撒母耳記上 8

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1 撒母耳年紀老邁,就立他兒子以色列的士師。

2 長子名叫約珥,次子名叫亞比亞;他們在別是巴作士師。

3 兒子不行他的道,貪圖財利,收受賄賂,屈枉正直。

4 以色列的長老聚集拉瑪見撒母耳,

5 對他:你年紀老邁了,你兒子不行你的道。現在求你為我們立一個治理我們,像列國一樣。

6 撒母耳不喜悅他們立一個治理我們,他就禱告耶和華

7 耶和華對撒母耳:百姓向你的一切話,你只管依從;因為他們不是厭棄你,乃是厭棄我,不要我作他們的王。

8 自從我領他們出埃及到如今,他們常常離棄我,事奉別。現在他們向你所行的,是照他們素來所行的。

9 故此你要依從他們的話,只是當警戒他們,告訴他們將來那怎樣管轄他們。

10 撒母耳將耶和華的都傳給求他立的百姓,

11 管轄你們的必這樣行:他必派你們的兒子為他趕車、跟馬,奔走在車前;

12 又派他們作夫長、五十夫長,為他耕種田地,收割莊稼,打造軍器和車上的器械;

13 必取你們的女兒為他製造香膏,做飯餅;

14 也必取你們最的田地、葡萄園橄欖園賜他的臣僕。

15 你們的糧食和葡萄園所出的,他必取十分之一他的太監和臣僕;

16 又必取你們的僕人婢女,健壯的少年人和你們的,供他的差役。

17 你們的羊群,他必取十分之一,你們也必作他的僕人

18 那時你們必因所選的哀求耶和華耶和華卻不應允你們。

19 百姓竟不肯撒母耳的話,:不然!我們定要一個治理我們

20 使我們像列國一樣,有治理我們,統領我們,為我們爭戰。

21 撒母耳見百姓這一切,就將這陳明在耶和華面前。

22 耶和華對撒母耳:你只管依從他們的話,為他們立。撒母耳對以色列人:你們各歸各城去罷!

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 8      

This chapter marks a historic turning point for the Children of Israel. Since their escape from Egypt some four hundred years earlier, the Lord Jehovah, through Moses, and Joshua, and then a series of judges, had directly ruled the people. Now, though, the people pleaded that they might instead have a king. In a sense, they wanted to be led by human nature, not by the God's law and prophets.

The corruption of Samuel’s sons, as judges over Israel, was what spurred this movement. Samuel had grown old, and his sons, Joel and Abiah, had become judges over Israel. However, they began to act immorally, taking bribes and “perverting judgement.” This is similar to the corruption of the High Priest Eli’s sons, described in 1 Samuel 2, and not unlike the misbehavior of two of Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, as in Leviticus 10.

Samuel prayed to the Lord, asking what he should do about the people’s demand for a king. The Lord assured him that the request came not because he, Samuel, had been rejected. Instead, it was the Lord Himself who the people of Israel had rejected. The Lord sent a warning through Samuel to the people, and Samuel told them of the personal and financial cost that would come with having a king. The king would use a substantial portion of the land’s resources, and take the best for himself. Having a king would also mean that they were rejecting the Lord’s direct leadership, and because of this they would be unable to call on His help in the way that they had in the past. The people heard the warning, but did not change their minds.

There are two united ways in which the Lord wants to judge us. One way is through love or goodness. The other is through truth. In other words, our lives can be judged according to the type of love that exists in our hearts, and therefore the love we exhibit toward others. We will make mistakes, but it is our intent that matters most. Judgment according to truth, by comparison, is somewhat cold. We either adhere to the law or we don’t. The two, love and truth, should exist together. Intentions should be considered together with what we actually do. From this time in Israelite history, the role of priest, representing judgment from goodness or love, was separated from the role of king, representing judgment by truth. They denied themselves the opportunity to be ruled by love and left themselves to be ruled by the cold letter of the law (see Arcana Coelestia 6148).

Swedenborg also discusses this concept in Arcana Coelestia 1672. He writes that there is a different meaning of a “people,” meaning truths, and a “nation,” meaning goods. Kings, he writes, are associated with a people, not a nation. Thus before the Children of Israel were ruled by a king, they represented “a good, or that which is celestial,” but while they had a king they represented “truth or that which is spiritual” (Arcana Coelestia 1672). This further supports the idea that they began to separate the judgement by truth and judgement by love, choosing only truth, or the law as represented by a king.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 1672, 2015, 2567, 2723, 6148, 8301, 8770


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 638, 654, 919

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Významy biblických slov

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A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

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以色列的
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長子
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我們
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埃及
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。

告訴
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

耶和華的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...


As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

五十
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

收割
'To reap' signifies executing judgment. 'Reaping' denotes the reception of truth in good.

女兒
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从广义上说,我们从食物中获得的东西有两样。一个是能量,以碳水化合物和脂肪的形式。另一种是建筑材料--我们的身体用来制造新纤维的蛋白质,以及帮助我们的身体正常运作的维生素。在精神层面上,能量代表着对美好的渴望;蛋白质和维生素代表着将这种渴望转化为有用的工作所需的思想和理念。 而火,也代表着欲望,是一种渴望的情感状态。这在现代语言中很容易看出。我们可能会因为激情而 "燃烧",或者感受到欲望的 "火焰"。这显然可以是好的或坏的,这取决于我们的欲望,就像火可以是一种强大的善的力量,也可以是我们所知道的最具破坏力的力量之一。 烘烤是利用那庞大而又不集中的火候能量,为身体准备食物的一种方式。如果我们有强大的内在动力,我们可以利用它将自己的想法和美好的愿望变成有效的、有计划的行动。 另外,值得注意的是,烘焙的食物往往是淀粉含量较高的食物--面包、蛋糕等高能量食物。所以,烘焙更注重对美好的向往,而其他形式的烹饪则有其他的含义。


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橄欖
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It’s pretty easy for most people to read the Bible and get a sense for what “sheep” means without any help. They are simple, peaceful,...


It’s pretty easy for most people to read the Bible and get a sense for what “sheep” means without any help. They are simple, peaceful,...


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以色列人
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