士師記 19

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1 以色列中沒有的時候,有住以法蓮地那邊的一個利未,娶了一個猶大伯利恆的女子為妾。

2 妾行淫離開丈夫,回猶大伯利恆,到了父家,在那裡住了

3 丈夫起來著一個僕、兩匹去見他,用好話勸他回來。女子就引丈夫進入父家。他父見了那,便歡歡喜喜地迎接。

4 那人的岳父,就是女子的父親,將那人留下。於是二人一同宿。

5 第四,利未人清起來要走,女子的父親對女婿:請你吃點飯,加添力,然可以行

6 於是下一同。女子的父親對那:請你再一夜,暢快你的

7 起來要走,他岳父強留他,他又住了一宿。

8 到第五,他清起來要走,女子的父親:請你點飯,加添心力,等到日頭偏西再走。於是人一同飯。

9 同他的妾和僕起來要走,他岳父,就是女子的父親,對他:看哪,日頭偏西了,請你再住一夜;快晚了,可以在這裡住宿,暢快你的心。明天起行回家去。

10 不願再住一夜,就備上那兩匹著妾起身走了,到耶布斯的對面(耶布斯就是耶路撒冷。)

11 臨近耶布斯的時候,日頭快要落了,僕人對我們不如進這耶布斯人的城裡住宿。

12 人回答我們不可進不是以色列人住的外邦城,不如過到基比亞去;

13 又對僕人我們可以到地方,或住在基比亞,或住在拉瑪

14 他們就往前走。將到便雅憫的基比亞,日頭已經落了;

15 他們進入基比亞要在那裡宿,就在城裡的街上,因為無接他們進宿。

16 晚上,有一個老年從田間做工回。他原是以法蓮地的,住在基比亞;那地方卻是便雅憫

17 老年舉目見客坐在城裡的街上,就問他:你從哪裡?要往哪裡去?

18 他回答我們猶大伯利恆來,要往以法蓮地那邊去。我原是那裡的,到過猶大伯利恆,現在我往耶和華的殿去,在這裡無接我進他的家。

19 其實我有糧可以餵,我與我的妾,並我的僕人,有餅有酒,並不缺少甚麼。

20 老年:願你平安!你所需用的我都給你,只是不可在街上過夜。

21 於是領他們到家裡,餵上,他們就

22 他們裡正歡暢的時候,城中的匪徒圍住房子,連連叩,對房主老:你把那進你家的,我們要與他交合。

23 那房主出對他們弟兄們哪,不要這樣作惡;這既然進了我的家,你們就不要行這醜事。

24 我有個女兒,還是處女,並有這的妾,我將他們領出來任憑你們玷辱他們,只是向這不可行這樣的醜事。

25 那些卻不從他的話。那就把他的妾拉出去交給他們,他們便與他交合,終夜凌辱他,直到天色快亮才放他去。

26 天快亮的時候,婦回到他住宿的房前,就仆倒在地,直到天亮。

27 早晨,他的起來開了,出去要行,不料那婦人仆倒在房前,兩搭在檻上;

28 就對婦起來我們走罷!婦卻不回答。那便將他馱在上,起身回本處去了。

29 到了家裡,用將妾的屍身切成十塊,使人拿著傳送以色列的四境。

30 見的人都:從以色列人埃及地,直到今日,這樣的事沒有行過,也沒有見過。現在應當思想,大家商議當怎樣辦理。

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 19      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

The Levite’s Concubine and the Crime of Gibeah

In many ways the events in this chapter show the further deterioration of the spiritual condition of the people of Israel. It's a terrible story, much like the story of Sodom, much earlier in the Book of Genesis. It ends with some men of Gibeah – a town of Israel – seeking to have sex with a man who is a guest of one of the men of the city. This does not happen; they are instead diverted into an all-night rape of the man’s concubine, so that she is lifeless when he retrieves her body in the morning. He then cuts her up into twelve pieces and sends these throughout the whole territory of Israel.

As we have been saying, these last few chapters of the Book of Judges show clearly that once evil takes hold of a person – even a community or a country – and goes unchecked, and there is no indication of any desire to stop it or to turn from it, it will expand and poison the whole ‘body’. Then there is no distinction between what is good and evil, or between what is true and what is false, and there is no longer any active conscience left to check thoughts, desires and actions. (Arcana Caelestia 977)

The story begins… A Levite, a priest of Israel, takes a concubine from Bethlehem in Judah, but she takes part in prostitution and leaves the priest and goes to her father’s house in Bethlehem. The Levite goes to talk kindly with her, and she takes him into her father’s house where he is made welcome by her father.

The spiritual meaning of this is about a fairly mild situation of disorder and wrong which will form the beginning of all that is to happen. The Levite has a concubine. The concubine takes part in prostitution. The father’s fault seems to be that he keeps delaying the Levite’s departure. Every person lives with their own natures which produce mild disorders which can in fact become useful to us during regeneration. But allowed or left to stay unchecked, these disorders can begin to take hold. (Arcana Caelestia 8407)

The Levite keeps intending to leave, but several times the father of the concubine begs him to stay another night and detains him. Three days there becomes four, another night is spent, and on the fifth day the father urges the Levite to stay and eat and spend another night and go away early the next day. This time the Levite refuses and they leave and get to the town of Jebus, a Canaanite town which will eventually become Jerusalem.

The spiritual meaning of these delays before leaving lies in the danger of not turning away from something which is beginning to hold us and become our new normality. The father is very persuasive, but he is the father of a concubine who prostitutes herself. The Levite senses something is not right, and he insists he will leave. (Divine Providence 329)

The Levite’s servant asks for them to stay in Jebus, but the Levite refuses to stay in a foreign city and says they will go on to Gibeah or Ramah. They come to Gibeah and stay in the square as no one will take them in. An old man passes by and offers to take them into his house, and they go with him.

The spiritual point of this refusal to stay in the foreign city of Jebus but to go on to Gibeah, a city in Israel, is to bring out for us a sense of the abhorrence of what is about to happen there, and the extent of the wrong in Israel. (Apocalypse Revealed 158)

Some men of Gibeah beat on the door demanding that the man staying there come out so that they can sexually abuse him. The old man refuses but offers them his virgin daughter and the visitor’s concubine, but the men refuse. The Levite takes the concubine out of the house to the men and they rape her all night until morning.

The spiritual meaning for us of this story of the men of Gibeah and the concubine stems from the fact that no one in the entire story is blameless, apart from the virgin daughter of the old man. Everyone else is culpable. Spiritually, this reminds us that we are potentially capable of thinking about and even wanting to commit every evil and that regeneration – shunning all evils as sins against God and living in careful obedience to the Word – is the guard against this. (Divine Providence 296)

Abused and left, the concubine falls at the door of the house. In the morning the Levite sees her, bids her get ready to leave, then realises she is dead. He puts her on his donkey and goes to his house. He takes a knife and cuts the concubine into twelve pieces and sends these throughout the whole of Israel. And all who see say that no such thing has been seen since Israel came out of Egypt and end saying, ‘Consider it. Confer. Speak up!’

The spiritual meaning for us in dividing the concubine’s body in twelve parts and distributing them throughout all Israel is to do with our need to examine ourselves and see where our evils lie within us, often hidden and unknown. This is to be done in view of our actions, words, thoughts, intentions and what we might do if there were no penalty. (Divine Providence 149, 152, 278)

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以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

以法蓮
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...


'Hills' signify the good of charity.


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

猶大
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

伯利恆
在圣经中,以法拉和伯利恒之间有很强的关系;它们可能是同一个城镇的两个不同名称,也可能是以法拉描述的地区包括伯利恒。不管是什么情况,它们在《圣经》中都扮演着重要的角色。当然,伯利恒是众所周知的耶稣的出生地,但也是大卫和本雅明的出生地,本雅明的母亲拉结也葬在那里。 原因是以法拉和伯利恒(顺便说一下,还有本雅明)代表了我们属灵的线的一个关键元素,这个元素使我们有可能拥有属灵的生活。 在最深层次上,我们的身份、我们的人性,是由爱所决定的--我们所爱的东西使我们成为什么样的人、什么样的人。但这种爱被锁在我们的内心深处;它不是我们可以直接与他人分享的。要分享它,我们必须给它一个形式--而给它一个形式意味着我们实际上是把它变成了思想,变成了真理。作为真理,它可以被分享,如果我们幸运的话,接受它的人将能够反其道而行之,感受到并内化为真理中所包含的爱。 不过,这个过程,涉及到两种 "量子飞跃"。爱是一种内在的东西,而真理是一种外在的东西(或如瑞典博格所说,爱是天体性的,真理是精神性的),内在的东西和外在的东西是分开的,处于两个不同的存在平面。把爱作为真理表达出来,需要一个特殊的过程,从真理中接受爱也需要一个特殊的过程。这就是伯利恒的意义所在。 伯利恒(和以法拉和本雅明)代表了瑞典博格所说的 "天人之灵"。这就是天体元素--爱--可以向着一种形式推进,可以尽可能地变得 "像真理一样"。与之相匹配的是一种叫做 "精神的天体",在这里,精神元素--真理--可以尽可能地变成 "爱的样子"。通过这些中间人,爱可以跳过这道鸿沟,有点像神经冲动穿越突触,或者像磁场把两块磁铁拉到一起。这是我们把爱变成有用的形式的唯一途径,也是我们分享爱的唯一途径。 这也解释了为什么约瑟要等到本雅明与他的弟兄们同在埃及时,才能向他们显明自己--约瑟代表灵界的天人,需要与天人的灵界的灵界配对才能沟通。这也解释了为什么主必须在伯利恒出生的原因。祂以人的形式降临,使祂的完美、无限的、神圣的爱能以真理的形式出现,与我们分享。这必须通过把一个内在的、天上的东西----祂的爱----变成一个外在的、属灵的形式----祂的真理来实现。只有通过天体的灵性,也就是伯利恒,才能实现这一点。


The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...


'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

丈夫
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

起來
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...


Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...


Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

回來
在《圣经》中,有很多描述人回头看、回头看或回去的例子。在大多数情况下,这是一种消极的,有时是毁灭性的(就像罗得的妻子,当她回望所多玛的毁灭时,变成了一根盐柱子)。一般情况下,这代表着我们的状态,当我们进入到一个新的精神境界,发现自己希望得到旧的安逸和轻松时,回去代表着回到更早的低级阶段。 当 "回 "与物联系在一起的时候,"回 "的意义更多的是字面意义。当有人拿东西回来或给东西时,其精神意义大多是以物与行为人为中心。

進入
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

父親
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...


The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...


The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...


When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...


To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

第四
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...


Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...


The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...


按照瑞典博格的说法,时间和空间不存在于精神现实中,它们是纯粹的自然事物,只存在于物质层面。这就意味着,一个精神性的东西不可能在时间上的另一个精神性的东西 "之后 "发生,因为没有时间。而一个精神性的东西也不可能在空间上 "追随 "另一个精神性的东西,因为没有空间。 相反,灵性的现实是建立在灵性状态的基础上,或天使的爱和思想。这些爱和思想以因果链的方式连接在一起,天使们的体验就像我们体验时间一样;一个思想在精神层面上流向另一个思想,而天使们感觉到这种进步,就像我们感觉到一个时刻流向另一个时刻的进步一样。当天使有类似的思想和感觉时,他们体验到的亲近感和我们对肉体亲近感的体验是非常相同的;他们对 "空间 "的概念是整个精神世界中的灵魂所拥有的思想和情感的变化。 当《圣经》将某件事情描述为 "后边 "的东西时,那么,属灵的意义就与属灵状态的递进有关;它是在前边的东西基础上产生的新的属灵状态。由于较高的状态会流入较低的状态,所以 "之后 "的东西往往是较低的、较外在的状态。例如,内心深处对他人的善的渴望,会自动地流向具体的想法,即我们可以做的具体的善事。那么,这些具体的想法,就会 "在 "善的欲望之后。


These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....


The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...


If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

明天
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

耶路撒冷
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...


In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

我們
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

地方
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

拉瑪
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

晚上
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

耶和華的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

耶和華
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


The word 'straw,' as in Genesis 24:25, signifies scientific truths, because it is food for camels. Straw,' as in Isaiah 11:6, signifies the Word in...

僕人
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...


It does not take a great leap of imagination to see that “washing” in the Bible represents purification. Washing dirt from the skin is symbolic...


The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...


In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

弟兄們
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

女兒
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...

處女
'Virgins,' as in Revelation 14:4, signify people who love truths because they are truths, so from a spiritual affection. 'Virgin' signifies the church as a...


'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

早晨
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

開了
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

回答
一般来说,"回答 "是指一种属灵的接受状态。归根结底,这意味着接受主,主不断地试图将真正的想法和美好的愿望灌输到我们的心灵和思想中。它也可以是在我们的外在部分接受自己的内在部分的引导--承诺使我们的行动跟随我们更深的信仰。 在圣经中,"回答 "经常与 "说 "搭配在一起。在这些情况下,一般来说,它表示的是一种感知的程度加上接受的程度。这意味着你不仅能接受从主那里临到你的东西,而且还能看到它,认识到其中的真理,并认识到这里面的真理,这将使你的生活更加美好。


'A knife' used for sacrifices denotes the truth of faith.

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

埃及
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

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 Deborah and Barak Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the story of Deborah and Barak.
Activity | All Ages

 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages


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