撒母耳记上 20

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1 大卫拉玛的拿约逃跑到约拿单那里,对他:我做了甚麽?有甚麽孽呢?在你父亲面前犯了甚麽,他竟寻索我的性命呢?

2 约拿单回答:断然不是!你必不致。我父作事,无论小,没有不叫我知道的。怎麽独有这事瞒我呢?决不如此。

3 大卫又起誓:你父亲准知我在你眼前蒙恩。他心里,不如不叫约拿单知道,恐怕他愁烦。我指着永生的耶和华,又敢在你面前起誓,我离死不过一步。

4 约拿单对大卫:你心里所求的,我必为你成就。

5 大卫对约拿单:明日是初一,我当与同席,求你容我去藏在田野,直到第三晚上

6 父亲若见我不在席上,你就大卫切求我许他回本城伯利恒去,因为他全家在那里献年祭。

7 你父亲若仆人就平安了;他若发怒,你就知道他决意要害我。

8 求你施恩与仆人,因你在耶和华面前曾与仆人结盟。我若有罪,不如你自己杀我,何必将我交给你父亲呢?

9 约拿单:断无此事!我若知道父亲决意害你,我岂不告诉你呢?

10 大卫对约拿单:你父亲若用厉言回答你,谁来告诉我呢?

11 约拿单对大卫:你我且往田野去。人就往田野去了。

12 约拿单对大卫:愿耶和华以色列的为证。明日约在这时候,或第三日,我探我父亲的意思,若向你有意,我岂不打发人告诉你麽?

13 父亲若有意害你,我不告诉你使你平平安安地走,愿耶和华重重地降罚与我。愿耶和华与你同在,如同从前与我父亲同在一样。

14 你要照耶和华的慈爱恩待我,不但我活着的时候免我亡,

15 就是我死後,耶和华从地上剪除你仇敌的时候,你也永不可向我家绝了恩惠。

16 於是约拿单与大卫家结盟,说:愿耶和华大卫的仇敌追讨背约的罪。

17 约拿单因大卫如同自己的性命,就使他再起誓。

18 约拿单对他:明日是初一,你的座位空设,人必理会你不在那里。

19 你等日,就要速速去,到你从前遇事所藏的地方,在以色磐那里等候。

20 我要向磐石旁边射,如同射靶一样。

21 我要打发童子,:去把。我若对童子在後头,把,你就可以回;我指着永生的耶和华起誓,你必平安无事。

22 我若对童子在前头,你就要去,因为是耶和华打发你去的。

23 至於你我今日所,有耶和华在你我中间为证,直到永远

24 大卫就去藏在田野。到了初一日,席要饭。

25 照常在靠的位上,约拿单侍立,押尼珥扫罗旁边,大卫的座位空设。

26 然而这日扫罗没有甚麽,他想大卫遇事,偶染不洁,他必定是不洁。

27 初二日大卫的座位还空设。扫罗问他儿子约拿单:耶西的儿子为何昨日、今日没有吃饭呢?

28 约拿单回答扫罗大卫切求我容他往伯利恒去。

29 :求你容我去,因为我家在城里有献祭的事;我长兄吩咐我去。如今我若在你眼前蒙恩,求你容我去见我的弟兄;所以大卫没有赴的席。

30 扫罗向约拿单发怒,对他:你这顽梗背逆之妇人所生的,我岂不知道你喜悦耶西的儿子,自取羞辱,以致你母亲露体蒙羞麽?

31 耶西的儿子若在世间活着,你和你的国位必站立不住。现在你要打发人去,将他捉拿交给我;他是该死的。

32 约拿单对父亲扫罗:他为甚麽该呢?他做了甚麽呢?

33 扫罗向约拿单抡枪要刺他,约拿单就知道父亲决意要杀大卫

34 於是约拿单气忿忿地从席上起来,在这初二日没有饭。他因见父亲羞辱大卫,就为大卫愁烦。

35 次日早晨,约拿单按着与大卫约会的时候出到田野,有一个童子跟随。

36 约拿单对童子:你跑去,把我所射的来。童子跑去,约拿单就把射在童子前头。

37 童子到了约拿单落箭之地,约拿单呼叫童子:箭不是在你前头麽?

38 约拿单又呼叫童子说:速速地去,不要迟延!童子就拾起,回到人那里。

39 童子却不知道这是甚麽意思,只有约拿单和大卫知道

40 约拿单将弓箭交童子,吩咐:你拿到城里去。

41 童子一去,大卫就从磐石的边出,俯伏在地,拜了拜;二人亲嘴,彼此哭泣,大卫哭得更恸。

42 约拿单对大卫我们人曾指着耶和华的名起誓:愿耶和华在你我中间,并你我後裔中间为证,直到永远。如今你平平安安地去罢!大卫就起身走了;约拿单也回城里去了。

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Významy biblických slov

大卫
David is one of the most significant figures in the Bible. He was a musician, one of history’s greatest poets, the boy warrior who killed...

拉玛
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

逃跑
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...


In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

父亲
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.


The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...


'To hide themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:15, signifies being in evils and in falsities...

知道
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

耶和华
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

第三
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.


The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

晚上
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

伯利恒
在圣经中,以法拉和伯利恒之间有很强的关系;它们可能是同一个城镇的两个不同名称,也可能是以法拉描述的地区包括伯利恒。不管是什么情况,它们在《圣经》中都扮演着重要的角色。当然,伯利恒是众所周知的耶稣的出生地,但也是大卫和本雅明的出生地,本雅明的母亲拉结也葬在那里。 原因是以法拉和伯利恒(顺便说一下,还有本雅明)代表了我们属灵的线的一个关键元素,这个元素使我们有可能拥有属灵的生活。 在最深层次上,我们的身份、我们的人性,是由爱所决定的--我们所爱的东西使我们成为什么样的人、什么样的人。但这种爱被锁在我们的内心深处;它不是我们可以直接与他人分享的。要分享它,我们必须给它一个形式--而给它一个形式意味着我们实际上是把它变成了思想,变成了真理。作为真理,它可以被分享,如果我们幸运的话,接受它的人将能够反其道而行之,感受到并内化为真理中所包含的爱。 不过,这个过程,涉及到两种 "量子飞跃"。爱是一种内在的东西,而真理是一种外在的东西(或如瑞典博格所说,爱是天体性的,真理是精神性的),内在的东西和外在的东西是分开的,处于两个不同的存在平面。把爱作为真理表达出来,需要一个特殊的过程,从真理中接受爱也需要一个特殊的过程。这就是伯利恒的意义所在。 伯利恒(和以法拉和本雅明)代表了瑞典博格所说的 "天人之灵"。这就是天体元素--爱--可以向着一种形式推进,可以尽可能地变得 "像真理一样"。与之相匹配的是一种叫做 "精神的天体",在这里,精神元素--真理--可以尽可能地变成 "爱的样子"。通过这些中间人,爱可以跳过这道鸿沟,有点像神经冲动穿越突触,或者像磁场把两块磁铁拉到一起。这是我们把爱变成有用的形式的唯一途径,也是我们分享爱的唯一途径。 这也解释了为什么约瑟要等到本雅明与他的弟兄们同在埃及时,才能向他们显明自己--约瑟代表灵界的天人,需要与天人的灵界的灵界配对才能沟通。这也解释了为什么主必须在伯利恒出生的原因。祂以人的形式降临,使祂的完美、无限的、神圣的爱能以真理的形式出现,与我们分享。这必须通过把一个内在的、天上的东西----祂的爱----变成一个外在的、属灵的形式----祂的真理来实现。只有通过天体的灵性,也就是伯利恒,才能实现这一点。


It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

仆人
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

告诉
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

回答
一般来说,"回答 "是指一种属灵的接受状态。归根结底,这意味着接受主,主不断地试图将真正的想法和美好的愿望灌输到我们的心灵和思想中。它也可以是在我们的外在部分接受自己的内在部分的引导--承诺使我们的行动跟随我们更深的信仰。 在圣经中,"回答 "经常与 "说 "搭配在一起。在这些情况下,一般来说,它表示的是一种感知的程度加上接受的程度。这意味着你不仅能接受从主那里临到你的东西,而且还能看到它,认识到其中的真理,并认识到这里面的真理,这将使你的生活更加美好。


The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

以色列的
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。

耶和华的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

大卫的
David is one of the most significant figures in the Bible. He was a musician, one of history’s greatest poets, the boy warrior who killed...


To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...


"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

地方
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...


Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...


In the Word, arrows stand for truths which defend person from falsity. In Arcana Coelestia 2709, it says this when discussing Genesis 21:20: "And he...


To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.


'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

永远
In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...


If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...


When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...


'A wall' signifies truth in outer extremes. 'A wall,' as in Revelation 21, signifies the divine truth proceeding from the Lord, and so, the truth...

扫罗
Saul was the first king of Israel, anointed by Samuel when the people insisted on having a king. Like all the kings, both good and...

儿子
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

羞辱
On a natural level, there are a variety of things that can cause shame. We might be ashamed of physical weakness or ugliness; we might...

母亲
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

起来
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...


Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

早晨
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

呼叫
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.


To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...


In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...


'South' denotes truth in light.

我们
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

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Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 David and Jonathan
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 David and Jonathan Story Ladder
Illustrate three parts of the story about these close friends
Activity | Ages 7 - 12

 Jonathan Helps David
This is one of a series of plays drawn from the Lord’s Word for use as Reader’s Theater, where each person takes a part and reads through the script.
Activity | Ages 11 - 14

 Jonathan Helps David Story Retold
Retells the story for children, summarizing key parts.
Story | Ages 6 - 12

 Story of Jonathan and David Collage
Illustrate Jonathan and David’s friendship with a collage that shows them “standing out” from the background
Project | Ages 6 - 12


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