阿摩司书 5

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1 以色列家啊,要我为你们所作的哀歌

2 以色列民(原文是处女)跌倒,不得再起;躺在地上,无人搀扶。

3 耶和华如此以色列家的城发出一兵的,只剩一;发出一的,只剩个。

4 耶和华以色列家如此:你们要寻求我,就必存活。

5 不要往伯特利寻求,不要进入吉甲,不要过到别是巴;因为吉甲必被掳掠,伯特利也必归於无有。

6 寻求耶和华,就必存活,免得他在约瑟家像发出,在伯特利焚烧,无人扑灭。

7 你们这使公平变为茵?、将公丢弃於地的,

8 寻求那造昴星和参星,使死荫变为晨光,使白日变为黑夜,命来浇在地上的─耶和华是他的名;

9 他使力强的忽遭灭亡,以致保障遭遇毁坏。

10 你们怨恨那在城口责备人的,憎恶那正直话的。

11 你们践踏贫民,向他们勒索麦子;你们用凿过的石头建造,却不得在其内;栽种美好的葡萄园,却不得所出的酒。

12 知道你们的过何等多,你们的恶何等大。你们苦待人,收受贿赂,在城口屈枉穷乏人。

13 所以通达人见这样的时势必静默不言,因为时势真恶。

14 你们要求善,不要求恶,就必存活。这样,耶和华─万军之必照你们所的与你们同在。

15 要恶恶善,在城口秉公行义;或者耶和华─万军之向约瑟的馀民施恩。

16 耶和华─万军之如此:在一切宽阔处必有哀号的声音;在各街市上必有人:哀哉!哀哉!又必农夫来哭号,善唱哀歌的来举哀。

17 在各葡萄园必有哀号的声音,因为我必从你中间经过。这是耶和华的。

18 想望耶和华日子来到的有祸了!你们为何想望耶和华的日子呢?那日黑没有明,

19 景况好像人躲避狮子又遇见,或是进房靠墙,就被咬。

20 耶和华的日子不是黑没有明麽?不是幽毫无辉麽?

21 我厌恶你们的节期,也不喜悦你们的严肃会。

22 你们虽然向我献燔祭和素祭,我却不悦纳,也不顾你们用肥畜献的平安祭;

23 要使你们歌唱的声音远离我,因为我不你们弹琴的响声。

24 惟愿公平如大滚滚,使公如江河滔滔。

25 以色列家啊,你们在旷野四十年,岂是将祭物和供物献给我呢?

26 你们抬着为自己所造之摩洛的帐幕和偶像的龛,并你们的

27 所以我要把你们掳到大马色以外。这是耶和华、名为万军之的。

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 5      

1-3 The Lord is sorrowful that the church, the Truth from the Divine flowing into the world, has successively been devastated, as is seen in the previous chapter, Amos 4. Verse 3 says, “The city that goes out by a thousand shall have a hundred left.” So very little truth is left to nourish the people, and this bad state is by their own doing.

4-9 Amid this dying out, the Lord entreats, almost anxiously, “Seek Me and live,” then names traps or states that will turn people from Him: Bethel, Gilgal, and Beersheba. The first is falsifying knowledges, the second sensuous or external pleasures; and the last “negative attitudes towards everything that constitutes faith and its doctrine (SH 3923:6). The next warning is to those “who turn justice into wormwood,” v. 7 or turn good into evil (SH 1488:2). He wants them to return to him and explains clearly that He is the source of power, the one who, “Made the Pleiades and Orion,” v. 8 and the one who “rains ruin upon the strong” v.9.

10-13 In their self-intelligence they continue to reject the Lord, to “tread down the poor,” rejecting even the little bits of truth coming to them. The people are warned, “Though you have built houses of hewn stone, yet you shall not dwell in them,” stone meaning truths of the natural (AE 745:3). The dictionary meaning of “hewn” means a workman making something, so it can be seen as coming from themselves, or their own intelligence. Anything like that is “devoid of life from the Divine” (SH 9852:2).

14-15 The path is shown for the way the Lord can be with them, “Seek good and not evil, that you may live.” It can’t be any plainer. In that way the Lord can reach out with His mercy, and “be gracious to the remnant of Joseph” v.15. The remnant is the small amount of truth, and Joseph is the spiritual part of us (SH 3921:3).

16-20 Here people are warned of how bad it will be for them when the day of the Lord comes. “Is not the day of the Lord darkness?” for those who are in evil, “with no brightness in it?” v.20. A person’s suffering will be painful, “as though he went into the house, leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him,” and terrorizing, “As though a man fled from a lion and a bear met him,” v. 19.

21-22 Their worship won’t be accepted, shown by, “I hate, I despise your feast days” v. 21. The strong language of the Lord is the mirror opposite of the depth of the evil the people are in, since only a remnant of the truth is with them, as in v. 3.

23-25 Take away your noisy songs and melodies, the Lord says, take away what sounds beautiful to you but is hurtful to the Divine because of the lack of goodness and truth. In its place he wants people to “Let justice run down like water, and righteousness like a mightly stream” v. 24.

26-27 If people don’t return to the Lord, everything good will be taken from them, shown in “Therefore I will send you into captivity beyond Damascus” v. 27. Damascus was the furtherest boundary of Canaan, or beyond where spiritual things reside. The “boundary of Damascus” is also used in Ezekiel 47:16-18 (AE 1088).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 205


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

天堂的奥秘 195, 468, 576, 922, 925, 1071, 1715, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 316, 410, 413, 501, 573, 620, 650, ...

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 38

Sacred Scripture 85

真實的基督徒信仰 51, 82, 689, 761


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 208, 365, 376, 448, 519, 526, 573, ...

Canons of the New Church 27

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 5, 56

Marriage 51, 82

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 56, 75

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Word/Phrase Explanations

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

哀歌
The children of Israel represent 'lamentation' by various things which signified some evil of the church among them for which they were punished. When they...

处女
'Virgins,' as in Revelation 14:4, signify people who love truths because they are truths, so from a spiritual affection. 'Virgin' signifies the church as a...

耶和华
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...


It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...


Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

寻求
The meaning of "to seek" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but there is a bit of nuance: Swedenborg tells us that in most cases...

伯特利
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

进入
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

吉甲
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.


Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...


'Justice' signifies both good and truth.


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...


'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...


"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...


Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

建造
wrought (also entwined or entwisted) is predicated of the natural scientific principle, and in Isaiah 45:13, of divine natural truth.


A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...


Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

葡萄园
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...


To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

知道
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...


In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...


The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...


It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...


'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.


"Darkness" is a state without light. "Light" is truth from the Lord, so "darkness" is a state where truth is lacking.


Nov. 4, 1879: Thomas Edison filed a patent for a long-burning light bulb. Nov. 5, 1879: The light bulb was universally accepted as the symbol...

狮子
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.


Bears represent the power of the literal external stories and ideas of Bible, separate from their deeper meanings. Since they are wild carnivores, this is...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...


Serpents in the Bible represent reasoning that is based on what we know through our senses. This is the lowest and most outward mode of...

四十
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...


'Stars' signify the knowledge of truth and good. 'Stars' are frequently mentioned in the Word, and always signify goods and truths, but in an opposite...


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