士师记 7

Study

           

1 耶路巴力就是基甸,他和一切跟随的人起来,在哈律泉旁安米甸在他们边的平原,靠近摩利冈。

2 耶和华对基甸:跟随你的人过多,我不能将米甸人交在他们中,免得以色列人向我夸大,:是我们自己的了我们。

3 现在你要向这些人宣告说:凡惧怕胆怯的,可以离开基列回去。於是有人回去,只剩下一万。

4 耶和华对基甸:人还是过多;你要带他们旁,我好在那里为你试试他们。我指点谁:这人可以同你去,他就可以同你去;我指点谁:这人不可同你去,他就不可同你去。

5 基甸就带他们旁。耶和华对基甸:凡用舌头,像舔的,要使他单站在一处;凡跪的,也要使他单站在一处。

6 於是用捧着舔的有,其馀的都跪下

7 耶和华对基甸:我要用这舔水的你们,将米甸人交在你中;其馀的都可以各归各处去。

8 就带着食物和角;其馀的以色列人,基甸都打发他们各归各的帐棚,只留米甸在他边的平原里。

9 当那夜,耶和华吩咐基甸起来到米甸里去,因我已将他们交在你中。

10 倘若你怕去,就带你的仆人普拉到那里去。

11 你必见他们所的,然你就有胆量去攻。於是基甸带着仆人普拉旁。

12 米甸人、亚玛力人,和一切东方人都布散在平原,如同蝗虫那样多。他们的骆驼无数,多如边的沙。

13 基甸到了,就听见一将梦告诉同伴:我做了一梦,梦见一个大麦饼滚入米甸中,到了帐幕,将帐幕撞倒,帐幕就翻倾覆了。

14 同伴:这不是别的,乃是以色列人约阿施的儿子基甸的刀;已将米甸和全军都交在他的中。

15 基甸见这梦和梦的讲解,就敬拜神,回到以色列中,起来罢!耶和华已将米甸的军队交在你们中了。

16 於是基甸将分作队,把角空瓶交在各里(瓶内都藏着火把),

17 吩咐他们:你们要我行事:我到了的旁边怎样行,你们也要怎样行。

18 我和一切跟随我的人吹角的时候,你们也要在的四围吹角,喊叫耶和华和基甸的刀!

19 基甸跟随他的一,在三更之初才换更的时候,旁,就吹角,打破中的瓶。

20 队的人就都吹角,打破瓶子,左拿着火把,右拿着角,喊说:耶和华基甸的刀!

21 他们在的四围各站各的地方;全都乱窜。三百,使他们逃跑

22 就吹角,耶和华使全用刀互相击杀,逃到西利拉的伯哈示他,直逃到靠近他巴的亚伯米何拉。

23 以色列人就从拿弗他利、亚设,和玛拿西全地聚集来追赶米甸人

24 基甸打发走遍以法莲地,说:你们来攻击米甸人,争先把守约但河的渡口,直到伯巴拉。於是以法莲的众聚集,把守约但河的渡口,直到伯巴拉,

25 捉住了米甸人的两个首领:一名俄立,一名西伊伯;将俄立在俄立磐石上,将西伊伯在西伊伯酒?那里;又追赶米甸人,将俄立西伊伯的首级过约但河,到基甸那里。

  

Exploring the Meaning of 士师记 7      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 7: Gideon’s valiant three hundred men.

Gideon and all his men camped by the well of Harod, which can mean “eager”, and also “trembling.” The Lord told Gideon that his army was too large, which could lead Israel to boast that they won by their own efforts (rather than the Lord’s power). Gideon was instructed to send away anyone who was afraid; 22,000 went home, leaving 10,000.

Even still, the Lord said the army was too large, so Gideon tested the men by taking them down to the water to drink. The Lord directed Gideon to call out those who lapped water from out of their hands rather than kneeling down to drink with their mouths. Three hundred men were chosen by this method of selection.

The Lord then commanded Gideon to go down to the Midianite camp, and if he was afraid, to take his servant, Phurah. There, Gideon overheard one of the soldiers telling his companion that he’d had a dream, in which a loaf of bread came tumbling into the camp and struck one of the tents so that it collapsed. The other soldier said that this meant the Lord would give victory to Gideon.

Gideon gave each of his men a trumpet, and a pitcher containing a lit torch. They surrounded the Midianite camp, and at the command of Gideon, they blew their trumpets, broke their pitchers to show the torches, and shouted, “The sword of the Lord and of Gideon!” This caused panic in the camp, and every Midianite drew his sword against another, and many fled. Then Gideon ordered the capture and killing of the two Midianite princes, whose heads were brought to him.

*****

We must give glory to the Lord for successes that we seem to earn, as He alone does what is good. The Lord told Gideon to reduce the size of his army, to avoid the dangers of growing too proud. Since we live our lives as if we do everything ourselves, this is a constant threat. The fact that about two-thirds of Gideon’s army were afraid and went home shows the reality of our nature (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 442).

Lapping water from the hand reflects our need to see and examine what we take into our minds. Water stands for truth, but it can also stand for false ideas. If we drink directly from the water, we accept indiscriminately and examine nothing. Cupping and holding the water in our hands means that we can see how to apply this truth through our attitudes and actions (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 6047[2]).

Gideon’s army of only three hundred men was all it took to defeat the Midianites. The number ‘three’ stands for something which is complete or full in itself. Some spiritual examples include mind, body and soul, as well as celestial, spiritual and natural (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 435[3] and 532[2]).

The dream Gideon overheard stands for the power of good (the bread) to break down the apparent power of what is evil and false (the tent) (Arcana Caelestia 4247[3]). The name of Gideon’s servant, Phurah, means “fruitfulness”, or “a winepress”, which is where Gideon was first called by the angel of the Lord.

The trumpet and the torch both stand for the power of truth to overcome evil and false ideas, the trumpet by its penetrating sound, and the torch by its illuminating light. There is no mention of swords for the army of Israel.

Finally, the oppression by the Midianites represents knowing what is true, but living a life governed by our own desires. This leads us increasingly further away from obeying the Lord. Of course, this must be addressed. The Midianites destroyed each other in their panic, meaning what is disorderly and against the Lord holds no validity, and eventually destroys itself (Arcana Caelestia 9320).

    Studovat vnitřní smysl

Přeložit: