約書亞記 14

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1 以色列人迦南地所得的產業,就是祭司以利亞撒嫩的兒子約書亞,並以色列各支派的族長所分給他們的,都記在下面,

2 是照耶和華摩西所吩咐的,把產業拈鬮分給支派。

3 原來,摩西在約但河東已經把產業分那兩個支派,只是在他們中間沒有把產業分利未人。

4 因為約瑟的子孫是兩個支派,就是瑪拿西以法蓮,所以沒有把地分利未人,但他們城邑居住,並城邑的郊野,可以牧養他們的牲畜,安置他們的財物。

5 耶和華怎樣吩咐摩西以色列人就照樣行,把地分了。

6 那時,猶大來到吉甲見約書亞,有基尼洗族耶孚尼的兒子迦勒對約書亞耶和華在加低斯巴尼亞指著我與你對摩西,你都知道了

7 耶和華的僕人摩西從加低斯巴尼亞打發我窺探這地,那時我正四十歲;我按著心意回報他。

8 然而,同我上去的眾弟兄使百姓的消化;但我專跟從耶和華─我的

9 當日摩西起誓說:你所踏之地定要歸你和你的子孫永遠為業,因為你專心跟從耶和華─我的

10 自從耶和華摩西的時候,耶和華照他所應許的使我存活這四十五年;其間以色列人在曠野行走。看哪,現今我八十歲了,

11 我還是強壯,像摩西打發我去的那一樣;無論是爭戰,是出入,我的力量那時如何,現在還是如何。

12 求你將耶和華那日應許我的這我;那裡有亞衲族人,並寬堅固的城,你也曾見了。或者耶和華照他所應許的與我同在,我就把他們趕出去。

13 於是約書亞為耶孚尼的兒子迦勒祝福,將希伯崙他為業。

14 所以希伯崙作了基尼洗族耶孚尼的兒子迦勒的產業,直到今日,因為他專心跟從耶和華以色列的

15 希伯崙從前名叫基列亞巴;亞巴是亞衲族中最尊的人。於是國中太平,沒有爭戰了。


Exploring the Meaning of 約書亞記 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 14: The territories west of the Jordan, and Caleb’s inheritance.

This chapter tells how the land of Canaan would be distributed among the remaining nine-and-a-half tribes, which would be determined by drawing lots. The tribe of Levi, the priests of Israel, would not receive their own territory, but would be given cities to live in across the land. The tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, the sons of Joseph, were each recognized as a tribe of Israel to make the number of tribes receiving land equal twelve. Caleb and his people received Mount Hebron as a special inheritance, because he had fully and whole-heartedly followed the Lord God of Israel many years ago.

Casting lots was used in those days to decide many things, because people believed that the outcome showed the will of God. Lots were often sticks or stones, each marked with a symbol, which would be cast much like rolling dice. Then the result would be examined to make a decision. The spiritual meaning of casting lots is that we should allow the Lord to show us what is required, and believe that His providence extends over everything in our lives (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10773). “The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the Lord” (Proverbs 16:33).

The tribe of Levi, the third of the twelve sons of Jacob, had been set apart from the other tribes during their time in the wilderness; when the war cry “Who is on the Lord’s side?” was given before a battle, it was only the tribe of Levi who had responded. They were appointed as the priests of Israel for this dedication to God. Here, now, we are told that they are to live throughout the land (Arcana Caelestia 6998).

On a spiritual level, the Levites stand for the Lord’s presence throughout the whole of our life. Another way of putting this is that our spirit (and our life) is there throughout the whole of our body. And a third way of seeing this is that every part of our life should be guided by our love for the Lord. Other references to the Levites mention that all the people of Israel are to provide food and gifts for the Levites, reinforcing this same idea.

Caleb gets special treatment; he is given Mount Hebron as a new home for his people. Caleb and Joshua had been sent with 10 other men to spy out the land of Canaan 40 years earlier. They had given it a good report, and had - unsuccessfully - urged the Children of Israel to follow the Lord's leading and conquer the land at that time. Now, Caleb reminds Joshua about the Lord’s words to Moses regarding them, and Moses’ promise to give Caleb an inheritance. At the age of eighty-five, Caleb was still as strong as when spied out the land. He tells Joshua: “Now therefore, give me this mountain and the Lord will be with me to drive out the enemy” (Joshua 14:12). And it is given to him with a blessing from Joshua.

Mount Hebron is in the territory of Judah, west of the Dead Sea and south of what is now Jerusalem. Its name means ‘bound by a common bond’ or ‘accord’. Its spiritual meaning is that it brings diversity into unity, many into one, and for us, harmony in our spiritual life (Arcana Caelestia 3241[2]).

Caleb’s name means ‘bold, fearless, ferocious to enemies’. For us, Caleb is a picture of sureness and determination that to follow the Lord will always lead to success. Caleb never led Israel, but he acts as a right-hand-man to Joshua. Even though Joshua was the one to lead the children of Israel, there is still the need in each of us for Caleb’s enthusiasm, conviction and assurance to move forward with full confidence. His strength never left him, because he felt and lived the strength which the Lord gave him (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 137[5]).

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 14: The territories west of the Jordan, and Caleb’s inheritance.

This chapter tells how the land of Canaan would be distributed among the remaining nine-and-a-half tribes, which would be determined by drawing lots. The tribe of Levi, the priests of Israel, would not receive their own territory, but would be given cities to live in across the land. The tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, the sons of Joseph, were each recognized as a tribe of Israel to make the number of tribes receiving land equal twelve. Caleb and his people received Mount Hebron as a special inheritance, because he had fully and whole-heartedly followed the Lord God of Israel many years ago.

Casting lots was used in those days to decide many things, because people believed that the outcome showed the will of God. Lots were often sticks or stones, each marked with a symbol, which would be cast much like rolling dice. Then the result would be examined to make a decision. The spiritual meaning of casting lots is that we should allow the Lord to show us what is required, and believe that His providence extends over everything in our lives (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10773). “The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the Lord” (Proverbs 16:33).

The tribe of Levi, the third of the twelve sons of Jacob, had been set apart from the other tribes during their time in the wilderness; when the war cry “Who is on the Lord’s side?” was given before a battle, it was only the tribe of Levi who had responded. They were appointed as the priests of Israel for this dedication to God. Here, now, we are told that they are to live throughout the land (Arcana Caelestia 6998).

On a spiritual level, the Levites stand for the Lord’s presence throughout the whole of our life. Another way of putting this is that our spirit (and our life) is there throughout the whole of our body. And a third way of seeing this is that every part of our life should be guided by our love for the Lord. Other references to the Levites mention that all the people of Israel are to provide food and gifts for the Levites, reinforcing this same idea.

Caleb gets special treatment; he is given Mount Hebron as a new home for his people. Caleb and Joshua had been sent with 10 other men to spy out the land of Canaan 40 years earlier. They had given it a good report, and had - unsuccessfully - urged the Children of Israel to follow the Lord's leading and conquer the land at that time. Now, Caleb reminds Joshua about the Lord’s words to Moses regarding them, and Moses’ promise to give Caleb an inheritance. At the age of eighty-five, Caleb was still as strong as when spied out the land. He tells Joshua: “Now therefore, give me this mountain and the Lord will be with me to drive out the enemy” (Joshua 14:12). And it is given to him with a blessing from Joshua.

Mount Hebron is in the territory of Judah, west of the Dead Sea and south of what is now Jerusalem. Its name means ‘bound by a common bond’ or ‘accord’. Its spiritual meaning is that it brings diversity into unity, many into one, and for us, harmony in our spiritual life (Arcana Caelestia 3241[2]).

Caleb’s name means ‘bold, fearless, ferocious to enemies’. For us, Caleb is a picture of sureness and determination that to follow the Lord will always lead to success. Caleb never led Israel, but he acts as a right-hand-man to Joshua. Even though Joshua was the one to lead the children of Israel, there is still the need in each of us for Caleb’s enthusiasm, conviction and assurance to move forward with full confidence. His strength never left him, because he felt and lived the strength which the Lord gave him (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 137[5]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 9338


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1616, 2909, 3862

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Významy biblických slov

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

迦南
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

祭司
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.


To 'take the sum of the sons of Israel,' as in Exodus 30:12, signifies the whole church.

兒子
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

耶和華
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

摩西
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...


'Nine' signifies conjunction.


Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

中間
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

瑪拿西
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

以法蓮
以法莲是约瑟在埃及所生的第二个儿子,和他的哥哥玛拿西一起,被雅各提升到和约瑟的兄弟们一样的地位。因此,当以色列各支派被命名时,以法莲和玛拿西与他们的叔父--流便、西缅、利未、犹大、但、拿弗他利、迦得、亚设、以萨迦、西布伦和便雅悯--一起被列为族长,但约瑟却没有。 根据瑞典堡的说法,以法莲代表教会的智力方面,即探索和理解真实的部分--特别是可以从圣经中得出的真实想法。同时,玛拿西代表了教会的情感方面,即感受、爱和关心的部分。 这就演变成以法莲一生中最著名的故事。雅各老了,快死的时候,约瑟带着他的两个儿子来受祝福。他把玛拿西作为长子送给雅各的右手,把以法莲送给雅各的左手。但雅各双手交叉,把主要的祝福给了以法莲。 按照瑞典堡的说法,玛拿西是长子,因为归根结底,我们所爱的东西使我们成为我们自己,我们的爱形成了我们的生命。所以,我们的爱是我们人类存在的最核心、最主要的方面,我们的智力是次要的角色。但是随着我们的发展,我们需要扭转这些。我们可以用我们的智力去理解什么是好的、正确的,并强迫自己去做,即使我们的欲望是为了自私的东西。如果我们出于跟随主、做好人的决心而坚持这样做,主最终会把我们心中的私心去除,让我们真正爱上善的东西。主让雅各在玛拿西之上祝福以法莲,就是在告诉我们,我们要追求属灵的旅程,必须把智慧放在第一位。

居住
在圣经时代,特别是旧约时代,许多人都是游牧民族,他们住在帐篷里,可以快速地打点、移动和重新搭建。当然,还有一些人住在房子里,一般是用石头和木头做的,相当永久。介于这两者之间的是更大、更精致的帐篷式结构,称为帐棚或住所;摩西为约柜所建的帐棚就是以这种模式为基础。 那么,"住 "在某个地方,意义重大--它比单纯的参观要多得多--但却不如住在那里永久。而事实上,在《圣经》中,住在某处,代表着进入那种属灵的状态,并与之交往,但不一定是永久的。 同时,"住处 "代表着激发居住在其中的人的各种爱,从最邪恶的--例如以赛亚书第9章中的 "那些住在死亡阴影里的人"--到会幕本身的崇高状态,会幕是作为主的住处而建造的,代表着天堂的所有细节。


在圣经时代,特别是旧约时代,许多人都是游牧民族,他们住在帐篷里,可以快速地打点、移动和重新搭建。当然,还有一些人住在房子里,一般是用石头和木头做的,相当永久。介于这两者之间的是更大、更精致的帐篷式结构,称为帐棚或住所;摩西为约柜所建的帐棚就是以这种模式为基础。 那么,"住 "在某个地方,意义重大--它比单纯的参观要多得多--但却不如住在那里永久。而事实上,在《圣经》中,住在某处,代表着进入那种属灵的状态,并与之交往,但不一定是永久的。 同时,"住处 "代表着激发居住在其中的人的各种爱,从最邪恶的--例如以赛亚书第9章中的 "那些住在死亡阴影里的人"--到会幕本身的崇高状态,会幕是作为主的住处而建造的,代表着天堂的所有细节。

猶大
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

吉甲
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.


Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。


'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

知道
就像许多常见的动词一样,"知道 "在圣经中的含义是多种多样的,取决于上下文。而在某些情况下--当它与观念或对象联系在一起时,它的灵性意义和自然意义基本上是相同的。 不过有意思的是,当圣经谈到人与人之间的认识,尤其是谈到主与人的认识时,其意义更多的是与人内心的爱的状态有关,而不是任何事实的认识。 如果你仔细想想,这是有道理的。当我们真正 "了解 "一个人的时候,我们的意思是,我们知道他们是什么样的人,他们的动机是什么,他们喜欢什么,他们讨厌什么,是什么让他们生气。这些事情远比知道他们父母的名字,他们在哪里出生或哪一年从学校毕业更重要。 那么,大多数情况下,尤其是应用在人身上,"知道 "与我们对别人的爱的认知,以及有类似爱的人之间可能存在的结合,而不仅仅是事实的集合。

知道了
就像许多常见的动词一样,"知道 "在圣经中的含义是多种多样的,取决于上下文。而在某些情况下--当它与观念或对象联系在一起时,它的灵性意义和自然意义基本上是相同的。 不过有意思的是,当圣经谈到人与人之间的认识,尤其是谈到主与人的认识时,其意义更多的是与人内心的爱的状态有关,而不是任何事实的认识。 如果你仔细想想,这是有道理的。当我们真正 "了解 "一个人的时候,我们的意思是,我们知道他们是什么样的人,他们的动机是什么,他们喜欢什么,他们讨厌什么,是什么让他们生气。这些事情远比知道他们父母的名字,他们在哪里出生或哪一年从学校毕业更重要。 那么,大多数情况下,尤其是应用在人身上,"知道 "与我们对别人的爱的认知,以及有类似爱的人之间可能存在的结合,而不仅仅是事实的集合。

耶和華的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

僕人
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

四十
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...


