约书亚记 5

Studovat vnitřní smysl

           

1 约但河西亚摩利人的诸和靠迦南人的诸耶和华以色列人前面使约但河的乾了,等到我们过去,他们的心因以色列人的缘故就消化了,不再有胆气。

2 那时,耶和华吩咐约书亚:你制造火石刀,第二以色列人割礼

3 约书亚就制造了火石刀,在除皮山那里给以色列人割礼

4 约书亚行割礼的缘故,是因为从埃及出来的众民,就是一切能打仗的男丁,出了埃及以後,都在旷野的上。

5 因为出来的众民都受过割礼;惟独出埃及以後、在旷野的上所生的众民都没有受过割礼

6 以色列人在旷野走了四十年,等到国民,就是出埃及的兵丁,都消灭了,因为他们没有耶和华的话。耶和华曾向他们起誓,必不容他们耶和华向他们列祖起誓、应许赐我们的地,就是流奶与蜜之地。

7 他们的子孙,就是耶和华所兴起来接续他们的,都没有受过割礼;因为在上没有给他们行割礼,约书亚这才给他们行了。

8 国民都受完了割礼,就中自己的地方,等到痊愈了。

9 耶和华对约书亚:我今日将埃及的羞辱从你们身上辊去了。因此,那地方吉甲吉甲就是辊的意思),直到今日。

10 以色列人吉甲安营。正十四晚上,在耶利哥平原逾越节

11 逾越节的次日,他们就吃了那地的出产;正当那日无酵饼和烘的谷。

12 他们吃了那地的出产,第二日吗哪就止住了,以色列人也不再有吗哪了。那一年,他们却迦南地的出产。

13 约书亚靠近耶利哥的时候,举目观,不料,有一个里有拔出来的刀,对面站立。约书亚到他那里,问他:你是帮助我们呢,是帮助我们敌人呢?

14 他回答:不是的,我是要作耶和华军队的元帅。约书亚就俯伏在地下拜,:我有甚麽话吩咐仆人

15 耶和华军队的元帅对约书亚:把你上的鞋脱下来,因为你所站的地方的。约书亚就照着行了。


Exploring the Meaning of 约书亚记 5      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 5: The Circumcision and the Passover

In this chapter, the Israelites are now in the land of Canaan, and local Amorite and Canaanite kings lose heart to oppose them because of God’s miracle at the river Jordan.

God tells Joshua to circumcise all the men who were born since they left Egypt, because none were circumcised in the wilderness, and their fathers who were have now all died. So Joshua obeys, requiring circumcision of all the men of Israel.

As a result, God says to Joshua : “I have this day rolled away the stain of Egypt from you.” The place was therefore called Gilgal, which means “rolling”. The Children of Israel camped there till they were healed. They then ate the Passover using the food of the land for the very first time, and the daily manna, which had been provided by God every day in the wilderness, stopped.

Then, Joshua has an encounter with an angel:

When Joshua lifted his eyes he saw a man opposite him with a drawn sword in his hand. Joshua asked him, “Are you for us or for our adversaries?” The man answered, “No, but as Commander of the army of the Lord I have now come.” Joshua fell and worshipped and asked what he should do? The man said, “Take your sandal off your foot, for the place where you stand is holy”. And Joshua did so.

Note that this chapter is the very first one when the Israelites are in Canaan, and straightaway two important Jewish rituals are carried out – circumcision and the Passover. Circumcision is the cutting off of the foreskin. It means to become purified from loving oneself and the world, and the outer things of life, and to be righteous before God inwardly. (See Arcana Caelestia 2102.)

This meaning helps us see why elsewhere in the Bible it often talks about “circumcising your heart”. The circumcision in Canaan was to mark the new generation, which spiritually for us means that our regeneration always involves new states. (True Christian Religion 601)

The Passover was originally a meal to mark leaving slavery in Egypt, so it is very appropriate for celebrating entering the promised land. The spiritual meaning of the Passover is rich and complex, but, put simply, it is about the presence of the Lord with us, especially when we attribute life’s good events and blessings to the presence of God. “The Lord has done this for me… The Lord has done that for us.” (Arcana Caelestia 7902) The reason that it is a meal is that we share meals together, often in families, and spiritually everything in us comes together to be joyful and thankful.

The first camp of the Israelites in Canaan was at Gilgal, a place close to Jericho, the name of which means “rolling”. We’ve looked at its connection with circumcision but more generally, to ‘roll’ is to move forward, move on, keep going. This is a powerful early-in-the-story description of our regeneration, with its trials and blessings, both of which aim to keep us moving forward to be evermore in the life the Lord wants us to have. (Arcana Caelestia 8911)

With all this early first feeling of having finally got to Canaan, the land which God had always promised to give them, it is so very appropriate that Joshua is met by a militant angel of the Lord, the Commander of the army of the Lord. (Arcana Caelestia 7277). Note carefully that when Joshua asks if he is for us or for our enemies, the Commander says “No.” Spiritually this is very significant because the Lord uses everything – good and evil – peace and temptation – to lead us towards heaven.

The Commander declares that Joshua is to remove his sandal from off his foot because where he stands, this is holy ground. Spiritually, “holy ground” is the whole sweep of life, and our sense that all of it is the Lord’s gift to us. (See Arcana Caelestia 566, 1585)

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Přeložit: