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

otac
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

danas
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

sina
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

tri
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

krv
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

ubije
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

planina
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

prošao
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

polje
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

došao
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

noću
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

ujutro
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

Sunce
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

grad
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

četiri
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

vrata
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

sjena
'The shadow is good' of the oak, poplar and elm means complacence.

dolazi
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

prezirao
We tend to think of "despising" something or someone as just a strong way of expressing dislike, but there is a further shade of meaning...

prije
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

vidio
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

dan
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

sol
'Salt' is the desire of conjunction of truth with good, which is why only salt will conjoin water, which corresponds to truth, and oil, which...

ruke
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

podiže
The idea of "lifting" is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. In general, it means connecting with a higher spiritual state...

brzo
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

tisuću
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

žena
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

usred
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

žene
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

krov
The roof of a house is its highest point, and the part most exposed to the sun. So it makes sense that in the Bible,...

kule
'Towers,' as in Psalms 48:12, signify the interior truths which defend the aspects of love and charity. In the opposite sense, they denote the interiors...

mač
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

momak
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

Izraelci
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

mrtav
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

zlo
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

glave
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

kletva
The Lord is love itself, and his love for us never wavers and never changes. What does waver and change is the degree to which...

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 Abimelech’s Death
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Jotham Tells the Parable of the Trees
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Sequence the Story of Abimelech
Cut out sentence strips to sequence the story of Abimelech.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Parable of the Trees
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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