士師記 18

Study

           

1 那時,以色列中沒有。但支派的人仍是尋地居住;因為到那日子,他們還沒有在以色列支派中得地為業。

2 但人從瑣拉和以實陶打發本族中的個勇士,去仔細窺探那地,吩咐他們:你們去窺探那地。他們以法蓮地,進了米迦的住宅,就在那裡住宿。

3 他們臨近米迦的住宅,聽出那少年利未人的口音,就進去問他:誰領你到這裡?你在這裡做甚麼?你在這裡得甚麼?

4 他回答:米迦待我如此如此,請我作祭司

5 他們對他:請你求問,使我們知道所行的道路通達不通達。

6 祭司對他們:你們可以平平安安地去,你們所行的道路是在耶和華面前的。

7 人就走了,到拉億,見那裡的民安居無慮,如同西頓人安居一樣。在那地沒有人掌權擾亂他們;他們離西頓人也遠,與別人沒有往。

8 五人回到瑣拉和以實陶,見他們的弟兄;弟兄問他們:你們有甚麼話?

9 他們回答起來我們上去攻擊他們罷!我們已經窺探那地,見那地甚。你們為何靜坐不動呢?要急速前往得那地為業,不可遲延。

10 你們到了那裡,必看見安居無慮的民,地也寬闊。□已將那地交在你們中;那地百物俱全,一無所缺。

11 於是但族中的,各帶兵器,從瑣拉和以實陶前往,

12 上到猶大的基列耶琳,在基列耶琳邊安營。因此那地方瑪哈尼但,直到今日。

13 他們從那裡往以法蓮地去,到米迦的住宅。

14 從前窺探拉億地的個人對他們的弟兄:這宅子裡有以弗得和家中的神像,並雕刻的像與鑄成的像,你們知道麼?現在你們要想一想當怎樣行。

15 五人就進入米迦的住宅,到了那少年利未人的房內問他好。

16 各帶兵器,站在門口

17 窺探地的走進去,將雕刻的像、以弗得、家中的神像,並鑄成的像,都拿了去。祭司兵器的,一同站在門口

18 那五個人進入米迦的住宅,拿出雕刻的像、以弗得、家中的神像,並鑄成的像,祭司就問他們:你們做甚麼呢?

19 他們回答:不要作聲,用,跟我們去罷!我們必以你為父、為祭司。你作家的祭司呢?還是作以色列支派的祭司呢?

20 祭司裡喜悅,便拿著以弗得和家中的神像,並雕刻的像,進入他們中間。

21 他們就轉身離開那裡,妻子、兒女、牲畜、財物都在前頭。

22 離米迦的住宅已遠,米迦的近鄰都聚集來,追趕但人,

23 呼叫但人。但人回頭問米迦:你聚集這許多人來做甚麼呢?

24 米迦:你們將我所做的像和祭司都帶了去,我還有所剩的麼?怎麼還問我做甚麼呢?

25 但人對米迦:你不要使我們見你的聲音,恐怕有性暴的人攻擊你,以致你和你的全家盡都喪命。

26 但人還是走他們的。米迦見他們的勢力比自己強盛,就轉身回家去了。

27 但人將米迦所做的神像和他的祭司到拉億,見安居無慮的民,就用刀殺了那民,又放燒了那城,

28 並無人搭;因為離西頓遠,他們又與別人沒有來往。城在平原,那平原靠近伯利合。但人又在那裡修城居住

29 照著他們始祖以色列之子但的名字,給那城起名但;原先那城名拉億。

30 但人就為自己設立那雕刻的像。摩西的孫子、革舜的兒子約拿單,和他的子孫作但支派的祭司,直到那地遭擄掠的日子。

31 的殿在示羅多少日子,但人為自己設立米迦所雕刻的像也在但多少日子。

  

Exploring the Meaning of 士師記 18      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

The Tribe of Dan Adopts Micah’s Idolatry

This chapter shows the way in which one person’s distortion of truth, turning it into a falsity, can have severe consequences on a larger scale.

The tribe of Dan – one of the twelve tribes of Israel – was given land to the west, by the coast, but they found it hard to hold on to. The name of the tribe of Dan means ‘to judge’, but if judgment isn't based on the Word there will be chaos. (Arcana Caelestia 842)

Faced with competition for their homeland, the tribal leaders of Dan went looking for a place for themselves elsewhere. They sent five men of valour to spy out the land. These men came to Micah’s house, and they recognised the voice of the young Levite there. They questioned him about his situation, and he told them that Micah had hired him to be a priest to his household. The men of Dan asked the Levite to ask the Lord if their search would be prosperous, and he told them that it would be.

The spiritual meaning of this part of the chapter is to do with an intensifying wrongness. At the textual level, there is reference to the Lord, and an apparent normality in what takes place. But underlying it, there's a wrongness, which will become apparent later in the chapter. The pointers to it here are the five men from Dan, them coming straight to Micah’s house, and the hiring of a priest.

The number ‘five’ has a good meaning in many parts of the Word, but it can also have a bad meaning, as it does here. In this context, it stands for only a little, for disunion and the destruction of the Word (Apocalypse Revealed 738).

Coming directly to Micah’s house and recognising the Levite brings together two evil intentions: Micah’s idol and the men of Dan’s search to take a home for themselves. An example for us could be where two people plot to seek the harm of a third person. (Arcana Caelestia 4724)

The hiring of a priest is something disallowed, for priests are there to serve the Lord and they are provided for by the people, not to be hired. Hiring, spiritually, stands for seeking reward for what you do, whereas the true reward is heaven for those who serve without expecting a reward. (Arcana Caelestia 8002)

The five men leave Micah's house, and go on to Laish in the far north, where there are people who dwell securely in peace and without rulers, far from others and with no ties. Laish means ‘fearless and kneaded together’. It is a picture of perfection, of heaven. (Divine Love and Wisdom 200)

The five men then return to their tribe of Dan and report about Laish. They say that it is ideal for the taking because it has plenty of land and its people are secure. They say that “God has given it into your hands”.

Six hundred men of the tribe of Dan set out and they too, come to the house of Micah. The five spies tell them about the idols and they meet and greet the young Levite. Then the five spies go in and take all the idols in the house. The Levite joins up with the men from Dan and they go on together.

One spiritual meaning in the story is that evil (Dan, gone bad) loves to destroy peace and innocence (Laish).

The complete loss to Micah of all his idols and his hired priest, shows, too, that in fully turning to evil, there is the final loss of everything that might bring a person back. (Arcana Caelestia 9039)

People living near Micah go and accost the men of Dan about what they have taken -- but Micah is told to stop complaining or his household will be killed.

The Danites leave, and go and capture Laish, killing and burning, and re-naming the city Dan. There they set up the images and appoint priests. These images remain in Dan all the time that the house of God is in Shiloh.

The spiritual meaning of one evil or falsity becoming greater or more numerous is in the way that we might hold a negative emotion or a distorted view in our mind where it then spreads to other emotions and views we have and brings them into greater evil and falsity. This is the intention of evil and also of hell’s influence, to extend it to be as widespread as possible.

This is the outcome of everything that has developed through this and the previous chapter. It describes the spread of evil to become a terrible force for destruction and spiritually, for an individual person, for self-destruction. In the context of the decline of Israel to where ‘everyone did what was right in their own eyes’ this progression presents the pathway and process of that spiritual loss. (Divine Providence 19)

    Studovat vnitřní smysl

Přeložit: