约书亚记 13

Study

           

1 约书亚年纪老迈,耶和华对他:你年纪老迈了,还有许多未得之地,

2 就是非利士人的全境和基述人的全地。

3 埃及前的西曷河往,直到以革伦的境界,就算属迦南人之地。有非利士人个首领所管的迦萨人、亚实突人、亚实基伦人、迦特人、以革伦人之地,并有南方亚卫人之地。

4 又有迦南人的全地,并属西顿人的米亚拉到亚弗,直到亚摩利人的境界。

5 还有迦巴勒人之地,并向日出的全利巴嫩,就是从黑门根的巴力迦得,直到哈马口。

6 地的一切居民,从利巴嫩直到米斯利弗玛音,就是所有的西顿人,我必在以色列人面前赶出他们去。你只管照我所吩咐的,将这地拈阄分给以色列人为业。

7 现在你要把这地分给个支派和玛拿西个支派为业。

8 玛拿西那半支派和流便、迦得二支派已经受了产业,就是耶和华的仆人摩西在约但河东所赐他们的:

9 是从亚嫩谷边的亚罗珥和谷中的城,并米底巴的全平原,直到底本,

10 和在希实本作亚摩利西宏的诸城,直到亚扪人的境界;

11 又有基列地、基述人、玛迦人的地界,并黑门全、巴珊全地,直到撒迦;

12 又有巴珊王噩的全国─他在亚斯他录和以得来作王(利乏音人所存留的只剩下他)。这些地的人都是摩西所击杀、所赶逐的。

13 以色列人却没有赶逐基述人、玛迦人;这些人仍以色列中,直到今日。

14 只是利未支派,摩西(原文作他)没有把产业分他们。他们的产业乃是献与耶和华以色列的火祭,正如耶和华所应许他们的。

15 摩西按着流便支派的宗族分他们产业。

16 他们的境界是亚嫩谷边的亚罗珥和谷中的城,靠近米底巴的全平原;

17 希实本并属希实本平原的各城,底本、巴末巴力、伯巴力勉、

18 雅杂、基底莫、米法押、

19 基列亭、西比玛、的细列哈沙辖、

20 伯?珥、?斯迦山坡、伯耶西末;

21 平原的各城,并亚摩利西宏的全国。这西宏曾在希实本作摩西把他和米甸的族长以未、利金、苏珥、户珥、利巴击杀了;这都是那地属西宏为首领的。

22 那时以色列人在所的人中,也用刀杀了比珥的儿子术士巴兰

23 流便人的境界就是约但河与靠近约但河的地。以上是流便人按着宗族所得为业的诸城,并属城的村庄

24 摩西按着迦得支派的宗族分他们产业。

25 他们的境界是雅谢和基列的各城,并亚扪人的一地,直到拉巴前的亚罗珥;

26 从希实本到拉抹米斯巴和比多宁,又从玛哈念到底璧的境界,

27 中的伯亚兰、伯宁拉、疏割、撒分,就是希实本西宏国中的馀地,以及约但河与靠近约但河的地,直到基尼烈的极边,都在约但河东。

28 以上是迦得人按着宗族所得为业的诸城,并属城的村庄

29 摩西把产业分玛拿西支派,是按着玛拿西支派的宗族所分的。

30 他们的境界是从玛哈念起,包括巴珊全地,就是巴珊噩的全国,并在巴珊、睚珥的一切城邑,共六十个。

31 基列的一,并亚斯他录、以得来,就是属巴珊王噩国的二城,是按着宗族给玛拿西儿子玛吉的一子孙。

32 以上是摩西在约但河东对着耶利哥摩押平原所分给他们的产业。

33 只是利未支派,摩西没有把产业分他们。耶和华以色列的是他们的产业,正如耶和华所应许他们的。

  

Exploring the Meaning of 约书亚记 13      

Joshua 13: The start of the tribal territory allocations.

Now that Israel had conquered the land of Canaan, the Lord commanded Joshua to divide the land between the twelve tribes. The next seven chapters tell how the the land of Canaan was divided (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1413, to read more about the spiritual meaning).

Chapter 13 deals with the territories given to the tribes of Reuben, Gad and one half of Manasseh, all of which are on the other side of the river Jordan. Reuben was given the southern lands; Gad was given the extensive middle region, much of which is an area called Gilead; and half the tribe of Manasseh received the northern land which is on the other side of the Jordan.

It is also worth noting that the first few verses say much of the land remained to be conquered. However, at the end of chapter 11, we read that Joshua took the whole land as the Lord had commanded Moses.

This may seem contradictory, but spiritually it fits very well. In our regeneration, we aim to conquer our self-centred nature, and allow the Lord to rule us with his truth. This is spiritually ‘conquering the whole land’. But even so, our natural thoughts and desires sometimes rise up to trouble us, and these times are like the parts of the land that remain to be conquered. This is why we must recognize our complete dependence on the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 8326).

The Lord giving land as inheritance to each of the twelve tribes represents the way that He gives us our spiritual life. As we do the work of spiritual ‘conquering’ - living by our purpose to serve the Lord - we feel more and more that we can use our understanding of God and His Word in our actions every day.

The twelve tribes stand for the whole spectrum of what spiritual life involves, and each tribe relates to a specific quality of our spiritual living (Arcana Caelestia 3858). For example, we need to be discerning, positive, respectful of others, and so on. Each tribe has a sizeable area of the land, and is part of the integrity of the whole nation.

The territories given to Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh are not part of Canaan, but they are linked to it. These areas represent our outward life: the way we work, live, rest, and relate with other people. This is the ‘casing’ of our spiritual life, and it is essential.

The tribe of Reuben – the eldest son of Jacob – stands for our initial need to see the truths from the Lord in the Word. By ‘seeing’ we mean meeting them, looking carefully, being attentive, coming to understand what they ask of us, and realising how important they are. It is not a vague impression that the Lord’s teachings are important, but a real first step for us (Arcana Caelestia 3866).

The tribe of Gad stands for our ability to see that knowledge and truth need to be used to perform good works. Gad’s name means ‘a troop,’ calling to mind soldiers marching in formation to go and sort things out properly. This is something we can apply to ourselves and to the world around us. We just need to watch that it doesn’t get too heavy-handed (See Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 435[7]).

The tribe of Manasseh represents the spiritual good which supports our will to live a life which is just, fair and honourable because it is based on God. In fact, Manasseh – which means ‘forgetfulness’ – stands for our need to remember that ‘my will’ is really ‘the Lord’s will for me’. Our will needs to be focused on outward life and also inwardly open to the Lord, which is why half of Manasseh has land beyond the Jordan and half has land within Canaan (Arcana Caelestia 5353).

    Studovat vnitřní smysl

Přeložit: