约书亚记 8

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1 耶和华对约书亚:不要惧怕,也不要惊惶。你起来,率领一切兵丁上艾城去,我已经把艾城的和他的民、他的城,并他的地,都交在你里。

2 你怎样待耶利哥耶利哥,也当照样待艾城和艾城的。只是城内所夺的财物和牲畜,你们可以取为自己的掠物。你要在城设下伏兵。

3 於是,约书亚和一切兵丁都起来,要上艾城去。约书亚选了三万大能的勇士,夜间打发他们前往,

4 吩咐他们说:你们要在城埋伏,不可离城太远,都要各自准备。

5 我与我所带领的众民要向城前往。城里的人像初次出来攻击我们的时候,我们就在他们面前逃跑

6 他们必出来追赶我们,直到我们引诱他们离开城;因为他们必:这些人像初次在我们面前逃跑。所以我们要在他们面前逃跑

7 你们就从埋伏的地方起来,夺取那城,因为耶和华─你们的必把城交在你们里。

8 你们夺了城以後,就放烧城,要照耶和华的行。这是我吩咐你们的。

9 约书亚打发他们前往,他们就上埋伏的地方去,伯特利和艾城的中间,就是在艾城的西边。这夜约书亚却在民中宿。

10 约书亚清起来,点齐百姓,他和以色列的长老在百姓前面上艾城去。

11 众民,就是他所领的兵丁,都上去,向前直往,到城前,在艾城边安营。在约书亚和艾城中间有一山谷。

12 他挑了约有,使他们埋伏在伯特利和艾城的中间,就是在艾城的西边,

13 於是安置了百姓,就是城的全军和城西的伏兵。这夜约书亚进入山谷之中

14 艾城的见这景况,就和全城的人,清急忙起来,按所定的时候,出到亚拉巴前,要与以色列人交战;却不知道在城有伏兵。

15 约书亚和以色列众人在他们面前装败,往那通旷野的逃跑

16 城内的众民都被招聚,追赶他们;艾城人追赶的时候,就被引诱离开城。

17 艾城和伯特利城没有一不出来追赶以色列人的,撇了敞开的城门,去追赶以色列人

18 耶和华吩咐约书亚:你向艾城伸出里的短枪,因为我要将城交在你里。约书亚就向城伸出里的短枪。

19 他一伸,伏兵就从埋伏的地方急忙起来,夺了城,跑进城去,放焚烧。

20 艾城的人回头一,不料,城中烟气冲,他们就无力向左向右逃跑。那往旷野逃跑的百姓便转身攻击追赶他们的人。

21 约书亚和以色列众人见伏兵已经夺了城,城中烟气飞腾,就转身回去,击杀艾城的人。

22 伏兵也出城迎击艾城人,艾城人就困在以色列人中间,前後都是以色列人。於是以色列人击杀他们,没有留下一个,也没有一个逃脱的,

23 生擒了艾城的,将他解到约书亚那里。

24 以色列人在田间和旷野尽所追赶一切艾城的居民。艾城人倒在刀下,直到灭尽;以色列众人就回到艾城,用刀了城中的人。

25 当日杀毙的,连带女共有一万,就是艾城所有的

26 约书亚没有收回里所伸出来的短枪,直到把艾城的一切居民尽行杀灭。

27 惟独城中的牲畜和财物,以色列人都取为自己的掠物,是照耶和华所吩咐约书亚的

28 约书亚将艾城焚烧,使城永为高堆、荒场,直到今日;

29 又将艾城上,直到晚上。日落的时候,约书亚吩咐人把尸首从上取,丢在城门口,在尸首上成一石头,直存到今日。

30 那时,约书亚在以巴路上为耶和华以色列的筑一座

31 是用没有动过器的整石头筑的,照着耶和华仆人摩西所吩咐以色列人的话,正如摩西律法上所的。众人在这上给耶和华奉献燔祭和平安祭。

32 约书亚在那里,当着以色列人面前,将摩西的律法抄石头上。

33 以色列众人,无论是本地人、是寄居的,和长老长,并审判,都站在约柜两旁,在抬耶和华约柜的祭司利未人面前,一对着基利心,一对着以巴路,为以色列祝福,正如耶和华仆人摩西先前所吩咐的。

34 ,约亚将律法上祝福、咒诅的,照着律法上一切所的,都宣读了一遍。

35 摩西所吩咐的一切,约书亚在以色列会众妇女、孩子,并他们中间寄居的外人面前,没有一句不宣读的。

  

Exploring the Meaning of 约书亚记 8      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 8: The fall of Ai and the renewal of the covenant.

The events of this chapter - and their spiritual meaning for us - follow on from the previous chapter. After their first setback at Ai, the Children of Israel take the city of Ai by using a clever ruse. Joshua chose thirty thousand men for the battle. The plan was for five thousand of them to hide near the city, while he led the main army to attack the city. Then, Joshua and his forces would pretend to run away, pursued by the men of Ai. Those who had hidden were then to come out, go into the city, and set it on fire. The men of Ai would see this and run back, get ambushed, and be caught between Joshua’s two armies.

It all happened as planned, and Israel took Ai. (See Arcana Caelestia 1557). As with Jericho, everything in Ai was commanded to be destroyed, except that in this case the livestock and the city’s spoils were to be kept. The whole city was burned and its king was hanged on a tree until sunset and then his body was thrown down at the city entrance with a great heap of stones put over it.

The basic spiritual meaning of any battle in the Bible such as this, is to show how a heavenly principle can and will overcome a hellish or evil attack, especially for us, during some temptation - when we seek to resist and fight back.

Evil is only strong in illusion and fear-mongering; when the light of what is true shines on evil it gets shown for what it is. (Heaven and Hell 49)

The city’s name “Ai” means “a heap”. The word gets used several times in the text of the chapter. A heap implies rubble and rubbish. Cities sometimes look noble and well-planned; in Ai’s case it was the very opposite - a heap, a ruin. (Heaven and Hell 586[2])

While Jericho generally represents our wrong thinking, which first stands in the way of our regeneration and spiritual will, Ai represents our evil emotions and our selfish passions. Both of them must fall before we can make further progress.

Joshua chooses a large number to go against a relatively few in Ai, who nevertheless all rush out to fight Israel. “There was not a man left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel. Thus they left the city open.” (Joshua 8:17)

Joshua’s tactic of drawing out the men of Ai means our challenge to evil - by confronting it with the truths and commandments we know and obey. Joshua’s pretence of fleeing away draws Ai out in glee, interpreting the flight as a real retreat. Then everything turns, and Joshua’s men go forward representing the power of the truth, the Word and our persuasion of their effectiveness in winning. (Arcana Caelestia 6344[4])

Ai’s men see their city on fire, for other Israelites entered Ai and set it ablaze. This represents the self-condemnation of evil, of hell, when it is exposed to what is true, heavenly and of God. But Joshua’s men, lying in ambush and waiting for the moment, represent our keen observation of how our selfish desires work to cause havoc in us. They are 5,000. Symbolically, in the Bible, five or its multiples always stand for a small amount - but enough to use.

Hanging the king of Ai stands for our need to put down the controlling power of any evil which stirs us. And all Ai is destroyed, because all evil must be turned against and refused.

Then, and only then, Joshua remakes the covenant with the Lord God; he builds an altar, he writes a copy on stones of the Law of Moses in the presence of all Israel, the priests stand in two groups in front of two mountains, then Joshua reads the words of blessing and cursing and all the Law of Moses.

After we resist any evil and its temptation, we must re-hear and re-affirm the truth that this was the Lord’s victory, not ours, and re-dedicate ourselves to the life the Lord gives us. (True Christian Religion 13[2])

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 8      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 8: The fall of Ai and the renewal of the covenant.

The events of this chapter - and their spiritual meaning for us - follow on from the previous chapter. After their first setback at Ai, the Children of Israel take the city of Ai by using a clever ruse. Joshua chose thirty thousand men for the battle. The plan was for five thousand of them to hide near the city, while he led the main army to attack the city. Then, Joshua and his forces would pretend to run away, pursued by the men of Ai. Those who had hidden were then to come out, go into the city, and set it on fire. The men of Ai would see this and run back, get ambushed, and be caught between Joshua’s two armies.

It all happened as planned, and Israel took Ai. (See Arcana Caelestia 1557). As with Jericho, everything in Ai was commanded to be destroyed, except that in this case the livestock and the city’s spoils were to be kept. The whole city was burned and its king was hanged on a tree until sunset and then his body was thrown down at the city entrance with a great heap of stones put over it.

The basic spiritual meaning of any battle in the Bible such as this, is to show how a heavenly principle can and will overcome a hellish or evil attack, especially for us, during some temptation - when we seek to resist and fight back.

Evil is only strong in illusion and fear-mongering; when the light of what is true shines on evil it gets shown for what it is. (Heaven and Hell 49)

The city’s name “Ai” means “a heap”. The word gets used several times in the text of the chapter. A heap implies rubble and rubbish. Cities sometimes look noble and well-planned; in Ai’s case it was the very opposite - a heap, a ruin. (Heaven and Hell 586[2])

While Jericho generally represents our wrong thinking, which first stands in the way of our regeneration and spiritual will, Ai represents our evil emotions and our selfish passions. Both of them must fall before we can make further progress.

Joshua chooses a large number to go against a relatively few in Ai, who nevertheless all rush out to fight Israel. “There was not a man left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel. Thus they left the city open.” (Joshua 8:17)

Joshua’s tactic of drawing out the men of Ai means our challenge to evil - by confronting it with the truths and commandments we know and obey. Joshua’s pretence of fleeing away draws Ai out in glee, interpreting the flight as a real retreat. Then everything turns, and Joshua’s men go forward representing the power of the truth, the Word and our persuasion of their effectiveness in winning. (Arcana Caelestia 6344[4])

Ai’s men see their city on fire, for other Israelites entered Ai and set it ablaze. This represents the self-condemnation of evil, of hell, when it is exposed to what is true, heavenly and of God. But Joshua’s men, lying in ambush and waiting for the moment, represent our keen observation of how our selfish desires work to cause havoc in us. They are 5,000. Symbolically, in the Bible, five or its multiples always stand for a small amount - but enough to use.

Hanging the king of Ai stands for our need to put down the controlling power of any evil which stirs us. And all Ai is destroyed, because all evil must be turned against and refused.

Then, and only then, Joshua remakes the covenant with the Lord God; he builds an altar, he writes a copy on stones of the Law of Moses in the presence of all Israel, the priests stand in two groups in front of two mountains, then Joshua reads the words of blessing and cursing and all the Law of Moses.

After we resist any evil and its temptation, we must re-hear and re-affirm the truth that this was the Lord’s victory, not ours, and re-dedicate ourselves to the life the Lord gives us. (True Christian Religion 13[2])

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 796, 878, 1298, 1453, 2799, 5156, 6752, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 457, 662


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 585, 655, 937

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耶和华的
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伯特利
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中间
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.


由于太阳代表着主,所以清晨和日出代表着一种开悟的状态,在经历了一段黑暗之后,会有新的清晰的认识。 在现代生活中,这种表现方式有很多。首先,长期以来的传统是将教堂的圣殿设在东方,朝向初升的太阳。人们在努力解决一个问题时,往往会决定 "睡一觉",期待明天早上答案会更清晰。而我们其实用 "黎明 "作为动词,表示突然的开悟。"当他盯着窗外看时,他恍然大悟,答案一直在他手中。"

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

长老
圣经中提到长老主要有两个方面。首先是以色列的长老,其次是启示录中24位坐在神宝座旁的长老。在这两种情况下,他们都是指智慧,智慧来自于我们在日常生活中运用所学到的真理去做正确的事。以色列的长老指的是称为以色列的教会中智慧的主要事物。启4章提到的长老指的是最高天的智慧,进而指的是整个天的智慧。 就像圣经中的大多数含义一样,这可以根据上下文的不同而改变为一个被扭曲成相反的含义。这种爱不是充满知识和爱邻舍的心,而是可以被扭曲为对自己的自我智慧的骄傲,并导致走向邪恶而不是善良。在该亚法家坐着审判耶稣的长老和祭司长,显示了代表的另一面。


如同一般常见的动词一样,"带来 "的意思在很大程度上取决于语境,但在一般情况下,它表示对新的精神状态或新的思想的介绍。


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...


'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...


Five also signifies all things of one part.


As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

山谷
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...


Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

之中
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

知道
就像许多常见的动词一样,"知道 "在圣经中的含义是多种多样的,取决于上下文。而在某些情况下--当它与观念或对象联系在一起时,它的灵性意义和自然意义基本上是相同的。 不过有意思的是,当圣经谈到人与人之间的认识,尤其是谈到主与人的认识时,其意义更多的是与人内心的爱的状态有关,而不是任何事实的认识。 如果你仔细想想,这是有道理的。当我们真正 "了解 "一个人的时候,我们的意思是,我们知道他们是什么样的人,他们的动机是什么,他们喜欢什么,他们讨厌什么,是什么让他们生气。这些事情远比知道他们父母的名字,他们在哪里出生或哪一年从学校毕业更重要。 那么,大多数情况下,尤其是应用在人身上,"知道 "与我们对别人的爱的认知,以及有类似爱的人之间可能存在的结合,而不仅仅是事实的集合。


These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

伸出
The hand in the Bible represents power, which is easy to understand, so to reach out or stretch out the hand means to exercise power,...

地方
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...


"空气 "在《圣经》中代表了思想,但以一种非常笼统的方式--更像是我们感知思想的能力和我们倾向于思考的方式,而不是我们对具体事物的具体想法。 仔细想想,这也是有道理的。我们通过空气看到周围的世界,看到对应于理解。我们通过空气听到,而听觉对应着被教化和服从。鸟儿在空中飞翔,它们代表着具体的思想和观念。而呼吸本身--吸进空气,将氧气传递到血液中--代表着我们对真正的精神理念的理解。


Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

转身
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...


'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

居民
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...


The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...


'To hang,' as mentioned in Genesis 41:13, signifies rejecting. 'Hanging' represents the damnation of profanation.


'Trees,' in general, signify the perceptions when discussing the celestial self, but when related to the spiritual church, they signify knowledges. A person in the...

晚上
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...


"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

门口
"门 "在古代有一种在现代社会不成立的意义。当时的城市是用城墙围起来保护的,城墙上的门可以让人进出办事,但也是城市防御的薄弱环节。 在《圣经》中,城市在一个层面上代表了个人的思想。在更广泛的层面上,它们代表了一个社会所共享的信仰。那么,城门就代表着主可以喂养我们对真理的理解和对善的渴望的开口。它们也代表着地狱可以入侵和用错误的思想和邪恶的欲望左右我们的地方。 书中告诉我们,我们在有生之年会受到来自主和地狱的影响,保持平衡。理想的情况是,在我们的有生之年,我们会继续邀请主越走越远,把地狱赶回去,直到最终主能完全占据我们的思想。而这时我们对祂的信仰和祂的能力与爱就会守住大门,不让邪恶进入。 作为个人,我们这时就成了天使。作为团体,我们在这时成为主的教会的一部分。而在这一点上,大门成为一个入口,入门的真理,让人们进入教会,开始把主带进他们的生命。


从一般意义上讲,《圣经》中的门代表了人们最初的向善欲望和对真理的概念,将人们的爱和理解引入新的层次,甚至是主自己。 不过根据背景,有很多具体的内容。因为 "房子 "代表了一个人的欲望、情感和激情,门的作用是引入真正的想法,可以把这些欲望付诸行动。在更广泛的情况下,门是通向天堂本身的。 而在某些情况下,其含义被带到了一个非常具体的层面。例如,圣经时代的住宅往往有内门和外门来保护。创世记19章中,当罗得试图说服所多玛的人不要调戏探望他的天使时,他其实是去了内门外,但却留在了外门内。外门代表着对善的渴望,对所多玛男人所代表的虚假有抵抗力;内门代表着从善的渴望中涌现出来的真实想法。培养善的欲望的人可以从第一道门进入,但在从第二道门进入之前,必须学习如何表达这种欲望的真理。 提到门柱和门楣,也要区分介绍性商品和介绍性真理。


'A heap,' as mentioned in Genesis 31:40, signifies good, because in the past, before they built altars, the ancients made heaps and ate together upon...


"伟大 "这个词在圣经中用来代表一种具有强烈的爱和感情、对善的渴望的状态;圣经用其他词汇来代表思想、观念、智力的事情。 如果你仔细想想,这是有道理的,因为一个愿望可以涉及到一连串的想法和观念。比如说,你想帮助孩子完成她的学校作业。这是一个好的愿望。要付诸行动,你可能想知道她在不同科目上的成绩如何,她在某些科目上有什么困难,你是否对这个科目有足够的了解,如果你不能帮助她,还有谁可能帮助她,什么时候是合作的好时机,你是否有一个好的工作空间等等。这些都是分开的想法,由一个善的愿望串联起来的。所以圣经用 "许多"、"众多 "这样的词来形容知识性的东西--这些词意味着可以分开来数的东西的集合,而用 "大 "来形容对善的渴望--这个词意味着一些大的东西,但却是统一的,本质上不可数的东西。


Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

石头
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...


'Hills' signify the good of charity.


圣经中提到的第一个祭坛是挪亚从方舟中出来后所建造的。在那祭坛上,他把洁净的动物献给了耶和华。山代表着耶和华,因为山是高高在上,我们在与主 "说话 "的时候,必须把自己的思想抬高到属世的事物之上。祭坛是一座小小的人造山,但当用在敬拜的时候,就能唤起这种思想的升起,火和烟被送上来,象征性地送上主。祭坛大多是用未切割的石头做成的。石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表真理,未被人塑造的石头代表来自于道的真理,未被掺杂的真理。清净的兽代表着善事,代表着因为正确而做的慈善行为,而清净的鸟代表着对教义和行为的思考,代表着什么是正确的。所以呈现这些东西,就是承认我们从主那里得到了这些东西,并为这些东西感谢祂。 在以色列人的会幕中,燔祭坛代表善的承认,香坛代表真理。因此,这个大一点的祭坛在门外,是用黄铜做的,代表自然的善,而香坛是用金子做的,代表对耶和华的爱,从耶和华那里来的是真理。


'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

仆人
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

摩西
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...


(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...


If knowing what’s right were the same as doing what’s right, we would all be thin, healthy, hard-working, law-abiding, faithful to our spouses and free...


'Officer' denotes doctrines or principles of interpretation.

祭司
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.


Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

祝福
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

会众
A congregation is a group of people with common loves, interests, and purposes. It often refers to a church group. In the Word it is...

妇女
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

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Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Compare Joshua with Jesus
Complete a chart comparing Joshua and Jesus. Who were theys fighting? Where did they go? How did they show courage?
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Capture of Ai
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3


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