Jošua 15

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1 Dio što je pripao plemenu sinova Judinih, po njihovim porodicama, bijaše prema granici edomskoj, na jug do Sinske pustinje, na krajnjem jugu.

2 A južna im međa išla od kraja Slanoga mora od zaljeva što je na jugu;

3 izlazila je onda južno od Akrabimskog uspona, pružala se preko Sina i uzlazila južno od Kadeš Barnee, prelazila Hesron, penjala se k Adari i odatle okretala prema Karkai,

4 potom prelazila Asmon i dopirala do Potoka egipatskog i najposlije izbijala na more. To vam je južna međa.

5 Na istoku je međa bila: Slano more do ušća Jordana. Sjeverna je međa počinjala od Slanog mora kod ušća Jordana.

6 Odatle je međa uzlazila u Bet-Hoglu, tekla sjeverno uz Bet-Arabu, išla gore na Kamen Bohana, sina Rubenova.

7 Međa se zatim dizala od Akorske doline prema Debiru, okretala na sjever prema Gelilotu, koji leži naprama Adumimskom usponu, južno od Potoka; dalje je međa prolazila prema vodama En-Šemeša te izlazila kod En-Rogela.

8 Odatle se preko doline Ben-Hinom s juga dizala k Jebusejskom obronku, to jest k Jeruzalemu. Potom se uspinjala na vrh gore koja prema zapadu gleda na dolinu Hinon i leži na sjevernom kraju doline Refaima.

9 S vrha te gore zavijala je međa na izvor Neftoah te izlazila prema gradovima u gori Efronu da zatim okrene k Baali, to jest Kirjat Jearimu.

10 Od Baale međa je okretala na zapad prema gori Seiru i onda, prolazeći sjeverno od gore Jearima, to jest Kesalona, spuštala se u Bet-Šemeš te išla k Timni.

11 Dalje je međa tekla k sjevernom obronku Ekrona, okretala prema Šikronu, prelazila visove Baale, pružala se do Jabneela da konačno izbije na more.

12 Zapadna je međa Veliko more s obalom. To su bile zemlje sinova Judinih, unaokolo, po porodicama njihovim.

13 Kaleb, sin Jefuneov, primi dio među sinovima Judinim, kako je Jahve naredio Jošui. Dao mu je Kirjat Arbu, glavni grad sinova Anakovih - Hebron.

14 Kaleb protjera odatle tri sina Anakova: Šešaja, Ahimana i Talmaja, potomke Anakove.

15 Odatle krenu na stanovnike Debira, koji se nekoć zvao Kirjat Sefer.

16 Tada reče Kaleb: "Tko pokori i zauzme Kirjat Sefer, dat ću mu svoju kćer Aksu za ženu."

17 Zauze ga Otniel, sin Kenaza, brata Kalebova; i dade mu Kaleb svoju kćer Aksu za ženu.

18 Kad je prišla mužu, on je nagovori da u svoga oca zatraži polje. Ona siđe s magarca, a Kaleb je upita: "Šta hoćeš?"

19 Ona odgovori: "Daj mi blagoslov! Kad si mi dao kraj u Negebu, daj mi i koji izvor vode." I on joj dade Gornje i Donje izvore.

20 To je bila baština plemena sinova Judinih po porodicama njihovim.

21 Međašni su gradovi plemena sinova Judinih, duž edomske međe prema jugu, bili: Kabseel, Eder, Jagur;

22 Kina, Dimona, Adada;

23 Kedeš, Hasor Jitnan;

24 Zif, Telem, Bealot;

25 Novi Hasor, Kirjat Hesron (to jest Hasor);

26 Amam, Šema, Molada;

27 Hasar Gada, Hešmon, Bet-Pelet;

28 Hasar Šual, Beer Šeba s pripadnim područjima;

29 Baala, Ijim, Esem;

30 Eltolad, Kesil, Horma;

31 Siklag, Madmana, Sansana;

32 Lebaot, Šelhim, En Rimon: svega dvadeset i devet gradova s njihovim selima.

33 U Dolini: Eštaol, Sora, Ašna;

34 Zanoah, En Ganim, Tapuah, Haenam;

35 Jarmut, Adulam, Soko, Azeka;

36 Šaarajim, Aditajim, Hagedera i Gederotajim: četrnaest gradova s njihovim selima.

37 Senan, Hadaša, Migdal-Gad;

38 Dilean, Hamispe, Jokteel;

39 Lakiš, Boskat, Eglon;

40 Kabon, Lahmas, Kitliš;

41 Gederot, Bet-Dagon, Naama, Makeda: šesnaest gradova s njihovim selima.

42 Libna, Eter, Ašan;

43 Jiftah, Ašna, Nesib;

44 Keila, Akzib i Mareša: devet gradova s njihovim selima.

45 Ekron s naseljima i selima njegovim;

46 od Ekrona pa do Mora, sve što se nalazi pokraj Ašdoda, s njihovim selima;

47 Ašdod s naseljima i selima njegovim, Gaza s naseljima i selima njegovim do Egipatskog potoka i Velikog mora, koje je međa.

48 A u Gori: Šamir, Jatir, Soko;

49 Dana, Kirjat Sefer (to je Debir);

50 Anab, Eštemoa, Anim;

51 Gošen, Holon, Gilo: jedanaest gradova s njihovim selima.

52 Arab, Duma, Ešean;

53 Janum, Bet-Tapuah, Afeka,

54 Humta, Kirjat Arba (to jest Hebron), Sior: devet gradova s njihovim selima.

55 Maon, Karmel, Zif, Juta;

56 Jizreel, Jokdeam, Zanoah;

57 Hakajin, Gibea, Timna: deset gradova s njihovim selima.

58 Halhul, Bet-Sur, Gedor;

59 Maarat, Bet-Anot, Eltekon: šest gradova s njihovim selima. Tekoa, Efrata (to jest Betlehem), Peor, Etan, Kulon, Tatam, Sores, Karem, Galim, Beter, Manah: jedanaest gradova s njihovim selima.

60 Kirjat Baal (to jest Kirjat Jearim) i Haraba: dva grada s njihovim selima.

61 U pustinji: Bet Haaraba, Midin, Sekaka;

62 Hanibšan, Slani grad i En-Gedi: šest gradova s njihovim selima.

63 A Jebusejce koji su živjeli u Jeruzalemu nisu mogli protjerati sinovi Judini. Tako su ostali sa sinovima Judinim u Jeruzalemu sve do danas.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 15      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 15: Judah’s territory and more about Caleb.

This chapter describes the territory given to the tribe of Judah, and lists many of its cities and borders. Judah received a major portion of the land of Canaan; its eastern border was the Salt Sea (the Dead Sea), and the western border was the Great Sea (the Mediterranean).

Although Judah was the fourth son of Jacob, he played a more significant role in many of the Old Testament stories than his older brothers did. So, it is not surprising that the tribe of Judah received extensive territory in the south of Canaan, which in later time became the nation of Judah, along with the tribe of Benjamin’s small territory. The name ‘Judah’ also eventually led to the name ‘Jewish’, coming from the Roman province of Judaea. The name ‘Judah’ also means “praise”, specifically praise of God (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 456).

Praise itself is a commendation of a person’s good qualities. To give praise is part of our love for our neighbour; to receive praise underscores our sense of our own value. To praise the Lord is to give thanks to Him, and to affirm the difference that the Lord makes in our life. Ultimately, praise is part of our faith in the Lord to lead us through this life and for eternity.

This uplifting, positive spiritual meaning of Judah does not mean that Judah (the man in the Old Testament) was without faults. He had his flaws, as everyone does, but at times Judah changed the course of events for a better outcome. It was Judah who persuaded his brothers to sell Joseph rather than kill him, and he also offered himself as a hostage for the sake of his brothers (Arcana Caelestia 4815[2]).

Chapter 15 lists very many locations in Judah’s territory. Here are just a few of the places listed, along with their meaning and spiritual significance:

Judah = “praise”
Spiritually = our worship of God

Which includes these, and many more aspects…

Zin = “flat, level ground”
Spiritually = life under God’s guidance

Kadesh Barnea = “holy wanderings”
Spiritually = becoming purified

Beth Hoglah = “house of the partridge”
Spiritually = bringing to birth

En Rogel = “water spring of the foot”
Spiritually = life in everyday activities

Jerusalem = “dwelling place of peace; wholeness”
Spiritually = our highest spiritual state

Nephtoah = “to be open”
Spiritually = to be part of all life

Timnah = “allotted portion”
Spiritually = what the Lord has created me for

Mount Hebron, which was in the territory of Judah, was given to Caleb as an inheritance because of his faithfulness to God. We read in this chapter that he conquers the giants living there, and drives them away from Mount Hebron. Caleb makes a promise that whoever takes the nearby city of Kirjath-sepher will have his daughter, Achsah, for a wife. Caleb’s brother’s son, Othniel, captures the city and marries Achsah. Caleb blesses Achsah and gives her springs of water upon her request, and he also gives Othniel a field.

The spiritual meaning of this touching story is that our spiritual life is intended to come together to be like a family (Arcana Caelestia 3020), just as Caleb, Achsah and Othniel are all close members of a family. Spiritual life is about bringing together our beliefs, our loves and affections, our intentions, and our actions. These different aspects of spiritual life become like one family where everyone – or everything – is interwoven together.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3708, 3858

Apocalypse Explained 431

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1585, 1616, 2723, 2909, 3862, 4599, 4816, ...

True Christian Religion 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417

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Mihej 1:14, 15

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Významy biblických slov

na jug
'South' denotes truth in light.

jug
'South' denotes truth in light.

more
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

sjeverno
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

kamen
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

sina
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

doline
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

na sjever
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

izvor
A fountain signifies the Lord and the Word. A fountain signifies superior truth, and well, inferior truth. A fountain, as in Psalm 104:10, denotes knowledges....

Kaleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

sin
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Jahve
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

tri
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Kalebova
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

polje
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

vode
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

baština
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

gradovi
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Hasor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

dvadeset
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

devet
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

četrnaest
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

Gaza
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

Gibea
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

deset
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

šest
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

Haraba
Rabbath

dva
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

grad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

sinovi
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

danas
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

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