彌迦書 7

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1 哀哉!我(或譯:以色列)好像夏天的果子已被收盡,又像摘了葡萄所剩下的,沒有一掛可的;我心羨慕初熟的無花果。

2 地上虔誠滅盡;世間沒有正直;各埋伏,要殺流血,都用網羅獵取弟兄。

3 他們雙手作惡;君王徇情面,審判官要賄賂;位分的吐出惡意,都彼此結聯行惡。

4 他們最的,不過是蒺藜;最正直的,不過是荊棘籬笆。你守望者說,降罰的日子已經到。他們必擾亂不安。

5 不要倚賴鄰舍;不要信靠密友。要守住你的;不要向你中的妻提說。

6 因為,兒子藐視父親女兒抗拒母親;媳婦抗拒婆婆;的仇敵就是自己家裡的

7 至於我,我要仰望耶和華,要等候那我的;我的必應允我。

8 我的仇敵啊,不要向我誇耀。我雖跌倒,卻要起來;我雖黑暗裡,耶和華卻作我的

9 我要忍受耶和華的惱怒;因我得罪了他,直等他為我辨屈,為我伸冤。他必領我到明中;我必得見他的公

10 那時我的仇敵,就是曾對我耶和華─你在哪裡的,他一見這事就被羞愧遮蓋。我必親眼見他遭報;他必被踐踏,如同街上的泥土。

11 以色列啊,日子必到,你的垣必重修;到那日,你的境界必開展(或譯:命令必傳到遠方)。

12 當那日,人必從亞述,從埃及的城邑,從埃及到大,從這到那,從這到那,都歸到你這裡。

13 然而,這地因居民的緣故,又因他們行事的結果,必然荒涼。

14 求耶和華在迦密山的樹林中,用你的杖牧放你獨居的民,就是你產業的羊群。求你容他們在巴珊和基列得食物,像古時一樣。

15 耶和華說:我要把奇事顯給他們,好像出埃及地的時候一樣。

16 列國見這事,就必為自己的勢力慚愧;他們必用,掩耳不聽。

17 他們必舔土如,又如土中腹行的物,戰戰兢兢地出他們的營寨。他們必戰懼投降耶和華,也必因我們的而懼怕。

18 神啊,有何神像你,赦免罪孽,饒恕你產業之餘民的罪過,不永遠懷怒,喜愛施恩?

19 必再憐憫我們,將我們孽踏在腳,又將我們的一切投於

20 你必按古時起誓應許我們列祖的話,向雅各發誠實,向亞伯拉罕施慈愛。

  

Exploring the Meaning of 彌迦書 7      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In this last chapter of his book, in Micah 7:1-4, the prophet is discouraged about the evil that he sees in the land. The cluster (of grapes ) that he doesn’t see means that there is no love of the neighbor there. 1 The firstfruits that his soul longs for mean the upright kind of ordinary life 2 , which he can’t find: “the faithful man has perished from the earth”.

The net in verse 2 is the twisting of truth into falsity and the other way round, to deceive. Those who should be faithful leaders are diving into evil, and take bribes. All this hellish behavior will in the end lead to punishment.

In Micah 7:5, 6, these two verses are really not talking about other people; friends, companions, wives or husbands, or in-laws. When Micah refers to a “man’s household” he is talking about the evil loves that live in our own will. That’s where the evil is that we must fear and stamp out. 3

Micah 7:7-9 shows the path away from evil. God will hear us. But we must see that we have sinned and admit it to the Lord 4 , and ask for His help in stopping. He will be a light in our “darkness”. Micah admits his own weakness and admits that only the Lord’s power can "bring him forth to the light".

In Micah 7:10, "She" represents the affection for doing some kind of evil. Everyone has some sort of affections that way. 5 Those affections will try to persuade us that Jehovah can’t help, but if we persist in calling on Him for help, those affections can be shamed and eventually be trampled into the mud.

Micah 7:11, 12 says that when the Lord comes to found a new church, it will spread. Assyria here means reasoning, and Egypt means natural science. Cities mean doctrine from truth, and mountains mean goods, so the picture is of the spreading of both truth and good from one boundary to the other, all the way from natural truths to reasoning about spiritual things -- our whole mind. 6

But the old church will be desolate, according to Micah 7:13.

In Micah 7:14,15, to pasture means to feed the flock as a shepherd 7 , or to teach the truths that the Lord provides. The forest means the church as to truth, and Carmel means the church as to good. 8 Bashan and Gilead mean the same ideas from the stories of the Word, the literal sense.

Nations, in Micah 7:16, 17, mean people outside who don’t know, and don’t want to hear. They will stay focused on physical and sensory things, and will be in dread about knowledge of God.

Then, in Micah 7:18-20, Micah ends on a positive note: God will continue to have compassion on everyone and try to bring them to walk in His ways. Although we are all in freedom to be evil, He will never stop trying to lead us out of it if we will listen.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See Arcana Coelestia 5117.
2. See Arcana Coelestia 1071.
3. See Arcana Coelestia 4563.
4. See Arcana Coelestia 3539.
5. See Arcana Coelestia 4563.
6. See Apocalypse Explained 510, Arcana Coelestia 4967, Apocalypse Revealed 455.
7. See John 21:15-17
8. See Arcana Coelestia 9011, 1971

-----

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Exploring the Meaning of Micah 7      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In this last chapter of his book, in Micah 7:1-4, the prophet is discouraged about the evil that he sees in the land. The cluster (of grapes ) that he doesn’t see means that there is no love of the neighbor there. 1 The firstfruits that his soul longs for mean the upright kind of ordinary life 2 , which he can’t find: “the faithful man has perished from the earth”.

The net in verse 2 is the twisting of truth into falsity and the other way round, to deceive. Those who should be faithful leaders are diving into evil, and take bribes. All this hellish behavior will in the end lead to punishment.

In Micah 7:5, 6, these two verses are really not talking about other people; friends, companions, wives or husbands, or in-laws. When Micah refers to a “man’s household” he is talking about the evil loves that live in our own will. That’s where the evil is that we must fear and stamp out. 3

Micah 7:7-9 shows the path away from evil. God will hear us. But we must see that we have sinned and admit it to the Lord 4 , and ask for His help in stopping. He will be a light in our “darkness”. Micah admits his own weakness and admits that only the Lord’s power can "bring him forth to the light".

In Micah 7:10, "She" represents the affection for doing some kind of evil. Everyone has some sort of affections that way. 5 Those affections will try to persuade us that Jehovah can’t help, but if we persist in calling on Him for help, those affections can be shamed and eventually be trampled into the mud.

Micah 7:11, 12 says that when the Lord comes to found a new church, it will spread. Assyria here means reasoning, and Egypt means natural science. Cities mean doctrine from truth, and mountains mean goods, so the picture is of the spreading of both truth and good from one boundary to the other, all the way from natural truths to reasoning about spiritual things -- our whole mind. 6

But the old church will be desolate, according to Micah 7:13.

In Micah 7:14,15, to pasture means to feed the flock as a shepherd 7 , or to teach the truths that the Lord provides. The forest means the church as to truth, and Carmel means the church as to good. 8 Bashan and Gilead mean the same ideas from the stories of the Word, the literal sense.

Nations, in Micah 7:16, 17, mean people outside who don’t know, and don’t want to hear. They will stay focused on physical and sensory things, and will be in dread about knowledge of God.

Then, in Micah 7:18-20, Micah ends on a positive note: God will continue to have compassion on everyone and try to bring them to walk in His ways. Although we are all in freedom to be evil, He will never stop trying to lead us out of it if we will listen.

-----
Footnotes:

1. See Arcana Coelestia 5117.
2. See Arcana Coelestia 1071.
3. See Arcana Coelestia 4563.
4. See Arcana Coelestia 3539.
5. See Arcana Coelestia 4563.
6. See Apocalypse Explained 510, Arcana Coelestia 4967, Apocalypse Revealed 455.
7. See John 21:15-17
8. See Arcana Coelestia 9011, 1971

-----

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 221


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

属天的奥秘 120, 249, 348, 1071, 1165, 1178, 1186, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 383, 413, 444, 455, 485, 501, 503, ...

Doctrine of the Lord 4

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 85

真实的基督教 51


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 482, 526, 538, 569, 581, 632, 652, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 56

Marriage 51

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 57, 76

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Významy biblických slov

夏天
Summer' signifies the full state of the church, the same as 'noon.'


When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...


The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...


It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

守望者
'A watchman,' as in Isaiah 21:11, in an internal sense, signifies someone who observes the states of the church and its changes, which applies to...


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...


In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...


"Bosom" in general terms means the chest, but more as the seat of the emotions than simply as part of the body. You'd think of...

兒子
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

父親
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

女兒
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

母親
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

耶和華
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


The Lord from the essential divine, through the divine human, is the savior. The Lord became the savior by His spiritual temptations, or combats.


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。

起來
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...


If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

黑暗
“黑暗”是没有光的状态。 “光”是来自主的真理,因此“黑暗”代表了缺乏真理的状态。 这是来自Arcana Coelestia的令人信服的文章: “尚未再生的人被称为'虚无而空的地球',也被称为'地面',其中根本没有播种任何善良或真理-'void'在没有善良的情况下,'empty' “那里没有真理。因此,存在着“深沉的黑暗”,愚蠢和缺乏对与对主的信仰以及与灵性和天体生活有关的任何事物的知识。 (天国的秘密17)...


“黑暗”是没有光的状态。 “光”是来自主的真理,因此“黑暗”代表了缺乏真理的状态。 这是来自Arcana Coelestia的令人信服的文章: “尚未再生的人被称为'虚无而空的地球',也被称为'地面',其中根本没有播种任何善良或真理-'void'在没有善良的情况下,'empty' “那里没有真理。因此,存在着“深沉的黑暗”,愚蠢和缺乏对与对主的信仰以及与灵性和天体生活有关的任何事物的知识。 (天国的秘密17)...


