创世记 18

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1 耶和华在幔利橡树那里向亚伯拉罕显现出来。那时正热,亚伯拉罕在帐棚口,

2 举目观,见有个人在对面站着。他一见,就从帐棚口跑去迎接他们,俯伏在地,

3 :我,我若在你眼前蒙恩,求你不要离开仆人往前去。

4 容我拿点来,你们,在歇息歇息。

5 我再拿一点饼来,你们可以加添力,然往前去。你们既到仆人这里来,理当如此。他们:就照你的行罢。

6 亚伯拉罕急忙进帐棚见撒拉,:你速速拿细亚细面调和作饼。

7 亚伯拉罕又跑到牛群里,牵了一只又嫩又的牛犊来,交仆人,仆人急忙预备了。

8 亚伯拉罕又取了奶油和奶,并预备好的牛犊来,摆在他们面前,自己在站在旁边,他们就吃了

9 他们问亚伯拉罕:你妻子撒拉在那里?他:在帐棚里。

10 三人中有一位:到明年这时候,我必要回到你这里;你的妻子撒拉必生一个儿子。撒拉在那人边的帐棚口也见了这话。

11 亚伯拉罕和撒拉年纪老迈,撒拉的月经已断绝了。

12 撒拉心里暗笑,:我既已衰败,我也老迈,岂能有这喜事呢?

13 耶和华亚伯拉罕:撒拉为甚麽暗笑,:我既已年老,果真能生养麽?

14 耶和华岂有难成的事麽?到了日期,明年这时候,我必回到你这里,撒拉必生一个儿子

15 撒拉就害怕,不承认,:我没有笑。那位:不然,你实在笑了。

16 三人就从那里起行,向所多玛观看,亚伯拉罕也与他们同行,要送他们一程。

17 耶和华:我所要作的事岂可瞒着亚伯拉罕呢?

18 亚伯拉罕必要成为强的国;地上的万国都必因他得福。

19 我眷顾他,为要叫他吩咐他的众子和他的眷属遵守我的道,秉公行,使我所应许亚伯拉罕的话都成就了。

20 耶和华所多玛和蛾摩拉的恶甚重,声闻於我。

21 我现在要去,察他们所行的,果然尽像那达到我耳中的声音一样麽?若是不然,我也必知道

22 二人转身离开那里,向所多玛去;但亚伯拉罕仍旧站在耶和华面前。

23 亚伯拉罕前来,:无论善恶,你都要剿灭麽?

24 假若那城里有五十人,你还剿灭那地方麽?不为城里这五十人饶恕其中的人麽?

25 人与恶人同杀,将人与恶人一样看待,这断不是你所行的。审判全地的主岂不行公麽?

26 耶和华:我若在所多玛城里见有五十人,我就为他们的缘故饶恕那地方的众人。

27 亚伯拉罕:我虽然是灰尘,还敢对主说话

28 假若这五十人短了个,你就因为短了个毁灭全城麽?他:我在那里若见有四十五个,也不毁灭那城。

29 亚伯拉罕又对他:假若在那里见有四十个怎麽样呢?他:为这四十个的缘故,我也不作这事。

30 亚伯拉罕:求主不要动怒,容我,假若在那里见有三十个怎麽样呢?他:我在那里若见有三十个,我也不作这事。

31 亚伯拉罕:我还敢对主说话,假若在那里见有二十个怎麽样呢?他:为这二十个的缘故,我也不毁灭那城。

32 亚伯拉罕:求主不要动怒,我再这一次,假若在那里见有个呢?他:为这个的缘故,我也不毁灭那城。

33 耶和华亚伯拉罕说完了话就走了;亚伯拉罕也回到自己的地方去了。

  

Exploring the Meaning of 创世记 18      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 2136. In the first place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s state of perception in the Human and concerning the communication with the Divine at that time, before the perfect union of His Human Essence with the Divine Essence, which state is also that in regard to which the Lord says,

"No one hath seen God at any time, the Only-begotten Son who is in the bosom of the Father" (John 1:18).

AC 2137. The Lord‘s state of perception in the Human at that time is signified by the "oak-groves of Mamre" (verse 1); and that in this state He perceived the Divine which was manifesting itself before His Human (verse 2); at which He rejoiced (verse 3); and desired that the Divine should draw nearer to His Human by putting on something natural (verse 4), and His Human nearer to the Divine by putting on the celestial (verse 5). The celestial and the derivative spiritual, which He put on, are signified by the "three measures of meal of fine flour" of which the cakes were made (verse 6); and that He also put on a conforming natural, is signified by the "son of an ox" (verse 7); the result being conformation, and a communication of the Divine with the Human, and of the Human with the Divine (verse 8).

AC 2138. In the second place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s perception in that state respecting the rational with Him, in that it would put off the Human, and be made Divine.

AC 2139. That the rational would be made Divine, is signified by the "son" whom Sarah was to bear (verse 10). That the human rational truth that was with the Lord did not perceive this, and thus did not believe it, is signified by Sarah‘s "laughing" at the door of the tent that was behind him (verses 10-13, 15). It is confirmed that the Lord would put off this also, and would put on in its place truth Divine (verse 14).

AC 2140. In the third place, the chapter treats concerning the Lord’s grief and anxiety over the human race, because men were so greatly imbued with the love of self, and from this with the cupidity of exercising command over others from what is evil and false, for whom in that state He interceded, and obtained that those should be saved with whom there should be goods and truths; and who these are, is recounted in order.

AC 2141. The Lord‘s perception concerning the human race, that it was in evil and falsity, "Sodom" being the love of self and the derivative cupidity of exercising command from what is evil, and "Gomorrah" being the same from what is false (verses 16, 20). That this could not be concealed from the Lord in that state, because by Him and from Him is all salvation (verses 17 to 19); that is to say, they were to be visited when their wickedness reached its height (verses 20, 21). That when He was in this perception (verse 22), He interceded for them; first for those with whom there should be truths, and these truths full of goods, who are signified by the "fifty" (verses 23 to 26); also for those with whom there should be less of good, but this good nevertheless conjoined with truths, who are signified by the "forty-five" (verses 27, 28); next for those who have been in temptations, who are signified by the "forty" (verse 29); as likewise for those who have been in some combats against evils, who are signified by the "thirty" (verse 30); afterwards for those with whom there should be states of the affection of good from any other source, who are signified by the "twenty" (verse 31); lastly for those with whom there should be states of the affection of truth, who are signified by the "ten" (verse 32); and the constant answer was that they should be saved (verses 26, 28 to 32). These things being accomplished, the Lord returned into His former state of perception (verse 33). These are the arcana contained in the internal sense of this chapter, which are not manifest from the letter.

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