約書亞記 5

Studovat vnitřní smysl

           

1 約但河西亞摩利人的諸和靠迦南人的諸耶和華以色列人前面使約但河的乾了,等到我們過去,他們的心因以色列人的緣故就消化了,不再有膽氣。

2 那時,耶和華吩咐約書亞:你製造火石刀,第二以色列人割禮

3 約書亞就製造了火石刀,在除皮山那裡給以色列人割禮

4 約書亞行割禮的緣故,是因為從埃及出來的眾民,就是一切能打仗的男丁,出了埃及以後,都在曠野的上。

5 因為出來的眾民都受過割禮;惟獨出埃及以後、在曠野的上所生的眾民都沒有受過割禮

6 以色列人在曠野走了四十年,等到國民,就是出埃及的兵丁,都消滅了,因為他們沒有耶和華的話。耶和華曾向他們起誓,必不容他們耶和華向他們列祖起誓、應許賜我們的地,就是流奶與蜜之地。

7 他們的子孫,就是耶和華所興起來接續他們的,都沒有受過割禮;因為在上沒有給他們行割禮,約書亞這才給他們行了。

8 國民都受完了割禮,就中自己的地方,等到痊愈了。

9 耶和華對約書亞:我今日將埃及的羞辱從你們身上輥去了。因此,那地方吉甲吉甲就是輥的意思),直到今日。

10 以色列人吉甲安營。正十四晚上,在耶利哥平原逾越節

11 逾越節的次日,他們就吃了那地的出產;正當那日無酵餅和烘的穀。

12 他們吃了那地的出產,第二日嗎哪就止住了,以色列人也不再有嗎哪了。那一年,他們卻迦南地的出產。

13 約書亞靠近耶利哥的時候,舉目觀,不料,有一個裡有拔出來的刀,對面站立。約書亞到他那裡,問他:你是幫助我們呢,是幫助我們敵人呢?

14 他回答:不是的,我是要作耶和華軍隊的元帥。約書亞就俯伏在地下拜,:我有甚麼話吩咐僕人

15 耶和華軍隊的元帥對約書亞:把你上的鞋脫下來,因為你所站的地方的。約書亞就照著行了。


Exploring the Meaning of 約書亞記 5      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 5: The Circumcision and the Passover

In this chapter, the Israelites are now in the land of Canaan, and local Amorite and Canaanite kings lose heart to oppose them because of God’s miracle at the river Jordan.

God tells Joshua to circumcise all the men who were born since they left Egypt, because none were circumcised in the wilderness, and their fathers who were have now all died. So Joshua obeys, requiring circumcision of all the men of Israel.

As a result, God says to Joshua : “I have this day rolled away the stain of Egypt from you.” The place was therefore called Gilgal, which means “rolling”. The Children of Israel camped there till they were healed. They then ate the Passover using the food of the land for the very first time, and the daily manna, which had been provided by God every day in the wilderness, stopped.

Then, Joshua has an encounter with an angel:

When Joshua lifted his eyes he saw a man opposite him with a drawn sword in his hand. Joshua asked him, “Are you for us or for our adversaries?” The man answered, “No, but as Commander of the army of the Lord I have now come.” Joshua fell and worshipped and asked what he should do? The man said, “Take your sandal off your foot, for the place where you stand is holy”. And Joshua did so.

Note that this chapter is the very first one when the Israelites are in Canaan, and straightaway two important Jewish rituals are carried out – circumcision and the Passover. Circumcision is the cutting off of the foreskin. It means to become purified from loving oneself and the world, and the outer things of life, and to be righteous before God inwardly. (See Arcana Caelestia 2102.)

This meaning helps us see why elsewhere in the Bible it often talks about “circumcising your heart”. The circumcision in Canaan was to mark the new generation, which spiritually for us means that our regeneration always involves new states. (True Christian Religion 601)

The Passover was originally a meal to mark leaving slavery in Egypt, so it is very appropriate for celebrating entering the promised land. The spiritual meaning of the Passover is rich and complex, but, put simply, it is about the presence of the Lord with us, especially when we attribute life’s good events and blessings to the presence of God. “The Lord has done this for me… The Lord has done that for us.” (Arcana Caelestia 7902) The reason that it is a meal is that we share meals together, often in families, and spiritually everything in us comes together to be joyful and thankful.

