约书亚记 11

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1 夏琐耶宾见这事,就打发人去见玛顿约巴、伸仑、押煞

2 北方地、基尼烈边的亚拉巴原,并西边多珥冈的诸

3 又去见东方和西方的迦南人,与地的亚摩利人、赫人、比利洗人、耶布斯人,并黑门根米斯巴地的希未人。

4 这些王和他们的众军都出来,人数多如边的沙,并有许多马匹车辆。

5 这诸会合,到米伦边,一同安营,要与以色列人争战。

6 耶和华对约书亚:你不要因他们惧怕。明日这时,我必将他们交付以色列人全然杀了。你要砍断他们的蹄筋,用焚烧他们的车辆。

7 於是约书亚率领一切兵丁,在米伦边突然向前攻打他们。

8 耶和华将他们交在以色列人里,以色列人就击杀他们,追赶他们到西顿大城,到米斯利弗玛音,直到东边米斯巴的平原,将他们击杀,没有留下一个。

9 约书亚就照耶和华所吩咐他的去行,砍断他们的蹄筋,用焚烧他们的车辆。

10 当时,约书亚回夺了夏琐,用刀击杀夏琐。(素来夏琐在这诸国中是为首的。)

11 以色列人用刀击杀城中的人,将他们尽行杀灭;凡有气息的没有留下一个。约书亚又用焚烧夏琐。

12 约书亚夺了这些的一切城邑,擒获其中的诸,用刀击杀他们,将他们尽行杀灭,正如耶和华仆人摩西所吩咐的。

13 至於造在山冈上的城,除了夏琐以外,以色列人都没有焚烧。约书亚只将夏琐焚烧了。

14 那些城邑所有的财物和牲畜,以色列人都取为自己的掠物;惟有一切人都用刀击杀,直到杀尽;凡有气息的没有留下一个。

15 耶和华怎样吩咐他仆人摩西摩西就照样吩咐约书亚,约书亚也照样行。凡耶和华所吩咐摩西的,约书亚没有一件懈怠不行的。

16 约书亚夺了那全地,就是地、一带地、歌珊全地、高原、亚拉巴、以色列的地,和下的高原。

17 从上西珥的哈拉,直到黑门利巴嫩平原的巴力迦得,并且擒获那些地的诸,将他们杀

18 约书亚和这诸争战了许多年日。

19 除了基遍的希未人之外,没有一城与以色列人讲和的,都是以色列人争战夺来的。

20 因为耶和华的意思是要使他们里刚硬,来与以色列人争战,好叫他们尽被杀灭,不蒙怜悯,正如耶和华所吩咐摩西的

21 当时约书亚到,将住地、希伯仑、底璧、亚拿伯、犹大地、以色列地所有的亚衲族人剪除了。约书亚将他们和他们的城邑尽都毁灭。

22 以色列人的地没有留下一个亚衲族人,只在迦萨、迦特,和亚实突有留下的。

23 这样,约书亚照着耶和华所吩咐摩西的一切话夺了那全地,就按着以色列支派的宗族将地分他们为业。於是国中太平,没有争战了。

  

Exploring the Meaning of 约书亚记 11      

Joshua 11: Joshua conquers the entire land.

In this chapter, the Canaanite kings of the north, east and west heard that Israel had conquered all of the southern Canaanite territories. Jabin, king of Hazor, called upon the other Canaanite kingdoms to join forces and attack Israel with a great army.

The Lord reassured Joshua, “Be not afraid because of them: for tomorrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel” (verse 6). So Joshua counterattacked, and Israel defeated the Canaanites just as the Lord had said.

The rest of the chapter is an account of Joshua’s victories, now here, now there. Israel destroyed each of the Canaanite cities and territories and not one of them was left undefeated (See Swedenborg’s work, The New Jerusalem and Its Heavenly Doctrine 161-164). In all of Canaan, only the Gibeonites were spared because they had made a peace treaty with Israel. The chapter closes with these words: “So Joshua took the whole land according to all that the Lord had said to Moses, and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land had rest from war” (verse 23).

Now we turn to the spiritual meaning of all this, and its meaning for us. Because of our inherited, human nature, each of us has internal things we have to contend with in our natural life. These Canaanites - the faults we must overcome - are described by the compass points: north, south, east and west. Here are the spiritual meanings of the four cardinal directions (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 141-153):

West = less love

East = greater love

North = less light and wisdom

South = greater light and wisdom

Swedenborg tells us that heaven is organized by this principle. Angels with the clearest perception of love live in the eastern region of heaven, while those with a more hazy understanding live in the west. The same thing applies to the north/south axis; those in a “clear light of wisdom” live in the south, and those in a “dim light of wisdom” live in the north (Heaven and Hell 148). These poles represent angels’ states of love and wisdom, and their use. Just like people on earth, angels experience varying states of love and wisdom - sometimes more, sometimes less - but with angels this leads to them turning again to the Lord to acknowledge that he is their God.

The same pattern exists in hell, but instead of love and wisdom there is self-love (or even hatred) and false thinking from this distorted love. In hell, the degree of intensity in these states is between the rage to dominate and the exhaustion of failing.

In our life on earth, we experience states of both heaven and hell. As we are only partly regenerated, we rapidly switch between these states because of our emotions and the upheavals of life in this world. This chapter about the conflict between Israel and the Canaanites represents our own, personal decisions about what will be the ruling influence in our lives - heaven or hell (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5982).

The end of this chapter offers two important statements describing the conflict between heaven and hell. The first one (in verse 20) says the Lord hardened the hearts of Israel’s enemies so that they came to attack, and consequently were destroyed. This tells us that we have to see our evils for what they are in order to turn away from them (See Swedenborg’s unpublished work, Charity 179-180).

The second statement (verses 21-22) says that Joshua completely destroyed the Anakim, except beyond the borders of the land. The Anakim were giants, and they stand for those enormous tensions and rages which evil spirits from hell bring us at times. This (reassuringly) helps us see that we are not like that ourselves, but we could be if we let those evil spirits make a home in our hearts and minds (Arcana Caelestia 2909[3]).

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 11      

Joshua 11: Joshua conquers the entire land.

In this chapter, the Canaanite kings of the north, east and west heard that Israel had conquered all of the southern Canaanite territories. Jabin, king of Hazor, called upon the other Canaanite kingdoms to join forces and attack Israel with a great army.

The Lord reassured Joshua, “Be not afraid because of them: for tomorrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel” (verse 6). So Joshua counterattacked, and Israel defeated the Canaanites just as the Lord had said.

The rest of the chapter is an account of Joshua’s victories, now here, now there. Israel destroyed each of the Canaanite cities and territories and not one of them was left undefeated (See Swedenborg’s work, The New Jerusalem and Its Heavenly Doctrine 161-164). In all of Canaan, only the Gibeonites were spared because they had made a peace treaty with Israel. The chapter closes with these words: “So Joshua took the whole land according to all that the Lord had said to Moses, and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Then the land had rest from war” (verse 23).

Now we turn to the spiritual meaning of all this, and its meaning for us. Because of our inherited, human nature, each of us has internal things we have to contend with in our natural life. These Canaanites - the faults we must overcome - are described by the compass points: north, south, east and west. Here are the spiritual meanings of the four cardinal directions (see Swedenborg’s work, Heaven and Hell 141-153):

West = less love

East = greater love

North = less light and wisdom

South = greater light and wisdom

Swedenborg tells us that heaven is organized by this principle. Angels with the clearest perception of love live in the eastern region of heaven, while those with a more hazy understanding live in the west. The same thing applies to the north/south axis; those in a “clear light of wisdom” live in the south, and those in a “dim light of wisdom” live in the north (Heaven and Hell 148). These poles represent angels’ states of love and wisdom, and their use. Just like people on earth, angels experience varying states of love and wisdom - sometimes more, sometimes less - but with angels this leads to them turning again to the Lord to acknowledge that he is their God.

The same pattern exists in hell, but instead of love and wisdom there is self-love (or even hatred) and false thinking from this distorted love. In hell, the degree of intensity in these states is between the rage to dominate and the exhaustion of failing.

In our life on earth, we experience states of both heaven and hell. As we are only partly regenerated, we rapidly switch between these states because of our emotions and the upheavals of life in this world. This chapter about the conflict between Israel and the Canaanites represents our own, personal decisions about what will be the ruling influence in our lives - heaven or hell (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5982).

The end of this chapter offers two important statements describing the conflict between heaven and hell. The first one (in verse 20) says the Lord hardened the hearts of Israel’s enemies so that they came to attack, and consequently were destroyed. This tells us that we have to see our evils for what they are in order to turn away from them (See Swedenborg’s unpublished work, Charity 179-180).

The second statement (verses 21-22) says that Joshua completely destroyed the Anakim, except beyond the borders of the land. The Anakim were giants, and they stand for those enormous tensions and rages which evil spirits from hell bring us at times. This (reassuringly) helps us see that we are not like that ourselves, but we could be if we let those evil spirits make a home in our hearts and minds (Arcana Caelestia 2909[3]).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 2909, 2913, 3527, 4240, 4431, 6860

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