Jošua 4

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1 Pošto je sav narod prešao preko Jordana, reče Jahve Jošui:

2 "Izaberite iz naroda dvanaest ljudi, od svakoga plemena po jednoga,

3 i zapovjedite im: 'Dignite odavde, iz sredine Jordana - s mjesta gdje stoje noge svećenika - dvanaest kamenova koje ćete ponijeti sa sobom i položiti na mjestu gdje budete noćas prenoćili.'"

4 Tada pozva Jošua dvanaest ljudi koje je bio izabrao između sinova Izraelovih, iz svakoga plemena po jednoga čovjeka,

5 i reče im: "Idite pred Kovčeg Jahve, Boga svoga, u sredinu Jordana, i neka svaki donese na svojim ramenima po jedan kamen prema broju plemena Izraelovih.

6 To će biti na spomen među vama. Kad vas jednoga dana budu pitala vaša djeca: 'Što vam znače ovi kamenovi?'

7 reći ćete im: 'Voda se Jordana razdijelila pred Kovčegom saveza Jahvina kad je prelazio preko Jordana.' I ovo će kamenje biti vječni spomen sinovima Izraelovim."

8 Izraelci učine kako im je zapovjedio Jošua, uzmu dvanaest kamenova iz sredine Jordana, prema broju plemena Izraelovih, kako je Jahve naredio Jošui: prenesu ih do svoga noćišta i polože ondje.

9 Zatim Jošua postavi usred Jordana dvanaest kamenova na mjesta gdje su stajale noge svećenika koji su nosili Kovčeg saveza. Ondje stoje i danas.

10 Svećenici koji su nosili Kovčeg saveza stajali su usred Jordana, sve dok se nije izvršilo sve što je Jahve zapovjedio Jošui da narod izvrši, sasvim onako kao što Mojsije bijaše naredio Jošui. A narod je žurno prelazio.

11 Pošto je sav narod prešao, prijeđu i svećenici s Kovčegom saveza Jahvina i krenu pred narodom.

12 Tada sinovi Rubenovi i sinovi Gadovi i polovina plemena Manašeova u bojnoj opremi stanu na čelo sinova Izraelovih, kao što im bijaše zapovjedio Mojsije.

13 Oko četrdeset tisuća naoružanih ljudi prešlo je pred Jahvom da se bori na Jerihonskim poljanama.

14 Toga dana uzvisi Jahve Jošuu pred svim Izraelom i svi ga se bojahu, kao nekoć Mojsija, u sve dane njegova života.

15 Jahve reče Jošui:

16 "Zapovjedi svećenicima koji nose Kovčeg saveza neka izađu iz Jordana."

17 Tada Jošua zapovjedi svećenicima: "Izađite iz Jordana!"

18 A čim su svećenici koji su nosili Kovčeg saveza Jahvina izašli isred Jordana i stali nogama na suho, vrate se vode Jordana na svoje mjesto i poteku kao i prije preko svojih obala.

19 Narod je izašao iz Jordana desetog dana prvoga mjeseca. Tada se utaborio u Gilgalu, istočno od Jerihona.

20 A onih dvanaest kamenova što su ih uzeli sa sobom iz Jordana, Jošua postavi u Gilgalu.

21 Tada reče Izraelcima: "Ako potomci vaši upitaju jednoga dana svoje očeve: 'Što znači ovo kamenje?' -

22 vi ih poučite ovako: 'Izrael je ovdje po suhu prešao preko Jordana

23 jer je Jahve, Bog vaš, osušio pred vama vodu Jordana dok ne prijeđoste, kao što je učinio Jahve, Bog vaš, s Morem crvenim kad ga je osušio pred nama dok ne prijeđosmo.

24 A sve to, da bi znali svi narodi zemlje koliko je moćna ruka Jahvina, i vi sami da se svagda bojite Jahve, Boga svoga.'"

  

Exploring the Meaning of Jošua 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1585, 4255


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2838, 3858, 6804, 6983, 9396, 9416

Apocalypse Revealed 348, 529

Doctrine of Life 59

True Christian Religion 284


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 222, 430, 529, 700

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