约书亚记 5

Studovat vnitřní smysl
← 约书亚记 4   约书亚记 6 →         

1 约但河西亚摩利人的诸和靠迦南人的诸耶和华以色列人前面使约但河的乾了,等到我们过去,他们的心因以色列人的缘故就消化了,不再有胆气。

2 那时,耶和华吩咐约书亚:你制造火石刀,第二以色列人割礼

3 约书亚就制造了火石刀,在除皮山那里给以色列人割礼

4 约书亚行割礼的缘故,是因为从埃及出来的众民,就是一切能打仗的男丁,出了埃及以後,都在旷野的上。

5 因为出来的众民都受过割礼;惟独出埃及以後、在旷野的上所生的众民都没有受过割礼

6 以色列人在旷野走了四十年,等到国民,就是出埃及的兵丁,都消灭了,因为他们没有耶和华的话。耶和华曾向他们起誓,必不容他们耶和华向他们列祖起誓、应许赐我们的地,就是流奶与蜜之地。

7 他们的子孙,就是耶和华所兴起来接续他们的,都没有受过割礼;因为在上没有给他们行割礼,约书亚这才给他们行了。

8 国民都受完了割礼,就中自己的地方,等到痊愈了。

9 耶和华对约书亚:我今日将埃及的羞辱从你们身上辊去了。因此,那地方吉甲吉甲就是辊的意思),直到今日。

10 以色列人吉甲安营。正十四晚上,在耶利哥平原逾越节

11 逾越节的次日,他们就吃了那地的出产;正当那日无酵饼和烘的谷。

12 他们吃了那地的出产,第二日吗哪就止住了,以色列人也不再有吗哪了。那一年,他们却迦南地的出产。

13 约书亚靠近耶利哥的时候,举目观,不料,有一个里有拔出来的刀,对面站立。约书亚到他那里,问他:你是帮助我们呢,是帮助我们敌人呢?

14 他回答:不是的,我是要作耶和华军队的元帅。约书亚就俯伏在地下拜,:我有甚麽话吩咐仆人

15 耶和华军队的元帅对约书亚:把你上的鞋脱下来,因为你所站的地方的。约书亚就照着行了。

← 约书亚记 4   约书亚记 6 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 5: The Circumcision and the Passover

In this chapter, the Israelites are now in the land of Canaan, and local Amorite and Canaanite kings lose heart to oppose them because of God’s miracle at the river Jordan.

God tells Joshua to circumcise all the men who were born since they left Egypt, because none were circumcised in the wilderness, and their fathers who were have now all died. So Joshua obeys, requiring circumcision of all the men of Israel.

As a result, God says to Joshua : “I have this day rolled away the stain of Egypt from you.” The place was therefore called Gilgal, which means “rolling”. The Children of Israel camped there till they were healed. They then ate the Passover using the food of the land for the very first time, and the daily manna, which had been provided by God every day in the wilderness, stopped.

Then, Joshua has an encounter with an angel:

When Joshua lifted his eyes he saw a man opposite him with a drawn sword in his hand. Joshua asked him, “Are you for us or for our adversaries?” The man answered, “No, but as Commander of the army of the Lord I have now come.” Joshua fell and worshipped and asked what he should do? The man said, “Take your sandal off your foot, for the place where you stand is holy”. And Joshua did so.

Note that this chapter is the very first one when the Israelites are in Canaan, and straightaway two important Jewish rituals are carried out – circumcision and the Passover. Circumcision is the cutting off of the foreskin. It means to become purified from loving oneself and the world, and the outer things of life, and to be righteous before God inwardly. (See Arcana Caelestia 2102.)

This meaning helps us see why elsewhere in the Bible it often talks about “circumcising your heart”. The circumcision in Canaan was to mark the new generation, which spiritually for us means that our regeneration always involves new states. (True Christian Religion 601)

The Passover was originally a meal to mark leaving slavery in Egypt, so it is very appropriate for celebrating entering the promised land. The spiritual meaning of the Passover is rich and complex, but, put simply, it is about the presence of the Lord with us, especially when we attribute life’s good events and blessings to the presence of God. “The Lord has done this for me… The Lord has done that for us.” (Arcana Caelestia 7902) The reason that it is a meal is that we share meals together, often in families, and spiritually everything in us comes together to be joyful and thankful.

The first camp of the Israelites in Canaan was at Gilgal, a place close to Jericho, the name of which means “rolling”. We’ve looked at its connection with circumcision but more generally, to ‘roll’ is to move forward, move on, keep going. This is a powerful early-in-the-story description of our regeneration, with its trials and blessings, both of which aim to keep us moving forward to be evermore in the life the Lord wants us to have. (Arcana Caelestia 8911)

With all this early first feeling of having finally got to Canaan, the land which God had always promised to give them, it is so very appropriate that Joshua is met by a militant angel of the Lord, the Commander of the army of the Lord. (Arcana Caelestia 7277). Note carefully that when Joshua asks if he is for us or for our enemies, the Commander says “No.” Spiritually this is very significant because the Lord uses everything – good and evil – peace and temptation – to lead us towards heaven.

The Commander declares that Joshua is to remove his sandal from off his foot because where he stands, this is holy ground. Spiritually, “holy ground” is the whole sweep of life, and our sense that all of it is the Lord’s gift to us. (See Arcana Caelestia 566, 1585)

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1664, 1748, 1784, 2039, 2799, 6846, 8294, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 619

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:


  Související Knihy  (see all)


Skočit na podobné biblické verše

创世记 17:10, 18:2, 34:14, 25

出埃及记 3:5, 8, 17, 12:6, 11, 13:6, 7, 16:35, 23:20, 23

民数记 13:29, 14:33, 35, 22:23, 31, 26:64, 65

申命记 1:39

约书亚记 6, 2:9, 11, 3:16, 17, 4:19, 24:7

撒母耳记上 3:9, 10, 7:16

撒母耳记下 19, 20

以西结书 3:23

但以理书 8:11

何西阿书 4:15

阿摩司书 5:5

弥迦书 6:5

马太福音 2:11, 28:9

约翰福音 9:38

使徒行传 7:33

罗马书 8:31

哥林多前书 15:57

希伯来书 3:11

Významy biblických slov


The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...


'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

耶和华
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...


Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

割礼
Circumcision (Gen. 17:10) signifies purity.

割礼的
The Writings teach that all parts of the human body correspond to spiritual things. That includes the sex organs of both men and women, which...

埃及
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.


These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

走了
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

四十
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

耶和华的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

我们
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...


Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

地方
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...


'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

吉甲
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.


'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

十四
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...


The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

晚上
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

耶利哥
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

平原
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

逾越节
'The Passover,' in Exodus 12, 27, signifies the presence of the Lord and His liberation from damnation of the people of the spiritual church. 'The...


When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

吃了
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

无酵
For something to be “unleavened” means that it's been made without yeast. Since yeast is what makes bread rise and take on its airy texture,...

迦南
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

站立
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

敌人
Foes, or adversaries, denote the falsities of evil. Foes, or adversaries, when predicate of the Lord, signifies to avert falsities derived from evil.


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

军队
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...


In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

仆人
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...


Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...


The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 At Gilgal
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Compare: Moses and Joshua
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Joshua Kneels Before the Commander of the Lord’s Army
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Joshua Meets the Commander of the Lord’s Army
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Loose Thy Shoe
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lord Is the Hero of War
Color picture of the Commander of the Lord's army appearing to Joshua.
Picture | All Ages


Přeložit: