Suci 20

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1 Tada iziđe sav Izrael i sabra se sva zajednica kao jedan čovjek, od Dana do Beer Šebe i do gileadske zemlje, kod Jahve u Mispi.

2 Glavari svega naroda, svih Izraelovih plemena, dođoše na zbor Božjeg naroda, četiri stotine tisuća pješaka vičnih maču.

3 A Benjaminovci doznaše da su Izraelovi sinovi uzišli u Mispu. sinovi Izraelovi zapitaše tada: "Kažite nam kako se dogodio zločin!"

4 Levit, muž ubijene žene, uze riječ: "Došao sam s inočom u Benjaminovu Gibeu da prenoćim.

5 A građani Gibee ustadoše na mene i noću opkoliše kuću u kojoj sam bio; mene su htjeli ubiti, a moju su inoču silovali tako da je umrla.

6 Zato sam uzeo mrtvu inoču, rasjekao je u komade i razaslao je u sve krajeve Izraelove baštine, jer su počinili sramotno djelo u Izraelu.

7 Izraelci, evo vas svih ovdje. Posavjetujte se i ovdje stvorite odluku."

8 Sav narod ustade kao jedan čovjek govoreći: "Neka se nitko od nas ne vraća svome šatoru, neka nitko ne ide svojoj kući!

9 Nego da sada ovo učinimo Gibei: bacit ćemo ždrijeb;

10 i uzet ćemo iz svih Izraelovih plemena po deset ljudi od stotine, po stotinu od tisuće i po tisuću od deset tisuća: oni će nositi hranu vojsci, onima koji će krenuti da kazne Benjaminovu Gibeu za sramotu što ju je počinila u Izraelu."

11 I sabraše se svi Izraelci protiv onoga grada, udruženi kao jedan čovjek.

12 Tada Izraelova plemena razaslaše poslanike po svemu Benjaminovu plemenu s porukom: "Kakav se to zločin dogodio među vama?

13 Sada izručite one opake ljude što su u Gibei da ih smaknemo te iskorijenimo zlo iz Izraela!" Ali Benjaminovci ne htjedoše poslušati svoje braće Izraelaca.

14 Benjaminovci se skupiše u Gibeu iz svojih gradova da se pobiju s Izraelcima.

15 A Benjaminovaca koji su došli iz raznih gradova nabrojiše toga dana dvadeset i šest tisuća ljudi vičnih maču, bez stanovnika Gibee.

16 Od svega toga naroda bijaše sedam stotina vrsnih ljudi, koji su bili ljevaci, i svaki je taj gađao kamenom iz praćke navlas točno, ne promašujući cilja.

17 A bijaše Izraelaca, osim sinova Benjaminovih, četiri stotine tisuća, sve ljudi vičnih maču i sve samih ratnika.

18 I sinovi Izraelovi, ustavši, pođoše u Betel da se posavjetuju s Bogom: "Tko će od nas prvi u boj protiv Benjaminovaca?" - zapitaše Izraelci. A Jahve odgovori: "Neka Juda pođe prvi."

19 Izjutra krenuše Izraelci te se utaboriše pred Gibeom.

20 Krenuvši u boj protiv Benjaminovaca, svrstaše se u bojni red pred Gibeom.

21 A Benjaminovci iziđoše iz Gibee i pobiše toga dana Izraelu dvadeset i dvije tisuće ljudi, koji ostadoše na onome polju.

22 Izraelci odoše i plakahu pred Jahvom sve do večeri, a onda upitaše Jahvu govoreći: "Moramo li opet izići u boj protiv sinova svoga brata Benjamina?" A Jahve im odgovori: "Pođite na njega!"

23 Tada se vojska Izraelovih sinova ohrabri i nanovo svrsta u bojni red na istome mjestu gdje se svrstala prvog dana.

24 Drugoga se dana Izraelci približiše Benjaminovcima,

25 ali toga drugog dana Benjamin iziđe iz Gibee pred njih i pobi Izraelcima još osamnaest tisuće ljudi, koji ostadoše na onome polju - sve sami poizbor ratnici, vični maču.

26 Tada svi Izraelci i sav narod odoše u Betel te plakahu i stajahu ondje pred Jahvom; cio su dan postili do večeri, prinosili paljenice i žrtve pomirnice pred Jahvom.

27 I tad opet Izraelci upitaše Jahvu, jer se u ono vrijeme Kovčeg saveza Božjega nalazio na tome mjestu,

28 i Pinhas, sin Aronova sina Eleazara, posluživaše ga. Oni upitaše: "Moramo li opet izići u boj protiv sinova našega brata Benjamina?" A Jahve im odgovori: "Pođite, jer ću ih sutra predati u vaše ruke."

29 Tad Izrael postavi čete u zasjedu oko Gibee.

30 Trećega dana pođoše Izraelci protiv Benjaminovaca i svrstaše se u bojne redove pred Gibeom, kao i prije.

31 Benjaminovci iziđoše na njih, a oni ih odmamiše daleko od grada. Kao i prije, ubijahu Benjaminovci neke po putovima, od kojih jedan ide u Betel, a drugi u Gibeu; ubiše tako oko trideset Izraelaca.

32 I govorahu Benjaminovci: "Evo ih tučemo kao i prvi put." A Izraelci rekoše: "Bježimo dok ih ne odmamimo na otvorene putove, daleko od grada!"

33 Tada se glavnina Izraelove vojske pomakne sa svoga položaja i svrsta se u bojni red kod Baal Tamara, a zasjeda Izraelova iziđe iz svog skrovišta zapadno od Gibee.

34 Deset tisuća vrsnih ljudi izabranih iz sveg Izraela sleže se prema Gibei. Boj bijaše žestok. Benjaminovci nisu ni slutili da će ih zadesiti zlo.

35 I Jahve potuče Benjamina pred Izraelom toga dana te Izraelci pobiše Benjaminu dvadeset i pet tisuća i sto ljudi vičnih maču.

36 Benjaminovci vidješe da su pobijeđeni. Ljudi Izraelci bijahu se povukli sa svojih bojnih položaja pred Benjaminom uzdajući se u zasjedu što su je postavili oko Gibee.

37 A oni koji bijahu u zasjedi navališe brže na Gibeu i, ušavši u nju, posjekoše oštrim mačem sve stanovništvo.

38 Izraelovi se ljudi bijahu dogovorili s onima u zasjedi da ovi podignu iz grada stup dima kao znak:

39 tada bi se Izraelovi ljudi povukli iz boja. Benjamin poče ubijati Izraelce i posiječe im tridesetak ljudi. "Doista, padaju pred nama kao u prijašnjem boju."

40 A kada se znak, stup dima, počeo dizati iz grada, obazre se Benjamin i vidje kako se plamen iz svega grada diže prema nebu.

41 Tada se Izraelovi ljudi okrenuše, a Benjaminovce obuze užas jer vidješe da ih je zadesilo zlo.

42 I pobjegoše ispred Izraelaca prema pustinji, ali im ratnici bijahu za petama, a oni što su dolazili iz grada ubijahu ih s leđa.

43 Tako su opkolili Benjamina i, goneći ga bez predaha, uništiše ga pred Gibeom na istočnoj strani.

44 I palo je Benjaminu osmnaest tisuća ljudi, sve samih vrsnih junaka.

45 Preživjeli se okrenuše i pobjegoše u pustinju prema Rimonskoj stijeni. Sijekući po cestama, Izraelci pobiše još pet tisuća ljudi; a onda pognaše Benjamina do Gideoma i pobiše još dvije tisuće ljudi.

46 Toga dana palo je Benjaminovaca dvadeset tisuća ljudi vičnih maču, sve samih vrsnih junaka.

47 Šest stotina ljudi pobjeglo je u pustinju prema Rimonskoj stijeni.

48 Izraelovi se ljudi vratiše potom Benjaminovcima, posjekoše oštrim mačem muškarce u gradovima, stoku i što se god našlo; i sve gradove na koje su naišli u Benjaminu popališe ognjem.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 20      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Israel’s war with the tribe of Benjamin

The events of the previous chapter carry over into the last two chapters of the book of Judges, this one and the final one. The overall content of this chapter is about the division between Israel and the tribe of Benjamin (where the town of Gibeah was situated) and the eventual long war in which thousands on both sides died.

All Israel gathered together at Mizpah, four hundred thousand foot soldiers with swords, from every tribe, except the tribe of Benjamin who heard about the gathering. The reason for coming together, prompted by the dismembered parts of the concubine, was to decide what to do. The Levite told the story of the events. The men of Israel heard and decided that they would all immediately go up against the tribe of Benjamin, for them to hand over the perverted men of Gibeah for justice to be done and for Israel to be redeemed. They agreed to take one man out of every ten to go and, if necessary, to fight.

The spiritual meaning in this opening and gathering of Israel at Mizpah is mostly about its incompleteness. The tribe of Benjamin was not present even though Mizpah was in Benjamin’s territory. Spiritual incompleteness in us is to leave something out of our love and faithfulness to the Lord which makes each one of us a whole being. The twelve tribes of Israel stand for all the qualities which come together to form our spiritual life and purpose. (True Christian Religion 38)

The men of Israel go up and ask the Lord who should go to fight first. The reply is that Judah go first. The men of Benjamin refuse to hand the men of Gibeah over and they form an army to fight Israel. In the fighting, the men of Benjamin cut down twenty-two thousand men of Israel. Israel goes and weeps to the Lord and asks if they should go up again against their brother Benjamin. The Lord says they are to go up again.

The spiritual meaning of the tribe of Benjamin is that it stands for the ‘medium’ or the vital connection between what is internal or celestial and what is external or natural. If this connection is absent there is no passage or mutual link between these two and they are separated. This removes the completeness of our spiritual life as a whole. (See Arcana Caelestia 5822.)

Israel goes up against Benjamin on the second day and eighteen thousand men of Israel are cut down by the army of Benjamin. Israel goes to the house of the Lord and weeps, and asks if they should yet go out to fight their brother Benjamin. The Lord says that they are to fight a third time, and the He will deliver them into their hand.

Israel weeps. Weeping or crying stands for mourning the loss of something which is no longer present. In a good sense ‘weeping’ can be for the sense of loss of what is loved and what is part of us, here represented by ‘to battle the children of my brother Benjamin’.
The Lord wept over Jerusalem (Luke 19:41-44). (Arcana Caelestia 4293.3)

Israel fights on three consecutive day, and on the third day they defeat the tribe of Benjamin. ‘On the third day’ (see verse 30) stands for the need for conflict and personal states in our spiritual temptations and battles to be worked through until they are brought to an end and we can be brought out of temptation, into a new state. (Arcana Caelestia 5159)

The men of Israel laid an ambush and then went as before to fight the men of Benjamin. They moved away from them and Benjamin followed them and killed some men of Israel. The men in ambush arose and went to Gibeah and by arrangement made a great column of smoke after killing the men of the city. (Arcana Caelestia 9144) The men of Benjamin saw this and panicked, and twenty three thousand of them were slain. Six hundred men escaped and hid, and Israel went all around and destroyed men of Benjamin wherever they were found.

The spiritual meaning of this final battle is in the extent of the numbers killed and the aftermath of the victory with further killing. To ‘kill’ (or destroy) when it is used in the Word is to work completely towards the full expulsion of states, thoughts and intentions in us which are in opposition to the way of the Word and its wholeness and healing. (Arcana Caelestia 9320) This is the meaning of the term ‘vastation’ in which things which are opposed to the Lord need to be worked through and brought to an end so that a new state can come.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1453, 2723, 2799, 6804, 9396, 9416, 9422

Apocalypse Revealed 342


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417, 687

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