Jošua 11

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1 Kad je sve to čuo Jabin, kralj od Hasora, obavijesti Jobaba, kralja od Madona, i kralja od Šimrona, i kralja od Akšafa,

2 i kraljeve na sjeveru, u Gorju, i u Arabi južno od Kinereta, i u Šefeli, i na uzvišicama Dora prema moru;

3 Kanaance na istoku i zapadu, Amorejce, Hetite, Perižane i Jebusejce u planinama, Hivijce pod Hermonom u zemlji Mispi.

4 Svi oni izađu sa svim svojim četama, s mnoštvom što ga bijaše kao pijeska na obali morskoj i s mnogim konjima i kolima.

5 Udruže se, dakle, svi ti kraljevi i utabore se zajedno na vodama Meroma da se bore protiv Izraela.

6 Tada Jahve reče Jošui: "Ne boj se njih, jer ću sutra u ovo doba učiniti te će svi biti pobijeni pred Izraelom; konje njihove osakati, a bojna im kola ognjem spali."

7 Jošua povede na njih sve svoje ratnike, iznenada ih napade na vodama Meroma i udari na njih.

8 I Jahve ih dade u ruke Izraelcima te ih oni pobiše i protjeraše sve do Velikog Sidona i do Misrefot Majima i do ravnice Mispe na istoku; i poraziše ih tako te nitko ne preživje.

9 Jošua učini kako mu je Jahve zapovjedio: konje im osakati, a kola im ognjem spali.

10 U to se vrijeme vrati Jošua i zauze Hasor, a njegova kralja pogubi mačem. Hasor je nekoć bio glavni grad svima tim kraljevstvima.

11 Pobili su sve oštricom mača, izvršujući "herem", kletvu. Ne ostade ništa živo, a Hasor spališe ognjem.

12 Sve gradove onih kraljeva pokori Jošua i pobi kraljeve oštricom mača, izvršujući "herem", kletvu, kao što je bio zapovjedio Mojsije, sluga Jahvin.

13 Od ostalih gradova koji se dizahu na svojim brežuljcima Izraelci nisu spalili ni jednoga, osim Hasora, koji spali Jošua.

14 Sav plijen iz tih gradova i stoku razdijeliše sinovi Izraelovi među sobom, a sve ljude pobiše oštricom mača, istrijebiše ih i ni žive duše ne ostade.

15 Sve što Jahve bijaše zapovjedio svome sluzi Mojsiju, zapovjedio je Mojsije Jošui, a Jošua sve izvršio, ne izostavivši ništa od svega što Jahve bijaše zapovjedio Mojsiju.

16 Tako je Jošua zauzeo svu zemlju: Gorje, sav Negeb i svu zemlju Gošen, Šefelu, Arabu, Izraelsko gorje i njegove brežuljke,

17 od gore Halaka, koja se diže prema Seiru, pa do Baal Gada, u ravnici libanonskoj pod gorom Hermonom; zarobio je sve njihove kraljeve, pobio ih i pogubio.

18 Dugo je vremena ratovao Jošua s tim kraljevima.

19 Nije bilo ni jednoga grada koji je sklopio mir s sinovima Izraelovim, osim Hivijaca, koji su živjeli u Gibeonu: sve ih zauzeše ratom.

20 Jahve im bijaše otvrdnuo srca te su izašli u boj protiv Izraela i pali pod "herem", kletvu bez smilovanja, da budu istrijebljeni, kako je to Jahve bio zapovjedio Mojsiju.

21 U ono vrijeme dođe Jošua i istrijebi Anakovce iz Gorja, iz Hebrona, iz Debira, iz Anaba, iz svega gorja Judina i iz svega gorja Izraelova: predade ih "heremu", uništenju, njih i sve njihove gradove.

22 Tako ne ostade nijedan Anakovac u svoj zemlji sinova Izraelovih, osim u Gazi, u Gatu i Ašdodu.

23 Jošua zauze svu zemlju, kao što je Jahve bio rekao Mojsiju, i dade je u baštinu Izraelu podijelivši je po plemenima. I konačno zemlja počinu od rata.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Jošua 11      

Joshua 11: Joshua conquers the entire land.

In this chapter, the Canaanite kings of the north, east and west heard that Israel had conquered all of the southern Canaanite territories. Jabin, king of Hazor, called upon the other Canaanite kingdoms to join forces and attack Israel with a great army.

The Lord reassured Joshua, “Be not afraid because of them: for tomorrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel” (verse 6). So Joshua counterattacked, and Israel defeated the Canaanites just as the Lord had said.

The rest of the chapter is an account of Joshua’s victories, now here, now there. Israel destroyed each of the Canaanite cities and territories and not one of them was left undefeated (See Swedenborg’s work, The New Jerusalem and Its Heavenly Doctrine 161-164). In all of Canaan, only the Gibeonites were spared because they had made a peace treaty with Israel. The chapter closes with these words: “So Joshua took the whole land according to all that the Lord had said to Moses, and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land had rest from war” (verse 23).

Now we turn to the spiritual meaning of all this, and its meaning for us. Because of our inherited, human nature, each of us has internal things we have to contend with in our natural life. These Canaanites - the faults we must overcome - are described by the compass points: north, south, east and west. Here are the spiritual meanings of the four cardinal directions (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 141-153):

West = less love

East = greater love

North = less light and wisdom

South = greater light and wisdom

Swedenborg tells us that heaven is organized by this principle. Angels with the clearest perception of love live in the eastern region of heaven, while those with a more hazy understanding live in the west. The same thing applies to the north/south axis; those in a “clear light of wisdom” live in the south, and those in a “dim light of wisdom” live in the north (Heaven and Hell 148). These poles represent angels’ states of love and wisdom, and their use. Just like people on earth, angels experience varying states of love and wisdom - sometimes more, sometimes less - but with angels this leads to them turning again to the Lord to acknowledge that he is their God.

The same pattern exists in hell, but instead of love and wisdom there is self-love (or even hatred) and false thinking from this distorted love. In hell, the degree of intensity in these states is between the rage to dominate and the exhaustion of failing.

In our life on earth, we experience states of both heaven and hell. As we are only partly regenerated, we rapidly switch between these states because of our emotions and the upheavals of life in this world. This chapter about the conflict between Israel and the Canaanites represents our own, personal decisions about what will be the ruling influence in our lives - heaven or hell (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5982).

The end of this chapter offers two important statements describing the conflict between heaven and hell. The first one (in verse 20) says the Lord hardened the hearts of Israel’s enemies so that they came to attack, and consequently were destroyed. This tells us that we have to see our evils for what they are in order to turn away from them (See Swedenborg’s unpublished work, Charity 179-180).

The second statement (verses 21-22) says that Joshua completely destroyed the Anakim, except beyond the borders of the land. The Anakim were giants, and they stand for those enormous tensions and rages which evil spirits from hell bring us at times. This (reassuringly) helps us see that we are not like that ourselves, but we could be if we let those evil spirits make a home in our hearts and minds (Arcana Caelestia 2909[3]).

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