心是爱的意思。一颗善良的心意味着爱主和邻舍,而一颗坚硬或石质的心则意味着爱自己或世界、财富和事物。当诗人请求主搜罗他的心时,他要主看看他所爱的是什么。而我们就是我们所爱的。我们吃的东西可能会形成我们属世的身体,但这只是暂时的,我们所爱的东西会形成我们属灵的身体,美丽或丑陋都由我们选择。 有趣的是,我们胚胎的第一个多细胞运动是在血管的扭曲中开始的脉动,它将成为我们的心脏,而我们自然身体的最后一个运动是我们的心跳。我们的自然生命都有它的存在。当然我们的灵体也有一颗跳动的心,当我们来穿上灵体的时候。 如果不考虑到肺,就很难想到心脏在身体中的用途。心脏循环血液,给全身带来生命,但除非血液首先被送到肺部充氧,清除有害气体,否则它将毫无用处。这两个器官一起工作,它们是嵌套在一起的,心脏躺在两个肺之间,各自感受着对方的运动。这两个代表着我们的爱和智慧,正如我们的爱需要通过我们对真理的理解来净化有害的东西,并充满了如何实际做它所渴望的活动的知识一样,爱和智慧,或者说意志和理解,就像我们的心和肺一样工作。事实上,它比这更深入。我们的意志和理解是按照神的天意和神的理解的 "形象和模样 "创造的,我们的心和肺的运作方式是为了在最低的创造层次上反映这一点。 总有更多的话要讲,更多的联系要做。见 "教会 "和 "大人物"。


我们的脚是我们身体最底层的部分,它们非常有用!在《圣经》中,脚代表了我们灵性自我中最低级、最功利的部分--"自然 "层面。这个生活的日常层面涉及到常规的任务和要求,以及与之相关的思想。它不是非常深刻或内省,但它是有用的--就像脚一样。 主和教会团体的这种对应关系也是如此。主的神性自然引导我们通过相对简单的顺服(想想十条诫命,和两条大诫命)。教会也有一个自然的层面,在这个层面上,他们以简单而具体的方式服务于他们的社区。

永遠
在许多情况下,圣经中 "永恒 "的使用是相当字面的,简单的意思就是永远。特别是当文中提到某人被判处下地狱或升入天堂时,更是如此。 然而,在某些情况下,"永恒 "或 "旧日 "指的是《圣经》中所说的最古教会--最早的人中的第一个教会,是直接出于爱主而行动的无辜灵魂。由于这种联想,被称为 "永恒 "或 "永生 "的事物通常代表着因爱主而产生的对美好的渴望。 如果我们爱主,那么我们的愿望就会是遵行祂的旨意,爱如祂的爱。由此,我们就会有一个真正的愿望,去爱和关心别人。这就是 "永恒 "所描述的感觉。

十五
Fifteen, as in Genesis 7:20, signifies so few as to be scarce anything.


Five also signifies all things of one part.

八十
Swedenborg tells us that 80, like 40, can represent a state of temptation, when we face and battle our desires for evil – and that...


"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...


'Hills' signify the good of charity.


"伟大 "这个词在圣经中用来代表一种具有强烈的爱和感情、对善的渴望的状态;圣经用其他词汇来代表思想、观念、智力的事情。 如果你仔细想想,这是有道理的,因为一个愿望可以涉及到一连串的想法和观念。比如说,你想帮助孩子完成她的学校作业。这是一个好的愿望。要付诸行动,你可能想知道她在不同科目上的成绩如何,她在某些科目上有什么困难,你是否对这个科目有足够的了解,如果你不能帮助她,还有谁可能帮助她,什么时候是合作的好时机,你是否有一个好的工作空间等等。这些都是分开的想法,由一个善的愿望串联起来的。所以圣经用 "许多"、"众多 "这样的词来形容知识性的东西--这些词意味着可以分开来数的东西的集合,而用 "大 "来形容对善的渴望--这个词意味着一些大的东西,但却是统一的,本质上不可数的东西。


'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

祝福
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Land of Canaan Map
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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