约书亚记 13

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1 约书亚年纪老迈,耶和华对他:你年纪老迈了,还有许多未得之地,

2 就是非利士人的全境和基述人的全地。

3 埃及前的西曷河往,直到以革伦的境界,就算属迦南人之地。有非利士人个首领所管的迦萨人、亚实突人、亚实基伦人、迦特人、以革伦人之地,并有南方亚卫人之地。

4 又有迦南人的全地,并属西顿人的米亚拉到亚弗,直到亚摩利人的境界。

5 还有迦巴勒人之地,并向日出的全利巴嫩,就是从黑门根的巴力迦得,直到哈马口。

6 地的一切居民,从利巴嫩直到米斯利弗玛音,就是所有的西顿人,我必在以色列人面前赶出他们去。你只管照我所吩咐的,将这地拈阄分给以色列人为业。

7 现在你要把这地分给个支派和玛拿西个支派为业。

8 玛拿西那半支派和流便、迦得二支派已经受了产业,就是耶和华的仆人摩西在约但河东所赐他们的:

9 是从亚嫩谷边的亚罗珥和谷中的城,并米底巴的全平原,直到底本,

10 和在希实本作亚摩利西宏的诸城,直到亚扪人的境界;

11 又有基列地、基述人、玛迦人的地界,并黑门全、巴珊全地,直到撒迦;

12 又有巴珊王噩的全国─他在亚斯他录和以得来作王(利乏音人所存留的只剩下他)。这些地的人都是摩西所击杀、所赶逐的。

13 以色列人却没有赶逐基述人、玛迦人;这些人仍以色列中,直到今日。

14 只是利未支派,摩西(原文作他)没有把产业分他们。他们的产业乃是献与耶和华以色列的火祭,正如耶和华所应许他们的。

15 摩西按着流便支派的宗族分他们产业。

16 他们的境界是亚嫩谷边的亚罗珥和谷中的城,靠近米底巴的全平原;

17 希实本并属希实本平原的各城,底本、巴末巴力、伯巴力勉、

18 雅杂、基底莫、米法押、

19 基列亭、西比玛、的细列哈沙辖、

20 伯?珥、?斯迦山坡、伯耶西末;

21 平原的各城,并亚摩利西宏的全国。这西宏曾在希实本作摩西把他和米甸的族长以未、利金、苏珥、户珥、利巴击杀了;这都是那地属西宏为首领的。

22 那时以色列人在所的人中,也用刀杀了比珥的儿子术士巴兰

23 流便人的境界就是约但河与靠近约但河的地。以上是流便人按着宗族所得为业的诸城,并属城的村庄

24 摩西按着迦得支派的宗族分他们产业。

25 他们的境界是雅谢和基列的各城,并亚扪人的一地,直到拉巴前的亚罗珥;

26 从希实本到拉抹米斯巴和比多宁,又从玛哈念到底璧的境界,

27 中的伯亚兰、伯宁拉、疏割、撒分,就是希实本西宏国中的馀地,以及约但河与靠近约但河的地,直到基尼烈的极边,都在约但河东。

28 以上是迦得人按着宗族所得为业的诸城,并属城的村庄

29 摩西把产业分玛拿西支派,是按着玛拿西支派的宗族所分的。

30 他们的境界是从玛哈念起,包括巴珊全地,就是巴珊噩的全国,并在巴珊、睚珥的一切城邑,共六十个。

31 基列的一,并亚斯他录、以得来,就是属巴珊王噩国的二城,是按着宗族给玛拿西儿子玛吉的一子孙。

32 以上是摩西在约但河东对着耶利哥摩押平原所分给他们的产业。

33 只是利未支派,摩西没有把产业分他们。耶和华以色列的是他们的产业,正如耶和华所应许他们的。

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 3858, 3862

Apocalypse Explained 434


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 4117

Apocalypse Revealed 114, 352


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 140, 405, 435, 440, 447, 654

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申命记 2:19, 23, 26, 3:4, 8, 10

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士师记 3:3, 10:17, 11:26

撒母耳记上 5:8, 10, 6:4, 13:7, 27:8

撒母耳记下 3:3, 10:6, 24:5

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以赛亚书 17:2

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以西结书 25:9, 27:9, 44:28, 48:4, 6, 27

西番雅书 2:5

Významy biblických slov

耶和华
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

非利士人
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

埃及
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...


'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...


Five also signifies all things of one part.

日出
Sunrise' denotes coming of the Lord, or beginning of a celestial state.


'Hills' signify the good of charity.

居民
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


'Nine' signifies conjunction.

玛拿西
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.


Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

耶和华的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

仆人
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

摩西
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...


The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。


Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

米甸
'Midian' signifies people who are in falsity.


'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

杀了
'The slain' when referring to the Lord, as in Revelation 5, means the separation of everything from the divine. In denial of His divinity, He...

儿子
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

巴兰
The Children of Israel entered the country of Moab during their long journey from Egypt toward the land of Canaan. Moab's king, Balak, was afraid...

村庄
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

拉巴
Rabbath


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

六十
'Sixty' means the full time and state of the implantation of truth.

耶利哥
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

摩押
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

平原
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

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