The first camp of the Israelites in Canaan was at Gilgal, a place close to Jericho, the name of which means “rolling”. We’ve looked at its connection with circumcision but more generally, to ‘roll’ is to move forward, move on, keep going. This is a powerful early-in-the-story description of our regeneration, with its trials and blessings, both of which aim to keep us moving forward to be evermore in the life the Lord wants us to have. (Arcana Caelestia 8911)

With all this early first feeling of having finally got to Canaan, the land which God had always promised to give them, it is so very appropriate that Joshua is met by a militant angel of the Lord, the Commander of the army of the Lord. (Arcana Caelestia 7277). Note carefully that when Joshua asks if he is for us or for our enemies, the Commander says “No.” Spiritually this is very significant because the Lord uses everything – good and evil – peace and temptation – to lead us towards heaven.

The Commander declares that Joshua is to remove his sandal from off his foot because where he stands, this is holy ground. Spiritually, “holy ground” is the whole sweep of life, and our sense that all of it is the Lord’s gift to us. (See Arcana Caelestia 566, 1585)

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 5      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 5: The Circumcision and the Passover

In this chapter, the Israelites are now in the land of Canaan, and local Amorite and Canaanite kings lose heart to oppose them because of God’s miracle at the river Jordan.

God tells Joshua to circumcise all the men who were born since they left Egypt, because none were circumcised in the wilderness, and their fathers who were have now all died. So Joshua obeys, requiring circumcision of all the men of Israel.

As a result, God says to Joshua : “I have this day rolled away the stain of Egypt from you.” The place was therefore called Gilgal, which means “rolling”. The Children of Israel camped there till they were healed. They then ate the Passover using the food of the land for the very first time, and the daily manna, which had been provided by God every day in the wilderness, stopped.

Then, Joshua has an encounter with an angel:

When Joshua lifted his eyes he saw a man opposite him with a drawn sword in his hand. Joshua asked him, “Are you for us or for our adversaries?” The man answered, “No, but as Commander of the army of the Lord I have now come.” Joshua fell and worshipped and asked what he should do? The man said, “Take your sandal off your foot, for the place where you stand is holy”. And Joshua did so.

Note that this chapter is the very first one when the Israelites are in Canaan, and straightaway two important Jewish rituals are carried out – circumcision and the Passover. Circumcision is the cutting off of the foreskin. It means to become purified from loving oneself and the world, and the outer things of life, and to be righteous before God inwardly. (See Arcana Caelestia 2102.)

This meaning helps us see why elsewhere in the Bible it often talks about “circumcising your heart”. The circumcision in Canaan was to mark the new generation, which spiritually for us means that our regeneration always involves new states. (True Christian Religion 601)

The Passover was originally a meal to mark leaving slavery in Egypt, so it is very appropriate for celebrating entering the promised land. The spiritual meaning of the Passover is rich and complex, but, put simply, it is about the presence of the Lord with us, especially when we attribute life’s good events and blessings to the presence of God. “The Lord has done this for me… The Lord has done that for us.” (Arcana Caelestia 7902) The reason that it is a meal is that we share meals together, often in families, and spiritually everything in us comes together to be joyful and thankful.

The first camp of the Israelites in Canaan was at Gilgal, a place close to Jericho, the name of which means “rolling”. We’ve looked at its connection with circumcision but more generally, to ‘roll’ is to move forward, move on, keep going. This is a powerful early-in-the-story description of our regeneration, with its trials and blessings, both of which aim to keep us moving forward to be evermore in the life the Lord wants us to have. (Arcana Caelestia 8911)

With all this early first feeling of having finally got to Canaan, the land which God had always promised to give them, it is so very appropriate that Joshua is met by a militant angel of the Lord, the Commander of the army of the Lord. (Arcana Caelestia 7277). Note carefully that when Joshua asks if he is for us or for our enemies, the Commander says “No.” Spiritually this is very significant because the Lord uses everything – good and evil – peace and temptation – to lead us towards heaven.

The Commander declares that Joshua is to remove his sandal from off his foot because where he stands, this is holy ground. Spiritually, “holy ground” is the whole sweep of life, and our sense that all of it is the Lord’s gift to us. (See Arcana Caelestia 566, 1585)

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1664, 1748, 1784, 2039, 2799, 6846, 8294, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 619

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:


  Související Knihy  (see all)


Skočit na podobné biblické verše

創世記 17:10, 18:2, 34:14, 25

出埃及記 3:5, 8, 17, 12:6, 11, 13:6, 7, 16:35, 23:20, 23

民數記 13:29, 14:33, 35, 22:23, 31, 26:64, 65

如申命记 1:39

約書亞記 6, 2:9, 11, 3:16, 17, 4:19, 24:7

撒母耳記上 3:9, 10, 7:16

撒母耳記下 19, 20

以西結書 3:23

但以理書 8:11

何西阿書 4:15

阿摩司書 5:5

彌迦書 6:5

馬太福音 2:11, 28:9

約翰福音 9:38

使徒行傳 7:33

羅馬書 8:31

哥林多前書 15:57

希伯來書 3:11

Významy biblických slov


人的心灵由两部分组成,一是意志,一是理解,一是爱与情的座席,一是智慧与知识的座席。在《圣经》中,君王在理解中代表事物:真事物由那些好的或友好的国度代表;假事物(被认为是真的)由坏的或不友好的国度代表。 迦南地代表内心的思想,在那里发生了关于善恶、生命、上帝和天堂的思想。在最高的意义上,它代表了天堂本身,而在那片土地上统一的以色列王国的三位国王--扫罗、大卫和所罗门--分别代表了《圣经》中的神圣真理,因为它分别在字面、内在的精神和最内在的天体意义上被理解。   对于一个在生活中几乎随心所欲的人来说,真理之王统治自己生活的想法可能会显得很压抑,就像撒母耳描述的那样。但对于已经接受了灵性重生需要的人来说,虽然这种真理的统治有时会感到困难,但却被接受为必要。他们承认主,正如他在圣经中所揭示的那样,是他们的王。起初,这个王可能看起来喜怒无常或没有效力,就像扫罗一样,但当这个人努力理解真理,并将真理落实在生活中时,这个王就会变得更有力量,更讨人喜欢--以大卫为代表。而最后,这个王被看成是有智慧的,就像所罗门一样。   从埃及到巴比伦,或从尼罗河到幼发拉底河,迦南周围的国家和部落,代表着外在心灵的领域,有时与内在的心灵结盟,有时又与内在的心灵交战。这些国家的国王都代表着真理,或者至少是他们认为是真实的想法,对他们来说是作为真理来运作的,即使是假的。


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...


'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

耶和華
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...


Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

割禮
Circumcision (Gen. 17:10) signifies purity.

割禮的
The Writings teach that all parts of the human body correspond to spiritual things. That includes the sex organs of both men and women, which...

埃及
在圣经中,埃及的意思是知识和爱知识。从好的意义上说,这意味着通过《圣经》从主那里获得真理的知识,但从自然的意义上说,它只是意味着要储存和占有的世俗知识。而且即使是来自圣经的知识也不一定是好的:如果我们学习它们的目的是使它们有用,那么它们就充满了天使的思想。但如果只是为了认识事物或为了学问的名声而学习它们,那它们就是。 所以,埃及是一个你去学习东西的地方,但要想成为天国,你就必须摆脱无菌的 "知",前往迦南地,在那里,知识充满了内心对善的渴望。 有趣的是,当约瑟统治埃及时,埃及是他父亲和兄弟的天堂。这说明,当一个人的内在心灵在学问之地统治的时候,可以学到很多有用的东西。但最终出现了一个不认识约瑟的法老,以色列子民就被奴役了。法老代表着外在的心灵;当它掌管的时候,知道的兴奋和自满会使内在的心灵沦为一种奴役。心灵--就像以色列子民一样--最终会从外在的表象中制造出砖头,或人为的假象。


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.


These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

走了
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

四十
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

耶和華的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

我們
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...


