約書亞記 5

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1 約但河西亞摩利人的諸和靠迦南人的諸耶和華以色列人前面使約但河的乾了,等到我們過去,他們的心因以色列人的緣故就消化了,不再有膽氣。

2 那時,耶和華吩咐約書亞:你製造火石刀,第二以色列人割禮

3 約書亞就製造了火石刀,在除皮山那裡給以色列人割禮

4 約書亞行割禮的緣故,是因為從埃及出來的眾民,就是一切能打仗的男丁,出了埃及以後,都在曠野的上。

5 因為出來的眾民都受過割禮;惟獨出埃及以後、在曠野的上所生的眾民都沒有受過割禮

6 以色列人在曠野走了四十年,等到國民,就是出埃及的兵丁,都消滅了,因為他們沒有耶和華的話。耶和華曾向他們起誓,必不容他們耶和華向他們列祖起誓、應許賜我們的地,就是流奶與蜜之地。

7 他們的子孫,就是耶和華所興起來接續他們的,都沒有受過割禮;因為在上沒有給他們行割禮,約書亞這才給他們行了。

8 國民都受完了割禮,就中自己的地方,等到痊愈了。

9 耶和華對約書亞:我今日將埃及的羞辱從你們身上輥去了。因此,那地方吉甲吉甲就是輥的意思),直到今日。

10 以色列人吉甲安營。正十四晚上,在耶利哥平原逾越節

11 逾越節的次日,他們就吃了那地的出產;正當那日無酵餅和烘的穀。

12 他們吃了那地的出產,第二日嗎哪就止住了,以色列人也不再有嗎哪了。那一年,他們卻迦南地的出產。

13 約書亞靠近耶利哥的時候,舉目觀,不料,有一個裡有拔出來的刀,對面站立。約書亞到他那裡,問他:你是幫助我們呢,是幫助我們敵人呢?

14 他回答:不是的,我是要作耶和華軍隊的元帥。約書亞就俯伏在地下拜,:我有甚麼話吩咐僕人

15 耶和華軍隊的元帥對約書亞:把你上的鞋脫下來,因為你所站的地方的。約書亞就照著行了。

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 5: The Circumcision and the Passover

In this chapter, the Israelites are now in the land of Canaan, and local Amorite and Canaanite kings lose heart to oppose them because of God’s miracle at the river Jordan.

God tells Joshua to circumcise all the men who were born since they left Egypt, because none were circumcised in the wilderness, and their fathers who were have now all died. So Joshua obeys, requiring circumcision of all the men of Israel.

As a result, God says to Joshua : “I have this day rolled away the stain of Egypt from you.” The place was therefore called Gilgal, which means “rolling”. The Children of Israel camped there till they were healed. They then ate the Passover using the food of the land for the very first time, and the daily manna, which had been provided by God every day in the wilderness, stopped.

Then, Joshua has an encounter with an angel:

When Joshua lifted his eyes he saw a man opposite him with a drawn sword in his hand. Joshua asked him, “Are you for us or for our adversaries?” The man answered, “No, but as Commander of the army of the Lord I have now come.” Joshua fell and worshipped and asked what he should do? The man said, “Take your sandal off your foot, for the place where you stand is holy”. And Joshua did so.

Note that this chapter is the very first one when the Israelites are in Canaan, and straightaway two important Jewish rituals are carried out – circumcision and the Passover. Circumcision is the cutting off of the foreskin. It means to become purified from loving oneself and the world, and the outer things of life, and to be righteous before God inwardly. (See Arcana Caelestia 2102.)

This meaning helps us see why elsewhere in the Bible it often talks about “circumcising your heart”. The circumcision in Canaan was to mark the new generation, which spiritually for us means that our regeneration always involves new states. (True Christian Religion 601)

The Passover was originally a meal to mark leaving slavery in Egypt, so it is very appropriate for celebrating entering the promised land. The spiritual meaning of the Passover is rich and complex, but, put simply, it is about the presence of the Lord with us, especially when we attribute life’s good events and blessings to the presence of God. “The Lord has done this for me… The Lord has done that for us.” (Arcana Caelestia 7902) The reason that it is a meal is that we share meals together, often in families, and spiritually everything in us comes together to be joyful and thankful.

The first camp of the Israelites in Canaan was at Gilgal, a place close to Jericho, the name of which means “rolling”. We’ve looked at its connection with circumcision but more generally, to ‘roll’ is to move forward, move on, keep going. This is a powerful early-in-the-story description of our regeneration, with its trials and blessings, both of which aim to keep us moving forward to be evermore in the life the Lord wants us to have. (Arcana Caelestia 8911)

With all this early first feeling of having finally got to Canaan, the land which God had always promised to give them, it is so very appropriate that Joshua is met by a militant angel of the Lord, the Commander of the army of the Lord. (Arcana Caelestia 7277). Note carefully that when Joshua asks if he is for us or for our enemies, the Commander says “No.” Spiritually this is very significant because the Lord uses everything – good and evil – peace and temptation – to lead us towards heaven.

The Commander declares that Joshua is to remove his sandal from off his foot because where he stands, this is holy ground. Spiritually, “holy ground” is the whole sweep of life, and our sense that all of it is the Lord’s gift to us. (See Arcana Caelestia 566, 1585)

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1664, 1748, 1784, 2039, 2799, 6846, 8294, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 619

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

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