Suci 6

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1 Opet su Izraelci činili što je zlo u Jahvinim očima; i Jahve ih predade u ruke Midjancima za sedam godina.

2 Teška bijaše ruka Midjanaca nad Izraelom. Da bi izmakli Midjancima, Izraelci se sklanjahu u gorske pukotine, spilje i skrovišta.

3 I kada bi Izraelci posijali, dolazili bi na njih Midjanci i Amalečani i sinovi Istoka.

4 Utaborivši se na njihovoj zemlji, uništavali bi rod zemlje sve do Gaze. Ne ostavljahu Izraelu ništa da se prehrani, ni ovce ni koze, ni vola ni magarca,

5 jer dolažahu sa svojim stadima i svojim šatorima u takvu mnoštvu kao skakavci; ne bijaše broja njima ni njihovim devama; preplavili bi zemlju, opustošili je.

6 Tako su Midjanci bacili Izraela u veliku bijedu te Izraelci zavapiše Jahvi.

7 Kad su Izraelci zavapili Jahvi zbog Midjanaca,

8 Jahve posla Izraelcima proroka koji im reče: "Ovako kaže Jahve, Bog Izraelov: 'Ja sam vas izveo iz Egipta, izbavio vas iz kuće ropstva.

9 Ja sam vas oslobodio od ruke Egipćana i od ruke svih vaših tlačitelja. Protjerao sam ih pred vama, dao vam njihovu zemlju

10 i rekao vam: Ja sam Jahve, Bog vaš. Ne štujte bogova Amorejaca u kojih zemlji živite. Ali vi ne poslušaste moga glasa.'"

11 Anđeo Jahvin dođe i sjede pod hrast kod Ofre koji pripadaše Joašu Abiezerovu. Njegov sin Gideon vrhao je pšenicu na tijesku da bi je sačuvao od Midjanaca.

12 I ukaza mu se Anđeo Jahvin i reče mu: "Jahve s tobom, hrabri junače!"

13 Gideon mu odgovori: "Oh, gospodaru, ako je Jahve s nama, zašto nas sve ovo snađe? Gdje su sva ona čudesa njegova o kojima nam pripovijedahu oci naši govoreći: 'Nije li nas Jahve iz Egipta izveo?' A sada nas je Jahve ostavio, predao nas u ruke Midjancima."

14 Jahve se tad okrenu prema njemu i reče mu: "Idi s tom snagom u sebi i izbavit ćeš Izraela iz ruke Midjanaca. Ne šaljem li te ja?"

15 "Ali, gospodaru", odgovori mu Gideon, "kako ću izbaviti Izraela? Moj je rod najmanji u Manašeovu plemenu, a ja sam posljednji u kući svoga oca."

16 Jahve mu reče: "Ja ću biti s tobom te ćeš pobijediti Midjance kao jednoga."

17 Gideon mu reče: "Ako sam našao milost u tvojim očima, daj mi znak da ti govoriš sa mnom.

18 Nemoj otići odavde dok se ne vratim s darom i stavim ga preda te." A on odgovori: "Ostat ću dok se ne vratiš."

19 Gideon ode, zgotovi jare i od efe brašna načini beskvasne hljebove, stavi meso u košaricu i juhu u lonac pa donese sve to pod hrast.

20 Anđeo Jahvin reče mu: "Uzmi meso i beskvasne hljebove, stavi ih na tu stijenu, a juhu prolij." On učini tako.

21 Anđeo Jahvin tad uze štap što ga je držao i vrhom dotaknu meso i beskvasne hljebove. Oganj planu iz stijene, spali meso i beskvasne hljebove. Anđeo Jahvin nato iščeze pred njegovim očima.

22 Tad Gideon vidje da je to bio Anđeo Jahvin i reče: "Jao, Jahve, Gospode! Anđela Jahvina vidjeh licem u lice!"

23 Jahve mu odgovori: "Mir s tobom! Ne boj se, nećeš umrijeti!"

24 Gideon podiže na tome mjestu žrtvenik Jahvi i nazva ga "Jahve-Mir". Žrtvenik još i danas stoji u Ofri Abiezerovoj.

25 Iste noći Jahve reče Gideonu: "U svojega oca uzmi utovljena junca, junca od sedam godina, i razori Baalov žrtvenik i posijeci gaj pokraj njega.

26 Potom podigni žrtvenik Jahvi, Bogu svome, na vrhu te gorske stijene i dobro ga uredi. Uzmi junca i prinesi paljenicu na drvima Ašere što ih u gaju nasiječeš."

27 Tada Gideon uze deset ljudi između svojih slugu i učini kako mu je zapovjedio Jahve. Ali kako se bojao svoje obitelji i građana, učini to noću.

28 Kad su građani sutradan poranili, a to razoren Baalov žrtvenik i gaj posječen pored njega, a junac žrtvovan kao paljenica na novom oltaru.

29 I pitahu jedni druge: "Tko je to učinio?" Ispitaše, istražiše pa rekoše: "Gideon, Joašev sin, učini to."

30 Tada građani rekoše Joašu: "Izvedi sina da umre jer je razorio Baalov žrtvenik i posjekao gaj pored njega."

31 Joaš odgovori svima koji stajahu oko njega: "Zar ćete vi braniti Baala? Zar ćete ga vi spasavati? Tko brani Baala, bit će pogubljen prije sutrašnjeg dana. Ako je on bog, neka se sam brani od Gideona što mu je razorio žrtvenik."

32 Toga dana prozvali su Gideona Jerubaal jer se govorilo: "Neka sam Baal s njim obračuna što mu je srušio žrtvenik."

33 Svi Midjanci, Amalečani i sinovi Istoka bijahu se sakupili i, prešavši Jordan, utaborili se u Jizreelskoj ravnici.

34 Duh Jahvin obuze Gideona i on zasvira u rog, a Abiezerov rod stade iza njega.

35 Posla on glasnike po svem plemenu Manašeovu te i oni stadoše iza njega. Posla glasnike i u pleme Ašerovo, Zebulunovo i Naftalijevo te im i oni krenuše u susret.

36 Gideon reče Bogu: "Ako zaista hoćeš osloboditi Izraela mojom rukom, kao što si obećao,

37 evo ću metnuti ovčje runo na gumno: ako bude rose samo na runu, a zemlja ostane suha, tada ću znati da ćeš mojom rukom izbaviti Izraela, kao što si obećao."

38 I bi tako. Gideon urani sutradan te iscijedi rosu iz runa - punu zdjelu vode.

39 Opet Gideon reče Bogu: "Ne razgnjevi se na me što ti progovaram još jednom. Dopusti mi da još ovaj put pokušam s runom: neka samo runo bude suho, a neka po svoj zemlji bude rosa!"

40 I Bog one noći učini tako: samo je runo ostalo suho, a po svoj zemlji pala rosa.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Suci 6      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 6: The Midianites oppress Israel; the call of Gideon.

Chapters 6-8 of Judges tell the story of Gideon, who led the people of Israel against the Midianites. The Lord allowed the Midianites to oppress the children of Israel for seven years, because they had disobeyed His commandments once again. Israel fled to the mountain caves, and Midian starved the Israelites by destroying their crops and taking their livestock. When Israel cried out to the Lord for help, a prophet delivered the Lord’s message that He had always been with them, but they had kept disobeying.

Then the angel of the Lord appeared to Gideon, who was threshing wheat in the winepress to hide this from the Midianites. The angel brought news that he would lead the fight against the Midianites. Gideon was stunned, and replied that his family was the least important in the tribe of Manasseh, and that he was the least in his family. Even so, the Lord assured him would be victorious, because the Lord was with him.

Gideon asked for a sign to be given him, and then went to prepare an offering of food. When he came back, the angel told him to place the meat and unleavened bread upon a rock. When the angel touched it with his staff, fire came up from the rock and burned up the food. The angel then departed.

The Lord told Gideon to break down his father’s altars to Baal, and to build an altar to the Lord on top of it, which he did by night. In the morning, the men of the city discovered what Gideon had done, and demanded that he be killed. But Gideon’s father, Joash, replied that Baal himself would take action, if he were really a god.

The Midianites and their allies gathered for battle, and Gideon called on his tribe of Manasseh, as well as Asher, Zebulun, and Naphtali, to prepare to fight. Before the battle took place though, Gideon asked for another sign from God. He put a woolen fleece on the threshing floor, and if God would use him to save Israel, the fleece would have dew on it, while the ground around it would be dry. And so it was the next morning. Once again, Gideon asked for a sign, this time with dew on the ground, but not on the fleece. And again, this came to pass.

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The spiritual meaning of the Midianites is understanding spiritual truths, but leading a life of sensory pleasure anyway, rather than one built on genuine goodness (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 7602). This is portrayed by the Midianites destroying all the crops which could be made into food, or spiritually, into what is good.

Threshing wheat and pressing wine are very similar processes; threshing wheat frees grain from the beaten husk, and pressing wine squeezes juice from a crushed grape. Both of these activities represent our spiritual determination to do what is good – the wheat for bread – because of the truth we have come to understand – the wine. Gideon’s name, meaning “to break apart”, and this passage are meant to show us that his strongest quality was determination to do good (Divine Providence 227[2]).

Gideon’s claim to be the least important of all demonstrates the place of genuine humility in our spiritual life. Acknowledging that the Lord brings about all good things is a sign of strength, not weakness (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 408).

The spiritual meaning of asking God for a sign – which Gideon did several times – is to confirm the validity of what we intend or understand. Paying attention to our internal state will show us the quality of our inner thoughts if we dare to listen, but ultimately, confirmation comes from the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 508[5]). The fire from the rock, which burned the meat, represents the power of love and truth to consume and sustain us.

The fascinating double sign involving the fleece has several layers of spiritual meaning: the threshing floor stands for the ground of our daily life and activity; the fleece, with its warmth and softness, stands for the principle of goodness; and the dew (water) stands for divine influx of truth into us from the Lord. These build the framework of the spiritual meaning. The dewy fleece on the dry ground means that we need to have the Lord’s truth in our mind, so we know how to lead a good life. Then, this needs to be reversed so that we feel the desire to do good, and then apply this in daily life (Arcana Caelestia 3579).

This sign is closely related to the spiritual meaning of the Midianites, the enemy to be overthrown. Simply knowing the Lord’s truths does not guarantee a good life; we must put these truths into practice.

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