Jošua 12

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1 Ovo su zemaljski kraljevi što su ih pobijedili Izraelci i osvojili njihovu zemlju s onu stranu Jordana k istoku, od potoka Arnona do gore Hermona, sa svom Arabom na istoku:

2 Sihon, kralj amorejski, koji je stolovao u Hešbonu; njegovo se kraljevstvo protezalo od Aroera, koji leži na rubu doline potoka Arnona, sredinom doline i polovinom Gileada pa do potoka Jaboka, gdje je graničilo s Amoncima;

3 i na istoku mu bila Araba do Keneretskog mora s jedne strane i sve do Arabskog ili Slanog mora prema Bet Haješimotu; i dalje na jugu do obronaka Pisge.

4 Međašio s njime Og, kralj bašanski, jedan od posljednjih Refaimaca; stolovao je u Aštarotu i Edreju.

5 A vladao je gorom Hermonom i Salkom, čitavim Bašanom sve do gešurske i maakadske međe te drugom polovinom Gileada sve do granice Sihona, kralja hešbonskoga.

6 Mojsije, sluga Jahvin, i sinovi Izraelovi sve su ih pobili i predao je Mojsije, sluga Jahvin, tu zemlju u posjed plemenu Rubenovu i Gadovu plemenu te polovini plemena Manašeova.

7 A ovo su zemaljski kraljevi što su ih pobijedili Jošua i sinovi Izraelovi s ovu stranu Jordana k zapadu, od Baal Gada u libanonskoj ravnici pa do gore Halaka, koja se diže prema Seiru, a tu je zemlju Jošua dao u baštinu plemenima Izraelovim prema njihovim dijelovima,

8 u Gorju, u Šefeli, u Arabi i po obroncima, u Pustinji te u Negebu: zemlju hetitsku, amorejsku i kanaansku, perižansku, hivijsku i jebusejsku:

9 jerihonski kralj, jedan; kralj Aja kod Betela, jedan;

10 jeruzalemski kralj, jedan; hebronski kralj, jedan;

11 jarmutski kralj, jedan; lakiški kralj, jedan;

12 eglonski kralj, jedan; gezerski kralj, jedan;

13 debirski kralj, jedan; gederski kralj, jedan;

14 hormski kralj, jedan; aradski kralj, jedan;

15 kralj Libne, jedan; adulamski kralj, jedan;

16 makedski kralj, jedan; betelski kralj, jedan;

17 kralj Tapuaha, jedan; heferski kralj, jedan;

18 afečki kralj, jedan; šaronski kralj, jedan;

19 madonski kralj, jedan; hasorski kralj, jedan;

20 šimron-meronski kralj, jedan; ahšafski kralj, jedan;

21 tanaački kralj, jedan; megidski kralj, jedan;

22 kedeški kralj, jedan; kralj Jokneama na Karmelu, jedan;

23 dorski kralj u pokrajini dorskoj, jedan; gojski kralj u Gilgalu, jedan;

24 tirški kralj, jedan. U svemu trideset i jedan kralj.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 12      

Joshua 12: The kings who were defeated by Joshua.

This chapter lists the kings who were defeated by Moses on the other side of the river Jordan, and those defeated by Joshua in the land of Canaan. Moses defeated Sihon, king of the Amorites, and Og, king of Bashan. Joshua defeated 31 kings, and this chapter names their cities one by one.

We might well wonder: what is the use of such a chapter for us? But here it is, included in the Word of God. We will suggest two ways in which this chapter gives us a spiritual message to work with:

First, the sheer number of kings who opposed Israel represent, in a general way, the many things that prevent us from dedicating ourselves to the Lord’s teachings.

Secondly, the many names of the towns that the Israelites defeated are all significant in identifying the various situations we encounter in our spiritual lives (See Swedenborg’s Arcana Caelestia 2009[9]). For example “Joshua” means ‘God is victory’, something we can come to understand as we choose to turn against evil. We can do that because the Lord fights for and with us; we cannot do that alone.

For every heaven there is a corresponding hell (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 588). If mercy is something of heaven, hell is to do with cruelty and all that goes with it. If innocence is of heaven, hell is to do with intended harm and all that goes with that. Evil is unspeakably precise.

Joshua defeated thirty-one kings. The number thirty stands for combat and also for ‘remnants’, which are deep-seated feelings of good and truth given the Lord gives us during our childhood, to help us combat evil in adult regeneration. Thirty-one would seem to suggest combat going on even past thirty (Arcana Caelestia 5335).

The names of the cities of these kings are given, and each name represents a quality. ‘Israel’ was the name given to Jacob by the Lord, after he had wrestled all night with the angel of God and had prevailed (see Genesis 32:24-28). “Israel” means ‘striving with God’ and also ‘a prince with God’, and it became the name of the people of Israel.

As examples, we will look at three Canaanite cities which fought Israel, and explore the spiritual meaning of their names.

1. The king of Jarmuth, means ‘being downcast by death’. Viewing life only in terms of its inevitable end does terrible things to our sense of purpose, hope and trust. Defeating Jarmuth helps us see that death is a transition into eternal life, and our means of passing from this life into our fullest life.

2. The king of Aphek, means ‘tenacious fortress’. We can quite readily see that evil can be exactly like a tenacious fortress. Evil will hang on like grim death and refuse to let us go. Evil will attempt any number of devious tactics to break us down or undermine our faith. The last thing it will do is to see that we’re resolved, and then finally give up.

3. The king of Taanach, which means ‘sandy, hard to cross’. This might remind us of dangerous quicksands, or the way in which we stumble trying to walk through sand. Again, sometimes evil can appear to give us safer passage on solid ground, before we realize that it is the hells ensnaring us.


Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2913, 3527, 4270

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