1 Samuel 8

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1 Kad je Samuel ostario, postavio je svoje sinove za suce u Izraelu.

2 Njegov prvorođenac zvao se Joel, a drugi sin Abija; oni su bili suci u Beer Šebi.

3 Ali sinovi nisu išli stopama očevim: gledali su na svoj dobitak, primali mito i izvrtali pravicu.

4 Tada se skupiše sve starješine izraelske i dođoše k Samuelu u Ramu.

5 I rekoše mu: "Eto, ti si ostario, a tvoji sinovi ne idu tvojim stopama. Postavi nam, dakle, kralja da nam vlada, kao što je to kod svih naroda."

6 Ali Samuelu nije bilo drago što su rekli: "Daj nam kralja da nam vlada!" Zato se Samuel pomoli Jahvi.

7 A Jahve reče Samuelu: "Poslušaj glas naroda u svemu što od tebe traži, jer nisu odbacili tebe, nego su odbacili mene, ne želeći da ja kraljujem nad njima.

8 Sve što su činili meni od onoga dana kad sam ih izveo iz Egipta pa do današnjega dana - ostavili su mene i služili tuđim bogovima - tako oni čine i tebi.

9 Sada, dakle, poslušaj njihov zahtjev, ali ih svečano opomeni i pouči o pravima kralja koji će vladati nad njima."

10 Samuel ponovi sve Jahvine riječi narodu koji je od njega tražio kralja.

11 I reče: "Ovo će biti pravo kralja koji će kraljevati nad vama: uzimat će vaše sinove da mu služe kod bojnih kola i kod konja i oni će trčati pred njegovim bojnim kolima.

12 Postavljat će ih za tisućnike i pedesetnike; orat će oni njegovu zemlju, žeti njegovu žetvu, izrađivati mu bojno oružje i opremu za njegova bojna kola.

13 Uzimat će kralj vaše kćeri da mu priređuju mirisne pomasti, da mu kuhaju i peku.

14 Uzimat će najbolja vaša polja, vaše vinograde i vaše maslinike i poklanjat će ih svojim dvoranima.

15 Uzimat će desetinu od vaših usjeva i vaših vinograda i davat će je svojim dvoranima i svojim službenicima.

16 Uzimat će vaše sluge i vaše sluškinje, vaše najljepše volove i magarce i upotrebljavat će ih za svoj posao.

17 Uzimat će desetinu od vaše sitne stoke, a vi sami postat ćete mu robovi.

18 I kad jednoga dana budete vapili za pomoć zbog kralja koga ste sami izabrali, Jahve vas neće uslišati u onaj dan!"

19 Narod nije htio poslušati Samuelova glasa nego reče: "Ne! Hoćemo da kralj vlada nad nama!

20 Tako ćemo i mi biti kao svi narodi: sudit će nam naš kralj, bit će nam vođa i vodit će naše ratove."

21 Kad je Samuel čuo što narod govori, kaza sve Jahvi.

22 A Jahve reče Samuelu: "Poslušaj njihovu želju i postavi im kralja!" Tada Samuel reče Izraelcima: "Vratite se svaki u svoj grad!"

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 8      

This chapter marks a historic turning point for the Children of Israel. Since their escape from Egypt some four hundred years earlier, the Lord Jehovah, through Moses, and Joshua, and then a series of judges, had directly ruled the people. Now, though, the people pleaded that they might instead have a king. In a sense, they wanted to be led by human nature, not by the God's law and prophets.

The corruption of Samuel’s sons, as judges over Israel, was what spurred this movement. Samuel had grown old, and his sons, Joel and Abiah, had become judges over Israel. However, they began to act immorally, taking bribes and “perverting judgement.” This is similar to the corruption of the High Priest Eli’s sons, described in 1 Samuel 2, and not unlike the misbehavior of two of Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, as in Leviticus 10.

Samuel prayed to the Lord, asking what he should do about the people’s demand for a king. The Lord assured him that the request came not because he, Samuel, had been rejected. Instead, it was the Lord Himself who the people of Israel had rejected. The Lord sent a warning through Samuel to the people, and Samuel told them of the personal and financial cost that would come with having a king. The king would use a substantial portion of the land’s resources, and take the best for himself. Having a king would also mean that they were rejecting the Lord’s direct leadership, and because of this they would be unable to call on His help in the way that they had in the past. The people heard the warning, but did not change their minds.

There are two united ways in which the Lord wants to judge us. One way is through love or goodness. The other is through truth. In other words, our lives can be judged according to the type of love that exists in our hearts, and therefore the love we exhibit toward others. We will make mistakes, but it is our intent that matters most. Judgment according to truth, by comparison, is somewhat cold. We either adhere to the law or we don’t. The two, love and truth, should exist together. Intentions should be considered together with what we actually do. From this time in Israelite history, the role of priest, representing judgment from goodness or love, was separated from the role of king, representing judgment by truth. They denied themselves the opportunity to be ruled by love and left themselves to be ruled by the cold letter of the law (see Arcana Coelestia 6148).

Swedenborg also discusses this concept in Arcana Coelestia 1672. He writes that there is a different meaning of a “people,” meaning truths, and a “nation,” meaning goods. Kings, he writes, are associated with a people, not a nation. Thus before the Children of Israel were ruled by a king, they represented “a good, or that which is celestial,” but while they had a king they represented “truth or that which is spiritual” (Arcana Coelestia 1672). This further supports the idea that they began to separate the judgement by truth and judgement by love, choosing only truth, or the law as represented by a king.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1672, 2015, 2567, 2723, 6148, 8301, 8770


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 638, 654, 919

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Významy biblických slov

Samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

sin
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

suci
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

sinovi
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

starješine
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

Jahve
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

glas
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

dana
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

riječi
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

žeti
'To reap' signifies executing judgment. 'Reaping' denotes the reception of truth in good.

kćeri
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

polja
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

sluškinje
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

dan
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

kralj
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

čuo
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

grad
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

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