士師記 2

Studovat vnitřní smysl
← 士師記 1   士師記 3 →         

1 耶和華的使者從吉甲上到波金,對以色列人:我使你們從埃及,領你們到我向你們列祖起誓應許之地。我又:我永不廢棄與你們所立的約。

2 你們也不可與這地的居民立約,要拆毀他們的祭壇。你們竟沒有從我的話!為何這樣行呢?

3 因此我又:我必不將他們從你們面前趕出;他們必作你們肋下的荊棘。他們的必作你們的網羅。

4 耶和華的使者向以色列眾人的時候,百姓就放聲而哭。

5 於是給那地方起名波金(就是哭的意思)。眾人在那裡向耶和華獻祭。

6 從前約書亞打發以色列百姓去的時候,他們各歸自己的地業,佔據地土。

7 約書亞在世和約書亞死後,那些見耶和華以色列人所行事的長老還在的時候,百姓都事奉耶和華

8 耶和華的僕人、嫩的兒子約書亞,正一歲就死了

9 以色列人將他葬在他地業的境內,就是在以法蓮地的亭拿希烈,在迦實邊。

10 世代的人也都歸了自己的列祖。來有別的世代興起,不知道耶和華,也不知道耶和華以色列人所行的事。

11 以色列人耶和華眼中看為惡的事,去事奉諸巴力,

12 離棄了領他們出埃及地的耶和華─他們列祖的,去叩拜別,就是四圍列國的,惹耶和華發怒;

13 並離棄耶和華,去事奉巴力和亞斯他錄。

14 耶和華的怒氣向以色列人發作,就把他們交在搶奪他們的人中,又將他們付與四圍仇敵的中,甚至他們在仇敵面前再不能站立得住。

15 他們無論往何處去,耶和華都以災禍攻擊他們,正如耶和華的話,又如耶和華向他們所起的誓;他們便極其困苦。

16 耶和華興起士師,士師就拯他們脫離搶奪他們人的

17 他們卻不從士師,竟隨從叩拜別,行了邪淫,速速地偏離他們列祖所行的道,不如他們列祖順從耶和華的命令

18 耶和華為他們興起士師,就與那士師同在。士師在世的一切日子,耶和華他們脫離仇敵的。他們因受欺壓擾害,就哀聲歎氣,所以耶和華後悔了。

19 及至士師,他們就去行惡,比他們列祖更甚,去事奉叩拜別,總不斷絕頑梗的惡行。

20 於是耶和華的怒氣向以色列人發作。他:因這民違背我吩咐他們列祖所守的約,不從我的話,

21 所以約書亞的時候所剩下的各族,我必不再從他們面前趕出,

22 為要藉此試驗以色列人,看他們肯照他們列祖謹守遵行我的道不肯。

23 這樣耶和華留下各族,不將他們速速趕出,也沒有交付約書亞的

← 士師記 1   士師記 3 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Judges 2      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 2: Israel’s disobedience and Joshua’s death.

This chapter opens with a reprimand from the Angel of the Lord. The Israelites had been commanded not to make any treaties with the people of Canaan, and to tear down their altars. The Angel warned that Israel had broken their covenant to the Lord, so the Lord would not drive out the other inhabitants of the land; they would be thorns in Israel’s side, and their gods would be a snare. Israel wept, and sacrificed to the Lord.

After the Israelites had gone to their assigned territories, it mentions Joshua’s death and burial (yet Joshua had died at the end of the book of Joshua!). All Israel had followed the Lord during Joshua’s time, and understood what the Lord had done for Israel. But the older generation died away, and a new generation arose who did not know the Lord, nor what He had done for Israel.

The chapter then spells out the terrible plight in which the people of Israel had entangled themselves. They had begun to worship Baal and Ashtaroth, the gods of the Canaanites, and they turned away from the Lord who had done so much for them. So, the Lord allowed their enemies to attack them, and Israel could not stand against them. This theme of straying from the Lord, and in turn being punished, will return through the next few chapters.

In the midst of this, the text says that the Lord raised up judges who delivered Israel. However, when each judge died, the people reverted to worshipping other gods. This seems to anticipate the events ahead in Judges.

*****

This chapter really marks the first of many transgressions committed by the Israelites in the book of Judges. The first three verses of this chapter feature the Angel of the Lord, who appears many times throughout the Word, and for many reasons: sometimes to bless, but in this case, to admonish the children of Israel for their disobedience. The Angel of the Lord stands firm and resolute, and represents truths from the Lord revealed in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 96[6]).

The spiritual meaning of ‘weeping’ can mean various things, depending on the context. Here, the people wept because of the Angel’s warning, in momentary recognition of their wrongdoing. This is not real repentance (a ‘change of heart’), but fear along with a sense of our own self-love, which may lead us into more disobedience (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 153).

The death of the older generation and rise of a new one represents a change of state in us. The older generation - Joshua and the elders - served as a connection between the people and the Lord, since they had seen the Lord’s blessings on Israel in their own time. However, when we lose that connection, both our love of obedience and understanding of why we must obey the Lord fall away.

Our changes of state usually happen quickly; we suddenly get angry, feel fear, become selfish. When we turn to the Lord for help during these times, we quickly enter a state of humility in which the Lord can reach us (see Swedenborg’s Doctrine of Life 21).

After Joshua’s death, the children of Israel began to worship other gods, and the Lord punished them. In our lives, this would be like turning back on our devotion to the Lord to instead focus on worldly things, and do just as we please. There is no punishment from the Lord, only the consequences of our actions. We become weak, easy prey for doubts and anxieties, completely at the mercy of the hells (see Arcana Caelestia 7373).

Although the Lord raised judges to lead the people, the Israelites would would return to their old ways once the judge had passed away. This gives us a valuable spiritual truth that even in our sorry state of self-interest, we are still, at times, able to see the mess we are in. We may feel alarmed for a while, but this subsides and we grow complacent once again. The Lord raises up judges so that we can hold ourselves accountable.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 921, 1925, 3255, 4539, 8286, 8301


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 391

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:



Skočit na podobné biblické verše

創世記 12:18, 17:7, 22:11

出埃及記 1:6, 8, 13:3, 9, 14, 16, 15:25, 23:33, 32:7, 8, 14

利未記 26:17, 37

民數記 25:3, 32:13

如申命记 1:8, 4:25, 6:12, 18:20, 28:20, 31:16, 18

約書亞記 7:12, 19:50, 23:13, 16, 24:28, 29, 31

士師記 1:1, 3:1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 12, 15, 31, 4:1, 2, 5:8, 6:1, 8, 10, 11, 12, 16, 8:27, 33, 10:1, 6, 7, 9, 13, 16, 11:24, 32, 13:1

路得记 1:1, 13

撒母耳記上 7:3, 6, 11:4, 12:10, 15, 14:48

撒母耳記下 7:11, 24:1

列王纪上 11:5

列王纪下 13:3

历代志下 12:1, 2, 28:2, 3, 5, 33:3, 36:16

以斯拉记 10:1

尼希米记 9:27, 28

詩篇 44:11, 89:3, 106:34, 40, 42, 43, 45

以賽亞書 42:24

耶利米書 2:20, 3:6, 6:16, 9:2, 5, 16:11, 12

約珥書 2:12

使徒行傳 13:20

哥林多後書 7:10

Významy biblických slov

耶和華
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

耶和華的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

吉甲
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

埃及
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

居民
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

祭壇
圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。


圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。


'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

地方
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...


'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

長老
In general, things that are “elder” in the Bible represent spiritual states that come before others. For example, of the two sisters Jacob married, Leah...


'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

僕人
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

兒子
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....


It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...


Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

死了
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

以法蓮
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...


'Hills' signify the good of charity.


'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

世代
To “generate” something is to create it, and that idea underpins the meaning of a “generation” of people – it is a group that was...


To “generate” something is to create it, and that idea underpins the meaning of a “generation” of people – it is a group that was...


按照瑞典博格的说法,时间和空间不存在于精神现实中,它们是纯粹的自然事物,只存在于物质层面。这就意味着,一个精神性的东西不可能在时间上的另一个精神性的东西 "之后 "发生,因为没有时间。而一个精神性的东西也不可能在空间上 "追随 "另一个精神性的东西,因为没有空间。 相反,灵性的现实是建立在灵性状态的基础上,或天使的爱和思想。这些爱和思想以因果链的方式连接在一起,天使们的体验就像我们体验时间一样;一个思想在精神层面上流向另一个思想,而天使们感觉到这种进步,就像我们感觉到一个时刻流向另一个时刻的进步一样。当天使有类似的思想和感觉时,他们体验到的亲近感和我们对肉体亲近感的体验是非常相同的;他们对 "空间 "的概念是整个精神世界中的灵魂所拥有的思想和情感的变化。 当《圣经》将某件事情描述为 "后边 "的东西时,那么,属灵的意义就与属灵状态的递进有关;它是在前边的东西基础上产生的新的属灵状态。由于较高的状态会流入较低的状态,所以 "之后 "的东西往往是较低的、较外在的状态。例如,内心深处对他人的善的渴望,会自动地流向具体的想法,即我们可以做的具体的善事。那么,这些具体的想法,就会 "在 "善的欲望之后。

知道
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

站立
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...


To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

命令
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...


Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Angels and the Book of Judges
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Judges of Israel
Family lessons provide a worship talk and a variety of activities for children and teens..
Religion Lesson | Ages 4 - 17

 The Lord Our Hero
Each one of us today may have someone who we consider our hero, someone we truly look up to with admiration, someone who has stood up to help others. But if you think about it, there is one Hero who stands far above all the rest, and that is the Lord Himself.
Article | Ages 15 - 17


Přeložit: