士師記 1

Study

           

1 約書亞以色列人求問耶和華說:我們中間誰當首先上去攻擊迦南人,與他們爭戰?

2 耶和華猶大當先上去,我已將那地交在他中。

3 猶大對他哥哥西緬:請你同我到拈鬮所得之地去,好與迦南人爭戰;以後我也同你到你拈鬮所得之地去。於是西緬與他同去。

4 猶大就上去;耶和華將迦南和比利洗交在他們中。他們在比色擊殺了一萬

5 又在那裡遇見亞多尼比色,與他爭戰,殺敗迦南人和比利洗人。

6 亞多尼比色逃跑;他們追趕,拿住他,砍斷他的大姆指。

7 亞多尼比色:從前有七十個的大姆指都被我砍斷,在我桌子拾取零碎食物。現在按著我所行的報應我了。於是他們將亞多尼比色耶路撒冷,他就在那裡。

8 猶大人攻打耶路撒冷,將城攻取,用刀殺了城內的人,並且放燒城。

9 猶大去,與地、地,和高原的迦人爭戰。

10 猶大人去攻擊希伯崙的迦南人,殺了示篩、亞希幔、撻買。希伯崙從前名叫基列亞巴。

11 他們從那裡去攻擊底壁的居民;底壁從前名叫基列西弗。

12 迦勒:誰能攻打基列西弗,將城奪取,我就把我女兒押撒他為妻。

13 迦勒兄弟基納斯的兒子俄陀聶奪取了那城,迦勒就把女兒押撒他為妻。

14 押撒過門的時候,勸丈夫向他父親求一塊田。押撒一下,迦勒問他:你要甚麼?

15 :求你賜福我,你既將我安置在地,求你也泉。迦勒就把上泉下泉賜他。

16 摩西的內兄(或譯:岳父)是基尼人,他的子孫與猶大人一同離了棕樹城,往亞拉得以猶大曠野去,就在民中。

17 猶大和他哥哥西緬同去,擊殺了洗法的迦南人,將城盡行毀滅,那城的名便何珥瑪。

18 猶大又取了迦薩和迦薩的四境,亞實基倫和亞實基倫的四境,以革倫和以革倫的四境。

19 耶和華猶大同在,猶大就趕出地的居民,只是不能趕出平原的居民,因為他們有車。

20 以色列人照摩西的,將希伯崙了迦勒;迦勒就從那裡趕出亞衲族的個族長。

21 便雅憫人沒有趕出耶路撒冷的耶布斯人。耶布斯人仍在耶路撒冷與便雅憫人同,直到今日。

22 約瑟家也上去攻打伯特利耶和華與他們同在。

23 約瑟家打發人去窺探伯特利(那城起先名叫路斯)。

24 窺探的見一個從城裡出來,就對他:求你將進城的指示我們我們必恩待你。

25 將進城的指示他們,他們就用刀擊殺了城中的居民,但將那和他全家放去。

26 往赫之地去,築了一座城,起名路斯。那城到如今還這名。

27 瑪拿西沒有趕出伯善和屬伯善鄉村的居民,他納和屬他納鄉村的居民,多珥和屬多珥鄉村的居民,以伯蓮和屬以伯蓮鄉村的居民,米吉多和屬米吉多鄉村的居民;迦南人卻執意在那些地方。

28 以色列強盛了,就使迦南人作苦工,沒有把他們全然趕出。

29 以法蓮沒有趕出基色的迦南人。於是迦南人仍在基色,在以法蓮中間。

30 西布倫沒有趕出基倫的居民和拿哈拉的居民。於是迦南人仍在西布倫中間,成了服苦的人。

31 亞設沒有趕出亞柯和西頓的居民,亞黑拉和亞革悉的居民,黑巴、亞弗革與利合的居民

32 於是,亞設因為沒有趕出那地的迦南人,就在他們中間。

33 拿弗他利沒有趕出伯示麥和伯亞納的居民,於是拿弗他利就在那地的迦南人中間;然而伯示麥和伯亞納的居民成了服苦的人。

34 亞摩利人強逼但人住在地,不容他們到平原;

35 亞摩利人卻執意在希烈和亞雅倫並沙賓。然而約瑟勝了他們,使他們成了服苦的人。

36 亞摩利人的境界,是從亞克拉濱坡,從西拉而上。

  

Exploring the Meaning of 士師記 1      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 1: The continuing conquest of Canaan.

The book of Judges follows on almost seamlessly from Joshua. It is called ‘Judges’ because a number of regional leaders arose and made judgments for the people, often actively defending Israel from outside oppression. A pattern emerges in Judges: Israel disobeys the Lord – an enemy oppresses Israel – the Lord raises a leader – the leader is victorious against the enemy – there is peace for a time – Israel disobeys the Lord again.

There were twelve judges in all, about whom we either hear very much or next to nothing. The number twelve (as with the twelve tribes of Israel, the twelve disciples, and other examples in the Word), stands for all the various aspects of spirituality that we need to understand, develop, and put to use. A clue is often found in the meaning of their names, because biblical names are nearly always linked to spiritual qualities, such as ‘courage’, or ‘one who walks with God’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10216).

The theme of this first chapter is the further conquest of the land. The Israelites asked the Lord, “Who shall go up and fight for us?” And the Lord said that the tribe of Judah would go, because the Lord had delivered the land into their hand. Judah then called on the tribe of Simeon to join them, and they won many battles against the Canaanites still in the land.

One Canaanite king, Adoni-bezek, fled and was captured by the Israelites, who then cut off his thumbs and big toes. Adoni-bezek said that God had dealt justice by punishing him, as he had previously cut off seventy kings’ thumbs and big toes, and they had to gather scraps of food under his table.

Then Caleb, a leader of Israel during the journey through the wilderness, said that the man who took Kirjath-sepher (Caleb’s inheritance city) from the Canaanites would marry his daughter, Achsah. Caleb’s nephew, Othniel, took the city and Achsah was given to him. Achsah asked her father for the blessing of springs of water, and Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs.

Next, spies were sent to Bethel. They met a man there, and said that if he directed them the entrance to the city, they would show him mercy. He helped them, and they took the city but showed mercy on the man and all his family. After all of this, the man built a new city called Luz in the land of the Hittites.

The chapter ends by listing the twelve tribes, as well as the Canaanite peoples who remained unsubdued in each of their territories.

*****

The overarching spiritual theme of Judges is the process of our regeneration. As the opening of Judges reminds us, there were still parts of the land and various tribes that Israel needed to conquer. In fact, the Israelites never finished driving enemies out of their land. In the same way, we need to control our inherited human nature, but it is never completely wiped out (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 238).

During regeneration, we will discover deeper and subtler self-centered states in ourselves, which need to be mitigated. Each judge raised by the Lord stands for our determination to deal with these states, using the Word as a guide. This brings us a period of peace, followed by the start of another personal discovery.

When the Israelites chose which tribes would fight for them, it was no coincidence that they selected Judah and Simeon. Judah (who was a prominent tribe of Israel) and Simeon (who usually acts with another tribe) stand for the highest things in our spiritual life: our love for the Lord, and our obedience to the Lord’s Word. Choosing Judah and Simeon as our strength will always bring victory in our regeneration (see Arcana Caelestia 3654 and Apocalypse Explained 443).

The spiritual meaning in the story of Adoni-bezek is about taking away the power of our self-love, as cutting off thumbs and big toes makes hands and feet virtually useless. When we work on our lower nature, we are to minimize its control over us. It is the same with any influences from hell; their power must end. Adoni-bezek’s comment about doing the same to seventy kings vividly describes how self-love can only lead to our downfall (Arcana Caelestia 10062[4]).

The delightful story of Caleb, Achsah and Othniel illustrates that after battle, there is rest and reward. In the same way, we strengthen the ‘marriage’ of good and truth in us after overcoming spiritual struggles (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 409). The springs of water given to Achsah stand for the truths which flow into our mind, both about the ‘upper’ things of the Lord and heaven, and those ‘lower’ ones about spiritual life and responsibility.

The episode about the man from Bethel means that when we open up our life to the Lord to allow Him to guide us, we become blessed (Arcana Caelestia 3928). Then our life can be re-built in very practical and good ways, represented by the Hittites.

The final mention of the Canaanites still in the land points to the continuing presence of our unregenerate qualities. Although we may progress through the work of regeneration, we are still human, and we will always have flaws left to improve on.

    Studovat vnitřní smysl

Přeložit: