士师记 4

Study

           

1 以笏後,以色列人又行耶和华眼中看为恶的事,

2 耶和华就把他们付与在夏琐作迦南耶宾中;他的将军是西西拉,外邦人的夏罗设。

3 耶宾王有辆。他大大欺压以色列人二十年,以色列人就呼求耶和华

4 有一位女先知名叫底波拉,是拉比多的妻,当时作以色列的士师。

5 以法莲拉玛伯特利中间,在底波拉的棕树以色列人都上他那里去听判断

6 他打发从拿弗他利的基低斯将亚比挪?的儿子巴拉召了来,对他耶和华以色列的吩咐你:你率领一万拿弗他利和西布伦上他泊去。

7 我必使耶宾的将军西西拉率领他的车辆和全军往基顺,到你那里去;我必将他交在你中。

8 巴拉:你若同我去,我就去;你若不同我去,我就不去。

9 底波拉:我必与你同去,只是你在所行的上得不着荣耀,因为耶和华要将西西拉交在一个妇人里。於是底波拉起来,与巴拉一同往基低斯去了。

10 巴拉就招聚西布伦和拿弗他利到基低斯,跟他上去的有一万。底波拉也同他上去。

11 摩西岳父(或译:内兄)何巴的後裔,基尼人希百曾离开基尼族,到靠近基低斯撒拿音的橡树旁支搭帐棚。

12 有人告诉西西拉说:亚比挪?的儿子巴拉已经上他泊了。

13 西西拉就聚集所有的辆,和跟随他的全军,从外邦人的夏罗设出来,到了基顺

14 底波拉对巴拉:你起来,今日就是耶和华将西西拉交在你的日子。耶和华岂不在你前头行麽?於是巴拉了他泊跟随他有一万

15 耶和华使西西拉和他一切车辆全军溃乱,在巴拉面前被刀杀败;西西拉车步行逃跑

16 巴拉追赶车辆、军队,直到外邦人的夏罗设。西西拉的全军都倒在刀下,没有留下人。

17 只有西西拉步行逃跑,到了基尼人希百之妻雅亿的帐棚,因为夏琐耶宾与基尼人希百家和好。

18 雅亿出来迎接西西拉,对他:请我进来,不要惧怕;西西拉就进了他的帐棚。雅忆用被将他遮盖。

19 西西拉对雅亿:我渴了,求你给我一点喝。雅亿就打开皮袋,给他奶子喝,仍旧把他遮盖。

20 西西拉又对雅亿:请你站在帐棚口,若有问你:有在这里没有?你就:没有。

21 西西拉疲乏沉睡。希百的妻雅亿取了帐棚的橛子,里拿着锤子,轻悄悄地到他旁边,将橛子从他鬓边进去,入地里。西西拉就死了

22 巴拉追赶西西拉的时候,雅亿出迎接他罢,我将你所寻找给你。他就进入帐棚,见西西拉已经死了,倒在地上,橛子还在他鬓中。

23 这样,使迦南耶宾被以色列人制伏了。

24 从此以色列人越发有力,胜了迦南耶宾,直到将他灭绝了。

  

Exploring the Meaning of 士师记 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 4: Deborah

Yet again, the children of Israel had disobeyed the Lord. At this point in time, they had been under the yoke of Jabin, a Canaanite king, for twenty years. He had nine hundred chariots of iron, and was apparently very powerful.

The Lord raised up Deborah, a prophetess, to free the Israelites from oppression under Jabin. The text says that she would pass judgements for the children of Israel while she sat under the palm tree of Deborah.

Deborah summoned Barak, an army officer, and told him to go with ten thousand men from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulun to fight King Jabin’s armies. Barak said he would only go if Deborah went as well, so she agreed to join him. Deborah then prophesied that Sisera, the enemy commander, would be defeated by a woman.

The two armies clashed at by the River Kishon, and all of Sisera’s men were killed. Sisera then fled to the tent of Heber, an Israelite who was on peaceful terms with King Jabin. Jael, Heber’s wife, invited Sisera to come in with the comforting words, “fear not”. She covered him with a blanket, gave him milk to drink, and let him sleep there.

Then Jael quietly took a tent peg and drove it into Sisera’s temple using a hammer, so that the peg stuck in the earth. When Barak came to the tent, pursuing Sisera, Jael went out to tell him, “come, and I will show you the man you seek.” And she showed him Sisera, dead, with a peg through his temple.

So Jabin’s army was defeated that day, and Israel grew stronger until their oppression under Jabin came to an end.

*****

Deborah is an especially significant character in the Bible, because she was the only female judge of Israel. It was very unusual for a woman in those times to rise to power, yet she truly earned the respect of her people. Deborah, as a woman, stands for the nurturing power of the Word to strengthen us during regeneration. Her name means ‘a bee’, but this comes from a word meaning ‘to speak’ – here, to speak the Word. Bees make honey; honey is nutritious; God’s word is our nourishment (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 3424[2]).

The fact that Deborah judged from under a palm tree may seem like a passing detail, but even this contributes to the spiritual meaning of the story. Palm trees stand for the divine truths of the Word, which means that Deborah was judging the people from her understanding of the Lord’s truths.

King Jabin’s nine hundred iron chariots represent the apparent power of false beliefs, thoughts and persuasions over us. The number ‘nine’ stands for something which is complete, and ‘iron’ here stands for either natural truths or falsities. A ‘chariot’, being pulled by a horse, always stands for a set of teachings or doctrine. These three symbols add to the picture of a very powerful enemy: false ideas and views that can weaken and overwhelm us (Arcana Caelestia 4720[2]).

The spiritual meaning of the complex arrangement between Barak and Deborah is that we can only deal with our spiritual conflicts if we take the Word’s power (Deborah) with us. Barak, a man, represents the power of truth, but Deborah says a woman will gain victory over Sisera. The feminine stands for the power of love: our charity, our affection for good, and our wish to be useful. These qualities are always essential in our spiritual life (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 1120[2]).

The story about Jael and Sisera is really about actively resisting the temptations of evil in our lives. Jael, a woman, stands for the power of good to overcome what is false in our mind. Driving the tent peg through Sisera’s head stands for the complete destruction of what is false. Driving it right through and into the ground stands for the power of good in our life and in our regeneration, because the ground represents our actions (Arcana Caelestia 268).

When Barak and Jael meet, it stands for the unity between good (Jael, a woman) and truth (Barak, a man). This unity of good and truth appears again at the start of the next chapter, in which Deborah and Barak sing of Israel’s victory.

    Studovat vnitřní smysl

Přeložit: