1 Samuel 3

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1 Mladi je Samuel služio Jahvi pod nadzorom Elijevim; u ono vrijeme Jahve je izrijetka govorio ljudima, a viđenja nisu bila česta.

2 No jednoga je dana Eli ležao u svojoj sobi - oči su njegove počele slabiti te više nije mogao vidjeti -

3 svijećnjak Božji još ne bijaše ugašen i Samuel je spavao u svetištu Jahvinu, ondje gdje je bio Kovčeg Božji.

4 I Jahve zovnu: "Samuele! Samuele!" A on odgovori: "Evo me!"

5 I otrča k Eliju i reče: "Evo me! Ti si me zvao!" A Eli reče: "Ja te nisam zvao. Vrati se i spavaj!" I on ode i leže.

6 I Jahve opet zovnu: "Samuele! Samuele!" Samuel usta, ode k Eliju i reče: "Evo me! Ti si me zvao!" A Eli odgovori: "Ja te nisam zvao, sine! Vrati se i spavaj!"

7 Samuel još nije poznavao Jahve i još mu nikada ne bijaše objavljena riječ Jahvina.

8 I Jahve zovnu Samuela po treći put. On usta, ode k Eliju i reče: "Evo me! Ti si me zvao!" Sada Eli razumje da je Jahve zvao dječaka.

9 Zato reče Samuelu: "Idi i lezi; a ako te zovne, ti reci: 'Govori, sluga tvoj sluša.'" I Samuel ode i leže na svoje mjesto.

10 I dođe Jahve i stade i zovnu kao prije: "Samuele! Samuele!" A Samuel odgovori: "Govori, sluga tvoj sluša."

11 Tada Jahve reče Samuelu: "Evo, učinit ću nešto u Izraelu da će oba uha zujati svakome koji čuje.

12 U onaj ću dan ispuniti na Eliju sve što sam rekao za kuću njegovu, od početka do kraja.

13 Ti ćeš mu objaviti da osuđujem kuću njegovu dovijeka; on je znao da njegovi sinovi hule na Boga, a nije ih obuzdao.

14 Zato - kunem se domu Elijevu - neće oprati krivicu Elijeva doma nikakve žrtve ni prinosi dovijeka."

15 Samuel je spavao do jutra, a onda otvori vrata Doma Jahvina. Samuel se bojao kazati viđenje Eliju.

16 Ali Eli zovnu Samuela govoreći: "Samuele, sine!" A on odgovori: "Evo me!"

17 I on upita: "Kakva je riječ koju ti reče? Nemoj mi zatajiti ništa! Tako ti Bog učinio zlo i dodao ti drugo ako mi zatajiš nešto od onoga što ti je kazao."

18 Nato mu Samuel pripovjedi sve i ništa ne zataji od njega. A Eli reče: "On je Jahve, neka čini što je dobro u očima njegovim!"

19 Samuel je rastao, a Jahve je bio s njim i nije pustio da ijedna od njegovih riječi padne na zemlju.

20 Sav Izrael, od Dana do Beer Šebe, spozna da je Samuel postavljen za proroka Jahvina.

21 Jahve se i dalje javljao u Šilu, jer se objavljivao Samuelu, [4:1] i riječ se Samuelova obraćala svemu Izraelu. (Eli je bio vrlo star, a njegovi su sinovi ustrajali u svome opakom postupku pred Jahvom.)

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 3      

Chapter 3 features the beautiful story of the “Call of Samuel”. The story begins when young Samuel hears a voice calling to him in the night, as he lies down to sleep. Thinking that it must be Eli calling, Samuel runs to Eli, who is now old and blind, to ask what he wants. Eli says that he didn't call, and tells Samuel to return to bed. This happens two more times, and each time Samuel hears the voice calling, he goes to Eli. On the third occasion, Eli realizes that it must be the Lord's voice that Samuel is hearing. Eli then instructs him to respond to the voice with the words, “Speak, Lord, for your servant hears.” When the Lord calls him again, this is how Samuel responds.

God’s words to Samuel are clear. Because Eli’s sons had done things that were vile, and Eli had not restrained them, no amount of sacrifice could spare them from the consequences. In the morning, Eli begs Samuel to share what the Lord said to him. After Samuel shares God’s message, Eli accepts that the Lord would do to him and his family as He saw fit.

Samuel is called by the Lord three times before he realizes the nature of the voice, and answers. This is an example of the numeric symbolism found throughout Scripture. In this story, the number three represents a form of Divine completeness. Therefore when Samuel is called three times, it represents the completion of a personal process, resulting in a new ability to receive God’s message (see Apocalypse Revealed 505).

Swedenborg’s writings explain that to “hear” represents to perceive, to learn and come to understand. When Samuel hears and replies to the Lord, he is demonstrating that he is willing to listen to and understand God. For us, it's a similar thing. We may not hear the voice of God calling in the night, but we can make space in our lives to try to tune in to his message, in the Word, and in good, wise people who we can learn from.

The expression “to hear” can also signify to obey, and in this story we can see Samuel accepting his role as prophet, i.e. to understand and obey God. So, too, we can recognize His message and begin to live a life of faithful obedience (see Apocalypse Explained 14).

The literal story seems to suggest that the Lord would punish Eli and his sons for the wrongs they had done. However, the truth as shared in Swedenborgian teachings is that the Lord never destroys, or is even angry. Instead, evil distances a person from His protection and therefore leaves them vulnerable to the destruction that comes from the evil itself (see Arcana Coelestia 588).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2723, 2788, 4495

Apocalypse Revealed 505

Doctrine of the New Jerusalem Regarding the Sacred Scripture 29

Istinska Kršćanska Religija 211


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 532

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Významy biblických slov

mladi
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

Samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

služio
'To minister,' as in Genesis 40:2, relates to scientific ideas.

Jahve
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dana
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

oči
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

vidjeti
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

svijećnjak
The light of a lamp' signifies illumination from the Lord. A lamp,' as in Revelation 22, signifies natural light from self-derived intelligence. 'A lamp' signifies...

kovčeg
A coffin (Gen. 1:26) signifies that wherein something is shut up or concealed.

zvao
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

riječ
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

treći
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

govori
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

sluga
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

mjesto
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

oba
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

čuje
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

dan
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

znao
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

sinovi
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

otvori
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

vrata
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

bojao
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

bog
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

dobro
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

riječi
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Izrael
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

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 Compare: Moses and Samuel
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Eli and Samuel
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Hearing the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Lord Calls to Samuel
Project | Ages up to 6

 Procreation Spiritual and Natural
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Quotes: Hearing the Lord
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samuel
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Samuel, Samuel! (sheet music)
Song | Ages 4 - 14

 Samuel's Call
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Speak Lord, for Your Servant Hears
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Burning Bush with Tissue Paper
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 The Call of Samuel Diorama
Backdrop and figures of Eli and Samuel to color and assemble into a diorama of the Lord calling Samuel.
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lord Calls Samuel
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Lord Calls Samuel
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Lord Calls Samuel (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Lord Calls Samuel (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Lord Calls Samuel (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Who Obeyed or Disobeyed the Lord?
Use names from a word bank to identify people in the Word who obeyed or who disobeyed the Lord. Story references are provided to help you.
Activity | All Ages


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