1879年11月4日托马斯-爱迪生申请了一项长烧灯泡的专利。 1879年11月5日灯泡作为一种思想的象征被普遍接受。 好吧,这句话是我们编的,但漫画家至少从20世纪20年代就开始用灯泡作为符号了,通俗的语言中就有光与思想的联系:当人们理解了某件事情时,就会 "看到了光";当我们试图通过给一个疑难的问题带来新的思考,来 "点亮 "它;当人们得到新的信息或对某件事情有了更完整的理解时,就会 "开悟"。 因此,《圣经》中的 "光 "在最高的意义上代表着神圣的真理:知识、思想、观念、理解,这些都是从主而来的。在较小的程度上--灯的光、月亮的光等等--它代表了更低级的真理、思想和理解,这些真理、思想和理解来自于更多的世俗的来源。 这一点的基础在于,太阳代表着主,它的热代表着主的爱,它的光代表着主的智慧。这种智慧以真理的形式进入我们的生活,进入我们的生活,这些东西我们可以知道和思考,引导我们,帮助我们成为好人。

耶和華的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


'Justice' signifies both good and truth.


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...


'A hedge,' as mentioned in Matthew 21:33, signifies preservation from falsities of evil which are from hell.


'Rivers' signify truths in abundance serving the rational self, and so, the understanding, for the purpose of doctrine and life. 'Rivers' or 'floods' signify temptations....


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...


'Hills' signify the good of charity.

居民
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.


A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

羊群
It’s pretty easy for most people to read the Bible and get a sense for what “sheep” means without any help. They are simple, peaceful,...


A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

埃及
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...


'The bite of a snake' or 'serpent,' as in Amos. 5:19, signifies falsification of the Word, from the interior dominion of falsity from evil.

罪過
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

永遠
In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...

我們
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...


In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...


In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...


The deeps mentioned in Psalms 148:7 signify the ultimate heavens, in which the spiritual natural angels are ; also divine truths in abundance, and arcana...

雅各
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

亞伯拉罕
亚伯拉罕(或称亚伯兰,在故事的开头就有他的名字)是圣经故事中的主要人物之一。他是所有以色列子孙的祖先,通过他的儿子以撒,是所有以色列人的祖先,通过他的儿子以实玛利,是阿拉伯人的祖先。他的一生可分为三个时期。第一个时期包括从他在乌尔出生的不为人知的早年,以及后来随父亲他的父亲他拉搬到哈兰。第二部分从亚伯兰被耶和华呼召去迦南开始。它包括他在那里的冒险经历,一直到创世记第17章的事件,据说他已经99岁了,有钱有势--但他的妻子撒莱没有儿子。耶和华再一次向他显现,应许他的子孙要成为大国,举行割礼,并将他的名字改成亚伯拉罕,加上耶和华的 "啊 "声。在他生命中的第三个时期,也是最后一个时期,以撒的出生,撒拉的死(他的名字也被改了),以及从亚伯拉罕在美索不达米亚的亲戚中为以撒找到了妻子。 据说亚伯拉罕死的时候已经175岁了,正如创世记第25章所记载的那样。 但是,我们在这里感兴趣的是亚伯拉罕的深层代表,因为他预言或预示了耶稣在亚伯拉罕在地上生活了几个世纪之后,他为马利亚所生后的生命的最深处。亚伯拉罕代表了神的善或爱。道的内在意义告诉我们,神亲自将生命提供给马利亚体内的卵子,使她能提供一个自然的身体和犹太教的自然遗传,而耶稣的灵魂则作为神性生命的直接拥有者被保留下来。在耶稣的早期生活中,大概到青少年时期,耶稣在他的思想和精神的内心深处,活出了亚伯拉罕的那些有代表性的行为。亚伯拉罕在放牧羊群和管理他的大户人家时,根本不知道这是真的,在耶稣的生命早期,他也没有意识到这一点。随着耶稣的成长,一定有一些感悟,见证他12岁时去圣殿,但直到他完全长大后才完全明白。 再进一步说,不只是亚伯拉罕。 当亚伯拉罕死后,代表的是以撒,他代表着理性的心灵层面,然后是雅各和以扫,他们分别代表着自然的心灵,在心灵中的真和善。 然后,十二支派的试炼,诸王的试炼,以及所有先知的话语,都成为同样的代表。因此,耶稣可以对他在去以马忤斯路上遇到的两个门徒说:"愚昧的人啊,心思迟钝的人啊..........从摩西和所有的先知开始,他在所有的经文中向他们阐述了所有关于他自己的事。" 此外,我们每一个人的精神和属灵生活的进步,都是亚伯拉罕生命中所代表的微弱而有限的形象,如果我们努力遵守主的律法和戒律,彼此相爱的话。我们的内心深处也有前往迦南地的旅程,有在埃及勤劳的安居乐业,有在旷野的挣扎,也有扫罗、大卫和亚哈。 我们有自家的亚玛力人,也有非利士人。整个旧约圣经中,都是我们属灵生活的写照。 (以下是按时间顺序,随着亚伯兰/亚伯拉罕年龄的增长,按圣经的顺序排列)。...


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