创世记 4

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1 有一日,那和他妻子夏娃同房,夏娃就怀孕,生了该隐(就是得的意思),便耶和华使我得了一个子。

2 又生了该隐兄弟亚伯亚伯是牧的;该隐是种地的。

3 有一日,该隐拿地里的出产为供物献给耶和华

4 亚伯也将他羊群中头生的和的脂油献上。耶和华看中了亚伯和他的供物,

5 只是看不中该隐和他的供物。该隐就大大的发怒,变了脸色。

6 耶和华该隐:你为甚麽发怒呢?你为甚麽变了脸色呢?

7 你若行得好,岂不蒙悦纳?你若行得不好,就伏在前。他必恋慕你,你却要制伏他。

8 该隐与他兄弟亚伯话;二人正在田间。该隐起来打他兄弟亚伯,把他了。

9 耶和华该隐:你兄弟亚伯在那里?他:我不知道!我岂是看守我兄弟的麽?

10 耶和华:你作了甚麽事呢?你兄弟的血有声音从地里向我哀告。

11 开了,从你里接受你兄弟的血。现在你必从这地受咒诅。

12 你种地,地不再你效力;你必流离飘荡在地上。

13 该隐耶和华:我的刑罚太重,过於我所能当的。

14 你如今赶逐我离开这地,以致不见你面;我必流离飘荡在地上,凡遇见我的必我。

15 耶和华对他:凡该隐的,必遭报七倍。耶和华就给该隐立一个记号,免得人遇见他就他。

16 於是该隐离开耶和华的面,去在伊甸东边挪得之地。

17 该隐妻子同房,他妻子就怀孕,生了以诺该隐建造了一座城,就按着他儿子的名将那城以诺

18 以诺生以拿;以拿生米户雅利;米户雅利生玛土撒利;玛土撒利生拉麦。

19 拉麦娶了两个妻:个名叫亚大,个名叫洗拉。

20 亚大生雅八;雅八就是帐棚、牧养牲畜之人的祖师。

21 雅八的兄弟名叫犹八;他是一切弹琴吹箫之人的祖师。

22 洗拉又生了土八该隐;他是打造各样铜利器的(或作:是铜匠匠的祖师)。土八该隐的妹子是拿玛。

23 拉麦对他两个妻子:亚大、洗拉,我的声音;拉麦的妻子,细我的话语:壮年伤我,我把他了;少年损我,我把他害了(或作我壮士却伤自己,我害幼童却损本身。)

24 若杀该隐,遭报七倍,杀拉麦,必遭报十七倍。

25 亚当又与妻子同房,他就生了一个儿子,起名塞特,意思另给我立了一个儿子代替亚伯,因为该隐了他。

26 塞特也生了一个儿子,起名以挪士。那时候,人才求告耶和华的名。

  

Exploring the Meaning of 创世记 4      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 324. Doctrines separated from the church, or heresies, are here treated of; and a new church that was afterwards raised up, called "Enosh."

AC 325. The Most Ancient Church had faith in the Lord through love; but there arose some who separated faith from love. The doctrine of faith separated from love was called "Cain;" and charity, which is love toward the neighbor, was called "Abel" (verses 1, 2).

AC 326. The worship of each is described, that of faith separated from love, by the "offering of Cain;" and that of charity, by the "offering of Abel" (verses 3, 4). That worship from charity was acceptable, but not worship from separated faith (verses 4, 5).

AC 327. That the state of those who were of separated faith became evil, is described by Cain‘s "anger being kindled, and his countenance falling" (verses 5, 6).

AC 328. And that the quality of the faith is known from the charity; and that charity wishes to be with faith, if faith is not made the principal, and is not exalted above charity (verse 7).

AC 329. That charity was extinguished in those who separated faith, and set it before charity, is described by Cain slaying his brother Abel" (verses 8, 9).

AC 330. Charity extinguished is called the "voice of bloods" (verse 10); perverted doctrine, the "curse from the ground" (verse 11); the falsity and evil originating thence, the "fugitive and wanderer in the earth" (verse 12). And as they had averted themselves from the Lord, they were in danger of eternal death (verses 13, 14). But as it was through faith that charity would afterwards be implanted, faith was made inviolable, and this is signified by the "mark set upon Cain" (verse 15). And its removal from its former position is denoted by "Cain dwelling toward the east of Eden" (verse 16).

AC 331. The amplification of this heresy is called "Enoch" (verse 17).

AC 332. The heresies that sprang from this one are also called by their names, in the last of which, called "Lamech," there was nothing of faith remaining (verse 18).

AC 333. A new church then arose, which is meant by "Adah and Zillah," and is described by their sons "Jabal," Jubal," and "Tubal-Cain;" the celestial things of the church by "Jabal," the spiritual by "Jubal," and the natural by "Tubal-Cain" (verses 19-22).

AC 334. That this church arose when everything of faith and charity was extinguished, and had violence done to it, which was in the highest degree sacrilegious, is described (verses 23, 24).

AC 335. A summary of the subject is given: that after faith, signified by "Cain," had extinguished charity, a new faith was given by the Lord, whereby charity was implanted. This faith is called "Seth" (verse 25).

AC 336. The charity implanted by faith is called "Enosh," or another "man" (homo), which is the name of that church (verse 26).

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