Suci 10

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1 Poslije Abimeleka ustao je Tola, sin Pue, sina Dodova, da izbavi Izraela. On bijaše iz Jisakarova plemena, a živio je u Šamiru, u Efrajimovoj gori.

2 Bio je sudac Izraelu dvadeset i tri godine, a kad je umro, pokopali su ga u Šamiru.

3 Poslije njega ustao je Jair Gileađanin, koji je bio sudac Izraelu dvadeset i dvije godine.

4 Imao je trideset sinova koji su jahali na tridesetero magaradi i imali trideset gradova što se do dana današnjega zovu Sela Jairova, a nalaze se u gileadskoj zemlji.

5 Kad umrije Jair, pokopaše ga u Kamonu.

6 Izraelci su opet stali činiti ono što Jahvi nije po volji. Služili su baalima i aštartama, aramejskim bogovima i sidonskim bogovima, bogovima Moabaca, bogovima Amonaca i bogovima Filistejaca. A Jahvu su napustili i nisu mu više služili.

7 Tad planu Jahve gnjevom i predade ih u ruke Filistejcima i Amoncima.

8 Oni su od tada osamnaest godina satirali i tlačili Izraelce - sve Izraelce koji življahu s onu stranu Jordana, u zemlji amorejskoj, koja je u Gileadu.

9 Potom su Amonci prešli Jordan da zavojšte i na Judu, Benjamina i na Efrajima te se Izrael nađe u velikoj nevolji.

10 Tada zavapiše Izraelci Jahvi govoreći: "Griješili smo prema tebi jer smo ostavili Jahvu, svoga Boga, da bismo služili baalima."

11 A Jahve odgovori Izraelcima: "Nisu li vas tlačili Egipćani i Amorejci, Amonci i Filistejci,

12 Sidonci, Amalečani i Midjanci? Ali kad ste zavapili prema meni, nisam li vas izbavio iz njihovih ruku?

13 Ali vi ostaviste mene i uzeste služiti drugim bogovima. Zbog toga vas neću više izbavljati.

14 Idite i vapite za pomoć onim bogovima koje ste izabrali! Neka vas oni izbave iz vaše nevolje!"

15 Izraelci odgovoriše Jahvi: "Sagriješili smo! Čini s nama što ti drago, samo nas danas izbavi!"

16 I odstraniše tuđe bogove i počeše opet služiti Jahvi. A Jahve više ne mogaše trpjeti da Izraelci pate.

17 Kada su se Amonci sabrali i utaborili u Gileadu, skupiše se i Izraelci i utaboriše se u Mispi.

18 Tada narod i knezovi gileadski rekoše jedni drugima: "Koji čovjek povede boj protiv Amonaca, neka bude poglavar svima koji žive u Gileadu."

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 10      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 10: Tola, Jair; Israel oppressed again.

This chapter opens by mentioning the judges Tola and Jair, who judged for twenty-three years and twenty-two years, respectively. The text gives us very little information about them, except that Jair had thirty sons, who rode on thirty donkeys and had thirty cities in the land of Gilead.

After Jair died, the people soon disobeyed the Lord, and worshipped the gods of Syria, Sidon, Moab, Philistia, and Ammon. This provoked the Lord’s anger, so He caused the Philistines and Ammonites to oppress Israel. The Ammonites first attacked the two-and-a-half tribes living on the eastern side of the Jordan, then crossed the river to attack Judah, Benjamin and Ephraim.

The people cried out to the Lord, saying that they had forsaken Him, but He told them to go to the other gods they had chosen. However, the people asked again for forgiveness, stopped worshipping foreign gods, and turned back to the Lord, so His anger toward them subsided.


This chapter describes another episode in Israel’s cycle of disobedience and punishment, in which the people repeatedly turn away from the Lord when there is no leader. No matter how often we affirm our faith in the Lord, we, too, will default to our natural desires and false thinking. As we come to recognize and accept this fact of life, we can find comfort in the Lord. He understands this completely, and does not blame or punish us.

The first judge mentioned is Tola. His name means “a worm-like grub”, suggesting the idea of metamorphosis and regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 106[2]). Tola’s father was Puah (meaning “shining”), his grandfather was Dodo (meaning “amorous, loving”), and their city was Shamir (which means “keeping the commandment”). These names bring to mind the spiritual qualities of truth, love and life in the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 977).

The next judge is Jair, whose name means ”he whom God enlightens”. The number thirty (used in reference to his thirty sons and their thirty towns) means fullness or readiness. This readiness refers to our spiritual ‘remains’, or states of innocence and charity that the Lord imparts to us during childhood. These remains are essential during regeneration (Arcana Caelestia 1050).

The Philistines, soon to be a major enemy of Israel, stand for the belief in “faith alone” salvation. This way of thinking instills the idea that we will be saved if we “believe in the Lord”, regardless of our actions. “Faith alone” doctrine is present in many religious practices (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Life 4).

The people of Ammon stand for profaning what is true, by turning the truths of the Word into false ideas. We profane the truth when we claim to know what the Word teaches, but live in a way that is contrary to the Lord’s commandments (Arcana Caelestia 6348[3]).

This chapter, like many others in the book of Judges, shows Israel’s decline into chaos and evil. The two judges, Tola and Jair, provide a picture of spiritual integrity, in contrast with Israel’s oppression by the very evils they have turned to. In our regeneration, with its highs and lows, we must avoid the temptation of shallow faith by acting according to our values.


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2781, 8301, 9212

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 811, 817

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