撒母耳记上 4

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1 以色列人出去与非利士人打仗,安营在以便以谢;非利士人安营在亚弗。

2 非利士人以色列人摆阵。两军交战的时候,以色列人败在非利士人面前;非利士人在战场上杀了他们的军兵约有

3 百姓回到里,以色列的长老耶和华今日为何使我们败在非利士人面前呢?我们不如将耶和华的约柜从示罗抬到我们这里,好在我们中间我们脱离敌人的手。

4 於是百姓打发人到示罗,从那里将基路伯上万军之耶和华的约柜抬来。以利的两个儿子何弗尼、非尼哈与的约柜同来。

5 耶和华的约柜到了中,以色列众人就声欢呼,地便震动。

6 非利士人见欢呼的声音,就:在希伯来人声欢呼,是甚麽缘故呢?随後就知道耶和华的约柜到了中。

7 非利士人就惧怕起:有到了他们中;又我们有祸了!向不曾有这样的事。

8 我们有祸了!谁能救我们脱离这些大能之呢?从前在旷野用各样灾殃击打埃及人的,就是这些

9 非利士人哪,你们要刚强,要作大丈夫,免得作希伯来人的奴仆,如同他们作你们的奴仆一样。你们要作大丈夫,与他们争战。

10 非利士人以色列人打仗,以色列人败了,各向各家奔逃,被杀的甚多,以色列的步兵仆倒了三万。

11 的约柜被掳去,以利的两个儿子何弗尼、非尼哈也被杀了。

12 当日,有一个便雅悯从阵上逃跑,衣服撕裂蒙灰尘,到示罗。

13 到了的时候,以利正在道旁在自己的位上观望,为的约柜里担忧。那进城报信,合城的就都呼喊起

14 以利见呼喊的声音就问:这喧嚷是甚麽缘故呢?那急忙报信给以利。

15 那时以利九十岁了,眼目发直,不能见。

16 对以利:我是从阵上的,今日我从阵上逃回。以利:我儿,事情怎样?

17 报信的回答以色列人非利士人面前逃跑,民中被杀的甚多!你的两个儿子何弗尼、非尼哈也死了,并且的约柜被掳去。

18 他一提的约柜,以利就从他的位上往後跌倒,在旁折断颈项而;因为他年纪老迈,身体沉重。以利作以色列的士师四十年。

19 以利的儿妇、非尼哈的妻怀孕将到产期,他的约柜被掳去,公公和丈夫死了,就猛然疼痛,曲身生产;

20 将要的时候,旁边站着的妇人们对他:不要怕!你生了男孩子了。他却不回答,也不放在上。

21 他给孩子起名以迦博,说:荣耀离开以色列了!这是因的约柜被掳去,又因他公公和丈夫都死了。

22 他又:荣耀离开以色列,因为的约柜被掳去了。

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 4      

Although it was clear throughout Israel that Samuel had been established as the Lord’s prophet, the Israelites were still unprepared to listen to his prophecy. A new battle took place between the army of Israel and the army of the Philistines, that went decidedly in the Philistines’ favor. About four thousand men of Israel died.

The Israelites were in great distress, and they sent for the Ark of the covenant from Shiloh in order to summon the power of the Lord. Accompanying the Ark were the two sons of the High Priest Eli: Hophni and Phinehas. When the Ark reached the Israelite camp, the Israelites shouted with joy, and the Philistines became afraid. They knew that the Israelite God was surely with them, and they remembered His power from the plagues of Egypt (in Exodus 7 through 12). The Philistines, in order to avoid being enslaved by the Israelites, summoned courage and defeated Israel. In the process, they captured the Ark of the Covenant.

A messenger was dispatched to bring the bad news to Shiloh, where Eli was. Hophni and Phinehas were dead, and the Ark was in enemy hands. Upon hearing the news, the elderly Eli fell backwards from his seat and died. Phinehas’ wife was heavily pregnant. The bad news broke her spirit and she died shortly after delivering a son that she named Ichabod. The doom predicted in Chapter three of 1 Samuel had come to pass.

The Ark of the Covenant contained two stone tablets, on which were written the Ten Commandments. These were written by the finger of God, and given to Moses on Mount Sinai. The Commandments represented the covenant between the Lord and people. They would be joined together through love and faith: God’s love for His people, and their love for Him. Love, faith in God and obedience to His message would forever bind them. The covenant is only fulfilled when people, individually and collectively, do what is written on those two tablets (see True Christianity 285.)

When the Israelites lose the Ark of the Covenant in this story (and with it, the Ten Commandments) it symbolizes the loss of a person’s covenantal relationship with the Lord their Creator. This covenant can be severed, if we choose to break it, and this story is a representation of the destruction that breaking the covenant can cause. God, however, will never give up on us, and is always ready to come into our lives if we accept Him.

In True Christianity 285, Swedenborg writes that God is always ready to keep His commandment with us, but we must use our free will to keep our commandment with Him. This is illustrated in a quote from Revelation 3:20: “Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and dine with him, and he with me.”

While this story is an example of a covenant with God described in the Old Testament of the Word, this relationship between God and His people (and, of course, with each one of us individually) is a theme throughout all of the Bible. The New Testament describes a new covenant that the Lord seeks to build with each of us.

The Philistines, whom the Israelites were battling in this chapter, are mentioned in Swedenborg’s writings, where he writes that they represent faith without charity. Both faith and charity are necessary to follow the Lord, and knowledge of what is right and true is not useful unless we apply it to our lives. If we do not, this knowledge simply becomes memory instead of an ongoing part of our life (see Arcana Coelestia 1197). In this chapter, the Israelites lose a battle to the Philistines and surrender the Ark of the Covenant, which contains the Ten Commandments. Since Philistines represent knowledge without charity, perhaps this story is telling us that in order to keep our covenant with God, it is not enough to know what is required of us, what is written on the tablet. We must also act accordingly. When we both understand the commandments and practice them, then we are able to keep our covenant with God.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 1343, 1703, 2576, 4763, 9396, 9416


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 277, 700, 817

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Významy biblických slov

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

非利士人
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...


The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...


As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...


Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

长老
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

耶和华
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

我们
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

耶和华的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.


To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

敌人的
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

敌人
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...


If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...


The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

基路伯
A Cherub has as its first definition in the dictionary, “A winged heavenly creature.” Cherubim is the plural of cherub. In the Word, the words...

儿子
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。


The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...


'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

希伯来人
The term 'Hebrew' is used in the Word to signify anything relating to service, whatever its nature may be. Hence Abraham, in one passage only...

知道
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

击打
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

埃及
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

埃及人
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...


The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

撕裂
'Torn,' as in Genesis 31:38, signifies death caused by another, so evil without blame. 'Torn' relates to good, which falsity is injected into, which means...


The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....


The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...


According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

回答
一般来说,"回答 "是指一种属灵的接受状态。归根结底,这意味着接受主,主不断地试图将真正的想法和美好的愿望灌输到我们的心灵和思想中。它也可以是在我们的外在部分接受自己的内在部分的引导--承诺使我们的行动跟随我们更深的信仰。 在圣经中,"回答 "经常与 "说 "搭配在一起。在这些情况下,一般来说,它表示的是一种感知的程度加上接受的程度。这意味着你不仅能接受从主那里临到你的东西,而且还能看到它,认识到其中的真理,并认识到这里面的真理,这将使你的生活更加美好。

逃跑
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

死了
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.


"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

四十
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

丈夫
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...


To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

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 The Capture and Return of the Ark
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
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 The Capture and Return of the Ark (3-5 years)
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 The Capture and Return of the Ark (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (9-11 years)
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