士師記 11

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1 基列人耶弗他是個大能的勇士,是妓女兒子。耶弗他是基列所生的。

2 基列的妻也生了幾個兒子:他妻所生的兒子長大了,就趕逐耶弗他,:你不可在我們父家承受產業,因為你是妓女的兒子

3 耶弗他就逃避他的弟兄,去在陀伯地,有些匪徒到他那裡聚集,與他一同出入。

4 過了些日子,亞捫人攻打以色列

5 亞捫人攻打以色列的時候,基列的長老到陀伯地去,要叫耶弗他回來;

6 對耶弗他:請你來作我們的元帥,我們好與亞捫人爭戰。

7 耶弗他回答基列的長老:從前你們不是恨我、趕逐我出離父家麼?現在你們遭遇急難為何到我這裡呢?

8 基列的長老回答耶弗他:現在我們到你這裡來,是要你同我們去,與亞捫人爭戰;你可以作基列一切居民的領袖。

9 耶弗他對基列的長老:你們叫我回去,與亞捫人爭戰,耶和華把他交我,我可以作你們的領袖麼?

10 基列的長老回答耶弗他:有耶和華在你我中間作見證,我們必定照你的行。

11 於是耶弗他同基列的長老回去,百姓就立耶弗他作領袖、作元帥。耶弗他在米斯巴將自己的一切陳明在耶和華面前。

12 耶弗他打發使者去見亞捫人的:你與我有甚麼相干,竟到我國中攻打我呢?

13 亞捫人的回答耶弗他的使者:因為以色列埃及上來的時候佔據我的地,從亞嫩河到雅博河,直到約但河。現在你要好好地將這地歸還罷!

14 耶弗他又打發使者去見亞捫人的

15 對他:耶弗他如此以色列人並沒有佔據摩押地和亞捫人的地。

16 以色列人埃及乃是經過曠野到紅到加低斯,

17 就打發使者去見以東,說:求你容我從你的地經過。以東卻不應允。又照樣打發使者去見摩押,他也不允准。以色列人在加低斯。

18 他們又經過曠野,繞著以東摩押地,從摩押地的東邊過,在亞嫩河邊安營,並沒有入摩押的境內,因為亞嫩河是摩押邊界

19 以色列人打發使者去見亞摩利西宏,就是希實本的,對他:求你容我們從你的地經過,往我們自己的地方去。

20 西宏卻不信服以色列人,不容他們經過他的境界,乃招聚他的眾民在雅雜安營,與以色列人爭戰。

21 耶和華以色列的將西宏和他的眾民都交在以色列人中,以色列人就擊殺他們,得了亞摩利人的全地:

22 從亞嫩河到雅博河,從曠野直到約但河。

23 耶和華以色列的在他百姓以色列面前趕出亞摩利人,你竟要得他們的地麼?

24 你的基抹所賜你的地你不是得為業麼?耶和華我們我們面前所趕出的人,我們就得他的地。

25 難道你比摩押西撥的兒子巴勒還強麼?他曾與以色列人爭競,或是與他們爭戰麼?

26 以色列人希實本和屬希實本的鄉村,亞羅珥和屬亞羅珥的鄉村,並沿亞嫩河的一切城邑,已經有年了;在這年之內,你們為甚麼沒有取回這些地方呢?

27 原來我沒有得罪你,你卻攻打我,惡待我。願審判人的耶和華今日在以色列人和亞捫人中間判斷是非。

28 但亞捫人的不肯耶弗他打發人說的

29 耶和華的靈降在耶弗他身上,他就經過基列和瑪拿西,來到基列的米斯巴,又從米斯巴來到亞捫人那裡。

30 耶弗他就向耶和華許願,:你若將亞捫人交在我中,

31 我從亞捫人那裡平平安安回來的時候,無論甚麼人,先從我家出來迎接我,就必歸你,我也必將他獻上為燔祭。

32 於是耶弗他往亞捫人那裡去,與他們爭戰;耶和華將他們交在他中,

33 他就殺敗他們,從亞羅珥到米匿,直到亞備勒基拉明,攻取了二十座城。這樣亞捫人就被以色列人制伏了。

34 耶弗他回米斯巴到了自己的家,不料,他女兒拿著跳舞迎接他,是他獨生的,此外無兒無女。

35 耶弗他見他,就撕裂衣服:哀哉!我的女兒啊,你使我甚是愁苦,叫我作難了;因為我已經向耶和華許願,不能挽回。

36 他女兒回答:父啊,你既向耶和華,就當照你中所的向我行,因耶和華已經在仇敵亞捫人身上為你報仇;

37 又對父親:有一件事求你允准:容我去兩個,與同伴在上,好哀哭我終為處女。

38 耶弗他:你去罷!就容他去兩個。他便和同伴去了,在上為他終為處女哀哭。

39 已滿,他回到父親那裡,父親就照所許的願向他行了。女兒終身沒有親近子。

40 此後以色列中有個規矩,每年以色列的女子去為基列人耶弗他的女兒哀哭

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 11      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 11: Jephthah’s victory.

This chapter and most of the next are about the judge Jephthah. He was Gilead’s son by a prostitute, so Gilead’s other sons despised him, and drove him out from his homeland. He fled to the land of Tob, where he lived amongst reckless men. When the Ammonites made war against Israel, the elders of Gilead went to the land of Tob to ask if Jephthah would lead their army. At first, Jephthah challenged them, and asked why they would come to him for help after expelling him from their county. However, the elders swore by the Lord that they would accept him as their leader, so he agreed to go with them.

Then Jephthah sent messengers to the king of Ammon, to ask why his people were attacking Gilead. The king said that Israel had taken away their land, but Jephthah recounted to them the history of Israel’s time in the wilderness, specifically pointing out that they not made war with the nations of Canaan. The only exception was the Amorite king Sihon’s attack on Israel, in which the Israelites defended themselves and defeated the Amorites. So, Jephthah explained that Israel had not taken land from the Ammonites. But the people of Ammon did not listen, and prepared for war.

While preparing his army against the people of Ammon, Jephthah made a vow to the Lord: if He would grant Gilead victory, Jephthah would make a burnt offering of the first thing which came out from his house upon his return home. Battle ensued, and the army of Jephthah utterly defeated Ammon.

When Jephthah returned home, his daughter – his only child – came out of the house to greet him with music and dancing. He tore his clothes in despair, and told her about his vow to the Lord. His daughter told him to keep his word, and asked to be left alone for two months to lament her virginity. Then, when the time came, Jephthah carried out his vow to the Lord.

*****

Jephthah’s dealings with both the Ammonites and his own family show that serving the Lord leads us to seek peace, not conflict or war. His account of the Israelites’ struggles showed that his people had only defended themselves against other nations, but had not fanned the flames of war. We are to do the work of making peace in our lives, while upholding and defending what is true (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The people of Ammon stand for knowing what is true, but then corrupting that truth to live a life based in falsities. For example, if we know the Lord regenerates us, and then tell ourselves that we no longer hold any responsibility for our eternal state, we have falsified the truth. This view completely distorts the truth: the Lord regenerates us as we work to live righteously (see Swedenborg’s work, Sacred Scripture 18[3]).

The spiritual meaning of a ‘daughter’ is an affection for spiritual truths and the life they offer. Affection is the offspring of feeling delight in truths; as we develop these affections, we learn to recognize that they come from the Lord, for he is the source of all good things (Arcana Caelestia 3336[2]).

Jephthah’s daughter was his deepest love, his greatest affection. She was a virgin, representing the spiritual qualities of purity and innocence. Her request for two months of solitude can be understood as our need to reflect during any giving to the Lord, to be sure that our intentions are pure, without any selfish expectations (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 121).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2576, 4270


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 811

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妓女
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

兒子
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Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

長老
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

我們
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...


Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

居民
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

耶和華
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


To 'take the sum of the sons of Israel,' as in Exodus 30:12, signifies the whole church.


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埃及
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

摩押
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

以東
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

邊界
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

地方
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判斷
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耶和華的
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瑪拿西
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回來
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二十
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女兒
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A drum (Gen. 31) signifies spiritual good.

跳舞
Dances (Exod. 15:20) relate to the affection of spiritual good, or the good of truth, and signify its pleasantness and joy.


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

衣服
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...


In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

父親
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 Jephthah
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jephthah's Daughter
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Story of Jephthah Review Activity
Fill in the blanks to complete the story of Jephthah, Judges 11. Cloze activity.
Activity | All Ages


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