士师记 11

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1 基列人耶弗他是个大能的勇士,是妓女儿子。耶弗他是基列所生的。

2 基列的妻也生了几个儿子:他妻所生的儿子长大了,就赶逐耶弗他,:你不可在我们父家承受产业,因为你是妓女的儿子

3 耶弗他就逃避他的弟兄,去在陀伯地,有些匪徒到他那里聚集,与他一同出入。

4 过了些日子,亚扪人攻打以色列

5 亚扪人攻打以色列的时候,基列的长老到陀伯地去,要叫耶弗他回来;

6 对耶弗他:请你来作我们的元帅,我们好与亚扪人争战。

7 耶弗他回答基列的长老:从前你们不是恨我、赶逐我出离父家麽?现在你们遭遇急难为何到我这里呢?

8 基列的长老回答耶弗他:现在我们到你这里来,是要你同我们去,与亚扪人争战;你可以作基列一切居民的领袖。

9 耶弗他对基列的长老:你们叫我回去,与亚扪人争战,耶和华把他交我,我可以作你们的领袖麽?

10 基列的长老回答耶弗他:有耶和华在你我中间作见证,我们必定照你的行。

11 於是耶弗他同基列的长老回去,百姓就立耶弗他作领袖、作元帅。耶弗他在米斯巴将自己的一切陈明在耶和华面前。

12 耶弗他打发使者去见亚扪人的:你与我有甚麽相干,竟到我国中攻打我呢?

13 亚扪人的回答耶弗他的使者:因为以色列埃及上来的时候占据我的地,从亚嫩河到雅博河,直到约但河。现在你要好好地将这地归还罢!

14 耶弗他又打发使者去见亚扪人的

15 对他:耶弗他如此以色列人并没有占据摩押地和亚扪人的地。

16 以色列人埃及乃是经过旷野到红到加低斯,

17 就打发使者去见以东,说:求你容我从你的地经过。以东却不应允。又照样打发使者去见摩押,他也不允准。以色列人在加低斯。

18 他们又经过旷野,绕着以东摩押地,从摩押地的东边过,在亚嫩河边安营,并没有入摩押的境内,因为亚嫩河是摩押边界

19 以色列人打发使者去见亚摩利西宏,就是希实本的,对他:求你容我们从你的地经过,往我们自己的地方去。

20 西宏却不信服以色列人,不容他们经过他的境界,乃招聚他的众民在雅杂安营,与以色列人争战。

21 耶和华以色列的将西宏和他的众民都交在以色列人中,以色列人就击杀他们,得了亚摩利人的全地:

22 从亚嫩河到雅博河,从旷野直到约但河。

23 耶和华以色列的在他百姓以色列面前赶出亚摩利人,你竟要得他们的地麽?

24 你的基抹所赐你的地你不是得为业麽?耶和华我们我们面前所赶出的人,我们就得他的地。

25 难道你比摩押西拨的儿子巴勒还强麽?他曾与以色列人争竞,或是与他们争战麽?

26 以色列人希实本和属希实本的乡村,亚罗珥和属亚罗珥的乡村,并沿亚嫩河的一切城邑,已经有年了;在这年之内,你们为甚麽没有取回这些地方呢?

27 原来我没有得罪你,你却攻打我,恶待我。愿审判人的耶和华今日在以色列人和亚扪人中间判断是非。

28 但亚扪人的不肯耶弗他打发人说的

29 耶和华的灵降在耶弗他身上,他就经过基列和玛拿西,来到基列的米斯巴,又从米斯巴来到亚扪人那里。

30 耶弗他就向耶和华许愿,:你若将亚扪人交在我中,

31 我从亚扪人那里平平安安回来的时候,无论甚麽人,先从我家出来迎接我,就必归你,我也必将他献上为燔祭。

32 於是耶弗他往亚扪人那里去,与他们争战;耶和华将他们交在他中,

33 他就杀败他们,从亚罗珥到米匿,直到亚备勒基拉明,攻取了二十座城。这样亚扪人就被以色列人制伏了。

34 耶弗他回米斯巴到了自己的家,不料,他女儿拿着跳舞迎接他,是他独生的,此外无儿无女。

35 耶弗他见他,就撕裂衣服:哀哉!我的女儿啊,你使我甚是愁苦,叫我作难了;因为我已经向耶和华许愿,不能挽回。

36 他女儿回答:父啊,你既向耶和华,就当照你中所的向我行,因耶和华已经在仇敌亚扪人身上为你报仇;

