约书亚记 4

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1 国民尽都过了约但河,耶和华就对约书亚

2 你从民中要拣选十,每支派

3 吩咐他们:你们从这里,从约但河中、祭司站定的地方,取十石头带过去,放在你们今夜要住宿的地方。

4 於是,约书亚将他从以色列人中所预备的那十,每支派召了来。

5 对他们:你们下约但河中,过到耶和华─你们的约柜前头,按着以色列人十二支派的数目,每石头扛在肩上。

6 这些石头在你们中间可以作为证据。日後,你们的子孙问你们:这些石头是甚麽意思?

7 你们就对他们:这是因为约但河的耶和华的约柜前断绝;约柜过约但河的时候,约但河的就断绝了。这些石头要作以色列人永远纪念

8 以色列人就照约书亚所吩咐的,按着以色列人支派的数目,从约但河中取了十石头耶和华所吩咐约书亚的行了。他们把石头带过去,到他们所住宿的地方,就放在那里。

9 约书亚另把十石头立在约但河中,在抬约柜的祭司站立的地方;直到今日,那石头还在那里。

10 抬约柜的祭司站在约但河中,等到耶和华晓谕约书亚吩咐百姓的事办完了,是照摩西所吩咐约书亚的一切。於是百姓急速过去了。

11 众百姓尽都过了河,耶和华的约柜和祭司就在百姓面前过去。

12 流便人、迦得人、玛拿西支派的人都照摩西所吩咐他们的,带着兵器在以色列人前头过去。

13 约有四万人都准备打仗,在耶和华面前过去,到耶利哥平原,等候上阵。

14 当那日,耶和华使约书亚在以色列众人眼前尊大。在他平生的日子,百姓敬畏他,像从前敬畏摩西一样。

15 耶和华晓谕约书亚

16 你吩咐抬法柜的祭司从约但河里上来。

17 约书亚就吩咐祭司说:你们从约但河里上来。

18 耶和华约柜的祭司从约但河里上来,掌刚落旱地,约但河的就流到原处,仍旧涨过两岸。

19 初十日,百姓从约但河里上来,就在吉甲,在耶利哥的东边安营。

20 他们从约但河中取来的那十石头,约书亚就立在吉甲

21 以色列人:日後你们的子孙问他们的父亲:这些石头是甚麽意思?

22 你们就告诉他们以色列人曾走乾地过这约但河;

23 因为耶和华─你们的在你们前面使约但河的乾了,等着你们过来,就如耶和华─你们的从前在我们前面使红乾了,等着我们过来一样,

24 要使地上万民都知道耶和华的大有能力,也要使你们永远敬畏耶和华─你们的

  

Exploring the Meaning of 约书亚记 4      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 1585, 4255


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

属天的奥秘 2838, 3858, 6804, 6983, 9396, 9416

揭秘启示录 348, 529

Doctrine of Life 59

真实的基督教 284


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 222, 430, 529, 700

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耶和华
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...


The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...


A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

祭司
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.


我们的脚是我们身体最底层的部分,它们非常有用!在《圣经》中,脚代表了我们灵性自我中最低级、最功利的部分--"自然 "层面。这个生活的日常层面涉及到常规的任务和要求,以及与之相关的思想。它不是非常深刻或内省,但它是有用的--就像脚一样。 主和教会团体的这种对应关系也是如此。主的神性自然引导我们通过相对简单的顺服(想想十条诫命,和两条大诫命)。教会也有一个自然的层面,在这个层面上,他们以简单而具体的方式服务于他们的社区。


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石头
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

住宿
An inn' signifies a place of instruction. An inn' signifies the exterior natural level in general. This cannot be confirmed from parallel passages in the...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...


在《圣经》中,当文中提到耶和华的本质,即爱本身时,就称他为 "耶和华"。当文中提到爱的表达时,他被称为 "上帝"--《圣经》称之为神圣的真理。 对其他神的提法,无论是正面的还是负面的,都反映了这个意思。在积极的情况下--比如天使和人被称为神,或者主被称为神中之神--这些神代表着从主那里来的真实思想。在消极的情况下--比如当以色列人一再采用邻居的神时--那些神代表着错误和扭曲的思想,攻击善和真。


Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

耶和华的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

永远
在许多情况下,圣经中 "永恒 "的使用是相当字面的,简单的意思就是永远。特别是当文中提到某人被判处下地狱或升入天堂时,更是如此。 然而,在某些情况下,"永恒 "或 "旧日 "指的是《圣经》中所说的最古教会--最早的人中的第一个教会,是直接出于爱主而行动的无辜灵魂。由于这种联想,被称为 "永恒 "或 "永生 "的事物通常代表着因爱主而产生的对美好的渴望。 如果我们爱主,那么我们的愿望就会是遵行祂的旨意,爱如祂的爱。由此,我们就会有一个真正的愿望,去爱和关心别人。这就是 "永恒 "所描述的感觉。

纪念
'For a sign and for a memorial,' denotes that a thing should be perpetually remembered.

摩西
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...


'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

玛拿西
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.


Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

耶利哥
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

平原
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...


'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

吉甲
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

父亲
父亲在话语中的意思是指最里面的东西,在那些遵从主的命令的事情上,是指好的东西。在最高的意义上,父亲是指主自己,是创造者。在自然儿女的生成中,是父亲提供灵魂或最内在的生命容器,以及一种内在的遗传,母亲则提供灵魂用来形成身体的所有物质,再加上一种外在的遗传。在这个过程中,灵魂通过父亲来自主,而不是来自父亲,因为所有的生命都来自主。 聪明的人称主为他的父亲,称教会为他的母亲,因为他内心的爱来自主,但通过教会所教导的真理得到了形式和实际。那些因此而生出的东西,就是一个人属灵的 "儿女"。 在新约中,当谈到耶稣和天父的时候,指的是外在的表现,里面有神圣的本身作为灵魂。因为耶稣是由一个天然的母亲所生,所以他有一个天然的身体和天然的犹太人的遗传。在他的一生中,当他受到地狱的诱惑时,他慢慢地把他从母亲那里得来的一切,换成了他自己里面的东西,即天父。这样做,他使自己与他内心的父合而为一,所以他可以真正地说:"我和我的父是一体的"。

我们
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

知道
就像许多常见的动词一样,"知道 "在圣经中的含义是多种多样的,取决于上下文。而在某些情况下--当它与观念或对象联系在一起时,它的灵性意义和自然意义基本上是相同的。 不过有意思的是,当圣经谈到人与人之间的认识,尤其是谈到主与人的认识时,其意义更多的是与人内心的爱的状态有关,而不是任何事实的认识。 如果你仔细想想,这是有道理的。当我们真正 "了解 "一个人的时候,我们的意思是,我们知道他们是什么样的人,他们的动机是什么,他们喜欢什么,他们讨厌什么,是什么让他们生气。这些事情远比知道他们父母的名字,他们在哪里出生或哪一年从学校毕业更重要。 那么,大多数情况下,尤其是应用在人身上,"知道 "与我们对别人的爱的认知,以及有类似爱的人之间可能存在的结合,而不仅仅是事实的集合。


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

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