Jošua 19

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1 Drugi ždrijeb izađe za Šimuna, za pleme sinova Šimunovih po porodicama njihovim: njihova je baština bila usred sinova Judinih.

2 Dodijeljena im je kao baština: Beer Šeba, Šeba, Molada;

3 Hasar Šual, Bala, Esem;

4 Eltolad, Betul, Horma,

5 Siklag, Bet-Hamarkabot, Hasar Susa,

6 Bet-Lebaot i Šaruhen: trinaest gradova i njihova sela.

7 Ajin, Rimon, Eter i Ašan: četiri grada s njihovim selima.

8 I sva naselja što su oko tih gradova, do Baalat Beera, Ramat Negeba. To je baština plemena sinova Šimunovih po porodicama njihovim.

9 Baština je sinova Šimunovih bila od dijela sinova Judinih, jer dio dodijeljen sinovima Judinim bijaše za njih prevelik. Zato su sinovi Šimunovi dobili svoju baštinu usred njihova područja.

10 Treći ždrijeb izađe za sinove Zebulunove po porodicama njihovim: njihovo je područje sezalo do Sarida,

11 odakle im se međa na zapadu penjala do Marale, doticala Dabešet i dopirala do potoka koji je nasuprot Jokneamu.

12 Od Sarida je međa okretala prema istoku, sve do međe Kislot Tabora, odakle je izlazila do Dabrata i uspinjala se do Jafije.

13 A odatle je išla opet prema istoku, na Git Hefer i na Ita Kasin, izlazila na Rimon i vraćala se do Nee.

14 Onda je okretala sa sjevera oko Hanatona i završavala se u dolini Jiftah-Elu.

15 Pa Katat, Nahalal, Šimron, Jidalu i Betlehem: dvanaest gradova s njihovim selima.

16 To je bila baština sinova Zebulunovih po porodicama njihovim: ti gradovi s njihovim selima.

17 Četvrti je ždrijeb izašao za Jisakara, za sinove Jisakarove po njihovim porodicama.

18 A posjed im je bio: Jizreel, Hakesulot, Šunem;

19 Hafarajim, Šion, Anaharat;

20 Harabit, Kišjon, Ebes;

21 Remet i En-Ganim, En-Hada i Bet-Pases.

22 Potom međa dotiče Tabor, Šahasimu i Bet-Šemeš i izlazi na Jordan: šesnaest gradova s njihovim selima.

23 To je baština plemena sinova Jisakarovih po porodicama njihovim: ti gradovi s njihovim selima.

24 Peti ždrijeb iziđe za pleme sinova Ašerovih po njihovim porodicama.

25 Njihova je zemlja bila: Helkat, Hali, Beten, Akšaf,

26 Alamelek, Amad, Mišal. Na zapadu je međa doticala Karmel i Šihor Libnat.

27 Zatim je okretala prema sunčanom istoku do Bet-Dagona i doticala se Zebuluna i doline Jiftahela sa sjevera; protezala se dalje Bet-Haemekom i Neielom i dosezala slijeva Kabul,

28 pa Abdon, Rehob, Hamon i Kanu sve do Velikog Sidona.

29 Međa je tada zavijala prema Rami i do tvrdoga grada Tira te je okretala prema Hosi i izlazila na more. Obuhvaćala je Mehaleb, Akzib,

30 Ako, Afek i Rehob: dvadeset i dva grada s njihovim selima.

31 To je baština plemena sinova Ašerovih po porodicama njihovim: ti gradovi i njihova sela.

32 Šesti ždrijeb izađe za sinove Naftalijeve po njihovim porodicama.

33 Njihova međa ide od Helefa i od Hrasta u Saananimu, od Adami Hanekeba i Jabneela do Lakuma i izbija na Jordan.

34 Potom međa okreće na zapad k Aznot Taboru i pruža se odande prema Hukoku; na jugu se dotiče Zebuluna, na zapadu Ašera, na istoku Jordana.

35 Utvrđeni gradovi bijahu Hasidim, Ser, Hamat, Rakat, Kineret;

36 Adama, Rama, Hasor,

37 Kedeš, Edrej, En-Hasor;

38 Jiron, Migdal-El, Horem, Bet-Anat, Bet-Šemeš: devetnaest gradova s njihovim selima.

39 To je baština plemena Naftalijevih sinova po porodicama njihovim: ti gradovi i njihova sela.

40 Izađe sedmi ždrijeb za pleme sinova Danovih po porodicama njihovim.

41 Područje baštine njihove bilo je: Sora, Eštaol, Ir Šemeš,

42 Šaalabin, Ajalon, Jitla,

43 Elon, Timna, Ekron,

44 Elteke, Gibeton, Baalat,

45 Jehud, Bene-Berak, Gat-Rimon,

46 Me-Hajarkon i Harakon s područjem prema Jafi.

47 Ali područje sinova Danovih bilo je za njih pretijesno; zato udare Danovi sinovi na Lešem, osvoje ga i sve pobiju oštricom mača; zaposjednu grad, nastane se u njemu i Lešem prozovu Dan, po imenu Dana, oca svoga.

48 To je baština plemena sinova Danovih po porodicama njihovim: ti im gradovi i sela njihova.

49 Kada završe diobu zemlje ždrijebom i utvrde njezine međe, dadu Izraelci Jošui, sinu Nunovu, baštinu u svojoj sredini.

50 Po zapovijedi Jahvinoj dali su mu grad koji je sebi želio: Timnat-Serah u Efrajimovoj gori; on utvrdi taj grad i nastani se u njemu.

51 To su baštine koje su svećenik Eleazar i Jošua, sin Nunov, i glavari izraelskih plemena podijelili ždrijebom među plemena izraelska u Šilu, pred Jahvom, na vratima Šatora sastanka. Tako je zavšena razdioba zemlje.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Jošua 19      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 19: The last six tribes receive their territories, and Joshua his inheritance.

This chapter is the last of seven chapters detailing the division of the land of Canaan among the tribes. In this chapter, the remaining six tribes receive their portions.

Simeon received land very much in the south, below that of Judah, and Simeon’s territory was made a part of Judah. Simeon means ‘to hear’. To hear the Lord, and to hear the truth, means wanting to live in obedience with what the Lord teaches. Simeon was important in earlier biblical events, but is rarely mentioned later on; obeying the Lord can and should be a quiet affair (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 87).

The area given to Zebulun was modest and towards the north, between the Sea of Galilee and the coast. Zebulun’s name means ‘place of exaltation and honor’, and its spiritual meaning is just as glorious: it refers to honoring the Lord through the way we live our lives, both inwardly and outwardly (see Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 390).

Issachar’s territory was a small, fertile area in the north, next to the Jordan. The name “Issachar” means ‘a man of hire’ or ‘a hired man’. Spiritually, this is about wanting to serve the Lord, and dedicating our lives to this. Then we are ‘employed’ as servants of the Lord, and we are rewarded with spiritual strength, joy, and blessings (see Swedenborg’s Arcana Caelestia 6388).

Asher means ‘happy’ - a delightful name - and its territory was along the northern coastline, extending inland. It included Mount Carmel and the Plain of Sharon, which were both beautiful places. Spiritual happiness is quite deep, and is really a feeling of joy, contentment, and well-being. When we are spiritually happy, we feel glad to be alive, to know the Lord, and to do what is good because of God (Arcana Caelestia 6408).

Naphtali had territory going up from the Sea of Galilee to the northern border. Naphtali means ‘crafty and cunning’, which does not sound very heavenly. However, the idea is that we use our intelligence to bring heavenly results from the countless decisions we make each and every day. Earlier in the Bible, Naphtali is blessed and called ‘a deer let loose’, which would then be free to bound away (see Genesis 49:21, Arcana Caelestia 3928).

Dan had two small territories: one in the centre on the coast, and one in the far north near the source of the River Jordan. Dan means ‘to judge well’, and it stands for our need to treat people fairly because of our relationship with the Lord. Perhaps there are two territories because one is our mind (north), and the other is in life (center) (Arcana Caelestia 3923).

Finally, Joshua himself is given his inheritance, a place in Ephraim called Timnath Serah. The name means ‘an extra portion’, and this suggests that beyond everything Joshua has done, he is to be given something further. Spiritually, this could be the unexpected delight we get when we devote ourselves to serving the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 995[3]).

The spiritual meaning of receiving a portion of land is that we are able to experience blessings and goodness from the Lord, but only after we have ‘conquered the land’. This means working through our temptations and overcoming weaknesses during our natural life.

Since the land of Canaan stands for heaven – and also for the growth of heaven in us – each of the twelve tribes represent a part of heavenly life that needs to be active in us. We must learn hear the word of the Lord, judge well in our daily actions, and honor His name by the way we live.

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