37 又对父亲:有一件事求你允准:容我去两个,与同伴在上,好哀哭我终为处女。

38 耶弗他:你去罢!就容他去两个。他便和同伴去了,在上为他终为处女哀哭。

39 已满,他回到父亲那里,父亲就照所许的愿向他行了。女儿终身没有亲近子。

40 此後以色列中有个规矩,每年以色列的女子去为基列人耶弗他的女儿哀哭

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 11      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 11: Jephthah’s victory.

This chapter and most of the next are about the judge Jephthah. He was Gilead’s son by a prostitute, so Gilead’s other sons despised him, and drove him out from his homeland. He fled to the land of Tob, where he lived amongst reckless men. When the Ammonites made war against Israel, the elders of Gilead went to the land of Tob to ask if Jephthah would lead their army. At first, Jephthah challenged them, and asked why they would come to him for help after expelling him from their county. However, the elders swore by the Lord that they would accept him as their leader, so he agreed to go with them.

Then Jephthah sent messengers to the king of Ammon, to ask why his people were attacking Gilead. The king said that Israel had taken away their land, but Jephthah recounted to them the history of Israel’s time in the wilderness, specifically pointing out that they not made war with the nations of Canaan. The only exception was the Amorite king Sihon’s attack on Israel, in which the Israelites defended themselves and defeated the Amorites. So, Jephthah explained that Israel had not taken land from the Ammonites. But the people of Ammon did not listen, and prepared for war.

While preparing his army against the people of Ammon, Jephthah made a vow to the Lord: if He would grant Gilead victory, Jephthah would make a burnt offering of the first thing which came out from his house upon his return home. Battle ensued, and the army of Jephthah utterly defeated Ammon.

When Jephthah returned home, his daughter – his only child – came out of the house to greet him with music and dancing. He tore his clothes in despair, and told her about his vow to the Lord. His daughter told him to keep his word, and asked to be left alone for two months to lament her virginity. Then, when the time came, Jephthah carried out his vow to the Lord.

*****

Jephthah’s dealings with both the Ammonites and his own family show that serving the Lord leads us to seek peace, not conflict or war. His account of the Israelites’ struggles showed that his people had only defended themselves against other nations, but had not fanned the flames of war. We are to do the work of making peace in our lives, while upholding and defending what is true (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The people of Ammon stand for knowing what is true, but then corrupting that truth to live a life based in falsities. For example, if we know the Lord regenerates us, and then tell ourselves that we no longer hold any responsibility for our eternal state, we have falsified the truth. This view completely distorts the truth: the Lord regenerates us as we work to live righteously (see Swedenborg’s work, Sacred Scripture 18[3]).

The spiritual meaning of a ‘daughter’ is an affection for spiritual truths and the life they offer. Affection is the offspring of feeling delight in truths; as we develop these affections, we learn to recognize that they come from the Lord, for he is the source of all good things (Arcana Caelestia 3336[2]).

Jephthah’s daughter was his deepest love, his greatest affection. She was a virgin, representing the spiritual qualities of purity and innocence. Her request for two months of solitude can be understood as our need to reflect during any giving to the Lord, to be sure that our intentions are pure, without any selfish expectations (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 121).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2576, 4270


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 811

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Významy biblických slov

妓女
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

儿子
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Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

长老
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

我们
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Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

居民
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

耶和华
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埃及
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

摩押
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

以东
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

边界
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

地方
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...


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Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...


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It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

判断
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耶和华的
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玛拿西
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回来
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In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...


The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

二十
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女儿
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...


A drum (Gen. 31) signifies spiritual good.

跳舞
Dances (Exod. 15:20) relate to the affection of spiritual good, or the good of truth, and signify its pleasantness and joy.


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

衣服
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...


In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

父亲
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'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...


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 Jephthah
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jephthah's Daughter
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Story of Jephthah Review Activity
Fill in the blanks to complete the story of Jephthah, Judges 11. Cloze activity.
Activity | All Ages


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