Jošua 13

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1 Kad je Jošua ostario i odmakao u svojim godinama, reče mu Jahve: "Već si star i vremešan, a ostalo je mnogo zemlje da se osvoji.

2 Evo područja što još preostaju: sve pokrajine filistejske i sva zemlja gešurska;

3 od Šihora, što je pred Egiptom, sve do granice Ekrona na sjeveru, a računa se kao područje Kanaanaca; pet kneževina filistejskih: Gaza, Ašdod, Aškelon, Git i Ekron; zatim Avijci

4 na jugu. Sva zemlja kanaanska od Are koja pripada Sidoncima, pa do Afeka i do međe amorejske;

5 onda zemlja Giblijaca i sav Libanon prema istoku, od Baal Gada u podnožju gore Hermona do Lebo Hamata.

6 Sve stanovnike gorja, od Libanona do Misrefota na zapadu - sve Sidonce otjerat ću ispred sinova Izraelovih. Samo razdijeli Izraelu zemlju u baštinu, kao što sam ti zapovjedio.

7 Razdijeli, dakle, tu zemlju u baštinu među devet plemena i polovinu plemena Manašeova."

8 Druga polovina plemena Manašeova, a s njome pleme Rubenovo i Gadovo, primiše svoju baštinu koju im je predao Mojsije preko Jordana, na istoku. Mojsije, sluga Jahvin, dodijelio im je ovako:

9 od Aroera, koji se nalazi uz obalu potoka Arnona, i od grada usred doline, svu visoravan od Medebe do Dibona;

10 sve gradove Sihona, kralja amorejskoga, koji je vladao u Hešbonu, sve do međe sinova Amonovih;

11 i Gilead, i krajinu gešursku i maakansku sa svom gorom Hermonom, i sav Bašan do Salke;

12 a u Bašanu sve kraljevstvo Oga, koji je vladao u Aštarotu i Edreju i bio posljednji potomak Refaima. Mojsije ih je pobijedio i protjerao.

13 Ali sinovi Izraelovi nisu protjerali Gešurce i Maakance, pa tako ostadoše Gešurci i Maakanci usred Izraela sve do današnjega dana.

14 Samo plemenu Levijevu ne dade baštine: Jahve, Bog Izraelov, njegova je baština, kao što je rekao.

15 Mojsije dade plemenu sinova Rubenovih dijelove po njihovim porodicama.

16 Primili su zemlju od Aroera, koji leži uz obalu potoka Arnona, i od grada koji je u sredini doline i svu visoravan kod Medebe;

17 Hešbon sa svim njegovim gradovima koji leže na visoravni: Dibon, Bamot Baal, Bet Baal Meon;

18 Jahas, Kedemot, Mefaat;

19 Kirjatajim, Sibmu i Seret Hašahar na gori iznad doline;

20 Bet Peor, Ašdot Hapisgu, Bet Haješimot;

21 sve gradove na visoravni i sve kraljevstvo Sihona, amorejskog kralja, koji je vladao u Hešbonu. Mojsije ga je pobijedio kao i knezove midjanske: Avija, Rekema, Sura, Hura, Reba, podanike Sihonove, koji su živjeli u toj zemlji;

22 i vrača Bileama, sina Beorova, ubili su sinovi Izraelovi oštricom mača s ostalim žrtvama.

23 Međa sinova Rubenovih bijaše Jordan. To je bila baština sinova Rubenovih po njihovim porodicama: gradovi i sela njihova.

24 Onda dade Mojsije plemenu Gadovu, sinovima Gadovim, dijelove po porodicama njihovim.

25 Primili su u posjed: Jazer i sve gradove gileadske, polovinu zemlje sinova Amonovih sve do Aroera, nasuprot Rabi,

26 i od Hešbona do Ramat Hamispe i Betonima, i od Mahanajima do pokrajine Lo-Debar;

27 a u dolini: Bet Haram, Bet Nimru, Sukot i Safon, to jest ostatak kraljevstva Sihona, kralja hešbonskoga; Jordan s obalom sve do kraja Kineretskoga mora, na istočnoj strani Jordana.

28 To je baština sinova Gadovih, po njihovim porodicama, gradovi i sela njihova.

29 Mojsije je dao dio polovini plemena Manašeova po njegovim porodicama.

30 Dobili su u posjed zemlju od Mahanajima, sav Bašan, sve kraljevstvo Oga, kralja bašanskoga, i sva Sela Jairova što su u Bašanu - šezdeset gradova.

31 A polovina Gileada, Aštarot i Edrej, gradovi kraljevstva Ogova u Bašanu, pripali su sinovima Makira, sina Manašeova, i to polovini sinova Makirovih po njihovim porodicama.

32 Tako je Mojsije bio podijelio baštine na Moapskim poljanama, s druge strane Jordana, istočno od Jerihona.

33 Levijevu plemenu ne dade Mojsije baštine: Jahve, Bog Izraelov, njihova je baština, kao što im je sam rekao.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Jošua 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3858, 3862

Apocalypse Explained 434


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 4117

Apocalypse Revealed 114, 352


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 140, 405, 435, 440, 447, 654

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Významy biblických slov

Jahve
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

zemlja
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

granice
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

pet
Five also signifies all things of one part.

istoku
Sunrise' denotes coming of the Lord, or beginning of a celestial state.

devet
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

plemena
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

Mojsije
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

sluga
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

usred
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

vladao
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

sinovi
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

dana
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

bog
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

baština
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Hešbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

doline
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

sina
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Jordan
The land of Jordan,' as in Psalm 42:6, signifies what is lowly, consequently, what is distant from the celestial, as the external parts of a...

gradovi
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

sela
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

Jazer
'Jaser' signifies false principles.

Mojsije je
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

šezdeset
'Sixty' means the full time and state of the implantation of truth in our minds.

Makira
Machir' signifies the same as 'Manasseh' because Machir was the son of Manasseh.

strane
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Land of Canaan Map
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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