撒母耳記上 2

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1 哈拿禱告:我的耶和華快樂;我的角因耶和華舉。我的向仇敵張開;我因耶和華的救恩歡欣。

2 只有耶和華為聖;除他以外沒有可比的,也沒有磐石像我們的

3 人不要誇驕傲的話,也不要出狂妄的言語;因耶和華是大有智識的神,人的行為被他衡量。

4 勇士的都已折斷;跌倒的人以量束腰。

5 素來飽足的,反作用人求食;飢餓的,再不飢餓。不生育的,生了兒子;多有兒女的,反倒衰微。

6 耶和華使人,也使人活,使人陰間,也使人往上升。

7 他使人貧窮,也使人富足,使人卑微,也使人貴。

8 他從灰塵裡抬舉貧寒人,從糞堆中提拔窮乏人,使他們與王子同,得著榮耀的座位。地的柱子屬於耶和華;他將世界立在其上。

9 他必保護民的步,使惡黑暗中寂然不動;都不能靠力量得勝。

10 耶和華爭競的,必被打碎;耶和華必從上以攻擊他,必審判地極的人,將力量賜與所立的,高舉受膏者的角。

11 以利加拿往拉瑪回家去了。那孩子在祭司以利面前事奉耶和華

12 以利的兩個兒子是惡人,不認識耶和華

13 這二祭司待百姓是這樣的規矩:凡有獻祭,正的時候,祭司的僕的叉子,

14 將叉子往罐裡,或鼎裡,或釜裡,或鍋裡一插,插上的肉,祭司都取了去。凡上到示羅的以色列人,他們都是這樣看待。

15 又在未燒脂油以前,祭司的僕對獻祭的:將祭司,叫他烤罷。他不要過的,要生的。

16 獻祭的:必須先燒脂油,然後你可以隨意取肉。僕:你立時我,不然我便搶去。

17 如此,這二少年人的耶和華面前甚重了,因為他們藐視耶和華的祭物(或譯:他們使人厭棄給耶和華獻祭)。

18 那時,撒母耳還是孩子,穿著細麻布的以弗得,侍立在耶和華面前。

19 母親每年為他做一件小外袍,同著丈夫上來獻年祭的時候帶來給他。

20 以利為以利加拿和他的妻祝福:願耶和華由這婦人再賜你後裔,代替你從耶和華求來的孩子。他們就回本鄉去了。

21 耶和華眷顧哈拿,他就懷孕生了兒子,兩個女兒。那孩子撒母耳在耶和華面前漸漸長大。

22 以利年甚老邁,見他兩個兒子以色列眾人的事,又見他們與會幕前伺候的婦人苟合,

23 他就對他們:你們為何行這樣的事呢?我從這眾百姓見你們的惡行。

24 我兒啊,不可這樣!我見你們的風聲不,你們使耶和華的百姓犯了罪。

25 若得罪,有士師審判他;若得罪耶和華,誰能為他祈求呢?然而他們還是不父親的話,因為耶和華想要殺他們。

26 孩子撒母耳漸漸長大,耶和華與人越發喜愛他。

27 見以利,對他耶和華如此:你祖父在埃及法老家作奴僕的時候,我不是向他們顯現麼?

28 以色列眾支派中,我不是揀選人作我的祭司,使他燒香,在我上獻祭,在我面前穿以弗得,又將以色列人所獻的火祭都賜你父家麼?

29 我所吩咐獻在我居所的祭物,你們為何踐踏?尊重你的兒子過於尊重我,將我民以色列所獻美好的祭物肥己呢?

30 因此,耶和華以色列的:我曾,你和你父家必永遠行在我面前;現在我卻,決不容你們這樣行。因為尊重我的,我必重看他;藐視我的,他必被輕視。

31 日子必到,我要折斷你的膀和你父家的膀,使你家中沒有一個老年人。

32 在神使以色列人享福的時候,你必看見我居所的敗落。在你家中必永遠沒有一個老年人。

33 我必不從我前滅盡你家中的;那未滅的必使你眼目乾癟、心中憂傷。你家中所生的都必在中年。

34 你的兩個兒子何弗尼、非尼哈所遭遇的事可作你的證據:他們人必日同

35 我要為自己立一個忠心的祭司;他必照我的心意而行。我要為他建立堅固的家;他必永遠行在我的受膏者面前。

36 你家所下的人都必叩拜他,求塊子,求個餅,:求你賜我祭司的職分,好叫我得點餅

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Exploring the Meaning of 1 Samuel 2      

Chapter 2 of the Book of Samuel begins with Hannah’s prayerful song of praise to God. It's a big contrast to the sadness and desperation of her prayer in the previous chapter when she begged for a child. In many ways this is a model for the song that Mary sang, in Luke 1:46-55 after hearing from the angel Gabriel that she was to be the mother of the Lord.

In this chapter, the High Priest, Eli, had grown so old that he had turned his priestly duties over to his sons Hophni and Phinehas. However, these sons were corrupt and had separated themselves from God. They took the best part of the meat offerings for themselves, even before the meat had been properly sacrificed, and took advantage of the woman who worked at the gate of the sanctuary.

That corrupt state is contrasted with the wholesome ministry of the young boy Samuel, who wore a simple tunic (called an ephod) given to him each year by his mother as he grew.

Reports of his sons’ wrongdoings reached Eli, and he pleaded with them to stop, but they did not change their ways and he did nothing to punish them. Then, a messenger from God came with a message of doom for not only the two sons, but for the whole family.

As Anita Dole describes the situation, in her "Bible Study Notes":

"This is a picture of a state in which worship is degraded by being used for self-interest and self-exaltation, and when the high priest in us - that inner dictate which relates us to the Lord - does not take steps to correct the evil, although it sees it. It has become dim of sight and is no longer able to receive directly the voice of the Lord. In 1 Samuel 2:17, quoted above, there is the suggestion of the harm which such a state does to others as well as
to ourselves. Many people are turned against the church by the self-seeking and hypocrisy they see in some of its members. Our duty to keep our worship sincere and to live according to the teachings of the church is not for our own salvation alone. The Lord's service requires of us constant watchfulness and ever-renewed devotion." - Anita Dole, Bible Study Notes, "The Birth of Samuel", © 2001 by The Swedenborg Foundation.

This is a chapter focused on contrasts. On one side are Hannah and Samuel who are faithful to the Lord. We see Hannah praising Him for the wonderful gifts that He provides, especially the gift of her son. This story helps us realize that all children are a gift from God. We should never view them as being our possessions. Instead, they are always God’s children whom we have been blessed to be able to nurture for a time and help grow.

On the other side are the sons of Eli, who profaned what was holy as a mark of self-love and disdain for God.

At the heart of this is a message about true worship. This true worship is a product of heart-felt adoration of God, together with genuine humility (see Arcana Coelestia 1153).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 66, 1756, 2584, 2832, 2930, 3008, 7601, ...

揭秘启示录 10, 20, 323, 535, 551, 598, 671


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 253, 257, 304, 316, 357, 386, 401, ...

An Invitation to the New Church 35

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Významy biblických slov


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...


The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

耶和華
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.


In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

耶和華的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

救恩
'Salvation, to the Lord our God,' as in Revelation 19:1, signifies an acknowledgment and confession that salvation is from the Lord.


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。


A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)


Forces denote the power of truth.

飽足
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

飢餓
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire for good and the understanding of what is true, which nourish and delight us spiritually the...

飢餓的
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire for good and the understanding of what is true, which nourish and delight us spiritually the...


The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

兒子
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.


"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

灰塵
Dust, in Ezekiel 26:12, signifies the lowest things which are of the sensual principle of man. In Isaiah 40:12, the dust signifies exterior or natural...

糞堆
Dunghills as in Lamentations 4:5 signify the falsities of evil.


Dunghills as in Lamentations 4:5 signify the falsities of evil.


If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

座位
'The Lord's throne' signifies, in general, the whole heaven, and specifically, the spiritual heaven, and by extension, divine truth proceeding, and so, everything of heaven...

世界
The term "world" has both general and more specific meanings in the Bible, including the relatively literal sense of the natural, physical world. In more...


'Saints' mean people governed by truths from the Lord through the Word.


The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

黑暗
“黑暗”是没有光的状态。 “光”是来自主的真理,因此“黑暗”代表了缺乏真理的状态。 这是来自Arcana Coelestia的令人信服的文章: “尚未再生的人被称为'虚无而空的地球',也被称为'地面',其中根本没有播种任何善良或真理-'void'在没有善良的情况下,'empty' “那里没有真理。因此,存在着“深沉的黑暗”,愚蠢和缺乏对与对主的信仰以及与灵性和天体生活有关的任何事物的知识。 (天国的秘密17)...


“黑暗”是没有光的状态。 “光”是来自主的真理,因此“黑暗”代表了缺乏真理的状态。 这是来自Arcana Coelestia的令人信服的文章: “尚未再生的人被称为'虚无而空的地球',也被称为'地面',其中根本没有播种任何善良或真理-'void'在没有善良的情况下,'empty' “那里没有真理。因此,存在着“深沉的黑暗”,愚蠢和缺乏对与对主的信仰以及与灵性和天体生活有关的任何事物的知识。 (天国的秘密17)...


天堂是天上的和精神的东西。因此,它们是至高无上的东西,无论是天国还是地下世界的主国。这也指的是教会以及作为上帝王国或“教会”的每个人。因此,天堂表示与爱与慈善有关的所有事物,以及根植于其中的信仰,以及与内部崇拜有关的所有事物。它们以类似的方式表示与道的内在意义有关的所有事物。所有这些东西都是天堂,被称为“耶和华的宝座”。 如启示录21:1所述,“逝去的前天”象征着精神世界中那些仅在外在或表面上有好处的人们的社会。


When the Lord speaks through the heaven, it descends into the lower spheres and is heard as thunder. As He speaks through the whole of...


The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

拉瑪
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

祭司
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.


To boil, as in Genesis 25:29, signifies to heap up.


Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...


The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...


'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...


In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

母親
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

丈夫
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

祝福
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

女兒
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...


'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

會幕
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...


In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...


It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

父親
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

埃及
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

法老
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...


圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

永遠
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.


Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.


The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...


A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

建立
建造东西一般是指把各种比较简单的东西拼凑起来,做成一个有用的、比较复杂的结构,就像用木头或砖头盖房子一样,在圣经中通常是这样用的。在希拿地,人希望建造一座塔,在新约中耶稣建议聪明人要把房子建在石头上。但从代表意义上讲,意思是指建造一个精神和属灵的结构,就像教会的教义或灵性现实的个别概念在一个人的头脑中的个别概念。 建筑材料也是有代表性的。巴别塔是用砖头建造的,砖头是人造的石头,或者说是人造的 "真理",也就是 "真理 "不是来自神,而是人想出来的属灵的想法。聪明人要建造的房子是建立在天然的或 "神所造 "的岩石上,也就是来自于道的真理。


In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...


'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...


When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

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 Birth and Call of Samuel
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 I Will Raise up a Faithful Priest Quotation to Color
Quotation to color.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Samuel Is Born Review Questions
Choose words from a word blank to complete sentences about Samuel.
Activity | Ages 3 - 13

 The Birth of Samuel
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Birth of Samuel (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Birth of Samuel (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Birth of Samuel (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 The Lord Calls Samuel
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6


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