約書亞記 19

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1 西緬支派的人,按著宗族,拈出第二鬮。他們所得的地業是在猶大人地業中間

2 他們所得為業之地就是:別是巴(或名示巴)、摩拉大、

3 哈薩書亞、巴拉、以森、

4 伊利多拉、比土力、何珥瑪、

5 洗革拉、伯瑪加博、哈薩蘇撒、

6 伯利巴勿、沙魯險,共十三座城,還有屬城的村莊

7 又有亞因、利門、以帖、亞珊,共座城,還有屬城的村莊

8 並有這些城邑四圍一切的村莊,直到巴拉比珥,就是地的拉瑪。這是西緬支派按著宗族所得的地業。

9 西緬人的地業是從猶大人地業中得來的;因為猶大人的分過多,所以西緬人在他們的地業中得了地業。

10 為西布倫人,按著宗族,拈出第三鬮。他們地業的境界是到撒立;

11 往西上到瑪拉拉,達到大巴設,又達到約念前的

12 又從撒立往東日出之地,到吉斯綠他泊的境界,又通到大比拉,上到雅非亞;

13 從那裡往東,接連到迦特希弗,至以特加汛,通到臨門,臨門延到尼亞;

14 又繞過尼亞的邊,到哈拿頓,通到伊弗他伊勒谷。

15 還有加他、拿哈拉、伸崙、以大拉、伯利恆,共十座城,還有屬城的村莊

16 這些城並屬城的村莊就是西布倫人按著宗族所得的地業。

17 為以薩迦人,按著宗族,拈出第四鬮。

18 他們的境界是到耶斯列、基蘇律、書念、

19 哈弗連、示按、亞拿哈拉、

20 拉璧、基善、亞別、

21 利篾、隱干寧、隱哈大、伯帕薛;

22 達到他泊、沙哈洗瑪、伯示麥,直通到約但河為止,共十六座城,還有屬城的村莊

23 這些城並屬城的村莊就是以薩迦支派按著宗族所得的地業。

24 為亞設支派,按著宗族,拈出第五鬮。

25 他們的境界是黑甲、哈利、比田、押煞、

26 亞拉米勒、亞末、米沙勒;往西達到迦密,又到希曷立納,

27 日出之地,到伯大袞,達到細步綸往到伊弗他伊勒谷,到伯以墨和尼業,也通到迦步勒的左邊;

28 又到義伯崙、利合、哈們、加拿,直到西頓大城;

29 拉瑪和堅固城推羅;又到何薩,靠近亞革悉一帶地方,直通到

30 又有烏瑪、亞弗、利合,共二十座城,還有屬城的村莊

31 這些城並屬城的村莊就是亞設支派按著宗族所得的地業。

32 為拿弗他利人,按著宗族,拈出第六鬮。

33 他們的境界是從希利弗從撒拿音的橡樹,從亞大米尼吉和雅比聶,直到拉共,通到約但河;

34 向西到亞斯納他泊,從那裡通到戶割,邊到西布倫,西邊到亞設,又向日出之地,達到約但河那裡的猶大

35 堅固的城就是:西丁、側耳、哈末、拉甲、基尼烈、

36 亞大瑪、拉瑪、夏瑣、

37 基低斯、以得來、隱夏瑣、

38 以利穩、密大伊勒、和璉、伯亞納、伯示麥,共十座城,還有屬城的村莊

39 這些城並屬城的村莊就是拿弗他利支派按著宗族所得的地業。

40 為但支派,按著宗族,拈出第七鬮。

41 他們地業的境界是瑣拉、以實陶、伊珥示麥、

42 沙拉賓、亞雅崙、伊提拉、

43 以倫、亭拿他、以革倫、

44 伊利提基、基比頓、巴拉、

45 伊胡得、比尼比拉、迦特臨門、

46 美耶昆、拉昆,並約帕對面的地界。

47 但人的地界越過原得的地界;因為但人上去攻取利善,用刀擊殺城中的人,得了那城,在其中,以他們先祖但的名將利善改名為但。

48 這些城並屬城的村莊就是但支派按著宗族所得的地業。

49 以色列人按著境界分完了地業,就在他們中間將地嫩的兒子約書亞為業,

50 是照耶和華的吩咐,將約書亞所求的城,就是以法蓮地的亭拿西拉城,了他。他就修那城,在其中。

51 這就是祭司以利亞撒嫩的兒子約書亞,並以色列各支派的族長,在示羅會幕口,耶和華面前,拈鬮所分的地業。這樣,他們把地分完了。

  

Exploring the Meaning of 約書亞記 19      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 19: The last six tribes receive their territories, and Joshua his inheritance.

This chapter is the last of seven chapters detailing the division of the land of Canaan among the tribes. In this chapter, the remaining six tribes receive their portions.

Simeon received land very much in the south, below that of Judah, and Simeon’s territory was made a part of Judah. Simeon means ‘to hear’. To hear the Lord, and to hear the truth, means wanting to live in obedience with what the Lord teaches. Simeon was important in earlier biblical events, but is rarely mentioned later on; obeying the Lord can and should be a quiet affair (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 87).

The area given to Zebulun was modest and towards the north, between the Sea of Galilee and the coast. Zebulun’s name means ‘place of exaltation and honor’, and its spiritual meaning is just as glorious: it refers to honoring the Lord through the way we live our lives, both inwardly and outwardly (see Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 390).

Issachar’s territory was a small, fertile area in the north, next to the Jordan. The name “Issachar” means ‘a man of hire’ or ‘a hired man’. Spiritually, this is about wanting to serve the Lord, and dedicating our lives to this. Then we are ‘employed’ as servants of the Lord, and we are rewarded with spiritual strength, joy, and blessings (see Swedenborg’s Arcana Caelestia 6388).

Asher means ‘happy’ - a delightful name - and its territory was along the northern coastline, extending inland. It included Mount Carmel and the Plain of Sharon, which were both beautiful places. Spiritual happiness is quite deep, and is really a feeling of joy, contentment, and well-being. When we are spiritually happy, we feel glad to be alive, to know the Lord, and to do what is good because of God (Arcana Caelestia 6408).

Naphtali had territory going up from the Sea of Galilee to the northern border. Naphtali means ‘crafty and cunning’, which does not sound very heavenly. However, the idea is that we use our intelligence to bring heavenly results from the countless decisions we make each and every day. Earlier in the Bible, Naphtali is blessed and called ‘a deer let loose’, which would then be free to bound away (see Genesis 49:21, Arcana Caelestia 3928).

Dan had two small territories: one in the centre on the coast, and one in the far north near the source of the River Jordan. Dan means ‘to judge well’, and it stands for our need to treat people fairly because of our relationship with the Lord. Perhaps there are two territories because one is our mind (north), and the other is in life (center) (Arcana Caelestia 3923).

Finally, Joshua himself is given his inheritance, a place in Ephraim called Timnath Serah. The name means ‘an extra portion’, and this suggests that beyond everything Joshua has done, he is to be given something further. Spiritually, this could be the unexpected delight we get when we devote ourselves to serving the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 995[3]).

The spiritual meaning of receiving a portion of land is that we are able to experience blessings and goodness from the Lord, but only after we have ‘conquered the land’. This means working through our temptations and overcoming weaknesses during our natural life.

Since the land of Canaan stands for heaven – and also for the growth of heaven in us – each of the twelve tribes represent a part of heavenly life that needs to be active in us. We must learn hear the word of the Lord, judge well in our daily actions, and honor His name by the way we live.

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