士師記 18

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1 那時,以色列中沒有。但支派的人仍是尋地居住;因為到那日子,他們還沒有在以色列支派中得地為業。

2 但人從瑣拉和以實陶打發本族中的個勇士,去仔細窺探那地,吩咐他們:你們去窺探那地。他們以法蓮地,進了米迦的住宅,就在那裡住宿。

3 他們臨近米迦的住宅,聽出那少年利未人的口音,就進去問他:誰領你到這裡?你在這裡做甚麼?你在這裡得甚麼?

4 他回答:米迦待我如此如此,請我作祭司

5 他們對他:請你求問,使我們知道所行的道路通達不通達。

6 祭司對他們:你們可以平平安安地去,你們所行的道路是在耶和華面前的。

7 人就走了,到拉億,見那裡的民安居無慮,如同西頓人安居一樣。在那地沒有人掌權擾亂他們;他們離西頓人也遠,與別人沒有往。

8 五人回到瑣拉和以實陶,見他們的弟兄;弟兄問他們:你們有甚麼話?

9 他們回答起來我們上去攻擊他們罷!我們已經窺探那地,見那地甚。你們為何靜坐不動呢?要急速前往得那地為業,不可遲延。

10 你們到了那裡,必看見安居無慮的民,地也寬闊。□已將那地交在你們中;那地百物俱全,一無所缺。

11 於是但族中的,各帶兵器,從瑣拉和以實陶前往,

12 上到猶大的基列耶琳,在基列耶琳邊安營。因此那地方瑪哈尼但,直到今日。

13 他們從那裡往以法蓮地去,到米迦的住宅。

14 從前窺探拉億地的個人對他們的弟兄:這宅子裡有以弗得和家中的神像,並雕刻的像與鑄成的像,你們知道麼?現在你們要想一想當怎樣行。

15 五人就進入米迦的住宅,到了那少年利未人的房內問他好。

16 各帶兵器,站在門口

17 窺探地的走進去,將雕刻的像、以弗得、家中的神像,並鑄成的像,都拿了去。祭司兵器的,一同站在門口

18 那五個人進入米迦的住宅,拿出雕刻的像、以弗得、家中的神像,並鑄成的像,祭司就問他們:你們做甚麼呢?

19 他們回答:不要作聲,用,跟我們去罷!我們必以你為父、為祭司。你作家的祭司呢?還是作以色列支派的祭司呢?

20 祭司裡喜悅,便拿著以弗得和家中的神像,並雕刻的像,進入他們中間。

21 他們就轉身離開那裡,妻子、兒女、牲畜、財物都在前頭。

22 離米迦的住宅已遠,米迦的近鄰都聚集來,追趕但人,

23 呼叫但人。但人回頭問米迦:你聚集這許多人來做甚麼呢?

24 米迦:你們將我所做的像和祭司都帶了去,我還有所剩的麼?怎麼還問我做甚麼呢?

25 但人對米迦:你不要使我們見你的聲音,恐怕有性暴的人攻擊你,以致你和你的全家盡都喪命。

26 但人還是走他們的。米迦見他們的勢力比自己強盛,就轉身回家去了。

27 但人將米迦所做的神像和他的祭司到拉億,見安居無慮的民,就用刀殺了那民,又放燒了那城,

28 並無人搭;因為離西頓遠,他們又與別人沒有來往。城在平原,那平原靠近伯利合。但人又在那裡修城居住

29 照著他們始祖以色列之子但的名字,給那城起名但;原先那城名拉億。

30 但人就為自己設立那雕刻的像。摩西的孫子、革舜的兒子約拿單,和他的子孫作但支派的祭司,直到那地遭擄掠的日子。

31 的殿在示羅多少日子,但人為自己設立米迦所雕刻的像也在但多少日子。

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 18      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

The Tribe of Dan Adopts Micah’s Idolatry

This chapter shows the way in which one person’s distortion of truth, turning it into a falsity, can have severe consequences on a larger scale.

The tribe of Dan – one of the twelve tribes of Israel – was given land to the west, by the coast, but they found it hard to hold on to. The name of the tribe of Dan means ‘to judge’, but if judgment isn't based on the Word there will be chaos. (Arcana Caelestia 842)

Faced with competition for their homeland, the tribal leaders of Dan went looking for a place for themselves elsewhere. They sent five men of valour to spy out the land. These men came to Micah’s house, and they recognised the voice of the young Levite there. They questioned him about his situation, and he told them that Micah had hired him to be a priest to his household. The men of Dan asked the Levite to ask the Lord if their search would be prosperous, and he told them that it would be.

The spiritual meaning of this part of the chapter is to do with an intensifying wrongness. At the textual level, there is reference to the Lord, and an apparent normality in what takes place. But underlying it, there's a wrongness, which will become apparent later in the chapter. The pointers to it here are the five men from Dan, them coming straight to Micah’s house, and the hiring of a priest.

The number ‘five’ has a good meaning in many parts of the Word, but it can also have a bad meaning, as it does here. In this context, it stands for only a little, for disunion and the destruction of the Word (Apocalypse Revealed 738).

Coming directly to Micah’s house and recognising the Levite brings together two evil intentions: Micah’s idol and the men of Dan’s search to take a home for themselves. An example for us could be where two people plot to seek the harm of a third person. (Arcana Caelestia 4724)

The hiring of a priest is something disallowed, for priests are there to serve the Lord and they are provided for by the people, not to be hired. Hiring, spiritually, stands for seeking reward for what you do, whereas the true reward is heaven for those who serve without expecting a reward. (Arcana Caelestia 8002)

The five men leave Micah's house, and go on to Laish in the far north, where there are people who dwell securely in peace and without rulers, far from others and with no ties. Laish means ‘fearless and kneaded together’. It is a picture of perfection, of heaven. (Divine Love and Wisdom 200)

The five men then return to their tribe of Dan and report about Laish. They say that it is ideal for the taking because it has plenty of land and its people are secure. They say that “God has given it into your hands”.

Six hundred men of the tribe of Dan set out and they too, come to the house of Micah. The five spies tell them about the idols and they meet and greet the young Levite. Then the five spies go in and take all the idols in the house. The Levite joins up with the men from Dan and they go on together.

One spiritual meaning in the story is that evil (Dan, gone bad) loves to destroy peace and innocence (Laish).

The complete loss to Micah of all his idols and his hired priest, shows, too, that in fully turning to evil, there is the final loss of everything that might bring a person back. (Arcana Caelestia 9039)

People living near Micah go and accost the men of Dan about what they have taken -- but Micah is told to stop complaining or his household will be killed.

The Danites leave, and go and capture Laish, killing and burning, and re-naming the city Dan. There they set up the images and appoint priests. These images remain in Dan all the time that the house of God is in Shiloh.

The spiritual meaning of one evil or falsity becoming greater or more numerous is in the way that we might hold a negative emotion or a distorted view in our mind where it then spreads to other emotions and views we have and brings them into greater evil and falsity. This is the intention of evil and also of hell’s influence, to extend it to be as widespread as possible.

This is the outcome of everything that has developed through this and the previous chapter. It describes the spread of evil to become a terrible force for destruction and spiritually, for an individual person, for self-destruction. In the context of the decline of Israel to where ‘everyone did what was right in their own eyes’ this progression presents the pathway and process of that spiritual loss. (Divine Providence 19)

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 2598, 6396


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

属天的奥秘 2799, 3704, 3923, 4111, 8301

天堂与地狱 324


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Spiritual Experiences 2411

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Významy biblických slov

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

居住
'Inhabit' refers to good.


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...


Five also signifies all things of one part.


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...


Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

以法蓮
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...


'Hills' signify the good of charity.

祭司
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。

我們
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

知道
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

道路
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....


These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

耶和華
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

起來
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...


It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...


Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...


It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

猶大
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.


按照瑞典博格的说法,时间和空间不存在于精神现实中,它们是纯粹的自然事物,只存在于物质层面。这就意味着,一个精神性的东西不可能在时间上的另一个精神性的东西 "之后 "发生,因为没有时间。而一个精神性的东西也不可能在空间上 "追随 "另一个精神性的东西,因为没有空间。 相反,灵性的现实是建立在灵性状态的基础上,或天使的爱和思想。这些爱和思想以因果链的方式连接在一起,天使们的体验就像我们体验时间一样;一个思想在精神层面上流向另一个思想,而天使们感觉到这种进步,就像我们感觉到一个时刻流向另一个时刻的进步一样。当天使有类似的思想和感觉时,他们体验到的亲近感和我们对肉体亲近感的体验是非常相同的;他们对 "空间 "的概念是整个精神世界中的灵魂所拥有的思想和情感的变化。 当《圣经》将某件事情描述为 "后边 "的东西时,那么,属灵的意义就与属灵状态的递进有关;它是在前边的东西基础上产生的新的属灵状态。由于较高的状态会流入较低的状态,所以 "之后 "的东西往往是较低的、较外在的状态。例如,内心深处对他人的善的渴望,会自动地流向具体的想法,即我们可以做的具体的善事。那么,这些具体的想法,就会 "在 "善的欲望之后。

地方
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...


'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

進入
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

門口
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...


"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...


In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...


A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...


The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

轉身
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...


Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

呼叫
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...


'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...


Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...


The Lord from the essential divine, through the divine human, is the savior. The Lord became the savior by His spiritual temptations, or combats.

名字
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

兒子
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
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