在圣经时代,特别是旧约时代,许多人都是游牧民族,他们住在帐篷里,可以快速地打点、移动和重新搭建。当然,还有一些人住在房子里,一般是用石头和木头做的,相当永久。介于这两者之间的是更大、更精致的帐篷式结构,称为帐棚或住所;摩西为约柜所建的帐棚就是以这种模式为基础。 那么,"住 "在某个地方,意义重大--它比单纯的参观要多得多--但却不如住在那里永久。而事实上,在《圣经》中,住在某处,代表着进入那种属灵的状态,并与之交往,但不一定是永久的。 同时,"住处 "代表着激发居住在其中的人的各种爱,从最邪恶的--例如以赛亚书第9章中的 "那些住在死亡阴影里的人"--到会幕本身的崇高状态,会幕是作为主的住处而建造的,代表着天堂的所有细节。


圣经中的营地代表着属灵的秩序--一个人(或一个教会团体)对善的愿望和如何成为善人的真实想法的全部集合,所有的人都被设置在适当的安排中,以相互支持并作为一个整体工作。 终极的例子是以色列子民的营会,分为十二个支派,并按详细的指示设置。由于它的组织,它代表了天堂本身,天使们都在最适合他们最深爱和思想的地方。这就是为什么巴兰在《民数记》第24章中,从山上俯视营地时,将它描述得如此美丽。"雅各啊,你的帐棚和以色列啊,你的帐棚是何等的美好如同山谷铺开,如河边的花园,如耶和华所种的木麻黄树,又如水边的雪松树。" 从相反的意义上说,以色列敌人的阵营代表着地狱的无间道秩序,以及邪恶和错误信仰的结构,在邪恶的人身上统治。...

地方
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...


在《圣经》中召见某人或召唤某人,代表了一种对高低生活状态之间结合的渴望。例如,想象一个处于相对外在知识状态的人--一个在外在层面上对世界和事物如何运作了解很多的人--对更深层、更属灵的思想产生了兴趣,并寻求一个对属灵事物有了解的老师或导师。这种寻求在《圣经》中可能被描述为 "呼召"。 呼唤也可以是处于较高状态的人向处于较低状态的人发出的我--当然主呼唤人的时候也是如此。

吉甲
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.


'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

十四
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...


圣经中的数字 "四 "代表着事物被联系在一起或连接在一起。这部分是因为四是二乘以二,而二代表了我们对美好的愿望和对真理的理解之间的最终联系。我们也可以从大多数建筑都是长方形的事实中看到,四条边连接在一起,成为一个整体。我们也把方向分为北、东、南、西四个方向,谈到某件事情的 "四角 "就是指全部。所以我们的特殊思维很自然地把四条边看成是连成一个整体。

晚上
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

耶利哥
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

平原
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

逾越節
'The Passover,' in Exodus 12, 27, signifies the presence of the Lord and His liberation from damnation of the people of the spiritual church. 'The...

吃了
当我们吃东西的时候,我们的身体会分解食物,并从中获得能量和建造和修复身体的材料。 这个过程在《圣经》的象征层面上是大同小异的。食物代表着对美好的渴望,以及从这种对美好的渴望中产生的洞察力--来自于主的善意和理解。但要把它们用起来,我们必须把它们收进来,变成我们自己的--这就是属灵的饮食。


当我们吃东西的时候,我们的身体会分解食物,并从中获得能量和建造和修复身体的材料。 这个过程在《圣经》的象征层面上是大同小异的。食物代表着对美好的渴望,以及从这种对美好的渴望中产生的洞察力--来自于主的善意和理解。但要把它们用起来,我们必须把它们收进来,变成我们自己的--这就是属灵的饮食。

無酵
For something to be “unleavened” means that it's been made without yeast. Since yeast is what makes bread rise and take on its airy texture,...

迦南
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

站立
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

敵人
Foes, or adversaries, denote the falsities of evil. Foes, or adversaries, when predicate of the Lord, signifies to avert falsities derived from evil.


Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

軍隊
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}


The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

僕人
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...


我们的脚是我们身体最底层的部分,它们非常有用!在《圣经》中,脚代表了我们灵性自我中最低级、最功利的部分--"自然 "层面。这个生活的日常层面涉及到常规的任务和要求,以及与之相关的思想。它不是非常深刻或内省,但它是有用的--就像脚一样。 主和教会团体的这种对应关系也是如此。主的神性自然引导我们通过相对简单的顺服(想想十条诫命,和两条大诫命)。教会也有一个自然的层面,在这个层面上,他们以简单而具体的方式服务于他们的社区。


The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 At Gilgal
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Compare: Moses and Joshua
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Joshua Kneels Before the Commander of the Lord’s Army
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Joshua Meets the Commander of the Lord’s Army
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Loose Thy Shoe
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lord Is the Hero of War
Color picture of the Commander of the Lord's army appearing to Joshua.
Picture | All Ages


Přeložit: