Jošua 14

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1 Ovo je što su dobili u baštinu sinovi Izraelovi u zemlji kanaanskoj - što su im razdijelili u baštinu svećenik Eleazar i Jošua, sin Nunov, i glavari porodica izraelskih plemena.

2 Ždrijebom su razdijelili baštinu, kao što je Jahve odredio preko Mojsija, među devet plemena i polovinu desetoga plemena.

3 Mojsije je odredio baštinu dvama plemenima i polovini desetog plemena s onu stranu Jordana, a levitima nije dao baštine među njima.

4 Jer bijahu dva plemena sinova Josipovih: Manašeovo i Efrajimovo. A levitima nisu dali dijela u zemlji nego gradove za prebivanje i pašnjake za njihovu stoku i za blago njihovo.

5 Kako je Jahve zapovjedio Mojsiju, tako su učinili sinovi Izraelovi pri diobi zemlje.

6 Sinovi Judini pristupe k Jošui u Gilgalu, a Kaleb, sin Jefuneov, Kenižanin, reče mu: "Ti znaš što je Jahve rekao Mojsiju, čovjeku Božjem, za mene i za tebe u Kadeš Barnei.

7 Bilo mi je četrdeset godina kad me posla Mojsije, sluga Jahvin, iz Kadeš Barnee da uhodim zemlju. I donio sam mu izvješće kako sam najbolje znao.

8 Braća koja su pošla sa mnom uplašila su srce naroda, ali sam ja vršio volju Jahve, Boga svojega.

9 I onoga se dana zakle Mojsije: 'Zemlja kojom je stupala noga tvoja pripast će tebi i sinovima tvojim u vječnu baštinu, jer si vršio volju Jahve, Boga mojega.'

10 I vidiš, Jahve me sačuvao u životu, kao što je rekao. Već je prošlo četrdeset i pet godina kako je Jahve to obećao Mojsiju, dok je Izrael još išao pustinjom; sada mi je osamdeset i pet godina,

11 ali sam još i danas snažan kao što sam bio onoga dana kad me Mojsije poslao kao uhodu. Kao nekoć, i sada je moja snaga u meni, za borbu, da odem i da se vratim.

12 Daj mi sada ovo gorje, koje mi je Jahve obećao onoga dana. Sam si čuo onoga dana. Ondje su Anakovci, a i gradovi su im veliki i tvrdi. Ako je Jahve sa mnom, protjerat ću ih, kako je to obećao Jahve."

13 Tada ga Jošua blagoslovi i dade Kalebu, sinu Jefuneovu, Hebron u baštinu.

14 Hebron je pripao u baštinu Kalebu, sinu Jefuneovu, Kenižaninu, sve do danas, jer je Kaleb vršio volju Jahve, Boga Izraelova.

15 Hebron se prije zvao Kirjat Arba; a Arba bijaše velik čovjek među Anakovcima. I počinu zemlja od rata.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 14: The territories west of the Jordan, and Caleb’s inheritance.

This chapter tells how the land of Canaan would be distributed among the remaining nine-and-a-half tribes, which would be determined by drawing lots. The tribe of Levi, the priests of Israel, would not receive their own territory, but would be given cities to live in across the land. The tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, the sons of Joseph, were each recognized as a tribe of Israel to make the number of tribes receiving land equal twelve. Caleb and his people received Mount Hebron as a special inheritance, because he had fully and whole-heartedly followed the Lord God of Israel many years ago.

Casting lots was used in those days to decide many things, because people believed that the outcome showed the will of God. Lots were often sticks or stones, each marked with a symbol, which would be cast much like rolling dice. Then the result would be examined to make a decision. The spiritual meaning of casting lots is that we should allow the Lord to show us what is required, and believe that His providence extends over everything in our lives (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10773). “The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the Lord” (Proverbs 16:33).

The tribe of Levi, the third of the twelve sons of Jacob, had been set apart from the other tribes during their time in the wilderness; when the war cry “Who is on the Lord’s side?” was given before a battle, it was only the tribe of Levi who had responded. They were appointed as the priests of Israel for this dedication to God. Here, now, we are told that they are to live throughout the land (Arcana Caelestia 6998).

On a spiritual level, the Levites stand for the Lord’s presence throughout the whole of our life. Another way of putting this is that our spirit (and our life) is there throughout the whole of our body. And a third way of seeing this is that every part of our life should be guided by our love for the Lord. Other references to the Levites mention that all the people of Israel are to provide food and gifts for the Levites, reinforcing this same idea.

Caleb gets special treatment; he is given Mount Hebron as a new home for his people. Caleb and Joshua had been sent with 10 other men to spy out the land of Canaan 40 years earlier. They had given it a good report, and had - unsuccessfully - urged the Children of Israel to follow the Lord's leading and conquer the land at that time. Now, Caleb reminds Joshua about the Lord’s words to Moses regarding them, and Moses’ promise to give Caleb an inheritance. At the age of eighty-five, Caleb was still as strong as when spied out the land. He tells Joshua: “Now therefore, give me this mountain and the Lord will be with me to drive out the enemy” (Joshua 14:12). And it is given to him with a blessing from Joshua.

Mount Hebron is in the territory of Judah, west of the Dead Sea and south of what is now Jerusalem. Its name means ‘bound by a common bond’ or ‘accord’. Its spiritual meaning is that it brings diversity into unity, many into one, and for us, harmony in our spiritual life (Arcana Caelestia 3241[2]).

Caleb’s name means ‘bold, fearless, ferocious to enemies’. For us, Caleb is a picture of sureness and determination that to follow the Lord will always lead to success. Caleb never led Israel, but he acts as a right-hand-man to Joshua. Even though Joshua was the one to lead the children of Israel, there is still the need in each of us for Caleb’s enthusiasm, conviction and assurance to move forward with full confidence. His strength never left him, because he felt and lived the strength which the Lord gave him (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 137[5]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 9338


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1616, 2909, 3862

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